The mean temperature is 47 + 20.28C (Table 1), which is higher than the 38.8 + 18.38C mean western thermal Anatolian spring region temperature (I ̇lkısık across the wider 1995). Although geothermal activity occurs across a wide area, ...
Author: K. Gessner
Publisher: Geological Society of London
Economically viable concentrations of mineral resources are uncommon in Earth’s crust. Most ore deposits that were mined in the past or are currently being extracted were found at or near Earth’s surface, often serendipitously. To meet the future demand for mineral resources, exploration success hinges on identifying targets at depth. Achieving this requires accurate and informed models of the Earth's crust that are consistent with all available geological, geochemical and geophysical information, paired with an understanding of how ore-forming systems relate to Earth’s evolving structure. Contributions to this volume address the future resources challenge by (i) applying advanced microscale geochemical detection and characterization methods, (ii) introducing more rigorous 3D Earth models, (iii) exploring critical behaviour and coupled processes, (iv) evaluating the role of geodynamic and tectonic setting and (v) applying 3D structural models to characterize specific ore-forming systems.
Springs and groundwaters Species with an extremely restricted range, sometimes of only a few square metres, are the Anatolian spring snails (e.g. Hydrobiids and Cochliopids) that exist in only one or two springs or wells.
Author: Kevin G. Smith
The Eastern Mediterranean region supports just over 4.4% of the global human population yet contains only 1.1% of its renewable water resources, which are under constant threat from the impacts of unsustainable water withdrawal, dam development and climate change. This IUCN report and accompanying dataset represents a major advance in the provision of information to help incorporate biodiversity needs into water development planning processes within an Integrated River Basin Management framework. This volume includes species information compiled for each river and lake sub-basin and incorporates information from the assessment conducted by IUCN's Global Species Programme, in collaboration with its partners, of the status and distribution of all described species of freshwater fishes, molluscs, odonates, and plants from across the Eastern Mediterranean with existing information for species of freshwater dependent amphibians, birds, crustaceans, and mammals. This work represents the most comprehensive assessment yet of freshwater biodiversity at the species level for this part of the world.
Screening for winter hardiness is in progress under Central Anatolian conditions in Ankara and Eskişehir. ... The minority are large, green-seeded lentils which are planted in the spring in Central Anatolia or at higher elevations where ...
Author: R.J. Summerfield
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
The genesis of the International Food Legume Research Conference (IFLRC) can be traced back to 1983 - and so this Volume, the Proceedings of that Conference, has had a gestation period of close to five years. Professor Norman Simmonds, the perennial Book Review Editor of Experimental Agriculture, has expressed the opinion (vol. 22, p. 201, 1986) that "Many symposial volumes are just plain awful!" Elsewhere (Nature vol. 312, pp. 201-2, 1984), Anthony Watkinson - then a Commissioning Editor at Oxford University Press has described several reasons which have led him to believe that "Conference proceedings - symposia - are generally disliked . . . . To put it mildly, this type of publication has a bad name". The problems, from an author's perspective, of contributing to any many-authored publication are aired in an exchange of correspondence in Biologist (vol. 30, pp. 123 and 180, 1983; and vol. 31, pp. 3 and 69,1984). And from the editor's viewpoint, D. J. Weatherall - then Nuffield Professor of Clinical Medicine at the University of Oxford - has described (Nature vol. 317, p.
northwestern and central Anatolia, leading them eastward through the mountains towards the desert--beyond Diyarbakir. ... “After the winter, when the snow had melted with the gentle Anatolian spring, we found the evidence alongside the ...
... Yazılıkaya seems to have become one of the most important cult places of Anatolian antiquity, possibly associated with the socalled ... It is quite likely that major H ̆ festivals attuša and such Yazılıkaya as the spring were AN.
Author: Sharon R. Steadman
Publisher: Oxford University Press
This title provides comprehensive overviews on archaeological philological, linguistic, and historical issues at the forefront of Anatolian scholarship in the 21st century.
