Humanism and Secularism in the Modern Arab Heritage: The Ideas of al-Kawakibi and Zurayk GEORGE N. ATIYEH The forces of history which are unremittineg at work produce different but simultaneous movements. In a complex culture, ...
Author: George N. Atiyeh
Publisher: SUNY Press
This book discusses Arab history, law, philosophy, politics, and literature, analyzing the challenges and responses aroused by the interaction between Western culture and the ancient and modern Arab cultures. It offers a wealth of information on the forces that have shaped Arab civilization and on several of the major figures who have contributed to its development. Some of the outstanding contributions include a comprehensive study of Dr. Zurayk as the advocate of rationalism in modern Arab thought by Hani A. Faris; a sober but challenging look at the use of Islamic history in our time by Muhsin Mahdi; an analysis of the expression of historicity in the Koran by Jacques Berque; an explanation of the concept of equity in Islamic law by Majid Khadduri; and the revelation of a Mamluk Magna Carta by Aziz Sourial Atiya.
Translating my works into Arabic, it was necessary to forge the neologism ansana, because the Arabic term does not designate anything more than the literature and the faculties of literature in Arab universities.
Author: Stefan Reichmuth
Publisher: V&R unipress GmbH
Category: Social Science
"The background of this book was an international symposium on 'Humanism in Islam: An Inter-Cultural Discourse', held from 6 to 8 April 2009 in Alexandria, Egypt. This event was among the international conferences convened by the project 'Humanism in the Era of Globalisation - An Intercultural Dialogue on Humanity, Culture and Values' of the Institute for Advanced Study in the Humanities (KWI), Essen, Germany. It was held in cooperation with the Goethe Institute Alexandria at the Bibliotheca Alexandrina in Egypt"--P. .
Three scholars have written studies specifically devoted to humanism in Arabo - Islamic culture . “ Abd al - Raḥmān Badawi , reflecting on humanism in Arab thought , rejects C. H. Becker's contention that this Erlebnis , decisive for ...
Author: Joel L. Kraemer
Under the enlightened rule of the Buyid dynasty (945-1055 A.D.) the Islamic world witnessed an unequalled cultural renaissance. This book is an investigation into the nature of the environment in which the cultural transformation took place and into the cultural elite who were its bearers. After an extensive introductory section setting the stage, the book deals with the main schools and circles and with the outstanding individual representatives of this renaissance. The main expression of this renaissance was a philosophical humanism that embraced the scientific and philosophical heritage of Classical Antiquity as a cultural and educational ideal. Along with this philosophical humanism, a literary humanism was cultivated by litterateurs, poets, and government secretaries. This renaissance was marked by a powerful assertion of individualism in the domains of literary creativity and political action. It thrived in a remarkably cosmopolitan atmosphere - Baghdad, the center of the 'Abb?sid empire and of Buyid rule.
It was both a clear - sighted admission of human limitations and a voluntaristic adherence to humanism nevertheless . ... essay stresses the role of the West in the development of what is termed here an " Arab humanist " aesthetic .
Author: Laura Doyle Doyle
Publisher: Indiana University Press
Category: Literary Criticism
"Modernism as a global phenomenon is the focus of the essays gathered in this book. The term "geomodernisms" indicates their subjects' continuity with and divergence from commonly understood notions of modernism. The contributors consider modernism as it was expressed in the non-Western world; the contradictions at the heart of modernization (in revolutionary and nationalist settings, and with respect to race and nativism); and modernism's imagined geographies, "pyschogeographies" of distance and desire as viewed by the subaltern, the caste-bound, the racially mixed, the gender-determined." -- Publisher's description
Readers will now acknowledge that it is historically legitimate to talk about an Arab humanism in the fourth/tenth century. In Baghdad, Isfahân, Shirâz, Damascus, Cairo, Kairouan, Mahdia, Fez, Córdoba all intellectuals, ...
Author: Jörn Rüsen
Publisher: transcript Verlag
Category: Social Science
This book is a breakthrough in illuminating humanism. For the first time it is presented in an intercultural perspective. It introduces Chinese, Indian, African, Islamic, and Western traditions into the intercultural discussion about basic issues of understanding the human world. By this means it recognizes different disciplinary perspectives: history, philosophy as well as religious, literary and gender studies. Special emphasis is put on the controversial relationship between humanism and religion. This complex network of argumentations is an answer to the challenge of cultural orientation at the age of globalization. Humanism is brought to life as a synthesis of transcultural values and a mutual and critical recognition of cultural differences.
