In this volume, the author has gathered an enormous amount of information on the air forces of eight countries and the various foreign airmen (including Russian) who fought with the Luftwaffe.
Author: Hans Werner Neulen
Publisher: Crowood Press
During WWII the air forces and pilots of the countries allied to Germany played a greater role than historians concede. In this volume, the author has gathered an enormous amount of information on the air forces of eight countries and the various foreign airmen (including Russian) who fought with the Luftwaffe. Their operations, mostly carried out in conditions of numerical inferiority, their successes and failures, as well as the motivation of these aircrew and their often tragic fate are fully incorporated into this comprehensive account.
On a European level, special attention should be paid to a reduction of real-world driving cycle and vehicle emissions. ... Air Quality Directive: Directive 2008/50/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 21 May 2008 on ...
Author: Mar Viana
This book provides an overview of air quality in urban environments in Europe, focusing on air pollutant emission sources and formation mechanisms, measurement and modeling strategies, and future perspectives. The emission sources described are biomass burning, vehicular traffic, industry and agriculture, but also African dust and long-range transport of pollutants across the European regions. The impact of these emission sources and processes on atmospheric particulate matter, ozone, nitrogen oxides and volatile and semi-volatile organic compounds is discussed and critical areas for particulate matter and nitrogen dioxide in Europe are identified. Finally, this volume presents future perspectives, mainly regarding upcoming air quality monitoring strategies, metrics of interest, such as submicron and nanoparticles, and indoor and outdoor exposure scenarios.
Because of the enormous role played by international air transport with respect to gross national product, employment, and energy consumption, European Aviation Law is of great importance not only to European lawyers but to officials, ...
Author: Paul Stephen Dempsey
Publisher: Kluwer Law International B.V.
Once a byword for the economic power of national government - with competition strictly regulated - European commercial aviation has now virtually become a market without state-imposed anticompetitive restrictions. Although intended to enhance competition, this situation has in fact driven airlines to form massive global alliances cartels that offer ever-shrinking benefits to the consumer. In this extraordinarily thorough, blow-by-blow analysis of how this happened ? or was allowed to happen ? one of the world?s most eminent aviation law authorities explores the subject with a lucid insight fully informed by historical breadth and a keen appreciation of current pressures. Commercial aviation emerges as the crucible par excellence of the convergence of prevailing global ideology, economics, and international law. Among the numerous interrelated topics investigated in depth by Professor Dempsey, the following may be mentioned: the principal actors, including scores of airlines, the European Union, and a number of air transport associations; the labyrinth of bilateral air transport agreements; the relevance of the Treaty of Rome?s competition rules and the EU merger regulations to air transport; the important Court of Justice cases that circumscribed the zone of application in which the competition rules can regulate air transport: French Seamen?s Case, Transport Policy Decision, Olympic Airway, Nouvelles Fronti?res, Ahmed Saeed, and the 2002 `Open Skies? Decision; the 1991 U.S.-EC agreement regarding the application of competition laws; the sequence of EU aviation regulatory `packages?; regulation of non-economic issues (air traffic congestion, noise limitations, air carrier liability, civil aviation accident/incident investigations, denied boarding compensation); the effect of the U.S. government?s increasing invocation of antitrust immunity; computer reservation systems (especially code-sharing procedures); jointly-owned web sites for ticket sales and other e-commerce joint ventures; frequent flyer program alliances; and the emergence of global megacarriers. The author?s presentation emphasizes the regulatory constructs that currently affect the European air transport market: pricing and tariffs, pooling of revenue, market access (licensing, capacity limits, traffic rights, slot allocation), ground handlings, cargo services, state aid, and the power of the EU to act on the commercial aviation world stage for Member States. Each of these areas of analysis begins with an overview of the general regulatory environment for that area followed by a detailed chronological delineation of relevant packages, proposals, resolutions, and regulations. Because of the enormous role played by international air transport with respect to gross national product, employment, and energy consumption, European Aviation Law is of great importance not only to European lawyers but to officials, policymakers, practitioners, and academics in a number of relevant fields worldwide.
It brings together material that was previously unobtainable, hidden within impenetrable technical documents or dispersed across disparate sources.The book will appeal to both aviation academics and practitioners, equally for those whose ...
Author: Dr. Andrew Cook
Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
European Air Traffic Management: Principles, Practice and Research is a single source of reference on the key subject areas of ATM within Europe. It brings together material that was previously unobtainable, hidden within impenetrable technical documents or dispersed across disparate sources.The book will appeal to both aviation academics and practitioners, equally for those whose area of expertise is outside of ATM but want well-written sources of reference for related ATM subjects, as for those wishing to broaden existing knowledge.
without road policy measures; a gap closure for health improvements with and without road policy measures and a threshold of 7 μg/m2 of fine particles; a EU wide target policy for fine particles with no spatial location effects; ...
