Agricultural Reform in Rwanda

A critical, in-depth analysis of the Rwandan government's controversial agricultural reforms.

Agricultural Reform in Rwanda

International observers have lauded Rwanda as an example of an African country that has taken control of its own development trajectory, and thus as a market-friendly destination for investment. A key component of this has been an ambitious program of agricultural reform, involving private firms, NGOs, and international charities. The Rwandan government claims these reforms have been a resounding success, tripling crop yields and helping to combat hunger. But, as Chris Huggins argues, Rwanda's liberal, modern image sits poorly beside the regime's continuing authoritarian tendencies. Featuring in-depth case studies of the effects of agricultural reform in three different regions, and drawing on hundreds of interviews, Huggins shows that the much-vaunted liberalization of agriculture has, in fact, depended on the coercion of Rwandan farmers, and in many cases has had a detrimental impact on their livelihoods. With the Kagame regime now coming under increasing international scrutiny, this work provides a timely look at the impact of this contradictory market-friendly authoritarianism in contemporary Africa, which will be of interest to students and scholars of development in the fields of sociology, anthropology, political science, and economics.

Future Drivers of Growth in Rwanda

2017. Rwanda Agriculture Public Expenditure Review 2016, 2 vols. Kigali: World
Bank Group and UKAid. Pritchard, M. 2013. “Land, Power, and Peace: Tenure
Formalization, Agricultural Reform, and Livelihood Insecurity in Rural Rwanda.

Future Drivers of Growth in Rwanda

A strong and widely acknowledged record of economic success-including a three-and-a-half-fold increase in per capita income since 1994--places Rwanda among the world’s fastest--growing economies. Traumatic memories of the 1994 genocide are gradually fading, as associations begin to take a more positive form--of a nation on the rise, powered by human resilience, a sense of common purpose, and a purposeful government. Past successes and a sense of frailty have fueled aspirations for a secure, prosperous, and modern future. Sustaining high rates of economic growth is at the heart of these ambitions. Recent formulations of the nation’s Vision 2050 set a target of achieving upper-middle-income status by 2035 and high-income status by 2050. Future Drivers of Growth in Rwanda: Innovation, Integration, Agglomeration, and Competition, a joint undertaking by experts from Rwanda and the World Bank Group, evaluates the country’s possibilities and options in this endeavor. The report identifies four essential drivers of growth--innovation, integration, agglomeration, and competition--and reforms in six priority areas: human capital development, export dynamism and regional integration, well-managed urbanization, competitive domestic enterprises, agricultural modernization, and capable and accountable public institutions.

Memory and Justice in Post Genocide Rwanda

Authoritarian High Modernism, Commercialization and Governmentality in
Rwanda's Agricultural Reform.” Ph.D Dissertation, Carleton University, 2013. “'
Control Grabbing' and Small Scale Agricultural Intensification: Emerging Patterns
of ...

Memory and Justice in Post Genocide Rwanda

A critical exploration of the steps taken to promote peace, reconciliation and justice in post-genocide Rwanda.

Rwanda Mineral Mining Sector Investment and Business Guide Volume 1 Strategic Information and Regulations

Since 1996, Rwanda has experienced steady economic recovery, thanks to
government reforms and foreign aid (now ... nongovernmental organization (NGO
) transfers in 2009, the agricultural sector performed strongly, propelling Rwanda
to ...

Rwanda Mineral  Mining Sector Investment and Business Guide Volume 1 Strategic Information and Regulations

Rwanda Mineral & Mining Sector Investment and Business Guide - Strategic and Practical Information

A Strategy to Develop Agriculture in Sub Saharan Africa and a Focus for the World Bank

A greater focus on women is needed in each of the priority areas for agricultural
development. ... projects in Burkina Faso, Rwanda, and Kenya; to promising
technology development in maize, dairy production, fruit, vegetables, and
cassava.

A Strategy to Develop Agriculture in Sub Saharan Africa and a Focus for the World Bank

For 25 years, population growth has outpaced increases in agricultural production in Sub-Saharan Africa. The lack of food and the degradation of agricultural land have forced policymakers to reassess agricultural strategies for the region. This paper provides such a reassessment by identifying policies and investments that have worked and those that have not. The author sets out the common elements required for agricultural and rural development throughout the region. The strategy presented in this paper comprises elements from several development sectors, including transport, water supply, education, finance, and the environment. The author makes five broad recommendations to promote Region: adoption of policies to promote private sector farming and agricultural marketing, processing, and credit development and distribution of new technologies inclusion of farmers in decisions affecting their livelihood development of infrastructure and social programs in support of agriculture improved management of natural resources Projections of the likely effects of the proposed policies and investments are included. Tables throughout the text present statistics on agricultural growth rates, commodity prices, and deforestation in the region. An annex contains more general tables, with information on population growth and fertility rates, land use, agricultural exports, and droughts. The strategies suggested in this paper will be of interest to policymakers, academics, and to development practitioners involved in African agriculture.

