Anthropology and Social Change in Rural Areas

Papers presented for the 9th International Congress of Anthropological and Ethnological Sciences, held in Chicago, 1973.

Anthropology and Social Change in Rural Areas

Papers presented for the 9th International Congress of Anthropological and Ethnological Sciences, held in Chicago, 1973.

Development from Below

Development from Below


Trust Property and Social Change in a Southern Slovakian Village

By providing a theoretically grounded ethnographical account of historical transformation the book makes an original anthropological contribution to the classic theme of social change in rural societies, while at the same time engaging ...

Trust  Property and Social Change in a Southern Slovakian Village

Slovakia is a young and little studied country of the former socialist bloc. As in all post-socialist Eurasia, continuing transformations of everyday practices are still inadequately understood. This study combines anthropological and historical methods to search for alternative ways of "reading post-socialism" in the rural community. More specifically, it applies the notions of trust and property to map the outcomes of over a hundred years of turbulent social change, but not in the way that mainstream economists and political scientists have used these concepts. Trust and property acquire analytic significance only when contextualised into the practices and ideologies of the actors. This allows the observer to grasp the nuances of apparently ambivalent behaviour and "uttered mistrust" in other villagers and local institutions. Ambiguity veils subtle strategies for keeping up with the instability of the times and obtaining the best one can from the present. By providing a theoretically grounded ethnographical account of historical transformation the book makes an original anthropological contribution to the classic theme of social change in rural societies, while at the same time engaging constructively with other social science approaches to postsocialism.

Inside Outside

This book is about villagers who have done remarkable things with their lives—people who have broken the constraints of poverty and inequality to become innovative and mobile.

Inside Outside

Poverty in rural India: Is this a permanent condition? Are villagers immobilized by a rigid caste system, limited resources and economic exploitation? This book is about villagers who have done remarkable things with their lives—people who have broken the constraints of poverty and inequality to become innovative and mobile. It is written partly by one villager who found a career doing research on social change. Inside–Outside narrates stories of grassroots change and innovation. These stories are discussed from the combined view of an insider (Baviskar), who grew up in a village in western India, and an outsider (Attwood), who came to study social change in the same region. Telling life stories from people who taught and surprised them, they challenge common stereotypes about Indian villagers—stereotypes of passivity, fatalism, and stagnation. Baviskar’s life and experience of change in his home village exemplify grassroots initiative and innovation. He was born as the son of an impoverished farmer in a drought-stricken village in western Maharashtra. Ability, hard work, and some dramatic twists of fate enabled him to attend college and then complete a doctorate in India’s premier sociology department. In contrast to Baviskar, Attwood is a complete outsider, having grown up in a suburb near Chicago, in the US heartland. He stumbled into anthropology and spent several years in India, doing fieldwork in the region where Baviskar grew up. The two met in 1969; they became friends and began four decades of collaborative research. Here they tell the stories of villagers who changed their own lives and who also, in many cases, changed the lives of others. These stories describe rapid innovation and institution-building in the countryside, challenging an array of common stereotypes about village life in India. Seeking explanations for change, it helps to look at village life from many angles. Inside and outside views are complementary and provide a more complete picture.

Changes in the Heart of Europe

Skalník, Peter, “Modernization of the Slovak Peasantry: Two Carpathian highland Communities,” in B. Berdichewsky, ed., Anthropology and Social Change in Rural Areas, (New York: Mouton, 1979), 253-261. ——. “Community—Struggle for a Key ...

Changes in the Heart of Europe

From WW II until the Velvet Revolution, few outside anthropologists had access to Czechoslovakia, while only a handful of Czech and Slovak ethnologists published in Western journals. In recent years, anthropological interest in Slovakia and the Czech Republic has increased substantially. This volume brings together a broad sample of recent cutting-edge ethnographic studies by Czech and Slovak ethnographers as well as American and western European anthropologists. Contents: Raymond June on measuring “corruption” in Czech society; David Karjanen on structural violence and economic change in Slovakia; Karen Kapusta-Pofahl, Hana Hašková, and Marta Kolářová on women’s civic organizing; Rebecca Nash on Czech feelings about social support and welfare reform; Denise Kozikowski on women’s experience of breast cancer; Věra Sokolová on population policy and the sterilization of Romani women in Czechoslovakia, 1972-1989; James Quin on pornography and the commodification of queer bodies in Slovakia; Ben Hill Passmore on working women in a Moravian factory; Krista Hegburg on Roma social workers; Zdeněk Uherek and Kateřina Plochová on ethnic Czechs in Bosnia and Herzegovina; Leoš Šatava on ethnic identity and language among Sorbian youth; Haldis Haukanes on history and autobiography in a Czech village; Davide Torsello on memory, geography, and local history in southern Slovakia; Peter Skalník reviews Czech and Slovak community (re)studies in a European context. Afterword by Zdeněk Salzmann.