Author: Caterina De Lucia
Category: Business & Economics
The interlinked issues of air pollution and energy policies in an enlarged Europe are currently subjects of major interest in economic, environmental, geography and regional sciences. This interest is understandable given the considerable consequences on human health and on climate change issues at not only a European, but a global level. In addition, the recent effects of economic fluctuation and oil prices as well as the actual restructuring of the European energy supply and security market raise a great deal of policy challenges. These issues have become an increasingly relevant concern, as the optimal design of policy by centralised European institutions has come under greater scrutiny. This book presents an integrated approach to recent regulations on air pollution with particular emphasis on transborder air pollution, climate change and energy policies in the new Europe. This integrated vision embraces the extent to which global pollution influences policy decisions at different institutional levels; the magnitude, by virtue of policy simulation analysis, of environmental policy tools (i.e. environmental taxes) on aggregate welfare and transboundary air emissions fluxes in light of the recent enlargement process; the European Trading System and its flexible mechanisms to curb carbon emissions and fulfil the European Union Kyoto Protocol’s commitments; and the developments of the new European energy strategy and its interdependencies across energy requirements, innovation, competitiveness and climate change. The book is primarily aimed at Postgraduates and Postdoctoral research students in economics, environmental economics, environmental sciences, or environmental policy disciplines. However, it should also be of interest to environmental economists, energy policy analysts, members of governmental and non-governmental agencies dealing with environmental policy, climate change or air pollution.
Release on 2014-10-10 | by Francesco Rossi Dal Pozzo
This book presents a thorough analysis of the EU provisions and legal framework of passenger rights in the civil aviation field.
Author: Francesco Rossi Dal Pozzo
This book presents a thorough analysis of the EU provisions and legal framework of passenger rights in the civil aviation field. It provides both a theoretical and practical view of the initiatives that have been taken in this field. This includes initiatives taken by the European Commission (EC) with the aim to improve the protection of passengers and by the European Court of Justice (ECJ) with regard to jurisprudence. The book points out the goals that have been obtained so far, as well as the goals that still need to be pursued. Particular attention is paid to EU institutions that have been created ad hoc to supervise aviation safety and harmonize the various safety procedures of the EU Member States. Recent and upcoming packages of important safety and security measures are examined in detail. The book gives examples of current applications of legislative instruments and presents readers with the tools to gain a deeper understanding of the legal, practical and theoretical aspects of this important topic in aviation.
In Europe On Air, Suzanne Lommers has documented the rich and often underexposed history of broadcast radio through the lens of international European relations.
Author: Suzanne Lommers
Publisher: Amsterdam University Press
During the interwar years, broadcast radio became a popular way for Europeans to consume local, national, and international news. The medium not only began to shape European policy and politics, but also laid the foundation for European unification and global interconnectedness. In Europe On Air, Suzanne Lommers has documented the rich and often underexposed history of broadcast radio through the lens of international European relations. She specifically explores the roles of Radio Moscow, Radio Luxembourg, Vatican Radio, and the International Broadcasting Union as institutions that played an important role in national identities and establishing standards for broadcasting. The radio also offered new opportunities to politicians, who seized upon a vibrant and more direct way to communicate with their constituents. Essential reading for scholars of technology and European history, Europe-On Air reveals broadcast radio to be a technology that revolutionized international relations during the brief respite between the chaos of war in Europe.
Cram101 Just the FACTS101 studyguides gives all of the outlines, highlights, and quizzes for your textbook with optional online comprehensive practice tests. Only Cram101 is Textbook Specific. Accompanies: 9780872893795.
Author: Cram101 Textbook Reviews
Never HIGHLIGHT a Book Again Includes all testable terms, concepts, persons, places, and events. Cram101 Just the FACTS101 studyguides gives all of the outlines, highlights, and quizzes for your textbook with optional online comprehensive practice tests. Only Cram101 is Textbook Specific. Accompanies: 9780872893795. This item is printed on demand.
Release on 2000 | by World Health Organization. Regional Office for Europe
Recent epidemiological studies have provided evidence that in Europe hundreds of thousands of premature deaths are attributed to air pollution. The World Health Organization has been concerned with air pollution and its impact on human ...
Author: World Health Organization. Regional Office for Europe
Publisher: WHO Regional Office Europe
The guidelines are intended to provide background information and guidance to international, national and local authorities in making risk assessment and risk management decisions. In establishing pollutant levels below which exposure does not constitute a significant public health risk, the guidelines provide a basis for setting standards or limit values for air pollutants.
On the basis of these meetings, the participating states enhance unified regional air navigation planning throughout the ... including reviewing, evaluating and closer studying.73 The PIRG for Europe operates under the name European Air ...
Author: Niels van Antwerpen
Publisher: Kluwer Law International B.V.