State of the World 2005

LAND POLICY REFORM IN RWANDA CONNECTIONS BETWEEN
POPULATION AND SECURITY CONNECTIONS ... Over the last 40 years, the
population density on agricultural land has increased from 121 people to about
321 people per ...

State of the World 2005

In State of the World 2005, Worldwatch researchers explore underlying sources of global insecurity including poverty, infectious disease, environmental degradation, and rising competition over oil and other resources. Find out why terrorism is just symptomatic of a far broader set of complex problems that require more than a military response.

Productivity Growth and Economic Reform Evidence from Rwanda

Background Rwanda is a poor, small, densely populated and landlocked country
in Central Africa, with about 8.5 million people. The country's economy is
primarily subsistence- based, with industry and services generating about 21
percent ...

Productivity Growth and Economic Reform  Evidence from Rwanda


Rwanda Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper Annual Progress Report

Legal reform is currently incomplete and there is a need to further strengthen the
legal system and the capacity of legal professionals to effectively and consistently
apply business laws. Specific regulations relating to land ownership, and ...

Rwanda  Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper   Annual Progress Report


Agricultural Land Redistribution and Land Administration in Sub Saharan Africa

This volume will be of interest to a wide audience including land specialists and practitioners, African policy makers, experts and managers in the international development community, and the academia.

Agricultural Land Redistribution and Land Administration in Sub Saharan Africa

Agricultural Land Redistribution and Land Administration in Sub-Saharan Africa: Case Studies of Recent Reforms focuses on “how” to undertake land reforms in Sub-Saharan Africa, but with relevant lessons for other developing countries. It provides details, with case studies, on how reforms were undertaken to address a pressing and controversial development challenge in Africa – land ownership inequality – and an intransigent development issue – inefficiency and corruption in land administration. An equally important contribution of the book is assessing reforms and highlighting valuable lessons for other countries contemplating reforms. The six case studies collectively cover two main areas of land governance: reforms in redistributing agricultural land and reforms in land administration. The first two case studies discuss reforms in redistributing agricultural land in Malawi and South Africa, part of the southern Africa region where land ownership inequalities rival those in Latin America. The remaining case studies, four in number, are focused on addressing corruption and inefficiency in land administration in a variety of contexts of governance including stable and post-conflict countries. The case studies cover: • Decentralizing land administration with demonstrations from Uganda, Ethiopia, Tanzania, and Ghana; • Developing post-conflict land administration systems with examples from Liberia and Rwanda; • Re-engineering and computerizing land information systems with examples from Ghana and Uganda; and • Improving management of government land through land inventories with examples drawn from Ghana and Uganda. The common elements between sometimes disparate experiences provide lessons of relevance to African and other developing countries contemplating similar reforms. The rigorous analysis and yet down-to-earth lessons of experience are a reflection of the authors’ deep global experience underpinned by personal participation in the reforms covered by the book. This volume will be of interest to a wide audience including land specialists and practitioners, African policy makers, experts and managers in the international development community, and the academia.

Losing Your Land

Land is of vital importance to the people of Rwanda and the Rwandan State, both
in terms of 'access' to this scarce ... the government is engaged in several
farreaching rural transformation strategies including a largescale agricultural
reform ...

Losing Your Land

Examines a new aspect of one of the highest profile issues facing Africa today-land-grabbing-and shows the widespread impact of small-scale dispossession.

Motivational Factors Affecting the Job Performance of Rwandan Agricultural Teachers

The source of supply of A - Os and A - 1s is the Faculty of Agriculture in the
University of Rwanda in Butare that has ... C. The Educational Reform A major
reform of the Rwandan education system , especially primary and non -
academic post ...

Motivational Factors Affecting the Job Performance of Rwandan Agricultural Teachers


Rwanda

5-5 security, particularly in the rural areas. Moreover, credit to the agricultural
sector is very low, despite recent financial sector reform. Increased access to
micro finance could help address this problem. Also, the new land law could
open up ...

Rwanda


The National Agricultural Research System of Rwanda

2.3.1 Agrarian and Land Reform Plan objective : " The primary objective is to
draw on all the potential of the cultivable lands according to their soil
characteristics and regional climatic conditions . " This target implies land
development and ...

The National Agricultural Research System of Rwanda


Rwanda Third Review Under the Three Year Arrangement Under the Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility and Request for Waiver of Nonobservance of Performance Criterion Staff Report Staff Supplement Press Release

sector, enhance the productivity of the agricultural sector and expand the export
base. In this context, momentum of reforms in the financial sector, tax
administration and public financial management will be maintained. As for public
finance ...

