Since her early youth at the glittering court of Dresden, Anna had been known as a difficult child and troublemaker.
Author: Ingrun Mann
Publisher: Winged Hussar Publishing
Since her early youth at the glittering court of Dresden, Anna had been known as a difficult child and troublemaker. Servants complained about her violent outbursts, while courtiers bemoaned her general disregard for aristocratic female etiquette. Upon reaching her teenage years, the princess’ guardians decided that Saxony’s enfant terrible should leave home as quickly as possible by marrying a foreign suitor in a preferably far-away land. Enter William of Orange: handsome, charming, and heir to one of the Netherlands’ largest estates. The fact that he was also a profligate partier and lover of women was conveniently overlooked. Anna immediately fell for the Dutch bon vivant despite warnings from a few well-meaning relatives. For one, William was a Catholic, while Anna adhered to the Protestant teachings of Martin Luther, critical voices cautioned, correctly predicting future trouble for the princess in the Catholic Netherlands. Furthermore, the prince’s liege lord, the fanatical Philip II of Spain, very much disapproved of a match between his premier vassal and a “Lutheran heretic.” There was also the issue of plain Anna’s growing obsession with the roguish William; an obsession that was not reciprocated. In the end, the impetuous princess threw caution to the wind. No other than William would do for a husband, she insisted, while publicly announcing that “every vein in my body heartily loves him.”
... 147, 153-4, 158, 162-3, 175-87, 188, 196, 201 quartering of troops 111 Quedlinburg 165 Anna Sophia of Birkenfeld, ... née of Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel (1638-1687) 33, 160, 161, 171 Saxony-Gotha (dukes and duchesses) 33, 35 Anna ...
Author: Judith P. Aikin
Category: Literary Criticism
The wives of rulers in early modern Europe did far more than provide heirs for their principalities and adornment for their courts. In this study, Judith Aikin examines the exceptionally well-documented actions of one such woman, Aemilia Juliana of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt (1637-1706), in order to expand our understanding of the role of ruler’s consort in the small principalities characteristic of Germany during this period. Aikin explores a wide range of writings by her subject, including informal letters to another woman, hundreds of devotional song texts, manuscript books both devotional and practical, and published pamphlets and books. Also important for this study are the plays, paintings, and musical works that adorned the court under Aemilia Juliana’s patronage; the books, poems, and sermons published in her honor; and the massive memorial volume printed and distributed soon after her death. This material, when coupled with the more scanty record in official documents, reveals the nature and scope of Aemilia Juliana’s role as full partner in the ruling couple. Among the most important findings based on this evidence are those related to Aemilia Juliana’s advocacy for women of all social classes through her authorship and publications, her support for the education of girls, her efforts to ameliorate the fear and suffering of pregnant and birthing women, and her contributions to female support networks. In examining the career of a consort whose various activities are so well documented, this study helps to fill in the blanks in the documentary record of numerous consorts across early modern Europe, and serves as a model for future research on other consorts at other courts.
Elisabeth 30.05.1902 Margareta 08.07.1904 ^Died in Kaposszekcsö Children born in Welimirowatz: Anna Maria 21.01.1896 ... born in Somogydöröcske: Sebastian 16.06.1910 ADAM Jakob *27.02.1887 Somogydöröcske (+Radeburg, Saxony) the son of ...
Author: Henry A. Fischer
In the past, the steep, majestic, heavily forested, and somewhat impregnable Josefsberg was the lair of robber bands and brigands following the expulsion of the Turks from the area and all of Hungary. In the future, it would become known as the Jószefhegy. It is one of the highest elevations in northeastern Somogy County. In its lengthening shadow, the village of Dörnberg would emerge in the early decades of the eighteenth century named as such by its German settlers in reference to the abundance of thorns in its lower regions. These first settlers were in large part of Hessian origin, having joined the Schwabenzug (the Great Swabian migration) of the eighteenth century into Hungary at the invitation of the Habsburg emperor Charles VI. The fact that they were Lutherans would lead to decades in which they were forced to exist as an underground congregation until the Edict of Toleration was promulgated by the emperor Joseph II in 1782, which led to the naming of the local heights as the Josefsberg in his honor. It was sometime later that the county administration renamed the village, and it became Somogydöröcske. The village would maintain its German character throughout its history until the end of the Second World War when Protocol XIII of the Potsdam Declaration was carried out on April 6, 1948, and the vast majority of the village population was expelled along with the German families in its affiliates in Bonnya and Gadács and sent by cattle car to the then Russian zone of occupation of Germany. Those from Szil followed a week later. This publication is addressed to the English-speaking descendants of those families that immigrated to Canada, Australia, and the United States prior to the Second World War, as well as the families who were successful in escaping from the Russian zone of Germany to the west and were able to find a new home in English-speaking countries. It provides them with genealogical information about their forebears and additional information regarding their life and history.
22 ; his un- for marriage of his niece Anna with worthy treatment of Netherland nobles William of Orange , i . 268 . after capture of Antwerp , 54 ; writes Saxony , Anna of , married to William of letter of congratulation to Philip ...
