A Cloister on Trial

Based on the surviving interrogations of a papal enquiry into these events, this book illuminates the tensions and potential conflict that lurked within the religious culture of a seemingly unremarkable and remote town.

A Cloister on Trial

In 1517, the usually tranquil friary in the Hungarian town of Körmend found itself at the centre of controversy when its Augustinian friars, charged with drunkenness, sexual abuses and liturgical negligence, were driven out and replaced with observant Franciscans. The agent of change in this conflict, cardinal Thomas Bakócz, claimed to be acting in the name of ’cloister reform’ motivated by a religious agenda, while the Augustinians portrayed themselves as the victims of a political game. Based on the surviving interrogations of a papal enquiry into these events, this book illuminates the tensions and potential conflict that lurked within the religious culture of a seemingly unremarkable and remote town. The story of the friary trial of Körmend provides a fascinating window into religion and society of Europe at the dawn of the Reformation, investigating the processes by which ordinary people emerge as historical agents from the written records. By focussing on their experiences as represented in the trial documents the book reveals the spaces and borders of individual and communal action within the dynamic of lay-clerical relations negotiated in a friary reform at the beginning of the 16th century. Furthermore, the moral nature of the accusations levelled at the Augustinians - and whether these were justified or instigated for political reasons - offers further insights into the nature of late-medieval Catholicism and the claims of Protestant reformers.

A Cloister on Trial

of a summons, the plaintiff and the witnesses would invariably meet in person3; first, when the judge would be transported to the homes of the named witnesses, and when the witnesses were subsequently taken to the scene of the trial.

A Cloister on Trial

In 1517, the usually tranquil friary in the Hungarian town of Körmend found itself at the centre of controversy when its Augustinian friars, charged with drunkenness, sexual abuses and liturgical negligence, were driven out and replaced with observant Franciscans. The agent of change in this conflict, cardinal Thomas Bakócz, claimed to be acting in the name of ’cloister reform’ motivated by a religious agenda, while the Augustinians portrayed themselves as the victims of a political game. Based on the surviving interrogations of a papal enquiry into these events, this book illuminates the tensions and potential conflict that lurked within the religious culture of a seemingly unremarkable and remote town. The story of the friary trial of Körmend provides a fascinating window into religion and society of Europe at the dawn of the Reformation, investigating the processes by which ordinary people emerge as historical agents from the written records. By focussing on their experiences as represented in the trial documents the book reveals the spaces and borders of individual and communal action within the dynamic of lay-clerical relations negotiated in a friary reform at the beginning of the 16th century. Furthermore, the moral nature of the accusations levelled at the Augustinians - and whether these were justified or instigated for political reasons - offers further insights into the nature of late-medieval Catholicism and the claims of Protestant reformers.

Negotiating Violence

29 For information regarding the religious practices and notions of the residents of an average market town in western Hungary, Körmend, see Erdélyi, A Cloister on Trial, 139–53. 30 In the witness deposition of Körmend, resident István ...

Negotiating Violence

By reading petitions of papal pardon, the book offers a vivid microhistorical narrative of the culture of violence, religion and learning in the late medieval rural milieu of East Central European commoners.

The Economy of Medieval Hungary

Hatalom, vallás és mindennapok a középkor és az újkor határán [History of a cloister trial. Power, religion and everyday life at the turning of the Middle Ages and the Modern Times] (Társadalom- és Művelődéstörténeti Tanulmányok,38).

The Economy of Medieval Hungary

The Economy of Medieval Hungary is the first concise, English-language volume on the economic life of medieval Hungary, covering the structures of economic life, human-nature interactions in production, taxation, money and commerce.

The Hidden Histories of War Crimes Trials

... including nuns.80 With regard to sexual depredations, Johannes Knebel, the Basel chaplain, reported that the bailiff became acquainted with a cloister of nuns in Breisach.81 Among them was a beautiful young vestal.82 Knebel reported ...

The Hidden Histories of War Crimes Trials

Several war crimes trials are well-known to scholars, but others have received far less attention. This book assesses a number of these little-studied trials to recognise institutional innovations, clarify doctrinal debates, and identify their general relevance to the development of international criminal law.

The Augustan review

The king is persuaded by the artifices of Baldred to bring Ina to public trial , for her presumption in marrying the heirapparent ; and resolves upon her death , if she refuse to cancel her marriage contract and enter into a cloister .

The Augustan review


Lives Identities and Histories in the Central Middle Ages

27 Although dealing with a rather later period, G. Erdélyi, A Cloister on Trial: Religious Culture and Everyday Life in Late Medieval Hungary (London and New York: Routledge, 2015), pp. 85–6, explores the issue of witnessesʼ ages in the ...

