An Audit of Police Oversight in Africa

106 Frame, I. 2008 Africa South of the Sahara (37th edn). London: Routledge. 107 Montgomery, R. 2006 'Comoros' in Das, D.K., Palmiotto M.J., et al (eds), World Police Encyclopedia: Volume 1, A–K Index. London: Routledge.

An Audit of Police Oversight in Africa

APCOF is a network of African policing practitioners drawn from state and nonstate institutions. It is active in promoting police accountability through civilian oversight. It believes that the broad values behind establishment of civilian oversight is to assist in restoring public confi dence, develop a culture of human rights, integrity and transparency within the police, and promote good working relationships between the police and the community. It achieves its goal through raising awareness, sharing information on police oversight and providing technical assistance to civil society, the police and new and emerging oversight bodies in Africa. This audit provides insight into the diversity of police oversight on the African continent and the challenges it faces. Through this publication APCOF also seeks to highlight the importance of policing oversight in the ongoing efforts to build African police agencies into organisations that are effective and effi cient but also respectful of peoples' and human rights.

Africa South of the Sahara 2008

over 1,500 pages of economic and demographic statistics, wide-ranging directory material and authoritative articles contributions from over 50 leading experts on African affairs incisive analysis of the latest available information.

Africa South of the Sahara 2008

over 1,500 pages of economic and demographic statistics, wide-ranging directory material and authoritative articles contributions from over 50 leading experts on African affairs incisive analysis of the latest available information. General Survey thoroughly revised and updated analytical articles written by acknowledged experts covering the issues affecting the area as a whole, including: Economic Trends in Africa South of the Sahara; Health and Medical Issues in Sub-Saharan Africa; China's Expansion into Africa; and European Colonial Rule in Africa a political map of contemporary Africa and a chronological list of the dates of independence of African countries. Country Surveys Individual chapters on every country incorporating: an introductory survey, containing essays on the physical and social geography, recent history and economy of each country an extensive statistical survey of economic indicators, which include area and population, health and welfare, agriculture, forestry, fishing, mining, industry, finance, trade, transport, tourism, media and education a full directory containing names, addresses and contact numbers for key areas such as the government, political organizations, diplomatic representation, the judiciary, religion, the media, finance, trade and industry, tourism, defence and education a useful bibliography, providing sources for further research. Regional Information Detailed information on the following: regional organizations; major commodities; calendars, time reckoning, weights and measures; research institutes concerned with Africa and a select periodicals bibliography.

United States Law and Policy on Transitional Justice

Phil Clark & Zachary D. Kaufman, Rwanda: Recent History, in AFRICA SOUTH OF THE SAHARA 2009, 924 (Iain Frame ed., 2008). • Phil Clark & Zachary D. Kaufman, Rwanda: Recent History, in AFRICA SOUTH OF THE SAHARA 2008, 927 (Iain Frame ed., ...

United States Law and Policy on Transitional Justice

In United States Law and Policy on Transitional Justice: Principles, Politics, and Pragmatics, Zachary D. Kaufman explores the U.S. government's support for, or opposition to, certain transitional justice institutions. By first presenting an overview of possible responses to atrocities (such as war crimes tribunals) and then analyzing six historical case studies, Kaufman evaluates why and how the United States has pursued particular transitional justice options since World War II. This book challenges the "legalist" paradigm, which postulates that liberal states pursue war crimes tribunals because their decision-makers hold a principled commitment to the rule of law. Kaufman develops an alternative theory-"prudentialism"-which contends that any state (liberal or illiberal) may support bona fide war crimes tribunals. More generally, prudentialism proposes that states pursue transitional justice options, not out of strict adherence to certain principles, but as a result of a case-specific balancing of politics, pragmatics, and normative beliefs. Kaufman tests these two competing theories through the U.S. experience in six contexts: Germany and Japan after World War II, the 1988 bombing of Pan Am flight 103, the 1990-1991 Iraqi offenses against Kuwaitis, the atrocities in the former Yugoslavia in the 1990s, and the 1994 Rwandan genocide. Kaufman demonstrates that political and pragmatic factors featured as or more prominently in U.S. transitional justice policy than did U.S. government officials' normative beliefs. Kaufman thus concludes that, at least for the United States, prudentialism is superior to legalism as an explanatory theory in transitional justice policymaking.

