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The Political Economy of the Gulf Sovereign Wealth Funds

Author: Sara Bazoobandi
Publisher: Routledge
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Using four Gulf sovereign wealth funds as case studies – Iran, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia and the UAE - this book examines and analyses the history, governance and structure, and investment strategies of the above mentioned funds, in the context of on-going debates about their transparency. The book discusses how most Gulf sovereign wealth funds were established under colonial rule, and have operated in the global financial system for many decades. With the increase of oil revenues, it goes on to look at how the funds have broadened their asset classes and their institutional development. Debate over the transparency of sovereign wealth funds has highlighted various global practices. Recently, organisational measures have been introduced for calculating possible risks from non-commercial investment incentives of funds, whose politically-driven investment strategies are viewed as potentially a major threat to the national security of their host countries. Highlighting a number of incidents that triggered the transparency debate, the book scrutinises the reaction of some of the Gulf sovereign wealth funds to these recent regulatory codes and strategies. It is a useful contribution to Development, Political Economy and Middle East Studies.


Sovereign Wealth Funds

Author: Christopher Balding
Publisher: Oxford University Press
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Sovereign wealth funds are a growing and dynamic force in international finance. The shifting international economic relations from capital rich states gives them new power in influencing the global agenda. Despite controlling trillions of dollars in the biggest companies in the world, little is known about the opaque funds of oil rich and non-democratic governments. This is the first book to compile a history of sovereign wealth funds recounting the Abu Dhabi Investment Authority's involvement with the scandal-plagued BCCI bank and Chinese arms exports to Iran. By constructing a history within the proper context of oil driven surpluses and large inflationary pressures with no international investment framework, this book explains the development and growth of sovereign wealth funds. The economics of capital surplus countries and investment strategies are examined in order to better understand sovereign wealth fund creation and growth. In a straightforward and accessible style, the author examines the complex and amazing growth of an unknown group of investors controlling trillions of dollars worldwide.


Proximity and Distance

Author: Joseph Tobi
Publisher: BRILL
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The central feature of this book is an innovative critical approach, which understands medieval Hebrew poetry not only by revealing its ties with Arabic poetry but also by determining the specific characteristics by which it stubbornly distinguished itself from Arabic poetry.


Sovereign Wealth Funds

Author: Edwin Truman
Publisher: Peterson Institute
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Sovereign wealth funds (SWFs)--special-purpose investment funds or arrangements owned by the general governmen--are not a new phenomenon in international finance. But recently, they have become a reoccurring headline, due in part to their influence on corporate governance practices. These funds also have a large impact on international markets. This timely book first traces the origins of SWFs and the buildup of international reserves. It then describes the potential political and economic power issues raised by these large holdings of cross-border assets for three entities: the countries that own them, host countries, and the international financial system. Truman presents an updated "scoreboard" of these funds, and assesss them based on structure, governance, transparency and accountability, and behavioral rules. Finally, he discusses the role of SWFs in the context of the global economic and financial crisis and its aftermath.


Sovereign Wealth Funds and International Political Economy

Author: Dr Manda Shemirani
Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
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For the first time, Shemirani provides a systematic methodology for the study of Sovereign Wealth Funds (SWFs) over their life span and emphasizes the need for a paradigm shift in our approach towards the study of state capitalism. Applied in this book to the world's four largest SWFs - Government Pension Fund-Global of Norway, Abu Dhabi Investment Authority of the United Arab Emirates, Temasek of Singapore, and the National Wealth Fund of the Russian Federation, this methodology can also be applied to other funds or form a basis for further analytical studies of SWFs. In addition to its first hand approach, the book addresses concerns about the lack of transparency by offering insights into the functioning and investment strategies of the selected SWFs. Academics and students in international political economy, international finance and international business as well as financiers, business leaders, and policy makers, will find the subject and the approach of this book highly useful.


Hijab

Author: Aida Adia
Publisher: Alaf 21
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Annisa Faiha seorang gadis yang tegas dan berani. Dia mengambil alih tanggungjawab sebagai ketua keluarga kepada emak dan tiga orang adik perempuannya. Mereka mengharungi pelbagai dugaan. Keluarganya sering dianiaya oleh si pengamal ilmu hitam. Akibat kemurungan yang melampau atas kehilangan emak dan adik bongsunya, Annisa Faiha tidak menyedari jiwanya yang tertekan dan kosong itu memberi peluang kepada makhluk lain mengawal dirinya. Sehinggakan dia alpa kehambaannya kepada TUHAN Yang Esa! Lantaran jiwanya telah ditakluki, Annisa Faiha semakin lupa diri dan riak setelah menyedari dirinya dikurniakan kelebihan dibukakan HIJAB pancaindera. Kelebihan yang diperolehinya itu telah disalahgunakan dengan membalas dendam kepada orang yang bertanggungjawab menyebabkan emak dan adik bongsunya terkorban. Setelah dendamnya terbalas, Annisa Faiha pula diculik ke dalam dunia ghaib dan diminta tinggal di situ buat selama-lamanya. Betahkah Annisa Faiha tinggal di situ? Apa kaitan Annisa Faiha dengan makhluk dunia ghaib itu? Berjayakah Annisa Faiha keluar dari dunia ghaib itu? Segala persoalan ada di dalam HIJAB!


