An Introduction to the Study of the Moon

After several decades spent in astronomical semi-obscurity, the Moon has of late suddenly emerged as an object of considerable interest to students of astronomy as well as of other branches of natural science and technology; and the reasons ...

An Introduction to the Study of the Moon


An Introduction to the Study of the Moon

After several decades spent in astronomical semi-obscurity, the Moon has of late suddenly emerged as an object of considerable interest to students of astronomy as well as of other branches of natural science and technology; and the reasons ...

An Introduction to the Study of the Moon

After several decades spent in astronomical semi-obscurity, the Moon has of late suddenly emerged as an object of considerable interest to students of astronomy as well as of other branches of natural science and technology; and the reasons for this are indeed of historical significance. For the Moon has now been destined to be the first celestial body outside the confines of our own planet to be reconnoitered at a close range by means of spacecraft built and sent out by human hand for this purpose. At the time of writing, not less than ten such spacecraft of American as well as Rus sian origin landed already on different parts of the lunar surface; and some of these provided remarkable records of its detail structure to a spatial resolution increased thousandfold over that attained so far from our ground-based facilities. A renewed interest in our satellite, stemming from this source, on the part of the students of many branches of science and technology has also underlined the need for presenting the gist of our present knowledge in this field in the form that could serve as an introduction to the study of the Moon not only for astronomers, but also for serious students from other branches of science or technology.

An Introduction to the Study of the Moon

The explicit formulation of these components for both the Earth and the Moon is a matter of some complexity, which we do not wish to reproduce in this place (for fuller details cf. DARWIN, 1880; GERSTENKORN, 1955; MACDONALD, ...

An Introduction to the Study of the Moon

After several decades spent in astronomical semi-obscurity, the Moon has of late suddenly emerged as an object of considerable interest to students of astronomy as well as of other branches of natural science and technology; and the reasons for this are indeed of historical significance. For the Moon has now been destined to be the first celestial body outside the confines of our own planet to be reconnoitered at a close range by means of spacecraft built and sent out by human hand for this purpose. At the time of writing, not less than ten such spacecraft of American as well as Rus sian origin landed already on different parts of the lunar surface; and some of these provided remarkable records of its detail structure to a spatial resolution increased thousandfold over that attained so far from our ground-based facilities. A renewed interest in our satellite, stemming from this source, on the part of the students of many branches of science and technology has also underlined the need for presenting the gist of our present knowledge in this field in the form that could serve as an introduction to the study of the Moon not only for astronomers, but also for serious students from other branches of science or technology.

Against Method

Zdenek Kopal , An Introduction to the Study of the Moon , North Holland , 1966 , p . 242 ) . 25. The librations were noticed by Galileo . C.G. Righini , New Light on Galileo's Lunar Observations ' , in M.L Righini - Bonelli and R. Shea ...

Against Method

Modern philosophy of science has paid great attention to the understanding of scientific 'practice', in contrast to concentration on scientific 'method'. Paul Feyerabend's acclaimed work, which has contributed greatly to this new emphasis, shows the deficiencies of some widespread ideas about the nature of knowledge. He argues that the only feasible explanations of scientific successes are historical explanations, and that anarchism must now replace rationalism in the theory of knowledge. The third edition of this classic text contains a new preface and additional reflections at various points in which the author takes account both of recent debates on science and on the impact of scientific products and practices on the human community. While disavowing populism or relativism, Feyerabend continues to insist that the voice of the inexpert must be heard. Thus many environmental perils were first identified by non-experts against prevailing assumptions in the scientific community. Feyerabend's challenging reassessment of scientific claims and understandings are as pungent and timely as ever.

Lunar Surface Studies

D.H. A67-18428 AN INTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY OF THE MOON . Zdenek Kopal ( Manchester , University , Dept. of Astronomy , Manchester , England ) . Dordrecht , D. Reidel Publishing Co .; New York , Gordon and Breach Science Publishers ...

Lunar Surface Studies


Epidemiology

This text offers a comprehensive insight into the methods and principles of epidemological study alongside an analysis of the broad context in which epidemiological work is undertaken.

Epidemiology

This text offers a comprehensive insight into the methods and principles of epidemological study alongside an analysis of the broad context in which epidemiological work is undertaken.

On the Moon with Apollo 16

Kopal , Zdenek , An Introduction to the Study of the Moon , Gordon and Breach , New York , N.Y. , 1966. For the mathematically inclined person , this book is an excellent introduction . Alter , Dinsmore , editor , Lunar Atlas , Dover ...

On the Moon with Apollo 16


The Moon

PREFACE TO THE FIRST EDITION After several decades spent in astronomical semi-obscurity, the Moon has of late suddenly ... in this field in the form that could serve as an introduction to the study of the Moon not only for astronomers, ...

