United States Air Force Commands and Agencies

It set up the Strategic Air Command , the Air Defense Command , and the Tactical Air Command as the three major commands for conducting offensive and defensive air operations . The act further provided that other major air commands be ...

United States Air Force Commands and Agencies


Divine Command Ethics

Either God's revealed Torah command is a necessary condition of the moral rightness of an act or God's unrevealed will is a necessary condition of the moral rightness of an act. God's revealed Torah command is a sufficient condition of ...

Divine Command Ethics

The central aim of this book is to attempt to determine the response of the classic texts of Jewish traditions to the famous dilemma posed in Plato's Euthyphro: Does God freely determine morality, or is morality independent of God? The author argues that the picture that emerges from Jewish texts is significantly more complex and nuanced than most of the contemporary Jewish philosophical literature is prepared to concede. While providing an extensive discussion of the perspective of Jewish tradition on divine command ethics, this book develops a position that is distinct from and critical of other views that have recently been advanced in Jewish scholarship. At the same time, the book provides a substantial analysis of some Christian perspectives on divine command ethics. Relevant biblical, rabbinic and later Jewish texts are discussed, as well as some of the relevant views that have been taken in philosophical literature and in Christian and Jewish thought.

Criminal Law

The defendants committed the—in default of any ground of justification which could be taken into account, unlawful—killing on command. The findings showed that they did not recognize as they committed their act that the carrying out of ...

Criminal Law

Criminal Law: A Comparative Approach presents a systematic and comprehensive analysis of the substantive criminal law of two major jurisdictions: the United States and Germany. Presupposing no familiarity with either U.S. or German criminal law, the book will provide criminal law scholars and students with a rich comparative understanding of criminal law's foundations and central doctrines. All foreign-language sources have been translated into English; cases and materials are accompanied by heavily cross-referenced introductions and notes that place them within the framework of each country's criminal law system and highlight issues ripe for comparative analysis. Divided into three parts, the book covers foundational issues - such as constitutional limits on the criminal law - before tackling the major features of the general part of the criminal law and a selection of offences in the special part. Throughout, readers are exposed to alternative approaches to familiar problems in criminal law, and as a result will have a chance to see a given country's criminal law doctrine, on specific issues and in general, from the critical distance of comparative analysis.

Commands

... these types of speech act. Directives, he argues, have a world-to-word direction of fit. In other words, a person giving a directive is trying to make the world change according to the words that are uttered. My command 'Silence!

Commands

This book focuses on the form and the function of commands-directive speech acts such as pleas, entreaties, and orders-from a typological perspective. A team of internationally-renowned experts in the field examine the interrelationship of these speech acts with cultural stereotypes and practices, as well as their origins and development, especially in the light of language contact. The volume begins with an introduction outlining the marking and the meaning of imperatives and other ways of expressing commands and directives. Each of the chapters that follow then offers an in-depth analysis of commands in a particular language. These analyses are cast in terms of 'basic linguistic theory'-a cumulative typological functional framework-and the chapters are arranged and structured in a way that allows useful comparison between them. The languages investigated include Quechua, Japanese, Lao, Aguaruna and Ashaninka Satipo (both from Peru), Dyirbal (from Australia), Zenzontepec Chatino (from Mexico), Nungon, Tayatuk, and Karawari (from Papua New Guinea), Korowai (from West Papua), Wolaitta (from Ethiopia), and Northern Paiute (a native language of the United States).

Journal

( By command ) C. - 1 " Land for Settlements Act , 1894 ” : Report on the Cost , Condition , Settlement , C. - 5 & c . , of Lands acquired under this Act . ( By Act ) Levin State Farm . ( Vide LEVIN . ) . “ Unclaimed Lands Act , 1894 ...

Journal


U S Atlantic Command

USACOM officials believed the Command's new planning system , which became operational on October 20 , 1998 , meets many of the expectations of the Government Performance and Results Act , which requires agencies to set goals , measure ...

U S  Atlantic Command

In 1993, the U.S. Atlantic Command (USAC) was assigned the mission to maximize America's military capability through joint training, force integration, and deployment of ready U.S.-based forces to support the geographic commands', its own, and domestic requirements. This report discusses the USAC's actions to establish itself as the joint force trainer, provider, and integrator of most continental U.S.-based forces; views on the value of the USAC's contributions to joint military capabilities; and the recent expansion of the USAC's responsibilities and the possible effects on the USAC. Charts and tables.

