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Narrative and Genre

Author: Paul Thompson
Publisher: Routledge
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Any life story, whether a written autobiography or an oral testimony, is shaped not only by the reworkings of experience through memory and re-evaluation, but also by art. Any communication has to use shared conventions not only of language itself, but also the more complex expectations of ""genre,"" the forms expected within a given context and type of communication. This collection of essays by international academics draws on a wide range of disciplines in the social sciences and the humanities to examine how far the expectations and forms of genre shape different kinds of autobiography and influence what messages they can convey. After investigating the problem of genre definition, and tracing the evolution of genre as a concept, contributors explore such issues as: How far can we argue that what people narrate in their autobiographical stories is selected and shaped by the repertoire of genre available to them? To what extent is oral autobiography shaped by its social and cultural context? What is the relationship between autobiographical sources and the ethnographer? Narrative and Genre presents exciting new debates in an emerging field and will encourage international and interdisciplinary discussion. Its authors and contributors are scholars from the fields of anthropology, cultural studies, literary analysis, psychology, psychoanalysis, social history, and sociology.


The Oral History Reader

Author: Robert Perks
Publisher: Routledge
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The Oral History Reader, now in its third edition, is a comprehensive, international anthology combining major, ‘classic’ articles with cutting-edge pieces on the theory, method and use of oral history. Twenty-seven new chapters introduce the most significant developments in oral history in the last decade to bring this invaluable text up to date, with new pieces on emotions and the senses, on crisis oral history, current thinking around traumatic memory, the impact of digital mobile technologies, and how oral history is being used in public contexts, with more international examples to draw in work from North and South America, Britain and Europe, Australasia, Asia and Africa. Arranged in five thematic sections, each with an introduction by the editors to contextualise the selection and review relevant literature, articles in this collection draw upon diverse oral history experiences to examine issues including: Key debates in the development of oral history over the past seventy years First hand reflections on interview practice, and issues posed by the interview relationship The nature of memory and its significance in oral history The practical and ethical issues surrounding the interpretation, presentation and public use of oral testimonies how oral history projects contribute to the study of the past and involve the wider community. The challenges and contributions of oral history projects committed to advocacy and empowerment With a revised and updated bibliography and useful contacts list, as well as a dedicated online resources page, this third edition of The Oral History Reader is the perfect tool for those encountering oral history for the first time, as well as for seasoned practitioners.


Oral History Theory

Author: Lynn Abrams
Publisher: Routledge
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Oral history is increasingly acknowledged as a key tool for anyone studying the history of the recent past. This book is the first to provide a comprehensive and systematic overview of oral history theory in an accessible format. The book is structured around key themes, including the peculiarities of oral history, the study of the self, subjectivity and intersubjectivity, memory, narrative, performance and power. Each chapter provides a clear and user-friendly explanation of the various theoretical approaches, illustrates them with examples from the rich field of published oral history, and makes suggestions for the practicing oral historian. There is also a glossary of key terms and concepts. Combining the study of theoreticians with the observations of practitioners, and including extensive examples of oral history work from around the world, this book constitutes the first integrated explanation of oral history theory. It will be invaluable to experienced and novice oral historians, professionals, and students who are new to the discipline.


Child Psychology

Author: Lawrence Balter
Publisher: Psychology Press
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Child Psychology 2nd edition builds on the four cornerstones that formed the basis of the chapters appearing in the earlier edition. These are covered in five sections: Infancy, Preschool Years, Childhood, Adolescence, and Ecological Influences.


Current Psychology

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Romance of the Road

Author: Ronald Primeau
Publisher: Popular Press
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"Americans have treated the highway as sacred space," says Primeau (English, Central Michigan U.) introducing the rich tradition of prose and non-fiction road narratives that include On the Road, Grapes of Wrath, Even Cowgirls Get the Blues, and the Journals of Lewis and Clark. Primeau critically examines these and other works from the position of travel as pilgrimage resulting in identifiable themes of protest, self discovery, picaresque parody, and myth making. Paper edition (unseen), $17.95. Annotation copyright by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR


The Interface of Orality and Writing

Author: Annette Weissenrieder
Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers
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How did the visual, the oral, and the written interrelate in antiquity? The essays in this collection address the competing and complementary roles of visual media, forms of memory, oral performance, and literacy and popular culture in the ancient Mediterranean world. Incorporating both customary and innovative perspectives, the essays advance the frontiers of our understanding of the nature of ancient texts as regards audibility and performance, the vital importance of the visual in the comprehension of texts, and basic concepts of communication, particularly the need to account for disjunctive and non-reciprocal social relations in communication. Thus the contributions show how the investigation of the interface of the oral and written, across the spectrum of seeing, hearing, and writing, generates new concepts of media and mediation.


Remembering the Dead in Anglo Saxon England

Author: Zoe Devlin
Publisher: British Archaeological Reports Limited
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In this study, the author examines the remembrance of the dead during the Anglo-Saxon period. Her work is based on monuments and remains from four cemeteries selected from the south-east of England, covering the date range from the late fifth to early tenth centuries. The first cemetery, Spong Hill, Norfolk, is a mixed cemetery dated to the late fifth to late sixth centuries and was the site of intensive excavations in the 1970s and '80s, which uncovered the whole site. The second cemetery, Edix Hill (Barrington A), Cambridgeshire, was a site for inhumation burial in the sixth and early seventh centuries. This site was partially excavated in the nineteenth century and again in the late twentieth. Although only half the cemetery was excavated and ploughing and drainage works at the site damaged some skeletons, the recovered skeletons are believed to be a representative sample of the whole cemetery. The third cemetery, Apple Down, Sussex, is another mixed-rite cemetery, which dates from the late fifth/early sixth to late seventh/early eighth centuries. The final cemetery, Rivenhall cemetery 1, Essex, has been radiocarbon-dated to the late eighth to early tenth centuries. All these cemeteries were selected on the basis of the quality of the data and of the excavation reports. Each provided a significant number of burials, usually with good survival, and the reports were thorough, with sufficient primary data to allow new analysis to be carried out.


Dementia and Communication

Author: Rosemary Lubinski
Publisher: Singular
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Tapestry of Memory

Author: Nanci Adler
Publisher: Transaction Publishers
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In this volume, contributors present narratives and explore the way they influence the perception of the past. While acknowledging the debate about the validity of qualitative research based on narratives, this volume aims to illuminate how truth and evidence form part of a much wider debate on the representation of history. The volume includes the work of historians but the interdisciplinary nature of the contributions shows that the validity debate also applies to the broader fields of cultural studies, sociology, and other social sciences. The distinction between memory and testimony is a crucial theme. Memory, though selective, is the basis of testimony. Testimony provides an audience with information that becomes evidence of what was seen or experienced. Such evidence can form the basis of legal truth. Nanci Adler and Selma Leydesdorff divide the volume into three core sections: Official Testimony and Other "Facts and Evidence"; The Creation of New History and the Integration of Collective Memory in the Story of One’s Self; and Claims Based on Narratives vs. Official History. After a comprehensive introduction by the editors, the volume offers twelve essays by leading scholars. This work is a new offering in Transaction’s acclaimed Memory and Narrative series.


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