All Measures Short of War

Cover -- Half Title -- Title -- Copyright -- Contents -- Preface -- Acknowledgments -- 1 The Convergence Myth -- 2 Europe's Multiple Crises -- 3 China's East Asia Challenge -- 4 Geopolitics and Contagion in the Middle East -- 5 ...

All Measures Short of War

Cover -- Half Title -- Title -- Copyright -- Contents -- Preface -- Acknowledgments -- 1 The Convergence Myth -- 2 Europe's Multiple Crises -- 3 China's East Asia Challenge -- 4 Geopolitics and Contagion in the Middle East -- 5 Interdependent Competition -- 6 Devising a Strategy -- 7 Responsible Competition -- Epilogue: Trumpism and the Global Order -- Notes -- Index -- A -- B -- C -- D -- E -- F -- G -- H -- I -- J -- K -- L -- M -- N -- O -- P -- Q -- R -- S -- T -- U -- V -- W -- X -- Z

All Measures Short of War

As the post–Cold War order comes to an end, ambiguity reigns and instability
beckons. This book's title, All Measures Short of War, is taken from President
Franklin Delano Roosevelt's policy in 1939–1941 to do everything to help the
Allies ...

All Measures Short of War

A groundbreaking look at the future of great power competition in an age of globalization and what the United States can do in response The two decades after the Cold War saw unprecedented cooperation between the major powers as the world converged on a model of liberal international order. Now, great power competition is back and the liberal order is in jeopardy. Russia and China are increasingly revisionist in their regions. The Middle East appears to be unraveling. And many Americans question why the United States ought to lead. What will great power competition look like in the decades ahead? Will the liberal world order survive? What impact will geopolitics have on globalization? And, what strategy should the United States pursue to succeed in an increasingly competitive world? In this book Thomas Wright explains how major powers will compete fiercely even as they try to avoid war with each other. Wright outlines a new American strategy—Responsible Competition—to navigate these challenges and strengthen the liberal order.

Aftershocks

Two of America's leading national security experts offer the most definitive account of the global impact of COVID-19 and the political shock waves it will have on the US and the world order in the 21st Century. “Informed by history, ...

Aftershocks

Two of America's leading national security experts offer the most definitive account of the global impact of COVID-19 and the political shock waves it will have on the US and the world order in the 21st Century. “Informed by history, reporting, and a truly global perspective, this is an indispensable first draft of history and blueprint for how we can move forward.” —Ben Rhodes The COVID-19 crisis is the greatest shock to world order since World War II. Millions have been infected and killed. The economic crash caused by the pandemic is the worst since the Great Depression, with the International Monetary Fund estimating that it will cost over $9 trillion of global wealth in the next few years. Many will be left impoverished and hungry. Fragile states will be further hollowed out, creating conditions ripe for conflict and mass displacement. Meanwhile, international institutions and alliances already under strain before the pandemic are teetering, while the United States and China, already at loggerheads before the crisis, are careening toward a new Cold War. China’s secrecy and assertiveness have shattered hopes that it will become a responsible stakeholder in the international order. Colin Kahl and Thomas Wright's Aftershocks is both a riveting journalistic account of one of the strangest years on record and a comprehensive analysis of the pandemic’s ongoing impact on the foundational institutions and ideas that have shaped the modern world. This is the first crisis in decades without a glimmer of American leadership and it shows—there has been no international cooperation on a quintessential global challenge. Every country has followed its own path—nationalizing supplies, shutting their borders, and largely ignoring the rest of the world. The international order the United States constructed seven decades ago is in tatters, and the world is adrift. None of this came out of the blue. Public health experts and intelligence analysts had warned for a decade that a pandemic of this sort was inevitable. The crisis broke against a global backdrop of rising nationalism, backsliding democracy, declining public trust in governments, mounting rebellion against the inequalities produced by globalization, resurgent great power competition, and plummeting international cooperation. And yet, there are some signs of hope. The COVID-19 crisis reminds us of our common humanity and shared fate. The public has, for the most part, responded stoically and with kindness. Some democracies—South Korea, Taiwan, Germany, New Zealand, among others—have responded well. America may emerge from the crisis with a new resolve to deal with non-traditional threats, like pandemic disease, and a new demand for effective collective action with other democratic nations. America may also finally be forced to come to grips with our nation's inadequacies, and to make big changes at home and abroad that will set the stage for opportunities the rest of this century holds. But one thing is certain: America and the world will never be the same again.

Unmasking the War on Terror

determined that at that time , only measures short of military action are necessary
to restore or maintain peace and security . ... earnest efforts to comply with its
obligation to exhaust all measures short of war to resolve an international dispute
.

Unmasking the War on Terror


Defense for America

All these measures would be “ short of war , ” in the sense that they would involve
no military action . There is , indeed , no use in saying that they would be within
the bounds of impartial neutrality . But let the nation first decide whether it is a ...

Defense for America


Scribner s Commentator

And now When one talks about measures short Britain is calling on us for planes
, guns , of war , one talks nonsense . ... power un Report will be found on page
103 of der Heaven , least of all the United this issue of Scribner's Commentator .

Scribner s Commentator


The Just War

If in any measure the latter was the case , then the root cause is to be found in our
incapacity for believing that positive good ... was that the United States would
take " all measures short of war " to preserve the independence of Southeast Asia
.

The Just War

With a new foreword by noted theologian and ethicist Stanley Hauerwas, this classic text on war and the ethics of modern statecraft written at the height of the Vietnam era in 1968 speaks to a new generation of readers. Characterized by a sophisticated yet back-to-basics approach, The Just War begins with the assumption that force is a fact in political life which must either be reckoned with or succumbed to. It then grapples with modern challenges to traditional moral principles of 'just conduct' in war, the 'morality of deterrence, ' and a 'just war theory of statecraft.