Karstic springs are also related to river water infiltration ( e.g. the karstic spring Karapınar ( Kar ) ; Qmax = 10001 / s , TDS = 314mg / l ) . In addition to these huge springs , which mainly discharge just above the plain ...
Spring passage commences late March in Mediterranean and early April elsewhere, with no clearly defined end point to the passage, as most of the May records are from East Anatolia, where the species certainly oversummers and possibly ...
Author: Guy Kirwan
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
Turkey is a popular destination for birders and tourists, and although there has been much published on its birds over the past 40 years, there has never been a comprehensive avifauna. The Birds of Turkey redresses this. It contains a detailed account of every species on the Turkish list, with a full breakdown of records and status, distribution in Turkey, and taxonomy. There are also authoritative introductory chapters on geography, climate, habitats, history of ornithology and conservation.
He said: 'Onions, garlic, and spring onions, because as long as I have them, I can make a delicious meal with anything else I find on the island.' Onion was the key flavour-booster in Anatolian food long before the arrival of peppers ...
Author: Somer Sivrioglu
Publisher: Allen & Unwin
Every dish tastes better when it comes with a good story. Anatolia, Adventures in Turkish eating is much more than a cookbook. It's a travel guide, narrative journey and richly illustrated exploration of a 4,000 year old cooking culture. Istanbul-born chef Somer Sivrioglu and food scholar David Dale reveal the fascinating tales, tricks and rituals that enliven the Turkish table. Here they profile the superstars of modern Turkish hospitality and reimagine recipes ranging from the grand banquets of the Ottoman empire to the spicy snacks of Istanbul's street stalls, from epic breakfasts on the eastern border to seafood mezes on the Aegean coastline. With more than 100 stories and recipes, including many suitable for vegetarians or vegans, this is the what, the where, the how and the why of eating the Turkish way.
Starke 1985: 278), see Hutter (1993: 92–3). On the Anatolian worship of springs, see Egetmeyer (2007: 219, n. 76), Haas (1994: 464–6), and Robert (1955: 217–19, 299). Second-millennium spring-goddesses were typically paired with local ...
Author: Mary R. Bachvarova
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Category: Literary Criticism
Bold new approach to the prehistory of Homeric epic arguing for a fresh understanding of how Near Eastern influence worked.
... and depositing fresh silt on the flood plain each spring after the snowmelt . The Kelkit - Yeşilirmak basin 58 to the west drains an area of northern Anatolia nearly double that of the Çoruh , some 38,000 km2.59 Flowing westwards ...
Author: A. G. Sagona
Publisher: Peeters Pub & Booksellers
Category: Social Science
This volume presents a framework for interpreting cultural development in the highlands of Anatolia from the earliest settlements to the recent past. Begun in 1988, investigations by the University of Melbourne in cooperation with the Erzurum Museum have studied how past human societies adapted to and modified highland environments. After considerations of concepts such as 'frontiers', 'borders' and 'boundaries' that can be easily applied to north-east Anatolia, the study moves to an analysis of the complex literary tradition with a view to detailing an historical geography of the Bayburt and Erzurum regions. The ethnicity of the Diauehi, the identification of Sinoria of Mithradates fame and a new proposal for the route taken by Xenophon and his 10,000 troops are among the novel ideas now associated with this once neglected region. The second part deals with material culture. Beginning with an environmental conspectus, the study presents the results of a survey carried out in Bayburt during 1988 and 1990-93. An ample catalogue of finds supplements a detailed Register of Sites. To ensure comprehensiveness, as complete a ceramic sequence for north-east Anatolia as is possible to prepare at this stage is also provided. Using both textual and archaeological data, this study provides an extensive yet holistic picture of cultural change in the highlands. As such it provides a valuable resource for the study of the antiquity of east Anatolia and neighbouring lands.
were descriptive or conventional (i.e., whether a place named pıñar [spring] would necessarily be a spring or could in fact be a village named after a spring). But, perhaps most important, the “revenue-producing property” that a ...