Lives  Identities and Histories in the Central Middle Ages

How did medieval people define themselves? And how did they balance their identities as individuals with the demands of their communities? Lives, Identities and Histories in the Central Middle Ages intertwines the study of identities with current scholarship to reveal their multi-layered, sometimes contradictory dimensions. Drawing on a wide range of sources, from legal texts to hagiographies and biblical exegesis, and diverse cultural and social approaches, this volume enriches our understanding of medieval people's identities - as defined by themselves and by others, as individuals and as members of groups and communities. It adopts a complex and wide-ranging understanding of what constituted 'identities' beyond family and regional or national belonging, such as social status, gender, age, literacy levels, and displacement. New figures and new concepts of 'identities' thus emerge from the dialogue between the chapters, through an approach based on life-histories, lived experience, ethnogenesis, theories of diaspora, cultural memory and generational change.

Colonial Angels

Exemplary. Cloister. on. Trial: Sanjosé. in. the. Inquisition ... las descalzas nos preciamos tanto de obedientes y rendidas a nuestros prelados que no admitiéramos en ésto malas doctrinas, que tuviera quien las tuviese . . .1 In 1661 ...

Colonial Angels

Spain's attempt to establish a "New Spain" in Mexico never fully succeeded, for Spanish institutions and cultural practices inevitably mutated as they came in contact with indigenous American outlooks and ways of life. This original, interdisciplinary book explores how writing by and about colonial religious women participated in this transformation, as it illuminates the role that gender played in imposing the Spanish empire in Mexico. The author argues that the New World context necessitated the creation of a new kind of writing. Drawing on previously unpublished writings by and about nuns in the convents of Mexico City, she investigates such topics as the relationship between hagiography and travel narratives, male visions of the feminine that emerge from the reworking of a nun's letters to her confessor into a hagiography, the discourse surrounding a convent's trial for heresy by the Inquisition, and the reports of Spanish priests who ministered to noble Indian women. This research rounds out colonial Mexican history by revealing how tensions between Spain and its colonies played out in the local, daily lives of women.

A Selection of Cases from the State Trials

Trials for Treason (1327-[1681]). John William Willis Bund. Lord Rea's case . After the battel was fought the judgment given in cases of 1631 . an appeal where either party was vanquished , was , if it were the appellant , that he ...

A Selection of Cases from the State Trials


Final Fantasy X HD Strategy Guide

At the beginning of the trials, move forward and you will find nothing but a pedestal. Push this onto the area in front of you to make it turn into a “platform,” that will descend into another area below you. The basic gist of Cloister ...

Final Fantasy X HD   Strategy Guide

Final Fantasy X tells the story of Tidus, a star Blitzball player who journeys with a young and beautiful summoner named Yuna on her quest to save the world of Spira from an endless cycle of destruction wrought by the colossal menace known as “Sin”. The guide for Final Fantasy X HD Remaster features all there is to see and do including a walkthrough from start to finish, in-depth knowledge on all gameplay systems, how to track down every celestial weapon and more! Inside Version 1.1 - (Updated Feb 2021) - Full coverage of the Main Story - In-depth walkthrough for all optional areas - Gameplay system laid bare - How to obtain and upgrade every celestial weapon - Strategies for every boss and an in-depth Bestiary - Information on every Aeon. - How to complete the Monster Arena and defeat the Dark Aeons - Trophy and Achievement guide so you never miss a single one!

Emma de Lissau a Narrative of Striking Vicissitudes and Peculiar Trials

De Lissau's charge , now that the last and severe trial of parting with her parents and relatives was over , appeared to be calm , resigned , and even tranquil , but was in general silent . The world and its varying events interested ...

Emma de Lissau  a Narrative of Striking Vicissitudes and Peculiar Trials


The Hidden Holocaust

Using the 'cloister trials' for propaganda Memorandum from Gestapo Headquarters, 8 April 193 7 (Extract) G 11 113 Berlin, 8/4/1937 81 HT/See Memorandum Subject: Discussion with Undersecretary Meisinger apropos of the cloister sex trials ...

The Hidden Holocaust

The persecution of lesbians and gay men by the Nazis is a subject that has been constantly debated during the last decade, providing a theme for books, articles, and plays. Until recently the discussion has remained speculative: most of the relevant documents were stored in closed East German archives, and access was denied to scholars and researchers. As a result of the unification of East and West Germany, these archives are now open. Hidden Holocaust, by the German scholars Gunter Grau and Claudia Shoppmann of Humboldt Uinversity, Berlin, demonstrates that the eradication of homosexuals was a declared gol of the Nazis even before they took power in 1933, and provide proof of the systematic anti-gay campaigns, the methods used tjo justify discrimination, and the incarceration mutilation and murder of gay men and women in Nazi concentration camps. A chilling but groud-breaking work in gay and lesbian studies.