Peasants And Power

"Modernization of the Slovak Peasantry: Two Carpathian Highland Communities." In Anthropology and Social Change in Rural Areas, pp. 253-61. Edited by Bernardo Berdichewsky. The Hague: Mouton Publishers, 1979. Skocpol, Theda.

Peasants And Power

Focusing on events in Hungary and Poland from 1948 to 1962, Dr Sokolovsky shows why collectivization can best be understood as an element in state-building for the new regimes of Eastern Europe. For these countries policy options were constrained by dependence upon the Soviet Union and the economic demands of a newly industrializing society. Econom

Anthropology and Development

This book re-establishes the relevance of mainstream anthropological (and sociological) approaches to development processes and simultaneously recognizes that contemporary development ought to be anthropology‘s principal area of study.

Anthropology and Development

This book re-establishes the relevance of mainstream anthropological (and sociological) approaches to development processes and simultaneously recognizes that contemporary development ought to be anthropology‘s principal area of study. Professor de Sardan argues for a socio-anthropology of change and development that is a deeply empirical, multidimensional, diachronic study of social groups and their interactions. The Introduction provides a thought-provoking examination of the principal new approaches that have emerged in the discipline during the 1990s. Part I then makes clear the complexity of social change and development, and the ways in which socio-anthropology can measure up to the challenge of this complexity. Part II looks more closely at some of the leading variables involved in the development process, including relations of production; the logics of social action; the nature of knowledge; forms of mediation; and ‘political‘ strategies.

Social Change And Applied Anthropology

Adepoju, A. 1974 Migration and Socio-economic Links between Urban Migrants and their Home Communities in Nigeria. Africa. 44:383–392. ... Brokensha, David W. 1966 Social Change at Larteh, Ghana. ... 1981 Indicators of Rural Inequality.

Social Change And Applied Anthropology

This collection of essays in the honor of David Brokensha focuses on issues which had concerned him throughout his professional career as an anthropologist. He emphasized on combining indigenous perspectives and knowledge in development planning and on sustainable natural resource management.

The George Beckford Papers

Caribbean rural economy " . ... “ Social structural change and continuity in the English - speaking Caribbean " . ... The Hague : Institute of Social Studies ; and in Anthropology and Social Change in Rural Areas , edited by ...

The George Beckford Papers

George Beckford left the Caribbean region, and the underdeveloped world in general, an extraordinary body of work that spanned his career as economics professor, advisor to governments, and consultant to international organizations. "George Beckford's work is characterized by a remarkable consistency of purpose and vision . . . [This collection presents] the unfolding of George Beckford's work from agricultural economics to political economy, to the social economy of 'man space', to the cultural roots of Caribbean creativity and a vision of one independent, sovereign and self-reliant Caribbean nation . . . His purpose was to reveal the legacy of dispossession originating in the slave plantation experience of African people in the New World; to 'free the mind' from the internalization of attitudes of inferiority and 'Afro-Saxon' mimicry. His vision was the affirmation of the culture of 'overcoming' rooted in the Caribbean 'peasantry' and the land". Introduction

Social Science Research and Climate Change

Chambers , R .: 1979 , ' Rural Refugees in Africa : What the Eye Does Not See ' . Disasters 3 ( 14 ) , 381- 92 . ... Co - operatives and Rural Development in East Africa , N.Y . ... Anthropology and Social Change in Rural Areas .

Social Science Research and Climate Change

This volume presents the findings of a small group of both social and natural scientists who tackled the 'so what' question. Led by Dartmouth sociologist, Elise Boulding, and Boulder climatologist, Stephen Schneider, the group examined how a changing climate might affect people and institutions and how these might respond. The outcome of their interdisciplinary appraisal is a blend of careful reviews of relevant social-science work, group interaction and discussion, and concrete suggestions for further research and analysis.

Social Science Research and Conservation Management in the Interior of Borneo

Beattie, J. 1977 Other Cultures: Aims, Methods and Achievements in Social Anthropology. Routledge and Kegan Paul, London. ... 1979 Anthropology and Social Change in Rural Areas. I\lbuton, New York. Berelson, B. 1971 Content Analysis in ...

Social Science Research and Conservation Management in the Interior of Borneo

The sustainable forestry challenge. The failure of implementation of forestry laws in Brazil. Enforcement of forestry laws in Finland. Analysis and recommendations.

Borneo and Sulawesi

'Changing Identities in Modern Southeast Asia', edited by David J. Banks, in Cultures et développement, 11, 1979, pp. ... 'Anthropology and Social Change in Rural Areas', edited by B. Berdichewsky, in Cultures et développement, 13, ...

Borneo and Sulawesi

This book presents a great deal of new research findings on the history of Borneo, the history of Sulawesi and the interrelationship between the two islands. Some specific chapters focus on empires and colonizers, including the activities of James Brooke in Sulawesi, of Chinese mining communities in Borneo and of the the quisling issue in immediate post-war Sarawak. Other chapters consider indigenous peoples and how different regimes have handled them. The book is published in honour of Victor T. King, a leading scholar in the field of Southeast Asian studies, and a final chapter discusses his contribution to scholarship, in particular his views on how area studies should be approached, and the implications of this for future research.

