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Precarious Work

Author: Arne L. Kalleberg
Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing
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This volume presents original theory and research on precarious work in various parts of the world, identifying its social, political and economic origins, its manifestations in the USA, Europe, Asia, and the Global South, and its consequences for personal and family life. In the past quarter century, the nature of paid employment has undergone a dramatic change due to globalization, rapid technological change, the decline of the power of workers in favor of employers, and the spread of neoliberalism. Jobs have become far more insecure and uncertain, with workers bearing the risks of employment as opposed to employers or the government. This trend towards precarious work has engulfed virtually all advanced capitalist nations, but unevenly so, while countries in the Global South continue to experience precarious conditions of work. This title examines theories of precarious work; cross-national variations in its features; racial and gender differences in exposure to precarious work; and the policy alternatives that might protect workers from undue risk. The chapters utilize a variety of methods, both quantitative statistical analyses and careful qualitative case studies. This volume will be a valuable resource that constitutes required reading for scholars, activists, labor leaders, and policy makers concerned with the future of work under contemporary capitalism.


The SAGE Handbook of the Sociology of Work and Employment

Author: Stephen Edgell
Publisher: SAGE
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The SAGE Handbook of the Sociology of Work and Employment is a landmark collection of original contributions by leading specialists from around the world. The coverage is both comprehensive and comparative (in terms of time and space) and each ‘state of the art’ chapter provides a critical review of the literature combined with some thoughts on the direction of research. This authoritative text is structured around six core themes: Historical Context and Social Divisions The Experience of Work The Organization of Work Nonstandard Work and Employment Work and Life beyond Employment Globalization and the Future of Work. Globally, the contours of work and employment are changing dramatically. This handbook helps academics and practitioners make sense of the impact of these changes on individuals, groups, organizations and societies. Written in an accessible style with a helpful introduction, the retrospective and prospective nature of this volume will be an essential resource for students, teachers and policy-makers across a range of fields, from business and management, to sociology and organization studies.


Gendering Struggles Against Informal and Precarious Work

Author: Rina Agarwala
Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing
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This volume examines how gender shapes the varying and intersecting dynamics of informal/precarious worker struggles in two gender-typed sectors - domestic work and construction. Drawing upon cases across the global North and South, it explores how gender is intertwined into collective organizing efforts, why gender is addressed and to what end.


Work and Family in the New Economy

Author: Samantha K. Ammons
Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing
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This volume will focus on innovative research examining how the nature of paid work intersects with family and personal life today. This collection of cutting-edge research will be instrumental in shaping the next wave of work-family scholarship.


Reconstructing Solidarity

Author: Virginia Doellgast
Publisher: Oxford University Press
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Work is widely thought to have become more precarious. Many people feel that unions represent the interests of protected workers in good jobs at the expense of workers with insecure employment, low pay, and less generous benefits. Reconstructing Solidarity: Labour Unions, Precarious Work, and the Politics of Institutional Change in Europe argues the opposite: that unions try to represent precarious workers using a variety of creative campaigning andorganizational tactics.Exploring the struggle of the unions against the expansion of precarious work in Europe, Reconstructing Solidarity explains the importance of how unions build, or fail tobuild, inclusive worker solidarity. It uses a diverse range of comparative case studies to describe the struggles of workers and unions in industries such as local government, music, metalworking, chemicals, meat-packing, and logistics, to argue against the thesis that unions act primarily to protect labour market insiders at the expense of outsiders.


Insecurity Precarious Work and Labour Markets

Author: Joseph Choonara
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
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Precarity is a key theme in political discourse, in media and academic discussions of employment, and within the labour movement. Often, the prevailing idea is of an endless march of precarity, rendering work ever more contingent and workers ever more disposable. However, this detailed study of the UK labour force challenges the picture of rising precarity and widespread use of temporary employment, suggesting instead that employment tenure and the extent of temporary work have proved stubbornly stable over the past four decades. Choonara offers a new approach to labour markets, drawing on the theoretical underpinnings of Marxist political economy to interrogate research data from the UK. This book examines why, despite the deteriorating conditions in work, employment relations have remained stable, and offers insight into the extent of subjective insecurity among workers. Insecurity, Precarious Work and Labour Markets will be of use to students and scholars across the sociology of work, labour economics, industrial relations and political economy.


Author: Paul Krugman
Publisher: العبيكان للنشر
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يضع بول كروغمان خريطة للطريق المؤدية إلى الإصلاح، وكروغمان هو الاقتصادي الأكثر قراءة لما يكتب على نطاق واسع في العالم، وهو واحد من أكثر المعلقين السياسيين تأثيراً. ويطوف كروغمان في كل اتجاه على قرن من التاريخ، من الاقتصاد السياسي للعصر المموّه، وهو الذي يبدو مألوفاً جداً في هذه الأيام، إلى كوارث سنوات بوش، التي يجادل المؤلف في أنها كانت محتومة بعد أن فازت حركة المحافظين بالسيطرة الكاملة على حكومة الولايات المتحدة. ويبين المؤلف أنه لا (الطبقة الوسطى) التي ترعرع فيها جيل ازدهار المواليد في أمريكا، ولا (أمة حكومة القلة) التي صرنا إليها على نحو متزايد طوال الجيل الماضي تطورا تطوراً طبيعياً، وكلاهما أنشئ ـ إلى حد كبير ـ بفعل خطط سياسية حكومية مستهدية بحركات سياسية منظمة. ويشرح كيف أن المدافعين عن اللامساواة استغلوا الانقسامات الثقافية والعرقية لمصلحتهم، في حين وجد المصلحون طرقاً لتجسير تلك الانقسامات، ويجادل في أن الوقت قد حان من أجل عصر عظيم للإصلاح. وأخيراً وليس آخراً، فإن الكتاب يلخص برنامجاً للتغيير، ويبين البرنامج كيف أن الرعاية الصحية الشاملة تستطيع أن تكون الملمح الرئيس لبرنامج إصلاح جديد، تماماً مثلما كان الضمان الاجتماعي هو لباب برنامج الإصلاح الجديد (نيوديل). ويشرح البرنامج ما الذي يمكن عمله لتضييق فجوة الثروة والدخل، ويبين كيف أن تحالفاً سياسياً جديداً يستطيع في آن معاً أن يدعم الإصلاح، وأن يكون مدعوماً بالإصلاح، وهو ما يجعل مجتمعنا لا مجرد مجتمع أكثر تساوياً بل أكثر ديمقراطية أيضاً. ويعد كتاب (ضمير ليبرالي) بأن يعيد تشكيل الحوار العام حول خطط السياسة الأمريكية الاجتماعية، وأن يصير عملاً معيارياً ومحكاً مرجعياً لجيل كامل.