Rwanda  Third Review Under the Three Year Arrangement Under the Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility and Request for Waiver of Nonobservance of Performance Criterion Staff Report  Staff Supplement  Press Release

The main risk to the program is that inflationary pressures would reemerge owing to improper management of the scaling up of aid and fiscal spending, or a protracted crisis in Kenya. The structural agenda focuses on maintaining the momentum in the previously initiated areas, particularly in the financial sector, tax administration, and public financial management. The authorities are launching a few large projects in energy, agriculture, and the information and telecommunication sectors aimed at easing binding infrastructure bottlenecks. Structural reforms advanced, albeit with some delays.

World Agricultural Economics and Rural Sociology Abstracts

It is concluded that reforms to date have not been effective in optimizing the
efficiency of the Iranian agricultural land tenure system . 7369 HOYWEGHEN , S.
VAN The urgency of land and agrarian reform in Rwanda . African Affairs ( 1999 )
98 ...

World Agricultural Economics and Rural Sociology Abstracts


Rwanda

(As of January 2008) Partnership for Rwanda's development strategy Donor
agencies have been key players in Rwanda ... areas: (1) rural development and
agricultural transformation; (2) human development; (3) economic infrastructure;
 ...

Rwanda

The main risk to the program is that inflationary pressures would reemerge owing to improper management of the scaling up of aid and fiscal spending, or a protracted crisis in Kenya. The structural agenda focuses on maintaining the momentum in the previously initiated areas, particularly in the financial sector, tax administration, and public financial management. The authorities are launching a few large projects in energy, agriculture, and the information and telecommunication sectors aimed at easing binding infrastructure bottlenecks. Structural reforms advanced, albeit with some delays.

We Want What s Ours

Learning from South Africa's Land Restitution Program Bernadette Atuahene ... in
the Wake of ArabIsraeli Peace,” Journal of Palestine Studies 27.1/38 (1997);
Saskia van Hoyweghen, “The Urgency of Land and Agrarian Reform in Rwanda,”
 ...

We Want What s Ours

Millions of people all over the world have been displaced from their homes and property. Dispossessed individuals and communities often lose more than the physical structures they live in and their material belongings, they are also denied their dignity. These are dignity takings, and land dispossessions occurring in South Africa during colonialism and apartheid are quintessential examples. There have been numerous examples of dignity takings throughout the world, but South Africa stands apart because of its unique remedial efforts. The nation has attempted to move beyond the more common step of providing reparations (compensation for physical losses) to instead facilitating dignity restoration, which is a comprehensive remedy that seeks to restore property while also confronting the underlying dehumanization, infantilization, and political exclusion that enabled the injustice. Dignity restoration is the fusion of reparations with restorative justice. In We Want Whats Ours, Bernadette Atuahenes detailed research and interviews with over one hundred and fifty South Africans who participated in the nations land restitution program provide a snapshot of South Africas successes and failures in achieving dignity restoration. We Want What's Ours is globally relevant because dignity takings have happened all around the world and throughout history: the Nazi confiscation of property from Jews during World War II; the Hutu taking of property from Tutsis during the Rwandan genocide; the widespread commandeering of native peoples property across the globe; and Saddam Husseins seizing of property from the Kurds and others in Iraq are but a few examples. When people are deprived of their property and dignity in years to come, the lessons learned in South Africa can help governments, policy makers, scholars, and international institutions make the transition from reparations to the more robust project of dignity restoration.

Budgeting for Effectiveness in Rwanda

With the help of development partners, Rwanda has developed fiscal transfer
mechanisms and contracts to ensure a ... Infrastructure Constraints to Growth and
Agricultural Transformation The government recognizes that infrastructure is ...

Budgeting for Effectiveness in Rwanda

Budgeting for Effectiveness in Rwanda: From Reconstruction to Reform is part of the World Bank Working Paper series. These papers are published to communicate the results of the Bank's ongoing research and to stimulate public discussion. This paper reviews Rwanda's general health budget support relevance, rationale, and outstanding challenges by providing a historical background of budget support, assessing progress in budget support-related processes and practices, reviewing Rwanda's economic and structural reforms and budget support predictability trends, and assessing the net resources available to the government of Rwanda. In this context, the paper reviews resource allocations and spending among the government's ministries, including its transfers to districts, summarizes indepth studies undertaken in priority sectors, addresses challenges, and offers conclusions. This working paper was produced as part of the World Bank's Africa Region Health Systems for Outcomes (HSO) Program. The Program, funded by the World Bank, the Government of Norway, the Government of the United Kingdom and the Global Alliance for Vaccines and Immunization (GAVI), focuses on strengthening health systems in Africa to reach the poor and achieve tangible results related to Health, Nutrition and Population. The main pillars and focus of the program center on knowledge and capacity building related to Human Resources for Health, Health Financing, Pharmaceuticals, Governance and Service Delivery, and Infrastructure and ICT. More information as well as all the products produced under the HSO program can be found online at www.worldbank.org/hso. World Bank Working Papers are available individually or on standing order. The World Bank Working Paper series is also available online through the World Bank e-library (www.worldbank.org/elibrary).