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Appletons Journal of Literature Science and Art

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Appletons Journal of Literature Science and Art

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American Stories

Author: Helene Barbara Weinberg
Publisher: Metropolitan Museum of Art
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Presents nearly two hundred extraordinary pictures that tell stories of ordinary people engaged in commonplace tasks and pleasures. The first overview of the subject in thirty-five years, this richly illustrated volume features masterpieces by John Singleton Copley, Charles Willson Peale, William Sidney Mount, George Caleb Bingham, Winslow Homer, Thomas Eakins, John Singer Sargent, Mary Cassatt, John Sloan, and George Bellows, as well as notable examples by some of their key colleagues. These artists captured the temperament of their respective eras, describing and defining in their best works the character of Americans as individuals, citizens, and members of ever-widening communities from the decade before the Revolution to the eve of World War I. The authors--all distinguished curators and scholars--look at how painters told stories through their selections of settings, players, action, and various narrative devices. They also consider the artists' responses to foreign prototypes, travel and training, changing exhibition venues, and audience expectations. The persistence of certain themes--childhood, marriage, the family, and the community; the attainment and reinforcement of citizenship; attitudes toward race; the frontier as reality and myth; and the process and meaning of making art--underscores evolving styles and standards of storytelling. Divided into four chronological sections, the book begins with the years surrounding the American Revolution and the birth of the new republic, when painters such as Copley, Peale, and Samuel F. B. Morse incorporated stories within the expressive bounds of portraiture. During the Jacksonian and pre-Civil War decades from about 1830 to 1860, Mount, Bingham, Lilly Martin Spencer, and others painted genre scenes featuring lighthearted narratives that growing audiences for art could easily read and understand. From 1860 to 1877, artists like Eastman Johnson, Homer, and Eakins responded to the Civil War and, going forward, encoded Reconstruction and the Centennial in pictures designed to help heal the nation's spirit. After the Centennial, Homer and Eakins--joined by colleagues who included William Merritt Chase, Sargent, Cassatt, Sloan, and Bellows--explored new subjects and narrative modes in the increasingly cosmopolitan age leading up to World War I. The result is a visually compelling account of the stories American artists chose to tell, how they told them, and how those stories have been read by observers over time.


Wild Impressions

Author: David Tatham
Publisher: David R. Godine Publisher
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Since its opening last century, the Adirondack wilderness of upstate New York has captured the nation's imagination. Home to artists and writers, philosophers and sportsmen, its mountains, rivers, and valleys have always radiated a special mystique, offering its admirers what was, and still is, among the largest and most spectacular wilderness regions in the East. Nowhere is the topography, history, or activities of this area more eloquently recorded than in the print collection of the Adirondack Museum in Blue Mountain Lake. And in this fully illustrated book, certain to become the standard reference work on the subject, the reader is treated to the remarkable variety and quality of graphic work that has flowed from this region. Here are wood engravings by Winslow Homer, color lithographs after A. F. Tait, hunting scenes from Currier and Ives, and etchings by Stephen Parrish and John Henry Hill. Whether intended to attract tourists, record the landscape, or sway public opinion, these prints not only document the history of a singular region but also mirror the broader cultural trends of a vigorous, expansive, and confident America.


Curse of the Werewolf

Author: Bourgault du Coudray Chantal
Publisher: I.B.Tauris
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Half-man half-myth, the werewolf has over the years infiltrated popular culture in many strange and varied shapes, from Gothic horror to the 'body horror' films of the 1980s and today’s graphic novels. Yet despite enormous critical interest in myths and in monsters, from vampires to cyborgs, the figure of the werewolf has been strangely overlooked. Embodying our primal fears - of anguished masculinity, of ‘the beast within’ - the werewolf, argues Bourgault du Coudray, has revealed in its various lupine guises radically shifting attitudes to the human psyche. Tracing the werewolf’s ‘use’ by anthropologists and criminologists and shifting interpretations of the figure – from the ‘scientific’ to the mythological and psychological - Bourgault du Coudray also sees the werewolf in Freud's 'wolf-man' case and in the sinister use of wolf imagery in Nazism. The Curse of the Werewolf looks finally at the werewolf's revival in contemporary fantasy, where she finds in this supposedly conservative genre a fascinating new model of the human’s relationship to nature. Required reading for students of fantasy, myth and monsters – and no self-respecting werewolf should be without it.