Good Jobs Bad Jobs

Author: Arne L. Kalleberg
Publisher: Russell Sage Foundation
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The economic boom of the 1990s veiled a grim reality: in addition to the growing gap between rich and poor, the gap between good and bad quality jobs was also expanding. The postwar prosperity of the mid-twentieth century had enabled millions of American workers to join the middle class, but as author Arne L. Kalleberg shows, by the 1970s this upward movement had slowed, in part due to the steady disappearance of secure, well-paying industrial jobs. Ever since, precarious employment has been on the rise—paying low wages, offering few benefits, and with virtually no long-term security. Today, the polarization between workers with higher skill levels and those with low skills and low wages is more entrenched than ever. Good Jobs, Bad Jobs traces this trend to large-scale transformations in the American labor market and the changing demographics of low-wage workers. Kalleberg draws on nearly four decades of survey data, as well as his own research, to evaluate trends in U.S. job quality and suggest ways to improve American labor market practices and social policies. Good Jobs, Bad Jobs provides an insightful analysis of how and why precarious employment is gaining ground in the labor market and the role these developments have played in the decline of the middle class. Kalleberg shows that by the 1970s, government deregulation, global competition, and the rise of the service sector gained traction, while institutional protections for workers—such as unions and minimum-wage legislation—weakened. Together, these forces marked the end of postwar security for American workers. The composition of the labor force also changed significantly; the number of dual-earner families increased, as did the share of the workforce comprised of women, non-white, and immigrant workers. Of these groups, blacks, Latinos, and immigrants remain concentrated in the most precarious and low-quality jobs, with educational attainment being the leading indicator of who will earn the highest wages and experience the most job security and highest levels of autonomy and control over their jobs and schedules. Kalleberg demonstrates, however, that building a better safety net—increasing government responsibility for worker health care and retirement, as well as strengthening unions—can go a long way toward redressing the effects of today’s volatile labor market. There is every reason to expect that the growth of precarious jobs—which already make up a significant share of the American job market—will continue. Good Jobs, Bad Jobs deftly shows that the decline in U.S. job quality is not the result of fluctuations in the business cycle, but rather the result of economic restructuring and the disappearance of institutional protections for workers. Only government, employers and labor working together on long-term strategies—including an expanded safety net, strengthened legal protections, and better training opportunities—can help reverse this trend. A Volume in the American Sociological Association’s Rose Series in Sociology.


The Experiences of Precarious Work amongst UK University Graduates What are its Impacts and why do Graduates take it up

Author: Felix Neubauer
Publisher: GRIN Verlag
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Bachelor Thesis from the year 2016 in the subject Sociology - Work, Profession, Education, Organisation, grade: 70+, , language: English, abstract: ‘Precarious employment’ constitutes work that is characterised by multiple sources of insecurities and uncertainties, which is spreading across the industrialised world, particularly since the 2008-9 recession. Despite heavy investment in their education, today it is not uncommon for University graduates to take on precarious and often lower-skilled employment. Research on graduates in precarious work has been scarce and mostly comprised of quantitative studies, such as graduate surveys. This study therefore contributes to an under-researched area of graduate experiences, focusing on graduates’ reasons for taking up precarious work, the nature of such work and its impacts on working and private lives. Qualitative methods were used and 13 interviews were conducted with UK university graduates, who obtained their degree after the 2008-9 recession and had experienced precarious work. The findings revealed various reasons for graduates’ engagement in precarious work, but centrally it did not stem from individual choices, as suggested by a recent European Commission report (2011), but rather presented the only employment participants could find or afford to take up. This also intersected with social class, as those from traditional working class backgrounds found it most difficult to find non-precarious employment, whereas gender, race and the reputation of graduates’ Universities did not show any significant impact. The nature of graduates’ work was found to be highly precarious, with multiple implications for working and private lives. In contrast to previous findings at the work place, UK graduates were not only predominately concerned with being overqualified, but equally so with precarious circumstances. Strikingly, positive impacts of precarious work and strategies adapted to cope with these circumstances also emerged, which present two previously almost unexplored phenomena. Lastly, findings not only re-affirmed that precarious work impacts on other spheres of life, but also highlighted the areas of private life that were most affected. This study provides much needed empirical evidence on the experiences of UK graduates in precarious work and the reasons for taking it up, and should thus be of interest for policy reforms and for future research.


Precarious Employment

Author: Vosko
Publisher: McGill-Queen's Press - MQUP
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Understanding "precarious employment" and its links to labour market institutions, industrial and occupational contexts, gender, 'race,' and (dis)ability.


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