Encyclopedia of Business in Today s World

Africa South of the Sahara 2008 (Europa Publications, 2008); J. Dickie and A. Rake, Who's Who in Africa: The Political, Military and Business Leaders of Africa (African Development, 1973); Raymond E. Dumett, “Sources for Mining Company ...

Encyclopedia of Business in Today s World

Serving as a general, nontechnical resource for students and academics, these volumes provide an understanding of the development of business as practiced around the world.

Africa and Economic Policy

Challenges of Growth and Globalization in the Middle East and North Africa. Washington, DC: IMF, 2003. ... Africa South of the Sahara 2008. ... Tunis, October 2004. of South Africa: Private Sector Country Profile, Final Report.

Africa and Economic Policy

‘Africa and Economic Policy: Developing a Framework for Policymakers’ aims to fill an important gap in the current literature on economic policy in developing countries. Despite its richness and sophistication, the current economic literature has not yet succeeded in developing a framework for economic policy that is clear and intelligible to policymakers in developing countries, and which is capable of effectively delivering a sustained increase in citizens’ well-being. This ground-breaking study seeks to rectify this problem by suggesting a unique conceptual framework for designing and conducting economic policy in developing countries, particularly those in Africa.

Multicultural America

2008 Postelection violence in Kenya kills 1,500 and discourages the re- turn of immigrants. ... represents bodies of water, namely Lake Turkana and part of Lake Victoria (Potgieter 1976, 329–31; Africa South of the Sahara 2008, 592–94).

Multicultural America

Profiles fifty of the most numerous immigrant groups in the United States, providing information on the history of their immigration to the U.S., how well they have adapted to life in America, and their impact on American society.

African Smallholders

Cramer, C. (2001) Privatisation and adjustment in Mozambique: a 'hospital pass'? Journal of Southern African Studies 27, 79–103. Cravinho, J. and George, E. (2007) Mozambique: economy. In: Frame, I. (ed.) Africa South of the Sahara 2008 ...

African Smallholders

This book investigates how the changed agricultural policy climate affected government policies in the nine countries studied already as part of the preceding project: Ethiopia, Ghana, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Nigeria, Tanzania, Uganda and Zambia. By repeating the cross-sectional survey made in over 100 villages in 2002 and converting it into a panel, it is possible to trace village- and household-level effects of agricultural policies and other macro-level processes. The book consists of 14 chapters most of which revolve around studies on each of the nine case study countries.

Parliaments and Citizens

Available from: http://www.news24.com/News24/South_Africa/Politics/0,,2-7- 12_2014689,00.html (accessed 2 December 2008). Sparks, D., 2007. Economic Trends in Africa. In: I. Frame, et al., eds. Africa South of the Sahara 2008.

Parliaments and Citizens

The relationship between parliaments and citizens is one of the least studied subjects in legislative studies, yet this is a crucial dimension to understand parliaments and the role they play in our political systems. Furthermore, this relationship has gained considerable visibility over the last decade thanks in part to the development of new media, but also as a reaction to the trends of political apathy. In a context of increasing political disengagement, parliamentary discourse shifted attention from the traditionally predominant relationship with government to the relationship with citizens. Issues of legitimacy became more directly associated with the link between parliament and citizens, resulting in investment in new and more complex mechanisms for contact with citizens, even in the more centralised systems. This book looks at a wide range of case studies across Europe and beyond, assessing overall strategies in the move towards stronger engagement with citizens. It assesses the extent to which the shift in discourse has led to actual changes in parliamentary practice. This book was published as a special issue of the Journal of Legislative Studies.

Agricultural Research in Africa

... research.9 TABLE 14.9 Public funding for agricultural R&D in Africa south of the Sahara, 2008 Africa south of the Sahara Internationally Nationally Type of program/funding implemented implemented (US$ millions) Supranational agenda, ...

Agricultural Research in Africa

This book—prepared by Agricultural Science and Technology Indicators (ASTI), which is led by IFPRI—offers a comprehensive perspective on the evolution, current status, and future goals of agricultural research and development in Africa, including analyses of the complex underlying issues and challenges involved, as well as insights into how they might be overcome. Agriculture in Africa south of the Sahara is at a prospective tipping point. Growth has accelerated in the past decade, but is unsustainable given increasing use of finite resources. The yield gap in African agriculture is significant, and scenarios on feeding the world’s population into the future highlight the need for Africa to expand its agricultural production. Agricultural Research in Africa: Investing in Future Harvests discusses the need to shift to a growth path based on increased productivity—as in the rest of the developing world— which is essential if Africa is to increase rural incomes and compete in both domestic and international markets. Such a shift ultimately requires building on evolving improvements that collectively translate to deepening rural innovation capacity.