The Moon

A favourable reception of the first edition of this book - due no doubt to the nature of its subject - which went out of print in 2 years, gave its author a welcome oppor tunity to update at present its contents. This was all the more necessary, as seldom in the annals of science has our knowledge of the physics and astronomy of the Moon made greater progress than during this time. The real heroes of this advance have, of course, been the spacecraft - 33 of which have now been sent out since 1959 to reconnoiter our satellite at a close range. The hard-landers among them just about delivered their message by the time when the first edition of this book went to the press; but it was the soft-landers and orbiters, which followed in their wake between 1966-67, that became really the principal contributors to lunar research. By now that it may be both timely and their programmes have likewise been completed; so opportune to take stock of the present state of our subject now - on the eve of the next stage of lunar exploration by manned landings on the surface of our satellit- which can be expected to take place in the very near future. * The aim of the second edition of this book will be to provide the requisite infor mation, brought up to date in an organized manner.

On the Moon with Apollo 15

American Association for the Advancement of Science , Washington , D.C. , Apollo 11 Lunar Science Conference , McCall Printing ... Kopal , Zdeněk , An Introduction to the Study of the Moon , Gordon and Breach , New York , N.Y. , 1966.

On the Moon with Apollo 15


Mapping of the Moon

Proceedings of the Plasma Space Science Symposium, held at the Catholic University of America, Washington, D.C., June 11–14, 1963. 1965, IX +377 pp. . Zdeněk Kopal, An Introduction to the Study of the Moon. 1966, XII+464 pp.

Mapping of the Moon

The aim of the present book has been to provide an outline - the first of its kin- of the history of the human efforts to map the topography of the surface of our satellite, from the days of pre-telescopic astronomy up to the present. These efforts commenced modestly at the time when the unaided eye was still the only tool at the disposal of men interested in the face of our satellite; and were con tinued since for more than three centuries by a small band of devoted friends of the Moon in several countries. Many of these were amateur astronomers, and almost all were amateur cartographers; though some highly skilled in their art. The reader interested in the history oflunar mapping between 1600 and 1960 will find its outline in the first chapter of this book; and can follow the way in which the leadership in the mapping of the Moon, the cradle of which stood in Italy, passed successively to France, Germany, and eventually to the United States. All efforts described in this chapter were wholly superseded by subsequent devel opments since 1960, largely motivated by logistic needs of a grand effort which cul minated with repeated manned landings on the Moon between 1969-1972- a feat which will remain for ever one of the glories of our century.

Lunar Science

Lunar Science Conference. SYNODIC EFFECTS ON THE ESCAPE OF HELIUM AND HYDROGEN FROM THE MOON R. R. Hodges , Jr. before returning to the moon , while ... ( 1966 ) An Introduction to the Study of the Moon , Gordon and Breach , New York .

Lunar Science


NASA EP

American Association for the Advancement of Science , Washington , D.C. , Apollo 11 Lunar Science Conference , McCall Printing ... Kopal , Zdenek , An Introduction to the Study of the Moon , Gordon and Breach , New York , N.Y. , 1966.

NASA EP


The Observer s Guide to Astronomy Volume 1

Kopal , Z. , 1966 , “ Photometry of scattered moonlight , in An Introduction to the Study of the Moon , D. Reidel , Dordrecht , pp . 323–36 Mikhail , J. S. , & Koval , I. K. , 1974 , ' Dependence of normal albedo of lunar regions on ...

The Observer s Guide to Astronomy  Volume 1

An authoritative guide packed with practical tips for all types and levels of observations in amateur astronomy.

Bouvier s Familiar Astronomy

Bouvier s Familiar Astronomy


An Introduction to the Geology of the Moon

MacDonald , G.J. F. ( 1960 ) Stress history of the moon , Planetary and Space Science 2 : 249-255 . Mason , A.C. , and Hackman , R.J. ( 1962 ) Photogeologic study of the moon , The Moon , Z. Kopal and Z. K. Mikhailov , eds . , Academic ...

An Introduction to the Geology of the Moon

An introduction to the study of the moon is presented from a geological point of view. The most important theories on lunar features are presented and discussed, and new interpretations are proposed. Lunar physiography, stratigraphy and tectonics are described. The most important physiographic features are craters, terrae, maria, rilles, wrinkle ridges, rays, halos, mountain ranges, and alpine valleys. From the physiography it is possible to speculate on the geologic processes acting on the moon. These are 'space weathering', meteoritic impact, volcanism, ballistic transportation and sedimentation, electrostatic transportation, and tectonism. The stratigraphy has been determined by applying the law of superposition. The column consists of the Pre-Imbrian, Imbrian, Procellarian, Eratosthenian, and Copernican Systems. The future of lunar exploration is discussed. (Author).

Scientific Applications of Lunar Laser Ranging

Zdeněk Kopal, An Introduction to the Study of the Moon. 1966, XII + 464 pp. B. M. McCormac (ed.), Radiation Trapped in the Earth's Magnetic Field. Proceedings of the Advanced Study Institute, held at the Chr. Michelsen Institute, ...