Author: Nicolas Trépanier
Publisher: University of Texas Press
Byzantine rule over Anatolia ended in the eleventh century, leaving the population and its Turkish rulers to build social and economic institutions throughout the region. The emerging Anatolian society comprised a highly heterogeneous population of Christians and Muslims whose literati produced legal documents in Arabic, literary texts in Persian, and some of the earliest written works in the Turkish language. Yet the cultural landscape that emerged as a result has received very little attention—until now. Investigating daily life in Anatolia during the fourteenth century, Foodways and Daily Life in Medieval Anatolia draws on a creative array of sources, including hagiographies, archaeological evidence, Sufi poetry, and endowment deeds, to present an accessible portrait of a severely under-documented period. Grounded in the many ways food enters the human experience, Nicolas Trépanier's comprehensive study delves into the Anatolian preparation of meals and the social interactions that mealtime entails—from a villager's family supper to an elaborately arranged banquet—as well as the production activities of peasants and gardeners; the marketplace exchanges of food between commoners, merchants, and political rulers; and the religious landscape that unfolded around food-related beliefs and practices. Brimming with enlightening details on such diverse topics as agriculture, nomadism, pastoralism, medicine, hospitality, and festival rituals, Foodways and Daily Life in Medieval Anatolia presents a new understanding of communities that lived at a key juncture of world history.
... ( s ) Anatolian Spring 107–108 calendric 102 ( see also akītu ; New Year's Festival ; Purulli ) figure of speech 226 fire / flame 69 , 127 , 136 , 136n , 137n , 220 , 241n , 277n , 281 fiery end to the world 276–77 , 281 tongue - like ...
Author: JoAnn Scurlock
Publisher: Penn State Press
Hermann Gunkel was a scholar in the generation of the origins of Assyriology, the spectacular discovery by George Smith of fragments of the “Chaldean Genesis,” and the Babel-Bibel debate. Gunkel’s thesis, inspired by materials supplied to him by the Assyriologist Heinrich Zimmern, was to take the Chaoskampf motif of Revelation as an event that would not only occur at the end of the world but had already happened at the beginning, before Creation. In other words, in this theory, one imagines God in Genesis 1 as first having battled Rahab, Leviathan, and Yam (the forces of Chaos) in a grand battle, and only then beginning to create. The problem with Gunkel’s theory is that it did not simply identify common elements in the mythologies of the ancient Near East but imposed upon them a structure dictating the relationships between the elements, a structure that was based on inadequate knowledge and a forced interpretation of his sources. On the other hand, one is not entitled to insist that there was no cultural conversation among peoples who spent the better part of several millennia trading with, fighting, and conquering one another. Creation and Chaos attempts to address some of these issues. The contributions are organized into five sections that address various aspects of the issues raised by Gunekl’s theories.
2012 Water in Ancient Anatolian Religions: An Archaeological and Philological Inquiry on the Hittite Evidence. ... Harmanşah, Ö. 2014 Event, Place, Performance: Rock Reliefs and Spring Monuments in Anatolia.
Author: Emily Holt
Publisher: SUNY Press
Examines the many ways water has contributed to power structures in the past, with insights for contemporary water management. Water, an essential resource in all cultures, is at the heart of human power structures. Utilizing a diverse range of theoretical perspectives, the contributors to Water and Power in Past Societies provide a broad introduction to the archaeology of water-related power structures. The studies herein explore the long history of water politics in human society, offering new insights into the power structures and inequalities surrounding irrigation systems, the collection of rainwater as a component of ancient industrial production, and sea water as a facilitator of communication, trade, and aggression. In addition to examining the role of different types of water in creating power relationships, the volume presents case studies from a variety of climatic regions, ranging from the very dry to the tropical. This geographical breadth facilitates cross-cultural comparison, making Water and Power in Past Societies an essential resource for instructors and students of the archaeology of water. Finally, in addition to reaching conclusions with significant implications for archaeologists and anthropologists, the volume has real contemporary relevance, often drawing explicit parallels with issues of current and future water management.
