But often the experience of being in a disaster is not like this. This book offers non-linear, non-prescriptive ways of thinking about disasters and allows the people affected by disaster the chance to speak.
Author: I. Convery
Category: Social Science
Many disasters are approached by researchers, managers and policymakers as if they have a clear beginning, middle and end. But often the experience of being in a disaster is not like this. This book offers non-linear, non-prescriptive ways of thinking about disasters and allows the people affected by disaster the chance to speak.
Shuffling Nags, Lame Ducks provides an invaluable guide to the investigation of trauma and disease in archaeozoological assemblages.
Author: László Bartosiewicz
Publisher: Oxbow Books
Category: Social Science
The analysis of animal bone assemblages from archaeological sites provides much valuable data concerning economic and husbandry practices in the past, as well as insights into cultural and symbolic or ritual activity. Animal palaeopathology can identify diseases in archaeozoological assemblages but little interest has been expressed in investigating and understanding the cultural aspects of the diseases identified. Such assemblages represent the cumulative effects of human attitudes, decisions and influences regarding the keeping, care, treatment, neglect and exploitation of animals which result in a range of conditions, non-infectious diseases and injuries that can be recognised on ancient skeletal material. Additionally, ever since the domestication of a handful of animal species around 10,000 years ago, close physical proximity has been a mutual source of infectious disease and traumatic injury for humans and animals alike. Shuffling Nags, Lame Ducks provides an invaluable guide to the investigation of trauma and disease in archaeozoological assemblages. It provides a clear methodological approach, and describes and explains the wide range of traumatic lesions, infections, diseases, inherited disorders and other pathological changes and anomalies that can be identified. In so doing, it explores the impact that “man-made” decisions have had on animals, including special aspects of culture that may be reflected in the treatment of diseased or injured animals often incorporating powerful symbolic or religious roles, and seeks to enhance our understanding of the relationship between man and beast in the past. Chapters include: · History of studying pathological animal remains · Differences between human and animal palaeopathology · Methodology · Growth, development and ageing · Traumatic lesions · Inflammatory diseases and bone · Pathological lesions in working animals · Diseases connected to the environment
... on the aging diseases - Animal collagen in development ( nude mice ) rabbits , human ) process ( human ) RO1AM ... of environmental EGF / urogastrone and thermal injury - Small vessel injury following trauma disease ( human ) RO1GM ...
These artificial traumatic infective diseases bear the greatest resemblance to human traumatic infective diseases ... that one or other of the bacteric forms found in animals also play a part in such diseases in the human subject .
Author: Robert Koch
Category: Bacillus anthracis
Koch's epochal work (1878) on the aetiology of traumatic infectious disease established his reputation. He inoculated animals with material from various sources and produced six types of infection, each due to microorganisms. He carried these infections through several generations of animals. His great work determined the role of bacteria in the aetiology of wound infections and demonstrated for the first time the specificity of infection. -- H.W. Orr.
At the same time , the bodies of those animals which died of the artificial traumatic infective diseases contained ... These artificial traumatic infective diseases bear the greatest resemblance to human traumatic infective diseases ...
Release on 1974 | by National Institutes of Health (U.S.). Division of Research Grants
... and electrolytes in health and Clinical use of breath acetone measurements ( human ) trauma patients disease ( human ... human ) MO1RR - 00210-10 0032 General clinical research center-** POIHD - 06276-03 0052 animal cells ( mice ) ...
Author: National Institutes of Health (U.S.). Division of Research Grants
MICRO - ORGANISMS IN HUMAN TRAUMATIC INFECTIVE DISEASES . ... “ R. Koch , in his investigations on the etiology of traumatic infective diseases , has discovered a number of diseases in animals which have in some respects an unmistakable ...
" From the Author's Preface Ably translated by Bertram Lee Woolf, this is the classic exposition of the German school of theology known as Formgeschichte or the criticism of literary form, which through literary and historical analysis ...
Author: Laszlo Bartosiewicz
Publisher: Oxbow Books Limited
Category: Social Science
"The method of Formgeschichte seeks to help in answering the historical questions as to the nature and trustworthiness of our knowledge of Jesus, and also in solving a theological problem properly so-called. It shows in what way the earliest testimony about Jesus was interwoven with the earliest testimony about the salvation which had appeared in Jesus Christ. Thereby it attempts to emphasise and illuminate the chief elements of the message upon which Christianity was founded." From the Author's Preface Ably translated by Bertram Lee Woolf, this is the classic exposition of the German school of theology known as Formgeschichte or the criticism of literary form, which through literary and historical analysis seeks to understand the origins of the traditions of the New Testament, and in so doing bring to light the original intentions and interests of those earliest traditions.
