The History of Byzantine and Eastern Canon Law to 1500

The acts and canons of the eleven ecumenical councils from Nicaea to Florence were translated in 1662 into Arabic, and from the Arabic, Uniate Eastern Syrian (Chaldaean) Metropolitan and later PatriarchJoseph II (1694–1713) translated ...

The History of Byzantine and Eastern Canon Law to 1500

Wilfried Hartmann is emeritus professor of the medieval history of canon law at the University of Tbingen. Kenneth Pennington is Kelly-Quinn Professor of Ecclesiastical and Legal History at The Catholic University of America. He is the author of numerous works including Pope and Bishops: The Papal Monarchy in the Twelfth and Thirteenth Centuries and The Prince and the Law, 1200-1600: Sovereignty and Rights in the Western Legal Tradition. Hartmann and Pennington are coeditors of the History of Medieval Canon Law series.

Compendium of the Traditional Catechism of the Catholic Church

920. 222 GIRM 240. 223 Jn 6:56. 224 Jn 6:57. 225 Fanqith, Syriac Office of Antioch, Vol. 1, Commun., 237 a-b. 226 PO 5. 227 St. Ambrose, De Sacr. 4, 6, 28: PL 16, 446; cf. 1 Cor 11:26. 228 Cf. Council of Trent (1551): DS 1638.

Compendium of the Traditional Catechism of the Catholic Church

The Catechism of the Catholic Church is the sure norm for teaching the faith (Apostolic Constitution Fidei Depositum ). Still the language and wording of both the Catechism and the Second Vatican Council is one full of poetic beauty and soft diplomacy. This style of poetry and diplomacy is not the most appropriate for clarity. In many places the language results hard to understand and multiple contradictory interpretations are possible due precisely to the language full of charity but not of clarity. The purpose of the Compendium of the Traditional Catechism of the Catholic Church is to provide absolute clarity about the Faith of All times and less room for open interpretations and ambiguity. The world today in order to keep the Faith of All times needs more than poetic words. It needs clear teachings with full power, strength, and clarity above: no room for misinterpretations, no wiggle room for heretical interpretations at all. That is the purpose of this work: high clarity above all. With total clarity several subjects are covered: the definition of schismatic, the Limbo, Freemasons, heretic, the so called marriage among homosexuals, the doctrine of the Church regarding the liberal freemasonic Democracy, the responsibility that Catholics must have when voting or taking action on the political field, the so called New Atheists movement, the Consecration of Russia according to Our Lady of Fatima, the future of the world according to the City of God of St. Agustin, etc. All of these subjects of today and many others are addressed in this work with extreme and total clarity. Here there is no room for error and no room for misunderstanding. This is the Traditional Catechism that is really needed in the Year of the Faith and in any year!

Missionary Stories and the Formation of the Syriac Churches

Menze, Justinian and the Making of the Syrian Orthodox Church, 6. 23. See Eusebius, Life of Constantine, ... Griffith cites Murray, Symbols of Church and Kingdom, 110–11 ... See Seven Ecumenical Councils of the Undivided Church, trans.

Missionary Stories and the Formation of the Syriac Churches

Missionary Stories and the Formation of the Syriac Churches analyzes the hagiographic traditions of seven missionary saints in the Syriac heritage during late antiquity: Thomas, Addai, Mari, John of Ephesus, Simeon of Beth Arsham, Jacob Baradaeus, and Ahudemmeh. Jeanne-Nicole Mellon Saint-Laurent studies a body of legends about the missionaries’ voyages in the Syrian Orient to illustrate their shared symbols and motifs. Revealing how these texts encapsulated the concerns of the communities that produced them, she draws attention to the role of hagiography as a malleable genre that was well-suited for the idealized presentation of the beginnings of Christian communities. Hagiographers, through their reworking of missionary themes, asserted autonomy, orthodoxy, and apostolicity for their individual civic and monastic communities, positioning themselves in relationship to the rulers of their empires and to competing forms of Christianity. Saint-Laurent argues that missionary hagiography is an important and neglected source for understanding the development of the East and West Syriac ecclesiastical bodies: the Syrian Orthodox Church and the Church of the East. Given that many of these Syriac-speaking churches remain today in the Middle East and India, with diaspora communities in Europe and North America, this work opens the door for further study of the role of saints and stories as symbolic links between ancient and modern traditions.

Syriac Polemics

As far as his linguistic output is concerned , one should name The Book of the Translator , this being a Syriac - Arabic ... at the Melkites and the Monophysites ( this part also contains a short history of the ecumenical councils ) .