A Compendium of American Criminal Law

Neither child , servant , nor military subordinate is exempt from punishment for crime by reason of acting under the command of their superiors , in general author . ity , but like other persons , only in consequence of actual durcss .

A Compendium of American Criminal Law


The History of the Unified Command Plan 1946 1993

The new law authorized the President , acting through the Secretary of Defense and with the advice of the JCS , to establish unified and specified commands , to assign missions to them , and to determine their force structure .

The History of the Unified Command Plan 1946 1993

Faced with the need to establish unified command of U.S. military forces in peacetime, the Joint Chiefs of Staff in 1946 created an organization directive, the "Outline Command Plan," which was the first in a series of documents known as the Unified Command Plans. This document covers the formulation of the plan, modifications and periodic revisions. A compilation of three separate histories which were originally classified. Extensive references. Appendices: membership of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, glossary of abbreviations, and world map.

God s Command

'So if it is possible that all the [extrinsic] reasons for which acts are done may be removed, ... If an act is obligatory, he says, a command might indicate that fact, and it might indicate that the rightness of the act is the ...

God s Command

This work focuses on divine command, and in particular the theory that what makes something obligatory is that God commands it, and what makes something wrong is that God commands us not to do it. Focusing on the Abrahamic faiths, eminent scholar John E. Hare explains that two experiences have had to be integrated. The first is that God tells us to do something, or not to do something. The second is that we have to work out ourselves what to do and what not to do. The difficulty has come in establishing the proper relation between them. In Christian reflection on this, two main traditions have emerged, divine command theory and natural law theory. Hare successfully defends a version of divine command theory, but also shows that there is considerable overlap with some versions of natural law theory. He engages with a number of Christian theologians, particularly Karl Barth, and extends into a discussion of divine command within Judaism and Islam. The work concludes by examining recent work in evolutionary psychology, and argues that thinking of our moral obligations as produced by divine command offers us some help in seeing how a moral conscience could develop in a way that is evolutionarily stable.

A Casebook of Cognitive Behaviour Therapy for Command Hallucinations

There was little evidence that she had acted on these commands but she feared that she might act because of the persistent and convincing nature of the voices. However, on three occasions Joan had found herself walking down the middle ...

A Casebook of Cognitive Behaviour Therapy for Command Hallucinations

Command hallucinations are a particularly distressing and sometimes dangerous type of hallucination about which relatively little is known and for which no evidenced based treatment currently exists. In A Casebook of Cognitive Behaviour Therapy for Command Hallucinations the development of a new and innovative evidence based cognitive therapy is presented in a practical format ideal for the busy practitioner. This new approach is based on over a decade's research on the role of voice hearers' beliefs about the power and omnipotence of their voices and how this drives distress and 'acting on' voices. The therapy protocol is presented in clear steps from formulation to intervention. The body of the book describes its application in eight cases illustrating the breadth of its application, including 'complex' cases. The authors also present their interpretation of what their findings tell us about what works and doesn't work, and suggestions for future developments. Subjects covered also include: understanding command hallucinations a cognitive versus a quasi-neuroleptic approach to CBT in psychosis does CBT for CH work? findings from a randomised controlled trial. This book provides a fascinating and very practical summary of the first intervention to have a major impact on distress and on compliance with command hallucinations. It will be of great interest to all mental health practitioners working with people with psychosis in community and forensic settings.

The History of the Unified Command Plan 1946 1993

The new law authorized the President , acting through the Secretary of Defense and with the advice of the JCS , to establish unified and specified commands , to assign missions to them , and to determine their force structure .

The History of the Unified Command Plan  1946 1993


University of Pennsylvania Law Review

The acts Mass . 279 ( 1849 ) . of Congress and articles of war made it 4. In the case of a soldier acting under incumbent on him to prevent the escape , the command of a superior officer , the and he had a legal right to employ so law ...

University of Pennsylvania Law Review


Lectures on Jurisprudence Or The Philosophy of Positive Law

But the dis'inction between laws and particular commands may , I think , be stated in the following manner . x By every command , the party to whom it is directed is obliged to do or to forbear . Now where it obliges generally to acts ...