The Last Pilgrimage to Eternity

in Milton's words, “a fugitive and cloister'd vertue, unexercis'd & unbreath'd.” Ultimately, contends Milton, such unabated spiritual effort and exercise lead to an “immortall garland” through purifying trial. This process is very much ...

The Last Pilgrimage to Eternity

With the advent of the reformation, concepts of living and dying were profoundly reconfigured. As purgatory disappeared from the spiritual landscape, other paths to the afterlife were rediscovered. Thus, when life draws to a close, the passage to the afterlife becomes a last pilgrimage, a popular early modern metaphor that has received little critical commentary. In a rigorous historical and theological reading, Cyril L. Caspar explores five major English poets - John Donne, Sir Walter Raleigh, George Herbert, Edmund Spenser, and John Milton - to unveil the poetical potential of the last pilgrimage as a life-transcending metaphor.

Negotiating Violence

The story plays itself out in the large composite state of the Kingdom of Hungary and Croatia, which collapses under the Ottomans' sword in front of the readers' eyes.

Negotiating Violence

By reading petitions of papal pardon, the book offers a vivid microhistorical narrative of the culture of violence, religion and learning in the late medieval rural milieu of East Central European commoners.

A Complete Collection of State Trials and Proceedings for High Treason and Other Crimes and Misdemeanors from the Earliest Period to the Year 1783

Avent the doing murate him , to send the queen into a cloister , whereof , the extract of this Act , shall be unto and to caprivate the young prince with his his majesty's said advocate a warrant , “ Ex- father , and to strike off the ...

A Complete Collection of State Trials and Proceedings for High Treason and Other Crimes and Misdemeanors from the Earliest Period to the Year 1783


A Complete Collection of State Trials and Proceedings for High Treason and Other Crimes and Misdemeanors from the Earliest Period to the Year 1820 etc

Anent the doing murate him , to send the queen into a cloister , whereof , the extract of this Act , shali be unto and to captivate the young prince with bis « bis inajesty's said advocate a warrant , • Ex- father , and to strike off ...

A Complete Collection of State Trials and Proceedings for High Treason and Other Crimes and Misdemeanors from the Earliest Period to the Year 1820   etc


Cobbett s Complete Collection of State Trials and Proceedings for High Treason and Other Crimes and Misdemeanors from the Earliest Period to the Present Time

Anent the doing murate him , to send the queen into a cloister , whereot , the extract of this Act , shall be unto and to cap : ivate the young prince with bis « his majesty's said advocate a warrant , • Ex- father , and to strike utf ...

Cobbett s Complete Collection of State Trials and Proceedings for High Treason and Other Crimes and Misdemeanors from the Earliest Period to the Present Time


The Cloister s Pale

It had also made provisions for trial by judges unassisted by juries of political offenders . ... plunged headlong into the national movement soon launched his satyagraha , an instrument of passive 176 THE CLOISTER'S PALE.

The Cloister s Pale


Struggling with God

Kierkegaard and the Temptation of Spiritual Trial Simon D Podmore ... And yet there is one, Kierkegaard imagines, who does things rather differently: “Meanwhile, like Luther in a cloister cell or in a remote room, there is not far away ...

Struggling with God

Invoking the biblical motif of Jacob's struggle with the Face of God (Genesis 32), Simon D. Podmore undertakes a constructive theological account of 'spiritual trial' (tentatio; known in German mystical and Lutheran tradition as Anfechtung) in relation to enduring questions of the otherness and hiddenness of God and the self, the problem of suffering and evil, the freedom of Spirit, and the anxious relationship between temptation and ordeal, fear and desire. This book traces a genealogy of spiritual trial from medieval German mystical theology, through Lutheran and Pietistic thought (Tauler; Luther; Arndt; Boehme), and reconstructs Kierkegaard's innovative yet under-examined recovery of the category (AnfAegtelse: a Danish cognate for Anfechtung) within the modern context of the 'spiritless' decline of Christendom. Developing the relationship between struggle (Anfechtung) and release (Gelassenheit), Podmore proposes a Kierkegaardian theology of spiritual trial which elaborates the kenosis of the self before God in terms of Spirit's restless longing to rest transparently in God. Offering an original rehabilitation of the temptation of spiritual trial, this book strives for a renewed theological hermeneutic which speaks to the enduring human struggle to realise the unchanging love of God in the face of spiritual darkness.