Africa Yearbook Volume 5

The print version of the Africa Yearbook now gives access to the Africa Yearbook online, with all material since 2004. Every copy of the print has a personal code for free access to Africa Yearbook online.

Africa Yearbook Volume 5

The Africa Yearbook is a reliable source of reference covering major domestic political developments, the foreign policy and socio-economic trends of all sub-Saharan states all related to developments in one calendar year. The print version of the Africa Yearbook now gives access to the Africa Yearbook online, with all material since 2004. Every copy of the print has a personal code for free access to Africa Yearbook online.

An Introduction to African Politics

Africa South of the Sahara 1997. 26. London: Europa, 1996. 449. ... 19 August 2008. www.alacrastore. com/research/s-and-p-credit-research-Summary_Ghana_Republic_of-666016 [Accessed: 16 July 2009]. Statistics taken from United Nations.

An Introduction to African Politics

An Introduction to African Politics provides an ideal gateway for individuals seeking to make sense of the dynamic and diverse political systems that are a feature of this fascinating part of the world.

Conflict of Securities

References African Development Bank and the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development. (2008). Democratic Republic of Congo: African economic outlook 2008. Paris: OECD Development Centre, African Development Bank, and the ...

Conflict of Securities

'Security' has become a buzzword in political discourses in Africa and elsewhere, especially since the terrorist attacks on America on 9/11 2001, and America's global responses to threat of terrorism. Yet, there persists a fundamental 'conflict of securities' in Africa - the security of the state and its governing elites versus the security of the people from a human and societal security point of view. African elites and the general populace appear to have divergent notions of security. For the governing elites, security seems to be mainly about territorial sovereignty, protection and patrimonialization of the state largesse while for the majority of the under-privileged and middle class Africans, security appears to be more about access to basic livelihood and farmland, human capital improvement, employment and wage matters, protection from violence, functional development infrastructures (transport networks, electricity, clean water, education, etc), as well as availability and affordability of essential services and amenities. Africa's security contradictions and dilemma raise a number of urgent and compelling questions: whose security matters most? How has security been historically constructed and provided in Africa? How have those who are alienated from the dominant security agendas responded to their conditions of insecurity? What nexus of factors and interests influence security governance and politics in various African states and why? And what are the domestic, regional and international implications of the politics of security for Africa?

West African Migrations

Transnational and Global Pathways in a New Century M. Okome ... This Child Will Be Great: Memoir of a Remarkable LifebyAfrica'sFirst Woman President (NewYork: Harper, 2009). ... In Africa South of the Sahara 2008, 37th Edition.

West African Migrations

Drawing on the interdisciplinary research projects of scholars from various social science and humanities disciplines, this book explores how African migration to Western countries after the neo-liberal economic reforms of the 1980s transformed West African states and their new transnational populations in Western countries.

Urban Poverty and Party Populism in African Democracies

2008. “Rupiah's Campaign Speech in Katete.” The Post September 18: 2. Mitlin, Diana. 2004. ... London: International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED). 2007. “New Directions in Housing ... Africa South ofthe Sahara 2008.

Urban Poverty and Party Populism in African Democracies

By combining the perspectives of political elites with those of voters, this book provides a unique analysis of the dynamics of the party-voter relationship in Africa.

Africans and the Exiled Life

Migration, Culture, and Globalization Sabella Ogbobode Abidde, Brenda I. Gill. 8. For some discussion on K. W. Aggrey, see the following: King ... Retrieved October 31, 2008, from SULAIR: Africa South of the Sahara: http://wwwhttp://www ...

Africans and the Exiled Life

This book contributes to the current discourses about immigration, xenophobia, globalization, and cultural exchanges. The book explores the varied immigration experiences of Africans from neighboring African countries and western countries while recognizing the social, cultural, economic, political, and institutional impacts on host countries.

Social Care with African Families in the UK

Africans south of the Sahara In the middle of 2008 the African population south of the Sahara desert was estimated to be about 809 million, distributed over forty-three countries, from Angola to Zimbabwe when arranged in alphabetical ...