About two-thirds of the varieties are facultative types that are sown in autumn (May), and the balance is spring ... Turkey produces winter bread wheat, the major class with 50% of the area, on the Anatolian Plateau and Thrace province.
Author: Colin W Wrigley
Publisher: Academic Press
Category: Technology & Engineering
The Encyclopedia of Food Grains is an in-depth and authoritative reference covering all areas of grain science. Coverage includes everything from the genetics of grains to the commercial, economic and social aspects of this important food source. Also covered are the biology and chemistry of grains, the applied aspects of grain production and the processing of grains into various food and beverage products. With the paramount role of cereals as a global food source, this Encyclopedia is sure to become the standard reference work in the field of science. Also available online via ScienceDirect – featuring extensive browsing, searching, and internal cross-referencing between articles in the work, plus dynamic linking to journal articles and abstract databases, making navigation flexible and easy. For more information, pricing options and availability visit www.info.sciencedirect.com. Written from an international perspective the Encyclopedia concentrates on the food uses of grains, but details are also provided about the wider roles of grains Well organized and accessible, it is the ideal resource for students, researchers and professionals seeking an authoritative overview on any particular aspect of grain science This second edition has four print volumes which provides over 200 articles on food grains Includes extensive cross-referencing and "Further Reading" lists at the end of each article for deeper exploration into the topic This edition also includes useful items for students and teachers alike, with Topic Highlights, Learning objectives, Exercises for Revision and exercises to explore the topic further
1993 ) : ILC 482 ( Guney Sarisi ) for winter sowing in south - eastern Anatolia and ILC 195-2 for early - spring sowing in western Anatolia . Is winter - hardy germplasm available for autumn sowing ? For lentil , Erskine et al .
Author: R. Knight
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Category: Business & Economics
Proceedings of the Third International Food Legumes Research Conference
... Zana, 153 Anadolu Agency, 195 Anatolia Arab Spring (Continued) Turkey and Washington, 84 Arafat, Yasser, Republican. pre-antiquity, 42 Seljuks, 21 Anatolian plateau, 18 Anatürk Dam, 58 Ankara Arab-Israeli conflict, 85 capital city, ...
Author: Andrew Finkel
Publisher: Oxford University Press
From the Kurdish question to economic policy, from Turkey's role in Iraq to its quest for EU membership, the author illuminates the past and present of this unique and predominantly Muslim country. Simultaneous. Hardcover available.
The cultic use of water, often in the form of a sacred spring, was associated with the cult of Anatolian Apollo” as well as with the god, Mēn, who was repeatedly connected with water sources in the Lydian region.
Author: Eugene N. Lane
Category: Social Science
These collected essays on the cult of Cybele and Attis represent an international tribute to the late Professor M.J. Vermaseren. Articles included treat aspects of this cult form its origin through its last manifestations in the later Roman Empire.
For instance, near Dicle river, the old spring outlets can be traced all along with the river level from bottom to ... Some of them are hanging The southeast Anatolian karst with these peculiarities is distinguished from Taurus karst ...
Author: Gültekin Günay
Publisher: Springer Nature
This book discusses Turkey's karst systems' most critical features, one of the world's most important karst areas. This publication has been prepared to assist geologists and professionals working in karst areas by solving several different problems, for example, to conduct groundwater analysis in regions with karstic depressions and examine subsidence problems through geotechnical and hydrogeological studies to solve dams' technical challenges from Karstic areas.
From central Anatolia . Early spring variety resistant to drought and moderately resistant to cold , Puccinia glumarum and smut . 264253. Milturm ' . Early spring variety resistant to cold , drought and “ . lodging .