Syriac Polemics

This Festschrift honours Dr. Gerrit Reinink on the occasion of the end of his professional career as a senior lecturer of Syriac and Aramaic studies at the University of Groningen, The Netherlands. The Festschrift includes, in addition to a brief biography and a complete bibliography of Reinink's scholarly writings, fifteen articles, arranged according to the chronology of their topics and covering a wide variety of subjects, ranging from the days of Julian the Apostate to the year of the fall of Constantinople, through the period of Late Antiquity, the Byzantine period, early Islam and the Middle Ages. The authors are all prominent experts in the field of Syriac studies and adjacent areas. The title of the book, Syriac Polemics, is a clear reference to one of Reinink's favourite research topics: Eastern Christian reactions to the rise of Islam. This volume is a valuable contribution to the study of Syriac literature and culture in general.

Chalcedon in Context

Again, in Session XIII the fourth canon issued by the First Ecumenical Council was quoted although it was incorrectly ... as number 6.22 From these citations it is clear that the council had a book, biblion, containing a list of canons, ...

Chalcedon in Context

The Council of Chalcedon in 451 was a defining moment in the Christological controversies that tore apart the churches of the Eastern Roman Empire in the fifth and sixth centuries, as theological division, political rivalry, and sectarian violence produced a schism that persists to this day between Chalcedonian and non-Chalcedonian churches. The Acts of the Councils are one of the largest collections of source materials relating to the Church of Late Antiquity and its state relations, and this volume places the acclaimed translation in context with the Council of Chalcedon of 451, ultimately informing historians on how to approach manifold aspects of these documents.

Encyclopedia of Early Christianity Second Edition

The Third Ecumenical Council, of Ephesus (431), which condemned the heresy of Nestorius and dealt with several other ... Council of, Nicene Creed; Nicaea 11 Edessa Northern Mesopotamian center of Syriac Christianity, modern Urfa.

Encyclopedia of Early Christianity  Second Edition

First published in 1990. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Answers to Objections Source Book

HH 10 Heidi Heiks, AD 538 Source Book, 7173. 11 Roger. 2 Joseph F. Kelly, The Ecumenical Councils of the Catholic Church, 50. 3 Volker L. Menze, Justinian and the Making of the Syrian Orthodox Church, 75. 4 Ibid.

Answers to Objections Source Book

This fourth volume written by Heidi Heiks is dedicated to the prophetic periods of Daniel and Revelation. It addresses twenty objections and other issues that Heiks feels demand clarification. All objections are for the years and events connected to AD 508 and AD 538. Readers will find that Heiks clarifies documentation and resolves all the best arguments brought against what he considers, and has presented as, correct interpretation. The author also includes the Source Books’ bibliographies, which are a great resource for any scholar, historian, or layperson doing research.

Christian Persecution Martyrdom and Orthodoxy

'Brigandage', 'Banditry', or 'Robber Council', the name given to it in a letter of Pope Leo on the grounds that it was characterized by extreme violence which Dioscorus promoted;11 it is not recognized in the official list of ecumenical ...

Christian Persecution  Martyrdom  and Orthodoxy

This volume brings together seven seminal papers by the great radical historian Geoffrey de Ste. Croix, who died in 2000, on early Christian topics, with an especial focus on persecution and martyrdom. Christian martyrdom is a topic which conjures up ready images of inhumane persecutors confronted by Christian heroes who perish for the instant but win the long-term battle for reputation. In five of these essays Ste. Croix scrutinizes the evidence to reveal the significant role of Christian themselves, first as volunteer martyrs and later, after the triumph of Christianity in the early fourth century, as organizers of much more effective persecutions. A sixth essay pursues the question of the control of Christianity through a comprehensive study of the context for one of the Church's most important and divisive doctrinal decisions, at the Council of Chalcedon (AD 451); the key role of the emperor and his senior secular officials is revealed, contrary to the prevailing interpretation of Church historians. Finally the attitudes of the early Church towards property and slavery are reviewed, to show the divide between the Gospel message and actual practice.

Between Christ and Caliph

Timothy, §33, Law Book, 80–81. ... Ishoʿbarnun, §4, Letter to Makarios, MS Birmingham Mingana Syriac 586, fol. ... 11. Satlow, Jewish Marriage, 157. 12. Canons of the Apostles, §19, Percival, Seven Ecumenical Councils, Notes to Chapter ...

Between Christ and Caliph

In Between Christ and Caliph, Lev E. Weitz examines the multiconfessional society of early Islam through the lens of shifting marital practices of Syriac Christian communities, arguing that interreligious negotiations lie at the heart of the history of the medieval Islamic empire.

Invitation to Syriac Christianity

... 9; formal separation of some Syriac Christian communities from, 11, 88–90; Theodore of Mopsuestia, condemnation of, 13, 89, 93, 202, 210. See also Councils Roman/Byzantine empire: Book of the Laws of the Countries (On Fate) on, 263, ...