Popular Participation in Social Change

Society for Applied Anthropology. 1969b Socialism and social change in rural Mali. Journal of Modern African Studies 7 : 457-467. 1971 “Maninka social organization,” in Papers on the Manding. Edited by C. T. Hodge, 99-128.

Popular Participation in Social Change


Anthropology and Climate Change

urban and rural areas across the global with diverse implications for social and environmental vulnerability. Anthropologists are well positioned to contribute to understanding intersections and consequences of expanding frontiers of ...

Anthropology and Climate Change

The first edition of Anthropology and Climate Change (2009) pioneered the study of climate change through the lens of anthropology, covering the relation between human cultures and the environment from prehistoric times to the present. This second, heavily revised edition brings the material on this rapidly changing field completely up to date, with major scholars from around the world mapping out trajectories of research and issuing specific calls for action. The new edition introduces new “foundational” chapters—laying out what anthropologists know about climate change today, new theoretical and practical perspectives, insights gleaned from sociology, and international efforts to study and curb climate change—making the volume a perfect introductory textbook; presents a series of case studies—both new case studies and old ones updated and viewed with fresh eyes—with the specific purpose of assessing climate trends; provides a close look at how climate change is affecting livelihoods, especially in the context of economic globalization and the migration of youth from rural to urban areas; expands coverage to England, the Amazon, the Marshall Islands, Tanzania, and Ethiopia; re-examines the conclusions and recommendations of the first volume, refining our knowledge of what we do and do not know about climate change and what we can do to adapt.

Anthropology And Rural Development In West Africa

Jones (1976:302) notes that very few consumer goods were for sale in rural areas through the late 1960s. ... social change can be valuable guides for the anthropologist, they cannot explain particular social forms in the detail needed ...

Anthropology And Rural Development In West Africa


Rural Community Studies in Europe

The book seeks to describe and analyze the local economic and social systems, traditions, power structures, and other aspects of European rural communities, specifically in the countries of Great Britain, Ireland, Poland, Turkey, Romania, ...

Rural Community Studies in Europe

Rural Community Studies in Europe presents a study of village societies of the different regions of Europe and their importance to the economic and social life of nations. The book seeks to describe and analyze the local economic and social systems, traditions, power structures, and other aspects of European rural communities, specifically in the countries of Great Britain, Ireland, Poland, Turkey, Romania, France, and Spain. The book is divided into four parts: a historical review of the main trends and developments of rural community studies; an annotated bibliography; analytical summaries; and a location map. Sociologists, economists, ethnologists, political scientists, and students in allied fields will find the book a good reference material.

Research Grants Index

Venezuela PETERS , EMRYS L. , Sch . Social Anthropology , Victoria Univ . , Manchester , England geographical sites .. Tunisia : socioenvironment.rural areas ; ethnic groups . Arabs ; leadership ; socioculture , social change OLIVER ...

Research Grants Index


The Rural

Intricate social arrangements had been developed in order to ensure the smooth transition from one generation to the ... Exploration of these issues in upland rural areas of Britain provided a research focus up until the mid-1960s (see ...

The Rural

The rural has long been regarded as an important site of geographical inquiry even if our understanding of it has not always been treated as conceptually different from the urban. That said, rural research has pursued a number of distinct empirical agendas ranging from the operation and impacts of agribusiness, to local resistance to global food supply chains, to differing representations of the rural. In doing so, rural geographers have critically examined the relevance and significance of ideas drawn from numerous traditions including political economy, ecological modernization and cultural theory, amending them as appropriate, in their search to understand the nature and trajectory of rural areas. Up until the 1980s, attention remained largely focused upon agriculture as the primary land-use but increasingly new forms of rural consumption - housing, recreation, nature conservation - have taken centre stage as the primacy of local agricultures has been undermined by reduced state protection and 'new' rural populations which have migrated out from the city. More recently, research has been dominated by the 'cultural turn' with particular emphases upon society-nature relations, interpretations of landscape, marginalised others, and analyses of the relations between representation and practice. In the last decade, a more holistic view of the rural, bringing together different aspects of the two previous themes, has emerged through more politically-oriented studies of rural governance concerned with the functioning of interest groups, participation, protest and the allocation and management of resources. The volume is thus structured into three sections concerned with agriculture and food, the rural, and rural governance. The great majority of the selected papers combine both empirical material - often highly informative case studies - and important conceptual arguments about change in the rural condition that can be linked to ideas being employed elsewhere in Geography and the Social Sciences more generally. These critical reflections have been drawn very largely from research conducted in advanced economies which at least provide some commonality of experience allowing the transfer of ideas between what otherwise might be seen as very differing geographical contexts.

Social Change in Modern France

Concerned with the radical transformations that have taken place within French society since the mid-twentieth century.

Social Change in Modern France

Concerned with the radical transformations that have taken place within French society since the mid-twentieth century.