Jews and Theater in an Intercultural Context

Author: Edna Nahshon
Publisher: BRILL
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A collection of essays by an international cadre of theater scholars, which addresses Jewish theater practitioners, playwrights, critics, financiers and audiences roles in the development of the European and American theater.


The Science Education of American Girls

Author: Kim Tolley
Publisher: Routledge
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The Science Education of American Girls provides a comparative analysis of the science education of adolescent boys and girls, and analyzes the evolution of girls' scientific interests from the antebellum era through the twentieth century. Kim Tolley expands the understanding of the structural and cultural obstacles that emerged to transform what, in the early nineteenth century, was regarded as a "girl's subject." As the form and content of pre-college science education developed, Tolley argues, direct competition between the sexes increased. Subsequently, the cultural construction of science as a male subject limited access and opportunity for girls.


Chop Suey USA

Author: Yong Chen
Publisher: Columbia University Press
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American diners began to flock to Chinese restaurants more than a century ago, making Chinese food the first mass-consumed cuisine in the United States. By 1980, it had become the country's most popular ethnic cuisine. Chop Suey, USA offers the first comprehensive interpretation of the rise of Chinese food, revealing the forces that made it ubiquitous in the American gastronomic landscape and turned the country into an empire of consumption. Engineered by a politically disenfranchised, numerically small, and economically exploited group, Chinese food's tour de America is an epic story of global cultural encounter. It reflects not only changes in taste but also a growing appetite for a more leisurely lifestyle. Americans fell in love with Chinese food not because of its gastronomic excellence but because of its affordability and convenience, which is why they preferred the quick and simple dishes of China while shunning its haute cuisine. Epitomized by chop suey, American Chinese food was a forerunner of McDonald's, democratizing the once-exclusive dining-out experience for such groups as marginalized Anglos, African Americans, and Jews. The rise of Chinese food is also a classic American story of immigrant entrepreneurship and perseverance. Barred from many occupations, Chinese Americans successfully turned Chinese food from a despised cuisine into a dominant force in the restaurant market, creating a critical lifeline for their community. Chinese American restaurant workers developed the concept of the open kitchen and popularized the practice of home delivery. They streamlined certain Chinese dishes, such as chop suey and egg foo young, turning them into nationally recognized brand names.


No Establishment of Religion

Author: T. Jeremy Gunn
Publisher: Oxford University Press
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The First Amendment guarantee that "Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion" rejected the millennium-old Western policy of supporting one form of Christianity in each nation and subjugating all other faiths. The exact meaning and application of this American innovation, however, has always proved elusive. Individual states found it difficult to remove traditional laws that controlled religious doctrine, liturgy, and church life, and that discriminated against unpopular religions. They found it even harder to decide more subtle legal questions that continue to divide Americans today: Did the constitution prohibit governmental support for religion altogether, or just preferential support for some religions over others? Did it require that government remove Sabbath, blasphemy, and oath-taking laws, or could they now be justified on other grounds? Did it mean the removal of religious texts, symbols, and ceremonies from public documents and government lands, or could a democratic government represent these in ever more inclusive ways? These twelve essays stake out strong and sometimes competing positions on what "no establishment of religion" meant to the American founders and to subsequent generations of Americans, and what it might mean today.


American Architectural History

Author: Keith Eggener
Publisher: Psychology Press
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This book presents a collection of recent writings on architecture and urbanism in the United States, with topics ranging from colonial to contemporary times.