Invitation to Syriac Christianity

"Over the last few decades, one of the biggest growth areas in ancient history has been Syriac studies. The lingua franca of the late ancient Middle East,Syriac--the language of Syria--was native to a broad population who developed distinctive and influential form of Christianity that spread across continents, connecting the Roman, Persian, Arab, Chinese, and South Asian empires. Given this tremendous geographical spread, and the massive corpus of writings still extant, Syriac studies is increasingly felt to be central to the study of Late Antiquity. Indeed, PhDs trained in Syriac or Arabic as well Greek and Latin are the most desirable candidates on the job market today. As more and more professors are trained in these materials--and as the call grows ever louder for classes aimed at understanding the interconnectedness of premodern societies--the more Syriac becomes central to teaching in colleges and universities, as well as divinity schools and seminaries. Collecting the most important texts from the second to the fourteenth centuries, Invitation to Syriac Christianity will provide the first-ever comprehensive introduction written for the nonspecialist. These carefully selected, introduced, and annotated translations will help professors and students at all levels to expand their knowledge of the ancient world beyond Greek and Latin traditions. Invitation will thus be the essential resource for anyone wanting to study the world of Syriac"

The Ecclesiastical History from the Second Ecumenical Council to the End of the Fourth Century Translated with Notes and an Essay on the Miracles of the Period by J H N I e J H Newman

They were also called in Syriac Abin and Paanin , that A. D. 390 . is , Perverse . ... 11 . large buildings open at the top like market - places ; here they met together night and morning , and by the light of many ' Epiph.82 . lamps ...

The Ecclesiastical History      from the Second Ecumenical Council  to the End of the Fourth Century  Translated  with Notes  and an Essay on the Miracles of the Period  by J  H  N   I e  J  H  Newman


The Westminster Handbook to Medieval Theology

After that list, however, the author gives a lukewarm endorsement (“the Roman church does not prohibit the reception of these books”) of eleven patristic Latin and Greek fathers as well as the first three ecumenical councils.

The Westminster Handbook to Medieval Theology

The theologians and major thinkers of the medieval period developed their thought in complicated ways, giving rise to the term scholasticism, which was the method of learning associated with the great schools of the period. Theology was the center of thought, and finding one's way through the many and complex theological ideas introduced during this era can be very difficult. This accessible reference work clarifies these ideas and provides an extensive guide to the main theological features of medieval theology. Author James Ginther provides clear and compelling discussions of major Christian thinkers, sociocultural developments, and key terms and concepts related to the period. Both students and scholars will find this an eminently useful resource for the study of medieval theology.

The Acts of the Early Church Councils

Before Marcian , Theodosius II probably did not initiate the central publication of acts from the Second Council of ... Records of further sessions surviving in part in Syriac translation reveal that a more comprehensive set of acts ...

The Acts of the Early Church Councils

This study examines the acts of ancient church councils as the objects of textual practices, in their editorial shaping, and in their material conditions.

The Sabaite Heritage in the Orthodox Church from the Fifth Century to the Present

Ever since Guillaumont published his book , his views became authoritative and with good reason , since there can be no doubt that the Fifth Council condemned a kind of Evagrian Origenism .

The Sabaite Heritage in the Orthodox Church from the Fifth Century to the Present

St. Sabas (439-532 CE), was one of the principal leaders of Palestinian monasticism, that had flourished in the sixth century in the desert of Jerusalem. As an abbot he was the first in Palestine to formulate a monastic rule in writing, and his activity as an ecclesiastical leader bore upon the life of the entire Christian community in the Holy land. He and his monks were active in the theological disputes that affected the fate of the Christian Church of Palestine, and shaped it as a stronghold of Orthodoxy. But his activity has transcended his place and time. His largest monastery - the Great Laura (Mar saba), functioned from the sixth to the ninth century as the intellectual centre of the See of Jerusalem. The most distinguished among its authors were Cyril of Scythopolis, Leontius of Byzantium, John Moschus and Sophronius, Antiochus Monachos, John of Damascus, Cosmas the Hymnographer, Leontius of Damascus and Stephen Mansur. Their treatises on dogma, and prayer, shaped Orthodox theology, liturgy and hymnography in Palestine and beyond. This literary activity in Greek was complemented by scribal activity of copying and translating of Greek manuscripts into Arabic and Georgian. There was also original composition in Arabic by Theodore Abu Qurrah and others. Monastic life in Mar Saba, that continued under Muslim rule with only short intermissions, preserved the Sabaite tradition, and contributed to its reputation, parallel to that of Jerusalem. Sabaite monks were renown as paragons of monasticism and dogma, who had inspired monastic and ecclesiastical reformers in later centuries throughout the Orthodox world. Its fame spread far and wide, from Rome and North Africa in the west, to Serbia, Russia and Georgia in the east, affecting Christian dogma and liturgy therein. The thirty-one studies included in this volume, each written by an expert in his field, present the various facets of the Sabaite heritage in the Orthodox Church, from the sixth century to the present.