To begin with , his name , ' The Good Companion ' , which recalls the term nadim in Arabic , meaning ' boon ( good ) companion ' . ... His Tractatus virtutum is a commonplace among the treatises of the Arab humanists .
Author: Makdisi George Makdisi
Publisher: Edinburgh University Press
Challenging beliefs about intellectual culture, Makdisi reaffirms the links between Western and Arabic thought and shows that although scholasticism and humanism have long been considered to be exclusive to the Western world, they have their roots in the medieval Islamic world.
Unfortunately , however , heroism is nowadays unknown among the Arabs ; nevertheless , it is the duty of every youth to try and emulate , however ... The message of Islam , " the author affirms , " is to create an Arab humanism .
Shūbāshi then adds insult to the injury caused by the title by describing fuṣḥā Arabic as a complex language whose ... that it is a frozen language that freezes the Arab mind , causing it to ossify in ancient time ; that it shackles the ...
Author: M. G. Carter
Publisher: Otto Harrassowitz Verlag
Category: Foreign Language Study
The majority of these articles dedicated to Michael G. Carter address aspects of Classical Arabic grammar. Ramzi Baalbaki discusses Mu'addib's treatise Daqa-'iq al-Tas.rif. Kees Versteegh considers questions of the government of 'inna in a treatise by the grammarian al-Warraq. Yasir Suleiman considers the fierce extra-linguistic debates which took place in the wake of two recent publications provocatively featuring Sibawayhi's name in the title. Pierre Larcher treats questions of authenticity surrounding a longish quotation from al-Farabi's Kitab al-'alfaz wa-l-huruf. Adrian Gully addresses the relationship between two important treatises on syntax and rhetoric from the eighth and sixth centuries AH respectively. Georges Bohas and Abderrahim Saguer consider the extent to which Arabic roots display a biliteral core which can be assigned a fairly constant semantic value. James Dickins provides an in-depth analysis of the system of verbal diatheses in Central Urban Sudanese Arabic. Werner Diem investigates the euphemistic use of the root lhq in its first and fourth forms to refer to death. Ronak Husni and Janet Watson analyse typical patterns of errors in Arabic essays written by English-speaking learners of Arabic. Finally, in a case study of the medieval translations of Aristotle's Poetics, Lutz Edzard and Adolf Kohnken look at the central status of Arabic for the transmission of Classical knowledge.
Ken Seigneurie's work clearly identifies a progression to what he calls Arab humanism in contemporary literature (2005: 109), while conversely Ziauddin Sardar and Merryl Wyn Davies (2010) characterise the early humanist movement as 'a ...
Author: Wyatt Moss-Wellington
Publisher: Edinburgh University Press
Category: Humanism in literature
This book attempts to clarify the narrative conditions of humanism, asking how we can use stories to complicate our understanding of others, and questioning the ethics and efficacy of attempts to represent human social complexity in fiction. With case studies of films like Parenthood (1989), American Beauty (1999), Little Miss Sunshine (2006) and The Kids Are All Right (2010), this original study synthesises leading discourses on media and cognition, evolutionary anthropology, literature and film analysis into a new theory of the storytelling instinct.
triumphalist identification with Arab imperialism of the early Islamic period. If indeed “the pen is mightier than the sword,” the pens of Arab and Arabized poets and prose stylists were entirely coterminous with the rise of Arab ...
Author: Hamid Dabashi
Publisher: Harvard University Press
Category: Literary Criticism
Humanism has mostly considered the question “What does it mean to be human?” from a Western perspective. Dabashi asks it anew from a non-European perspective, in a groundbreaking study of 1,400 years of Persian literary humanism. He presents the unfolding of this vast tradition as the creative and subversive subconscious of Islamic civilization.
The Nights are perhaps more indicative of the image of the Byzantines in popular Arabic literature, for they arc to ... not been hitherto fully recognised; this is the tenth-century Arab humanist scholar and man of letters, al-Mas'ūdī.