... women's attack in , 176 Anna Amalia , Duchess of Saxony - Weimar , 154-155 Anna Amalia , Princess of Prussia , 109 Anna , Duchess of Eastern Frisia , 158 Anna , Electress of Brandenburg , 116 Anna , Princess of Ferrara , 156 Anne ...
Author: Heide Wunder
Publisher: Harvard University Press
Category: Social Science
Renowned German social historian Heide Wunder refers to the cosmic image contained in the 1578 Book of Marital Discipline that characterizes the relationship between husband and wife. Today, "He is the sun, she is the moon" might be interpreted as a hierarchy of dominance and subordination. At the time it was used, however, sun and moon reflected the different but equal status of husband and wife. Wunder shows how the history of women and the history of gender relations can provide crucial insights into how societies organize themselves and provide resources for political action. She observes actual circumstances as well as the normative rules that were supposed to guide women's lives. We learn what skills were necessary to take charge of households, what people ate, how they furnished their homes, what birth control measures were available, what role women played in peasant protest. Wunder finds that, in addition to the history of losses and setbacks for women observed by so many current interpreters, there is a history of gains as well. The regency of noble women was normal, as was the shared responsibility of wife and husband in a peasant household, an artisan's workshop, or a merchant's business. Using sources as diverse as memoirs, wedding and funeral sermons, novels, and chronicles, and including a wealth of demographic information, Wunder reveals a surprising new image of early modern women and provides a richer interpretation of early modern Europe.
Isabella Cortese and Marie de Meurdrac have already been mentioned; and Anna, Countess of Saxony is an example from Germany.63 Professional alchemists were rarely women, though one, Anna Maria Zieglerin, worked as an alchemist at the ...
Author: Anja-Silvia Goeing
Category: Social Science
Early Modern Universities: Networks of Higher Education contains twenty essays by experts on early modern academic networks. Using a variety of approaches to universities, schools, and academies throughout Europe and in Central America, the book suggests pathways for future research.
SAXONY. Reigning Sovereign and Family. Johann I, King of Saxony, born Dec. 12, 1801, second son of Duke Maximilian of ... Georg, Duke of Saxony, born August 8, 1832; married May 11, 1859, to Infanta Maria Anna, born July 21, 1843, ...
Author: F. Martin
Category: Political Science
The classic reference work that provides annually updated information on the countries of the world.
Santa Anna . Return of ... Santa Anna . Proclamation of .. Santa Anna and Ortega . Relative to the attempt of , to organize armed ... Commercial relations of United States with ... Saxony . Commercial relations of United States with .
... 213, 221; Anhalt-Dessau 205, 208; AnhaltBernburg 205 Anna Amalia, Duchess of BraunschweigWolfenbüttel, Duchess of Saxony-Weimar-Eisenach (1739–1807) 127, 221 Anna Amalia, Princess of Prussia, Abbess of Quedlinburg (1723–1787) 216, ...
Author: Helen Watanabe-O'Kelly
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Queens Consort, Cultural Transfer and European Politics examines the roles that queens consort played in dynastic politics and cultural transfer between their natal and marital courts during the sixteenth, seventeenth, and eighteenth centuries. This collection of essays analyses the part that these queens played in European politics, showing how hard and soft power, high politics and cultural influences, cannot be strictly separated. It shows that the root of these consorts’ power lay in their dynastic networks and the extent to which they cultivated them. The consorts studied in this book come from territories such as Austria, Braunschweig, Hanover, Poland, Portugal, Prussia and Saxony and travel to, among other places, Britain, Naples, Russia, Spain and Sweden. The various chapters address different types of cultural manifestation, among them collecting, portraiture, panegyric poetry, libraries, theatre and festivals, learning, genealogical literature and architecture. The volume significantly shifts the direction of scholarship by moving beyond a focus on individual historical women to consider ‘queens consort’ as a category, making it valuable reading for students and scholars of early modern gender and political history.
WITTEKIND I. , Duke of Saxony , died in 807 . 1 Wittekind II . , Count of Wettin . Wigbert . ... Frederik I , the Warlike , first Prince Elector of Saxony , born 1367 , d . 1428 ; m . ... Anna , d . on Augustus , Elector of Saxony .
In no caso can either parent be denied all access to OF HER ROYAL HIGHNESS THE PRINCESS AMELIA OF SAXONY . the children ... ANNA JAMESON . father ; but should the mother be rich and the father poor , she also must contribute to their ...
Release on 1854 | by Sir Frederick Dixon- Hartland
Ann Von Neussen Anna Anna Anna Anna Boleyn Anna ... El . of Saxony Ed . Seymour , D. of Somerset Sir Ed . Stanhope . ... C. of Hanau Christian , Pal . of Bischweiler P. John of Saxony Benedict Maurice , D. of Chablais Victor Amadeus III ...
Anna Anna nenus I. , was not more distinguished by her elevated rank Mazanderan , acquired by Peter the Great , but which ... she Europe ; the assistance given to the Elector of Saxony and directed her attention to literary pursuits .
Anna Annals . a Anna nenus I. , was not more distinguished by her elevated rank Mazanderan , acquired by Peter the Great ... she Europe " ; the assistance given to the Elector of Saxony and directed her attention to literary pursuits .