Year Book The American Philosophical Society

Manuscript sources for history and literature in Syriac . The grantee's project was a ... “ Discovery of Important Syriac Manuscripts on the Canons of the Ecumenical Councils . " Abr - Nahrain ( Melbourne ) 11. In press . -1971 .

Year Book   The American Philosophical Society

List of members and obituary notices in volumes for 1937- .

The Europa World Year Book 2003

Dr P. G. PHILIP . The Malankara Jacobite Syrian Orthodox Church is also represented . Protestant Churches Church of North India ( CNI ) : CNI Bhavan , 16 Pandit Pant Marg , New Delhi 110 001 ; tel . ( 11 ) 23716513 ; fax ( 11 ) 23716901 ...

The Europa World Year Book 2003

First published in 2003. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Marino Sanudo Torsello The Book of the Secrets of the Faithful of the Cross

The Arian heresy, which asserted that Christ was a pure creature, was condemned at the First General Council of Nicaea.1 Having ... But at the time of the Catholic Gratian,4 the second Ecumenical Council was summoned in Constantinople, ...

Marino Sanudo Torsello  The Book of the Secrets of the Faithful of the Cross

This is the first full translation of Marino Sanudo Torsello's Secreta fidelium Crucis to be made into English. The work itself is a piece of crusading propaganda following the fall of Acre in 1291, written between 1300 and 1321, but it includes much of historical relevance along with interesting observations on the early history of Jerusalem and the Crusader Kingdom. The translation is based upon the text edited by Jacques Bongars in 1611. There is an introduction that contextualises the book, its author, his sources and his audience. The notes provide essential information to clarify internal textual references and allusions, as well as the role of Biblical references in Sanudo's grand design. The index is designed to make this detailed text usable and accessible. In this, his major work, Sanudo advocated the conquest of Egypt as the means to regain Jerusalem for the Latins and worked through his points with considerable detail alongside references to 13th-century Mediterranean history, especially involving Louis IX of France and Charles of Anjou, king of Naples. Books I and II give considerable detailed discussion of the concept, plan and costs of his proposed crusade. Book III provides an outline history of the crusades and the crusader states. It is derived from a wide-reading of other sources especially of William of Tyre, and, for events after 1184 on the Eracles, the letters of James of Vitry, and Sanudo's own experiences in the east. Throughout, the work contains a staggering amount of cartographical, ethnographical, geographical, and nautical information, as well as numerous unique insights into historical events and personalities of the late 13th century, not only in Outremer but in Western Europe.

Know the Creeds and Councils

“Fifth Ecumenical Council: Constantinople II, 553,” http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/basis/const2.asp, accessed May 31, 2013. 18. G. L. C. Frank, “The Council of Constantinople II as a Model Reconciliation Council,” Theological Studies 52 ...

Know the Creeds and Councils

In every generation, the Christian church must interpret and restate its bedrock beliefs, answering the challenges and concerns of the day. This accessible overview walks readers through centuries of creeds, councils, catechisms, and confessions—not with a dry focus on dates and places, but with an emphasis on the living tradition of Christian belief and why it matters for our lives today. As a part of the KNOW series, Know the Creeds and Councils is designed for personal study or classroom use, but also for small groups and Sunday schools wanting to more deeply understand the foundations of the faith. Each chapter covers a key statement of faith and includes a discussion of its historical context, a simple explanation of the statement’s content and key points, reflections on contemporary and ongoing relevance, and discussion questions.

Voting about God in Early Church Councils

Fortunately, a substantial minority is available in French, with some editing and abbreviation; some in English; a little, in German; and a still smaller quantity, once in Syriac, now in French or German. As to the last question raised ...

Voting about God in Early Church Councils

In this study, Ramsay MacMullen steps aside from the well-worn path that previous scholars have trod to explore exactly how early Christian doctrines became official. Drawing on extensive verbatim stenographic records, he analyzes the ecumenical councils from A.D. 325 to 553, in which participants gave authority to doctrinal choices by majority vote. The author investigates the sometimes astonishing bloodshed and violence that marked the background to church council proceedings, and from there goes on to describe the planning and staging of councils, the emperors' role, the routines of debate, the participants' understanding of the issues, and their views on God's intervention in their activities. He concludes with a look at the significance of the councils and their doctrinal decisions within the history of Christendom.