Author: Michael Bonner
The Byzantine Empire was the Islamic commonwealth’s first and most stubborn adversary. For many centuries it loomed large in Islamic diplomacy, military operations and commerce, as well as in Islamic representations of the world in general. Moreover, the ways in which early Muslims and Byzantines perceived one another ” both polemically and otherwise ” afterwards proved decisive for the mutual perceptions between the Islamic world and Christian Western Europe. For these and other reasons, Arab-Byzantine relations have been a major concern of modern scholarship on early Islam for well over a century. Arab-Byzantine Relations in Early Islamic Times presents some of the most important of these contributions, organized according to the following themes: war and diplomacy; frontiers and military organization; polemics and images of the 'other'; exchange, influence and convergence; and martyrdom, jihad and holy war. An introductory essay discusses these themes within the contexts of early Islamic society, politics and economy.
LETTERS Israel and the Arabs two ' SO MUCH HAS been written tries are so pitiless towards their 1968 ) . The Heisenberg Uncerabout Israel from the Jewish refugee brothers ? Sad to relate , tainty Principle ( 1927 ) is said point of view ...
The latter's secular humanist representation project was characterized, philosophically speaking, as a dialectical ... For the Arab nahda thinkers of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, rediscovering the essentials of the ...
Author: Nur Masalha
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
In this magisterial cultural history of the Palestinians, Nur Masalha illuminates the entire history of Palestinian learning with specific reference to writing, education, literary production and the intellectual revolutions in the country. The book introduces this long cultural heritage to demonstrate that Palestine was not just a 'holy land' for the four monotheistic religions – Islam, Christianity, Judaism and Samaritanism – rather, the country evolved to become a major international site of classical education and knowledge production in multiple languages including Sumerian, Proto-Canaanite, Greek, Syriac, Arabic, Hebrew and Latin. The cultural saturation of the country is found then, not solely in landmark mosques, churches and synagogues, but in scholarship, historic schools, colleges, famous international libraries and archival centres. This unique book unites these renowned institutions, movements and multiple historical periods for the first time, presenting them as part of a cumulative and incremental intellectual advancement rather than disconnected periods of educational excellence. In doing so, this multifaceted intellectual history transforms the orientations of scholarly research on Palestine and propels current historical knowledge on education and literacy in Palestine to new heights.
Economic et Humanism. n. 2 (1942). Louis Gardet, “Christian Humanism and Muslim Humanism in Face of Modern Thoughts.” Rech erches et Debats (October, 1953). Louis Gardet, “Greek-Arab Humanism, Avicenna.” Cahiers d'Histoires Mondiale II, ...
Author: Marcel Boisard
Publisher: American Trust Publications
Humanism in Islam - The West's generalized fear and lack of intellectual honesty toward Islam prevent it from recognizing the wealth of benefits Islam bestows on mankind. Demonstrates that Islam and Islamic law can make a vital contribution to the protection of human rights worldwide. Freed from European colonial tutelage and representing almost a billion souls, grouped in approximately forty states, the Muslims have entered the international scene without really having any other choice but to imitate the existing institutions, or to accept provisions in which they, historically speaking, have had no participation. Nevertheless, the process of modernization has not lured the Muslims away from the remembrance of a glorious heritage. On the contrary, wherever the movement of Westernization has been too brutal, it has run into a religious challenge. Islam thus reappeared as one of the grand moral and political forces of the contemporary world. Humanism in Islam has not been drafted only out of sympathy for the Muslims but also on account of historical evidence: Islamic civilization was the first to outline clear and mandatory provisions for protecting the destiny of man and society, and for creating order in the ties between peoples. As to its general character, this work attempts to encourage a certain Western public to abandon its ethnocentrism in order to better understand the legitimate aspirations - expressing themselves sometimes in chaos - of the present-day Muslims.
it is quite challenging to measure the actual views of Arab populace. However one can frequently detect common sentiments and observations by many Arabs vis-à-vis the American interest in the Arab World. According to this view, ...
Author: Dr. David Rabeeya
Publisher: Xlibris Corporation
Category: Literary Criticism
This Siddur (prayer book) speaks to all those who seek a meaningful and humanistic approach to prayer. Rabbi Rabeeya offers his reflections and inner thoughts about the divine to those searching for meaning in an alienated society.
ESA (in the pan-Arab sense) is, in the words of T. F. Mitchell, "mostly a mixture of prestigious, pan—Arab written form and somewhat deprecated, greatly divergent vernaculars, the mixture varying with the biographies of collocutors, ...