The tremendous flow of air traffic traversing the airspace of the European Union demands extraordinary vigilance on the part of air navigation service providers. Although the first requirement of air navigation services is obviously the enhancement of safety, providers must also attend to the efficiency and optimisation of airspace capacity and the minimisation of air traffic delays. As technological and operational improvements proceed in these areas, jurisdictional issues of responsibility and liability—particularly in cases of mid-air collisions—become ever sharper and more in need of precise definition. This detailed and insightful exposition focuses on these issues from three overlapping perspectives: the international and European legal framework dealing with air navigation services, the question of state responsibility, and the question of liability for damage inflicted by air navigation service providers. The author’s in-depth analysis includes examination of many elements, among them the following: • the interrelated roles of the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO), the European Civil Aviation Conference (ECAC), the European Organisation for the Safety of Air Navigation (EUROCONTROL), the European Community’s European Aviation Safety Agency (EASA), and other international bodies; • the Single European Sky initiative, its establishment of Functional Airspace Blocks (FUAs), and its ongoing research program (SESAR); • establishment of transparent lines of state responsibility in the context of cross-border provision of air navigation services; and prospects for the imposition of a transparent liability regime on corporatized air navigation service providers. In conclusion, the author enumerates the essential elements required for cross-border provision of air navigation services and offers well-thought-out final recommendations and conclusions on the most preferable way to pursue such cross-border provision within and outside the European Community. A model agreement for the delegation of air navigation service provision appears as an appendix. All professionals concerned with air navigation, in Europe and elsewhere, will appreciate the depth of knowledge and commitment apparent in this book. The deeply informed insights manifest in its pages will be of enormous value to aviation agency officials and air law practitioners everywhere.
Thus, poised on the brink of war with Germany in September 1939, the Royal Air Force presented a mixed face. ... What of the other European air forces whose mettle would soon be sorely tested against the much-vaunted Nazi Luftwaffe?
Author: Chaz Bowyer
Publisher: Pen and Sword
Chaz Bowyer, arguably the most authoritative air historian of his generation, tackles the broad sweep of air operations in the European theatre in this book. Initially, the Luftwaffe attempted to dominate the skies, and very nearly succeeded. The valiant defence of the UK by the RAF in the Battle of Britain ranks among the greatest feats of arms in our country's history. The development of aircraft types and the descriptions of the actions that they and their pilots and crew fought make for great reading.
1944 ; AAFEB in ETO , 1944 ; Notes of 99th Allied Air Comdrs . The Effectiveness of Third Phase Tacti- Conf . , 22 Sept. 1944 ; 38 and 46 Gps . , Rpt . cal Air Operations in the European The- on Brit . A / B Effort in Opn . MARKET ...
The text, however, is not limited to questions of competition, but also recognises that this area must be looked at as a whole and accordingly the author also addresses issues of air transport law, politics and economics.
Author: Jeffrey Goh
Publisher: John Wiley & Son Limited
The opportunities afforded by air transport for both business and leisure travel are clearly enormous and this has never been more true than in the current climate of liberalisation in Europe. A wave of innovative fares and increased choice of routes and carriers has opened up the market place and has forced the traditionally protectionist and monopolistic air transport industry to adapt rapidly to the new environment. An understanding of the complex and varied rules and regulations that now define this sector is essential and in response to this need, European Air Transport provides a comprehensive analysis of the laws governing air transport competition within the Single European Market. The author concentrates on the key competition aspects which influence the air transport sector and provides detailed commentary on the existing legislation and cases while also looking ahead to their likely development as the liberalisation programme unfolds. The text, however, is not limited to questions of competition, but also recognises that this area must be looked at as a whole and accordingly the author also addresses issues of air transport law, politics and economics. With its wide-ranging coverage and detailed analysis, European Air Transport is an invaluable resource for all practitioners, both legal and financial, advising clients in this field and all those who presently work within the industry or are looking to expand business operations in the light of the increased opportunities now available.
VIII AFSC to Air Council , Air Ministry , 1942 ; memo for Col. E. P. Mechling , A - 4 13 Oct. ... 1942 ; History and Devated by European Wing , ATC GO 1 , 14 velopment of the Combat Support Wing Jan. 1943. ( A History of the European ...
This book is open access under a CC BY 4.0 license.
Author: Giorgio Guariso
This book reports on the results of an extended survey conducted across Europe within the framework of the APPRAISAL FP7 project to determine the extent to which an integrated assessment approach to air quality is being adopted, on the one hand, by regional and local authorities to develop air quality plans and, on the other, by researchers. Following a detailed analysis of the role and structure of the components of an integrated assessment study, the results of the survey are considered from a variety of perspectives. Above all, the book discusses the new light the survey sheds on emission abatement policies and measures planned at regional and local scales, and on their synergies/trade-offs with measures implemented at the national scale. Detailed consideration is given to the currently available modeling methodologies for identifying emission sources, assessing the effectiveness of emission reduction measures, and evaluating the impacts of emission abatement measures on human health. Current strengths and weaknesses revealed by the survey are explored, and the application of an integrated assessment tool in two case studies (in Brussels and Porto) is discussed. The book will appeal to all those interested in the use of integrated assessment in connection with the sources, effects and control of air pollution.
in the EU of WHO air quality recommendations in Europe's cities, the European Commission launched the 'Auto- oil' programme (AOP). Within the framework of European environmental policy-making, this project is remarkable in at least ...