Proceedings of the American Society of International Law at Its Annual Meeting

Wright , however , does not qualify his own conclusion that : “ the answer to
Question 4 seems to imply that they ( coercive measures short of war ) cannot be
considered illegitimate under all circumstances . ” 18 Only two voices , those of ...

Proceedings of the American Society of International Law at Its Annual Meeting

List of members in each volume.

Proceedings of the American Society of International Law at Its Annual Meeting

Wright , however , does not qualify his own conclusion that : “ the answer to
Question 4 seems to imply that they ( coercive measures short of war ) cannot be
considered illegitimate under all circumstances . ” 18 Only two voices , those of ...

Proceedings of the American Society of International Law at Its     Annual Meeting

List of members in each vol.

Lawyer monthly legal journal

... Security Council when of sovereigo equality of all peace . loving staies all
measures short of war fail , to call upon and open to membership by all such
states , . member - nations to make available armed forces in order to effectively
enforce ...

Lawyer   monthly legal journal


Our War Too

And suppose the war goes on a year , or years . . . and the tide runs heavily
against the Allies , what then ? ... of neutrality revision " is on the question of
American support , by all measures short of war , for the armies of the Western
powers .

Our War Too

In the late 1930s, a number of American women—especially those allied with various peace and isolationist groups—protested against the nation's entry into World War II. While their story is fairly well known, Margaret Paton-Walsh reveals a far less familiar story of women who fervently felt that American intervention was absolutely necessary. Paton-Walsh recounts how the United States became involved in the war, but does so through the eyes of American women who faced it as a necessary evil. Covering the period between 1935 and 1941, she examines how these women functioned as political actors-even though they were excluded from positions of power-through activism in women's organizations, informal women's networks, and even male-dominated lobbying groups. In the "Great Debate" over whether America should enter the war, some women favored aid to the Allies not because they hoped for war but because they hoped aid would forestall more direct U.S. involvement-but also because they believed war was preferable to a Nazi victory. Paton-Walsh shows that this activism involved some of the most prominent women of their day. Elizabeth Cutter Morrow-whose son-in-law, Charles Lindbergh, was an isolationist spokesman-supported the revision of the Neutrality Acts to allow the sale of arms to the Allies and expressed her support in a national radio broadcast. Soon other women joined this debate: Esther Brunauer of the AAUW, journalist Dorothy Thompson, and organizations like the League of Women Voters and National Women's Trade Union League broke from the pacifist tradition to advocate American aid for the Allied cause. Focusing on the conflict in Europe, Paton-Walsh shows how these women grasped the implications of the Lend-Lease program for America's entry into the war but supported it nevertheless. By late 1941, the Women's Division of the Fight for Freedom Committee had been established; no longer merely advocating aid to Britain to keep American boys out of battle, this organization supported direct American involvement in the war as a means of stopping Nazi oppression. While most historians have focused on women's pacifism, Paton-Walsh connects women more directly to world events and shows how those interventionists reformulated maternalist ideas to justify and explain their beliefs. Our War Too is a story of American women trying to reconcile the irreconcilable, to preserve both their principles and their peace. It expands our understanding of women as political actors and thinkers about foreign policy as it sheds new light on American public opinion over the build-up to the war.

Proceedings

The Soviets are not likely to risk world war to advance their ultimate objective
without strong indications of easy and total success. If Western strength ... In other
areas, we will resist such aggression by all measures short of war. II. First
minority: ...

Proceedings


From peace to war 1938 1941

FEBRUARY 6 , 1939 President Roosevelt Should Be Supported by All Parties in
His Effort to Preserve the Peace - Assumption ... The first concept proposes to
take no chances but to underwrite peace by any and all measures short of war .

From peace to war  1938 1941


World Affairs Quarterly

... Japanese expansion by all measures short of war . Hull cited the abrogation of
the commercial treaty with Japan , moral embargoes , legal embargoes ,
assistance to China , the stationing of the fleet at Hawaii , and the dispatch of
additional ...

World Affairs Quarterly


International Relations a Selection of Current Readings

At the moment the Soviet Government , which is congenitally nervous and
suspicious , is taking all measures short of war to secure itself against aggression
and promote its influence . Ultimately it expects to be the inspiration and source
of ...

International Relations  a Selection of Current Readings


Chronicle of World Affairs

Circulation of petitions to Congress demanding all possible aid to the Allies by
measures short of war , mass meetings , parades , radio and press publicity ,
have marked the country - wide program . One of the things which evoked the
greatest ...

Chronicle of World Affairs


Annals of Saint Joseph

Britain , supposedly fighting a last - ditch fight to save Christian civilization ,
supported in sympathy an d ' all measures short of war ' by the United States
supposedly because of our concern for Christian civilization , now desperately
attempting ...

Annals of Saint Joseph


Hearings

of us would describe as “measures short of war;” and yet you criticized that
phrase “measures short of war. ... Every phrase is capable of that, I suppose. ...
VVhat general phrase would you use instead of the phrase “measures snort of
war,” ...

Hearings


Illinois in the Second World War Operation home front

have voted “Yes” at the outset of the contest, although interventionist sentiment
grew as Britain's battle tightened. All measures short of war gained adherents
steadily. The destroyer deal, lend-lease, the convoying of supplies, bases in
Iceland ...

Illinois in the Second World War  Operation home front


A History of Europe Since 1870

The administration proceeded to do so with all measuresshort of war . ” Military
equipment of all types was released for shipment , the army and navy
relinquishing even their own planes , tanks , and guns for the purpose . To aid
Britain in ...

A History of Europe Since 1870