162 Neural Dynamics of Neurological Disease is the clear example provided by the (mSOD1) studies used to model ALS, in which the transgenic animals have extremely high copy numbers of the mutant gene. In contrast, in fALS in humans, ...
Author: Christopher A. Shaw
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
The emerging understanding of age-related neurological disorders suggests that notions of a single causal gene/toxin being responsible is likely incorrect. Neurological disorders probably arise due to a unique intersection of multiple genetic and toxic factors, combined with additional contributions of age, stage of development, immune system actions, and more. This perspective leads to the view that rather than reflecting only one pathway to end-state disease, each is a spectrum disorder, and every individual case is therefore unique. Neural Dynamics of Neurological Disease argues for a fundamental rethinking of what we think we know about neurological disorders, how they arise and progress, and, crucially, what might be done to "cure" them. It first introduces the concept of neural dynamics of neurological disease, then examines various diseases and gives examples of the interplay of elements such as neural systems, cell types, and biochemical pathways that can contribute to disease. The concluding chapters point the way to how the emerging notion of neurological disease as a dynamic process may lead to more successful treatment options. Providing a cross-disciplinary approach to understanding the origin and progression of neurological disease, Neural Dynamics of Neurological Disease is a timely and valuable resource for neuroscientists, researchers, and clinicians.
... by evaporation with heat , was “ bear the greatest resemblance to human traumatic infective diseases , poisonous . ... This aqueous inoculated on every variety of animal " ( a similar fact is also true with extract failed in a ...
Release on 2020-08-22 | by Margaret Schell Frazier
Although they are not specific disease entities, traumatic occurrences do include physical and psychological injuries that are ... Bites from animals, insects, reptiles, or humans may occur under particular environmental circumstances.
Author: Margaret Schell Frazier
Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences
Enhance your patient care with a basic knowledge of pathology and disease! Essentials of Human Diseases and Conditions, 7th Edition is an invaluable handbook for healthcare providers in any healthcare setting. It profiles hundreds of diseases and disorders in a way that is easy to understand and easy to use, following the progression of a patient’s experience from signs and symptoms to screening, diagnosis, treatment options, and patient education. This edition adds new coverage of the opioid crisis, cancer treatment, and other emerging issues. From noted educators Margaret Schell Frazier and Tracie Fuqua, this reference prepares you for success in the classroom, on board exams, and as a medical assistant or health professional. More than 500 vibrant illustrations and detailed photos clarify difficult concepts and depict medical conditions. Critical thinking and real-life application is promoted through Challenge scenarios with questions, Critical Thinking questions (in the print book and on the Evolve website), and Enrichment boxes. Student workbook includes a wealth of exercises to reinforce your understanding of important concepts from the text. Available separately. ICD-10 codes with each disease are included for practice in locating the appropriate insurance codes. Clear, approachable writing style makes it easier to learn and understand the material. Alert boxes provide clinical tips, including safety precautions and best practices. Concise, consistent monograph-style presentation describes hundreds of medical diseases and conditions. NEW content keeps you current with the latest in cancer treatment, mental health, grief, suicide, HPV, contraception, aging, memory care, the opioid crisis, and more. NEW clinical photos and updated illustrations show concepts, processes, and medical conditions. UPDATED case studies provide additional opportunities to apply concepts to the clinical setting. EXPANDED focus on A&P and medical terminology makes learning easier for beginning students. NEW chapter quiz questions prepare you for success on classroom and credentialing exams.
Finally, Zhang et al. reported that systemic inflammatory responses to trauma can be initiated by mitochondrial danger ... this controversy could be due to the cellular compartments that were tested in patients versus in animal studies.
Pathobiology of Human Disease bridges traditional morphologic and clinical pathology, molecular pathology, and the underlying basic science fields of cell biology, genetics, and molecular biology, which have opened up a new era of research in pathology and underlie the molecular basis of human disease. The work spans more than 48 different biological and medical fields, in five basic sections: Human Organ Systems Molecular Pathology/Basic Mechanisms of Diseases Animal Models/Other Model Systems Experimental Pathology Clinical Pathology Each article provides a comprehensive overview of the selected topic to inform a broad spectrum of readers from research professionals to advanced undergraduate students. Reviews quantitative advances in the imaging and molecular analysis of human tissue, new microarray technologies for analysis of genetic and chromosomal alterations in normal and diseased cells and tissues, and new transgenic models of human disease using conditional, tissue-specific gene targeting Articles link through to relevant virtual microscopy slides, illustrating side-by-side presentation of "Normal" and "Disease" anatomy and histology images Fully-annotated with many supplementary full color images, graphs, tables, and video files linked to data sets and to live references, enabling researchers to delve deeper and visualize solutions
It is important to remember that cellular events in animal models of AD and TBI may or may not reflect the disease processes in the human brain. In the human situation, the trauma often occurs years before AD onset.