Albania Financial System Stability Assessment

Author: International Monetary Fund. European Dept.
Publisher: International Monetary Fund
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This paper discusses the Financial System Stability Assessment report on Albania. The IMF report states that the Albanian economy is weak, macroeconomic imbalances are large, and the financial sector faces several risks. Capital-to-asset ratios are sizable, but banks hold large amounts of government bonds that expose banks to sizeable losses in case of a sovereign debt re-pricing and balance sheets have deteriorated as a result of a rapid increase of nonperforming loans (NPLs). The authorities have taken steps to reduce the existing stock of NPLs with technical assistance from the World Bank.


Essential Torah

Author: George Robinson
Publisher: Schocken
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Whether you are thinking about studying the Bible for the first time or you’re simply curious about its history and contents, you will find everything you need in Essential Torah. George Robinson, author of the acclaimed Essential Judaism, begins by recounting the various theories of the origins of the Torah and goes on to explain its importance as the core element in Jewish belief and practice. He discusses the basics of Jewish theology and Jewish history as they are derived from the Torah, and he outlines how the Dead Sea Scrolls and other archaeological discoveries have enhanced our understanding of the Bible. He introduces us to the vast literature of biblical commentary, chronicles the evolution of the Torah’s place in the synagogue service, offers an illuminating discussion of women and the Bible, and provides a study guide as a companion for individual or group Bible study. In the book’s centerpiece, Robinson summarizes all fifty-four portions that make up the Torah and gives us a brilliant distillation of two thousand years of biblical commentaries–from the rabbis of the Mishnah and the Talmud to medieval commentators such as Rashi, Maimonides, and ibn Ezra to contemporary scholars such as Nahum Sarna, Nechama Leibowitz, Robert Alter, and Everett Fox. This extraordinary volume–which includes a listing of the Torah reading cycles, a Bible time line, glossaries of terms and biblical commentators, and a bibliography–will stand as the essential sourcebook on the Torah for years to come. From the Hardcover edition.


A Dawn of Dragonfire

Author: Daniel Arenson
Publisher: Moonclipse
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"Their wings thudded. Their flames roared. Thousands of dragons, warriors of Requiem, soared through wind and darkness. Their cries rose in the night: for war, for fire, and for glory." A Dawn of Dragonfire (Dragonlore, Book One): An epic fantasy for fans of A Game of Thrones and The Lord of the Rings The people of Requiem, an ancient kingdom, can grow wings and scales, breathe fire, and take flight as dragons. Their hearts are noble, their wisdom great, their kingdom a land of beauty and peace. This peace will soon burn. From the south, a fire rises. Birds of flame take flight. The phoenixes soar, beasts of heat and wrath, large as dragons and cruel as wildfire. Their purpose is one: destroy the land of dragons. Requiem's dragons have defeated countless enemies. Their claws are sharp and their flames bright. But how can they fight the phoenixes, creatures woven of sunfire itself? ____________ THE REQUIEM SERIES: Requiem: Dawn of Dragons Book 1: Requiem's Song Book 2: Requiem's Hope Book 3: Requiem's Prayer Requiem: Song of Dragons Book 1: Blood of Requiem Book 2: Tears of Requiem Book 3: Light of Requiem Requiem: Dragonlore Book 1: A Dawn of Dragonfire Book 2: A Day of Dragon Blood Book 3: A Night of Dragon Wings Requiem: The Dragon War Book 1: A Legacy of Light Book 2: A Birthright of Blood Book 3: A Memory of Fire Requiem: Requiem for Dragons Book 1: Dragons Lost Book 2: Dragons Reborn Book 3: Dragons Rising Requiem: Flame of Requiem Book 1: Forged in Dragonfire Book 2: Crown of Dragonfire Book 3: Pillars of Dragonfire Requiem: Dragonfire Rain Book 1: Blood of Dragons Book 2: Rage of Dragons Book 3: Flight of Dragons


Investing in SWFs

Author: Yiannis G. Mostrous
Publisher: FT Press
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This is the eBook version of the printed book. This Element is an excerpt from The Rise of the State: Profitable Investing and Geopolitics in the 21st Century (9780137153879) by Yiannis G. Mostrous, Elliott H. Gue, and David F. Dittman. Available in print and digital formats. Understand the hidden impact of sovereign wealth funds, so you can ride the waves they’re creating. During the last decade SWFs (Sovereign Wealth Funds) evolved into critical strategic tools in the Middle East and East Asia. The rising price of crude and insatiable Western demand for cheap imports lifted what had been low-key but significant global financial players into topics for front-page stories. Their rapid proliferation and potential for long-term growth suggest that SWFs are here to stay.


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