Lectures on Jurisprudence  Or  The Philosophy of Positive Law


Manual of Military Law

Ch . III the graver offence referred to in the preceding paragraph ; but if the command is of a prospective nature ... “ Lawful command ” means not only a command which is not contrary to the ordinary civil law , but one which is ...

Manual of Military Law


Failures of the North American Aerospace Defense Command s NORAD Attack Warning System

What actions does OMB plan to take under Public Law 89–306 and the Paperwork Reduction Act to correct the failures of the Norad and the worldwide military command and control system projects ? Dr. MILLER . Mr. Chairman , first we have ...

Failures of the North American Aerospace Defense Command s  NORAD  Attack Warning System


Journals of the Legislative Council of the Dominion of New Zealand

( Presented by command ) Reserves inade under " The Land Act , 1877. " Return to an Order of the Legislative Council , dated 2012 August , 1878. No. 18 . ( Hon . Sir F. Dillon Bell ) Return of Lands reserved for Municipal Corporations .

Journals of the Legislative Council of the Dominion of New Zealand


Department of Defense Appropriations for 1999 Commanders in chief Central Command and European Command

... within six months , a report containing his recommendations regarding the " statutory designation of the positions and grades of any additional general and flag officers " in the Reserve commands and offices established by that act ...

Department of Defense Appropriations for 1999  Commanders in chief  Central Command and European Command


Civil War High Commands

When under federal command , militia will act under the same rules and regulations as do the volunteers . " Sec . 12. Blacks may be accepted into military service . War Dept. Adjutant General's Office , General Orders No. 111 , 18 Aug.

Civil War High Commands

Based on nearly five decades of research, this magisterial work is a biographical register and analysis of the people who most directly influenced the course of the Civil War, its high commanders. Numbering 3,396, they include the presidents and their cabinet members, state governors, general officers of the Union and Confederate armies (regular, provisional, volunteers, and militia), and admirals and commodores of the two navies. Civil War High Commands will become a cornerstone reference work on these personalities and the meaning of their commands, and on the Civil War itself. Errors of fact and interpretation concerning the high commanders are legion in the Civil War literature, in reference works as well as in narrative accounts. The present work brings together for the first time in one volume the most reliable facts available, drawn from more than 1,000 sources and including the most recent research. The biographical entries include complete names, birthplaces, important relatives, education, vocations, publications, military grades, wartime assignments, wounds, captures, exchanges, paroles, honors, and place of death and interment. In addition to its main component, the biographies, the volume also includes a number of essays, tables, and synopses designed to clarify previously obscure matters such as the definition of grades and ranks; the difference between commissions in regular, provisional, volunteer, and militia services; the chronology of military laws and executive decisions before, during, and after the war; and the geographical breakdown of command structures. The book is illustrated with 84 new diagrams of all the insignias used throughout the war and with 129 portraits of the most important high commanders.

Large scale Distributed Systems and Energy Efficiency

To allow the DRAM to receive commands, the CKE must be HIGH, thus enabling the input buffers and propagates the command/address into ... During normal operation, the first command sent to the DRAM is typically an active (ACT) command.

Large scale Distributed Systems and Energy Efficiency

Addresses innovations in technology relating to the energy efficiency of a wide variety of contemporary computer systems and networks With concerns about global energy consumption at an all-time high, improving computer networks energy efficiency is becoming an increasingly important topic. Large-Scale Distributed Systems and Energy Efficiency: A Holistic View addresses innovations in technology relating to the energy efficiency of a wide variety of contemporary computer systems and networks. After an introductory overview of the energy demands of current Information and Communications Technology (ICT), individual chapters offer in-depth analyses of such topics as cloud computing, green networking (both wired and wireless), mobile computing, power modeling, the rise of green data centers and high-performance computing, resource allocation, and energy efficiency in peer-to-peer (P2P) computing networks. Discusses measurement and modeling of the energy consumption method Includes methods for energy consumption reduction in diverse computing environments Features a variety of case studies and examples of energy reduction and assessment Timely and important, Large-Scale Distributed Systems and Energy Efficiency is an invaluable resource for ways of increasing the energy efficiency of computing systems and networks while simultaneously reducing the carbon footprint.