Author: R.J. Castellani
Publisher: IOS Press
Holbourne’s theory that rotational head movement and shear strains were limiting factors in producing acute parenchymal brain damage was a watershed moment in understanding traumatic brain injury (TBI). Long term effects, and in particular neurodegenerative proteinopathy subsequent to TBI, remain theoretical, notwithstanding the poorly understood ‘punch drunk’ syndrome of the early and mid-20th century, and the 21st century concept of chronic traumatic encephalopathy. This book, the Handbook of Traumatic Brain Injury and Neurodegeneration, has as its theme the marriage between neurodegenerative disease and neurotrauma through TBI surrogates such as sport, military service, and experimental models, and the legitimacy of that marriage. In the 32 contributions included here, this handbook not only explores the deleterious effects of genuine TBI, but also, and more importantly, the relationship between TBI and neurodegeneration. Controversy notwithstanding, there is much to be learned about the biological effects of TBI, substrates for long-term sequelae, the relationship between TBI and diverse neuropsychiatric disorders, and targets for therapy. The overall message to the neuroscience community from these papers may be a cautionary tale. The null hypothesis, that there is no causal relationship between TBI and progressive neurodegenerative disease, appears to be very much in play, and the book will be of interest to all those working in the field.
Release on 1977 | by National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute
... in human shock therapy ( rats ) health and disease - Effects of high oxygen pressures on ROIHL - 15737-03 The nature and treatment of endotoxic R01HL - 20197-01 Maintenance and repair of vascular visual function ( human , animals ) ...
Introduction Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a complex psychiatric disease. ... Given that animals are used in place of humans for such work, distinct differences between the two will invariably be observed, providing a number ...
Author: Charles B. Nemeroff
Publisher: Oxford University Press
This volume brings together the leaders in the field of PTSD research to present an up-to-date summary and understanding of this complex disorder. All of our current knowledge and controversies concerning the diagnosis, epidemiology, course, pathophysiology and treatment are described in detail. The evidence for efficacy for each of the different forms of psychotherapy and pharmacotherapy is reviewed. Particular attention is paid to at-risk groups, including minorities, and coverage of PTSD throughout the world is reviewed as well. The authors present state-of-the-art findings in genetics, epigenetics, neurotransmitter function and brain imaging to provide the most current and comprehensive review of this burgeoning field.
It has also been suggested that trauma induces cystic dilatation and hyperplasia of apocrine glands resulting in an abnormal apocrine secretion which may serve as an ion-binding ma— trix for mineralization. The peculiar prevalence in ...
Author: Edwin J. Andrews
This two-volume work gathers together the diverse information presently available on spontaneous animal models of human disease. In addition to providing a comprehensive review of existing models, the book presents many previous unpublished new models. The scope of this work is limited to spontaneous models. Neoplasia, infectious diseases including parasitism, and nutritionally induced or other types of experimental models have not been included. The sixteen parts of the book are alphabetically arranged according to organ system with over 230 authors contributing to the overall effort. In addition to many illustrations, the book features an extensive bibliography.
Release on 2002 | by United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Appropriations. Subcommittee on Departments of Labor, Health and Human Services, Education, and Related Agencies
The history of medicine teaches us that studying rare diseases often has wide repercussions . ... for developing animal models of stroke and trauma ; and immunological approaches are important in diseases such as multiple sclerosis .
Author: United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Appropriations. Subcommittee on Departments of Labor, Health and Human Services, Education, and Related Agencies
Release on 2017-03-03 | by Management Association, Information Resources
Lastly, it is important to understand that even though these studies are very interesting, no animal model demonstrates naturally developing periodontal disease that is consistent with human periodontal disease. Biologic Pathway Trauma ...
Author: Management Association, Information Resources
Publisher: IGI Global
Emerging innovations in the medical sector have created new opportunities for improved patient care and disease control. By optimizing current practices and procedures, improvements in healthcare delivery and quality can be achieved. Oral Healthcare and Technologies: Breakthroughs in Research and Practice is a comprehensive resource with the latest scholarly perspectives on the technological advancements and real-world applications for oral hygiene and medical care. Featuring extensive coverage across a range of relevant perspectives and topics, such as disease management, healthcare administration, and medical informatics, this multi-volume book is ideally designed for professionals, researchers, students, and practitioners seeking academic material on developments and innovations in oral medicine.
Occlusal trauma does not influence periodontal disease progression ! No evidence of attachment loss ... The results of experimental animal studies cannot therefore be directly extrapolated to the human settings. ! Trauma from occlusion ...
Author: Dilip G Nayak
Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences
Textbook of Periodontology and Oral Implantology - E-Book