Alan Turing s Electronic Brain

Rev. ed. of: Alan Turing's automatic computing engine / edited by B. Jack Copeland.

Alan Turing s Electronic Brain

Rev. ed. of: Alan Turing's automatic computing engine / edited by B. Jack Copeland.

Alan Turing s Electronic Brain

The Struggle to Build the ACE, the World's Fastest Computer others B. Jack Copeland. extraordinary paper written by Alan Turing in 1936, where, in the course of resolving a fundamental problem in mathematical logic, Turing had described ...

Alan Turing s Electronic Brain

The mathematical genius Alan Turing, now well known for his crucial wartime role in breaking the ENIGMA code, was the first to conceive of the fundamental principle of the modern computer-the idea of controlling a computing machine's operations by means of a program of coded instructions, stored in the machine's 'memory'. In 1945 Turing drew up his revolutionary design for an electronic computing machine-his Automatic Computing Engine ('ACE'). A pilot model of the ACE ran its first program in 1950 and the production version, the 'DEUCE', went on to become a cornerstone of the fledgling British computer industry. The first 'personal' computer was based on Turing's ACE. Alan Turing's Automatic Computing Engine describes Turing's struggle to build the modern computer. The first detailed history of Turing's contributions to computer science, this text is essential reading for anyone interested in the history of the computer and the history of mathematics. It contains first hand accounts by Turing and by the pioneers of computing who worked with him. As well as relating the story of the invention of the computer, the book clearly describes the hardware and software of the ACE-including the very first computer programs. The book is intended to be accessible to everyone with an interest in computing, and contains numerous diagrams and illustrations as well as original photographs. The book contains chapters describing Turing's path-breaking research in the fields of Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Artificial Life (A-Life). The book has an extensive system of hyperlinks to The Turing Archive for the History of Computing, an on-line library of digital facsimiles of typewritten documents by Turing and the other scientists who pioneered the electronic computer.

A Biography of the Pixel

... Turing : The Ideas That Gave Birth to the Computer Age ( Oxford : Clarendon Press , 2004 ) , 378-379 , 383 ; B. Jack Copeland , ed . , Alan Turing's Electronic Brain : The Struggle to Build the ACE , the World's Fastest Computer ...

A Biography of the Pixel

The pixel as the organizing principle of all pictures, from cave paintings to Toy Story. The Great Digital Convergence of all media types into one universal digital medium occurred, with little fanfare, at the recent turn of the millennium. The bit became the universal medium, and the pixel--a particular packaging of bits--conquered the world. Henceforward, nearly every picture in the world would be composed of pixels--cell phone pictures, app interfaces, Mars Rover transmissions, book illustrations, videogames. In A Biography of the Pixel, Pixar cofounder Alvy Ray Smith argues that the pixel is the organizing principle of most modern media, and he presents a few simple but profound ideas that unify the dazzling varieties of digital image making. Smith's story of the pixel's development begins with Fourier waves, proceeds through Turing machines, and ends with the first digital movies from Pixar, DreamWorks, and Blue Sky. Today, almost all the pictures we encounter are digital--mediated by the pixel and irretrievably separated from their media; museums and kindergartens are two of the last outposts of the analog. Smith explains, engagingly and accessibly, how pictures composed of invisible stuff become visible--that is, how digital pixels convert to analog display elements. Taking the special case of digital movies to represent all of Digital Light (his term for pictures constructed of pixels), and drawing on his decades of work in the field, Smith approaches his subject from multiple angles--art, technology, entertainment, business, and history. A Biography of the Pixel is essential reading for anyone who has watched a video on a cell phone, played a videogame, or seen a movie.

Milestones in Analog and Digital Computing

Alan Turing's electronic brain. The struggle to build the Ace, the world's fastest computer, Oxford University Press, Oxford 2012, pages 281–295 Huskey, Harry Douglas [2012b]: The state of the art in electronic digital computing in ...

Milestones in Analog and Digital Computing

This Third Edition is the first English-language edition of the award-winning Meilensteine der Rechentechnik; illustrated in full color throughout in two volumes. The Third Edition is devoted to both analog and digital computing devices, as well as the world's most magnificient historical automatons and select scientific instruments (employed in astronomy, surveying, time measurement, etc.). It also features detailed instructions for analog and digital mechanical calculating machines and instruments, and is the only such historical book with comprehensive technical glossaries of terms not found in print or in online dictionaries. The book also includes a very extensive bibliography based on the literature of numerous countries around the world. Meticulously researched, the author conducted a worldwide survey of science, technology and art museums with their main holdings of analog and digital calculating and computing machines and devices, historical automatons and selected scientific instruments in order to describe a broad range of masterful technical achievements. Also covering the history of mathematics and computer science, this work documents the cultural heritage of technology as well.

Sailing Routes in the World of Computation

ACE. He envisioned programming a computer to carry out formal deductions in a system like Principia Mathematica, and using it to search for ... Alan Turing's Electronic Brain: The Struggle to Build the ACE, the World's Fastest Computer.