Scientific Applications of Lunar Laser Ranging

The progress of science during the past centuries has been in some measure energized by the development of new technologies. People are no more intelligent now than they were five centuries ago, or indeed five millenia ago. The differences are in the pool of past experience and the availability of means for manipulating the physical and mental environment. Until fairly recently, the development of new technologies in astronomy and geodesy has served primarily either to broaden the scope of phenomena that could be studied or to improve the precision with which one could examine already-studied phenomena. There seemed to be no likelihood that a situation could arise similar to that in particle physics, where the uncertainty principle indicates that the observation of the state of an object alters that state, affecting the observation. Indeed, we have not yet reached that point, but certain of the new techniques have introduced a degree of complication and inter dependence perhaps not previously encountered in the macro sciences. When observational capability is so fine that the data can be corrupted by the tidal motions of the instruments, for example, then there are a myriad of physical effects that must be considered in analyzing the data; the happy aspect of this is that the data can be used to study exactly these same effects. The complication does not, however, extend only to predictive computations against which the data are compared.

Apollo 12 Preliminary Science Report

of the lunar material near the Apollo 12 landing site that is chemically and / or electrically differentiated from the whole Moon . ... Kopal , Z .: An Introduction to the Study of the Moon . D. Reidel Pub . Co.

Apollo 12 Preliminary Science Report

The Apollo 11 Mission, primarily designed to land men on the Moon and return them safely to Earth, signaled a new phase of the manned space program. Based on the success of Apollo 11, the first of a series of missions designed for the systematic exploration of the Moon was successfully accomplished on Apollo 12. The fact that the Apollo 12 astronauts were able to achieve a pinpoint landing at a preselected site, and then spend an extended time on the lunar surface, graphically illustrates the rapid progress of the Apollo program. The Apollo 12 mission added significantly to man's knowledge of the Moon. The precise landing capability allowed the crew to accomplish a wide variety of preplanned tasks and paved the way for planning future missions to smaller, more selected landing areas with the possibility of significant scientific returns. The publication includes chapters on mission description, summary of scientific results, photographic summary of the Apollo 12 Mission, crew observations, passive seismic experiment, lunar surface magnetometer experiment, the solar-wind spectrometer experiment, suprathermal ion detector experiment (lunar ionosphere detector), cold cathode gage (lunar atmosphere detector), the solar-wind composition experiment, Apollo 12 multispectral photography experiment, preliminary geologic investigation of the Apollo 12 landing site, lunar surface closeup stereoscopic photography, preliminary examination of lunar samples, and preliminary results from Surveyor 3 analysis.

Maps of Lunar Hemispheres

Giving the Views of the Lunar Globe from Six Cardinal Directions in Space A. Rükl. ASTROPHYSICS AND SPACE SCIENCE LIBRARY 10. 11. 13. 14. 15. ... Zdeněk Kopal, An Introduction to the Study of the Moon. 1966, XII + 464 pp.

Maps of Lunar Hemispheres


Geology of the Moon

Kopal, Zdenek (1966), An Introduction to the Study of the Moon: Dordrecht, Holland, D. Reidel, 464 pp. , and Z. K. Mikhailov, eds. (1962), The Moon: Proceedings of the International Astronomical Union Symposium 14, Leningrad, ...

Geology of the Moon

This edition reviews the results of Apollos 11, 12, 14, and 15. Included are approximately sixty new pages of text and forty new photographs and pictures. Thomas A. Mutch has written this book for students of lunar geology and scientists in diverse fields related to astrogeology as well as for the interested layman. Originally published in 1973. The Princeton Legacy Library uses the latest print-on-demand technology to again make available previously out-of-print books from the distinguished backlist of Princeton University Press. These editions preserve the original texts of these important books while presenting them in durable paperback and hardcover editions. The goal of the Princeton Legacy Library is to vastly increase access to the rich scholarly heritage found in the thousands of books published by Princeton University Press since its founding in 1905.

Measure of the Moon

Proceedings of the Second International Conference on Selenodesy and Lunar Topography held in the University of Manchester, England May 30 – June 4, 1966 Zdenek Kopal, ... KOPAL, Z.: 1966, An Introduction to the Study of the Moon, pp.

Measure of the Moon

After many decades spent in astronomical semi-obscurity, the Moon has of late suddenly emerged to claim renewed interest on the part of the students of astronomy, as well as of other branches of physical science and technology; and the reasons which brought this about are indeed of historical significance. From time immemorial, astronomy has been debarred from the status of a gen uine experimental science by the utter remoteness of the objects of its study. With the exception of meteors - those small freaks of cosmic matter intercepted by the Earth on its perpetual journey through space - the properties of all celestial bodies outside the gravitational confines of our planet could be studied only at a distance: namely, from the effect of attraction exerted by their masses; or from the ciphered message of their light brought to us by nimble-footed photons across the intervening gaps of space. A dramatic emergence of long-range rockets in the last decade bids fair to bring about a profound change in this situation. On September 13, 1959 - a memorable date in the history of human endeavour - a man-made missile of Russian origin crash landed on the surface of the Moon in the region of its Mare Imbrium, and thus ended the age-long separation of the Earth and its only natural satellite which lasted not less than 4t billion years.