Social Care with African Families in the UK

This important text promotes understanding of the complexities and diversities of African family life. It stimulates creative thinking about how social care professionals can develop meaningful relationships and engage confidently and effectively with African families they encounter within work contexts. The book will help students and professionals to develop specific knowledge and skills for working with African families, including refugees, asylum seekers, new and settled immigrants and people of dual heritage. Whilst highlighting differences in terms of practices across the continent, the common threads and shared identities of these families can provide the building blocks for new and relevant knowledge which then inform anti-oppressive practice. Issues such as child discipline, officialdom, roles and responsibilities within the family, image and identity and the perception of others are discussed in chapters covering: • economic and social pressures • family structures • marriage patterns/partnerships • mortality and death • faith and spirituality Containing numerous illustrative examples, this accessible text will be useful to all social work and social care students.

Africa South of the Sahara

Freetown, the capital of Sierra Leone, is renowned as having one ofthe very few superior harbors in Africa south of the Sahara. However, coastal submergence has not ... Schluter, T. Geological Atlas of Africa, New York: Springer, 2008.

Africa South of the Sahara

This authoritative, widely adopted text provides a broad introduction to the geography of Africa south of the Sahara. The book analyzes the political, economic, social, and environmental processes that shape resource use and development in this large, diverse region. Students gain a context for understanding current development debates and addressing questions about the nature and sustainability of contemporary changes. Timely topics include the rise of foreign investment in Africa, the evolving geographies of rural-urban linkages, the birth of the Republic of South Sudan, and advances in the struggle against HIV/AIDS. New to This Edition: *Fully updated to reflect the latest data and trends in development. *Chapters on development theory, cultural and societal diversity, the political geography of postindependence Africa, economic integration, and the geography of poverty. *Substantially revised coverage of gender dynamics, urban living environments, mineral and energy resources, and many other topics. *Many of the 200+ maps, graphs, tables, and photographs are new or updated. Pedagogical Features Include: *Vignettes in every chapter that provide detailed case studies from a variety of countries and elaborate on key concepts. *Recommendations for further reading on each topic, including print and online sources. *Downloadable PowerPoint slides of all original figures, photos, and tables. *An extensive glossary.

Postcolonial Linguistic Voices

Ladefoged, Peter, Ruth Glick, and Clive Criper (eds.) 1972 Language in Uganda. London: Oxford University Press. Langlands, B. W, Alan Rake, and Linda Van Buren (eds.) 2008 Uganda. In: Africa South of the Sahara 2008. 37th Edition.

Postcolonial Linguistic Voices

This volume investigates sociolinguistic discourses, identity choices and their representations in postcolonial national and social life, and traces them to the impact of colonial contact. The chapters stitch together current voices and identities emerging within both ex-colonized and ex-colonizer communities as each copes with the social, lingual, cultural, and religious mixes triggered by colonialism. These mixes, reflected in the five thematic parts of the book - 'postcolonial identities', 'nationhood discourses', 'translating the postcolonial', 'living the postcolonial', and 'colonizing the colonizer' - call for deeper investigations of postcolonial communities using emic approaches.

As a husband I will love lead and provide

During the past decades, many African countries south of the Sahara have committed to affect land use directly through the installment of new land laws and land reforms (Deininger, Hilhorst, and Songwe 2014; Joireman 2008).

 As a husband I will love  lead  and provide

Improving women’s access to land is high on the agricultural policy agenda of both governmental and non-governmental agencies. Yet, the determinants and rationale of gendered access to land are not well understood. This paper argues that gender relations are more than the outcomes of negotiations within households. It explains the importance of social norms, perceptions, and formal and informal rules shaping access to land for male and female farmers at four levels: (1) the household/family, (2) the community, (3) the state, and (4) the market. The framework is applied to Ghana. Norms on household and family organization and on men’s and women’s responsibilities and capabilities play a key role in gendered allocation of resources. However, these norms and perceptions are dynamic and evolve jointly with the development of markets and changes in values of inputs such as labor and land. Theoretical models that represent the gendered distribution of assets as the result of intrahousehold bargaining should be revised, and extrahousehold factors should be included. From a policy perspective, laws that ensure gender equality in terms of inheritance and a more gender-equitable distribution of property upon divorce can play a key role in improving women’s property rights. Yet, their impact may be limited where customary rights dominate and social norms and rules continue to discriminate according to gender.