Sailing Routes in the World of Computation

This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 14th Conference on Computability in Europe, CiE 2018, held in Kiel, Germany, in July/ August 2017. The 26 revised full papers were carefully reviewed and selected from 55 submissions. In addition, this volume includes 15 invited papers. The conference CiE 2018 has six special sessions, namely: Approximation and optimization, Bioinformatics and bio-inspired computing, computing with imperfect information, continuous computation, history and philosophy of computing (celebrating the 80th birthday of Martin Davis), and SAT-solving.

The Routledge Handbook of the Computational Mind

Turing, A.M. (1945) 'Proposed Electronic Calculator', in Copeland, B.J. et al. (2012) Alan Turing's Electronic Brain: The Struggle to Build the ACE, the World's Fastest Computer. Oxford: Oxford University Press (a revised and retitled ...

The Routledge Handbook of the Computational Mind

Computational approaches dominate contemporary cognitive science, promising a unified, scientific explanation of how the mind works. However, computational approaches raise major philosophical and scientific questions. In what sense is the mind computational? How do computational approaches explain perception, learning, and decision making? What kinds of challenges should computational approaches overcome to advance our understanding of mind, brain, and behaviour? The Routledge Handbook of the Computational Mind is an outstanding overview and exploration of these issues and the first philosophical collection of its kind. Comprising thirty-five chapters by an international team of contributors from different disciplines, the Handbook is organised into four parts: History and future prospects of computational approaches Types of computational approach Foundations and challenges of computational approaches Applications to specific parts of psychology. Essential reading for students and researchers in philosophy of mind, philosophy of psychology, and philosophy of science, The Routledge Handbook of the Computational Mind will also be of interest to those studying computational models in related subjects such as psychology, neuroscience, and computer science.

The Turing Guide

New edition: Alan Turing's Electronic Brain: the Struggle to Build the ACE, the World's Fastest Computer, Oxford University Press (centenary edition published 2012). Copeland et al. (2006): B.J. Copeland, et al., Colossus: the Secrets ...

The Turing Guide

Alan Turing has long proved a subject of fascination, but following the centenary of his birth in 2012, the code-breaker, computer pioneer, mathematician (and much more) has become even more celebrated with much media coverage, and several meetings, conferences and books raising public awareness of Turing's life and work. This volume will bring together contributions from some of the leading experts on Alan Turing to create a comprehensive guide to Turing that will serve as a useful resource for researchers in the area as well as the increasingly interested general reader. The book will cover aspects of Turing's life and the wide range of his intellectual activities, including mathematics, code-breaking, computer science, logic, artificial intelligence and mathematical biology, as well as his subsequent influence.

The Nature of the Machine and the Collapse of Cybernetics

Turing and the computer. In J. Copeland et al. (Ed.), Alan Turing's Electronic Brain: The Struggle to Build the ACE, the World's Fastest Computer (pp. 107–148). Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press. Cordeschi, R. (2002).

The Nature of the Machine and the Collapse of Cybernetics

This book is a philosophical exploration of the theoretical causes behind the collapse of classical cybernetics, as well as the lesson that this episode can provide to current emergent technologies. Alcibiades Malapi-Nelson advances the idea that the cybernetic understanding of the nature of a machine entails ontological and epistemological consequences that created both material and theoretical conundrums. However, he proposes that given our current state of materials research, scientific practices, and research tools, there might be a way for cybernetics to flourish this time. The book starts with a historical and theoretical articulation of cybernetics in order to proceed with a philosophical explanation of its collapse—emphasizing the work of Alan Turing, Ross Ashby and John von Neumann. Subsequently, Malapi-Nelson unveils the common metaphysical signature shared between cybernetics and emergent technologies, identifying this signature as transhumanist in nature. Finally, avenues of research that may allow these disruptive technologies to circumvent the cybernetic fate are indicated. It is proposed that emerging technologies ultimately entail an affirmation of humanity.

The SAGE Handbook of Cultural Anthropology

Cooper, S.B. and van Leeuwen, J. (2013) Alan Turing: His Work and Impact. Waltham, MA: Elsevier. Copeland, B.J. (ed.) (2012) Alan Turing's Electronic Brain: The Struggle to Build the ACE, the World's Fastest Computer.

The SAGE Handbook of Cultural Anthropology

The SAGE Handbook of Cultural Anthropology is an essential resource for social scientists globally and contains a rich body of chapters on all major topics relevant to the field, whilst also presenting a possible road map for the future of the field.

Turing s Revolution

Even today there is still no real consensus on Turing's place in computing history. ... Alan Turing's Electronic Brain: The Struggle to Build the ACE, the World's Fastest Computer (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2012; a revised and ...

Turing   s Revolution

This book provides an overview of the confluence of ideas in Turing’s era and work and examines the impact of his work on mathematical logic and theoretical computer science. It combines contributions by well-known scientists on the history and philosophy of computability theory as well as on generalised Turing computability. By looking at the roots and at the philosophical and technical influence of Turing’s work, it is possible to gather new perspectives and new research topics which might be considered as a continuation of Turing’s working ideas well into the 21st century.

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