Author: Kurt R. Jankowsky
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
The volume has been written by a great variety of scholars and educators. Not only are the authors literally from all four corners of the world; they also represent, in spite of the large body of shared professional viewpoints and objectives, many different, even diverging, approaches, methodologies, and preferences. The papers have been grouped into a number of sections: 1. Language teaching; 2. Bilingualism; 3. Language testing; 4. Contrastive analysis: linguistic and cultural; 5. Language acquisition and performance; 6. Language, thought, and meaning; 7. Linguistic and literary analysis; 8. Lexical and terminological studies; 9. Language policy and language planning.
Margaret, the English female companion of Mustafa (who is one of the Arab students in London and a key ̃gure in the play), speaks colloquial Egyptian Arabic easily but with an atrocious pronunciation. She cannot pronounce any of the ...
Author: Georg Krotkoff
Category: Foreign Language Study
Essays by 33 colleagues, friends, and students of the Johns Hopkins University Arabist and linguist. Topics include (1) humanism, culture, and literature; (2) Arabic; (3) Aramaic; and (4) Afroasiatic.
... despite the highly introspective quality of the characters whom we have met up till now in the literature of humanistic existentialism , one does ... The Arab whom Raymond fears comes up to them suddenly with some of his friends .
Author: Hazel Estella Barnes
Publisher: U of Nebraska Press
Click for larger cover scan Humanistic Existentialism The Literature of Possibility Paper: 1959, X, 419, CIP.LC 59-11732 ISBN: 0-8032-5229-3 Price: $29.95 University of Nebraska Press -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- "This study in humanistic existentialism is highly informative as well as entertaining. It is a scholarly, detailed analysis of the literary art, the philosophical ideas, and the psychologies of Albert Camus, Jean-Paul Sartre, and Simone de Beauvoir. It is also a competent effort to explain the positive implications for the theory of freedom and possibility which lie half buried under this literature of nothingness, alienation, and absurdity. . . . Miss Barnes makes thoroughly enjoyable reading of a subject-matter which might have seemed forbidding."--Herbert W. Schneider, Journal of Philosophy. "Recommended unqualifiedly as the most thorough and reliable exposition of the works of Sartre, Camus, and de Beauvoir to have appeared in this country."--Willard Colston, Chicago Sun-Times. "Those who want a real understanding of existentialism instead of the usual superficial generalizations are certain to gain it from this book."--Walter Kaufmann, The American Scholar. "The book captures much of the forlorn dark grandeur of the existentialist vision of the human condition."--Yale Review. "The philosophy of Sartre is presented accurately and with rare elegance and simplicity. . . . The section on psychoanalysis compares Sartre to Freud, then to Horney and Fromm, then to the phenomenologists. The treatment is fair-minded and careful."--Robert Champigny, L'Esprit Crateur.
This may be hard to see, for example, in the contemporary Arab world, which is now in the throes of an Islamic backlash against Humanism. But we must remember that this is a backlash against more than simply outside influences: half a ...
Author: Heiko Spitzeck
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Category: Business & Economics
There are many books about business and society, yet very few of them question the primacy of GDP growth, profit maximization and individual utility maximization. This groundbreaking book questions these assumptions and investigates the possibility of creating a human-centered, value-oriented society based on humanistic principles.
Arabic philosophy and humanism It was mentioned above that Averroes did not have a good press among humanist authors. Many partisans of the humanist movement were highly critical of the entire Arabic tradition in the West.
Author: James Hankins
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
The Cambridge Companion to Renaissance Philosophy, published in 2007, provides an introduction to a complex period of change in the subject matter and practice of philosophy. The philosophy of the fourteenth through sixteenth centuries is often seen as transitional between the scholastic philosophy of the Middle Ages and modern philosophy, but the essays collected here, by a distinguished international team of contributors, call these assumptions into question, emphasizing both the continuity with scholastic philosophy and the role of Renaissance philosophy in the emergence of modernity. They explore the ways in which the science, religion and politics of the period reflect and are reflected in its philosophical life, and they emphasize the dynamism and pluralism of a period which saw both new perspectives and enduring contributions to the history of philosophy. This will be an invaluable guide for students of philosophy, intellectual historians, and all who are interested in Renaissance thought.