Architecture and Design of Molecule Logic Gates and Atom Circuits

Contributions in this volume originate from the Barcelona workshop of the AtMol conference series, held from January 12-13 2012. Have you ever puzzled over how to perform Boolean logic at the atomic scale?

Architecture and Design of Molecule Logic Gates and Atom Circuits

Have you ever puzzled over how to perform Boolean logic at the atomic scale? Or wondered how you can carry out more general calculations in one single molecule or using a surface dangling bond atomic scale circuit? This volume gives you an update on the design of single molecule devices, such as recitfiers, switches and transistors, more advanced semi-classical and quantum boolean gates integrated in a single molecule or constructed atom by atom on a passivated semi-conductor surface and describes their interconnections with adapted nano-scale wiring. The main contributors to the field of single molecule logic gates and surface dangling bond atomic scale circuits theory and design, were brought together for the first time to contribute on topics such as molecule circuits, surface dangling bond circuits, quantum controlled logic gates and molecular qubits. Contributions in this volume originate from the Barcelona workshop of the AtMol conference series, held from January 12-13 2012.

On Surface Atomic Wires and Logic Gates

This was the motivation of the third volume of the Springer Series “Advances in Atom and Single Molecule Machines” entitled “Architecture and Design of Molecule Logic Gates and Atom Circuits”, to bring together the different theoretical ...

On Surface Atomic Wires and Logic Gates

Written by leading international experts, this book summarizes the advances in sample preparation, design and construction of dangling bond atomic scale wires and logic gate circuits at the surface of a passivated semi-conductor. Individual chapters cover different aspects of the sample fabrication from research and development point of view, present design and construction as well as microscopic and spectroscopic characteristics of single dangling atomic wires and logic gates, and discuss the tools for design of large atomic scale circuit on a surface.This edited volume includes selected contributions from the “International Workshop on Atomic Wires” held in Krakow in September 2014 completed and updated with most current results up to mid-2016, and offers for the first time an overview of up-to-date knowledge in the burgeoning field of atomic scale circuits. The book will appeal to researchers and scholars interested in nanoscience and its various sub-fields including, in particular, molecular electronics, atomic scale electronics and nanoelectronics.

Molecular Architectonics

5 Conclusions For general purpose digital molecular calculators, many of the molecular designs proposed since 40 ... of an electrical circuit may not be the way to go for miniaturizing, for example, logic gates down to the atomic scale.

Molecular Architectonics

This book draws on the main themes covered during the International Workshop on Molecular Architectonics which took place in Shiretoko, Japan from August 3 to 6, 2015. The concepts and results explored in this book relate to the term “molecular architectonics” which stands for electronic, optical and information-processing functions being orchestrated by molecular assemblies. This area is defined as the third stage of single-molecule electronics and builds on stage one, where measurements were performed on single-molecule layered films, and stage two, the resulting quantitative analyses. In this work, experts come together to write about the most important aspects of molecular architectonics. This interdisciplinary, visionary and unique book is of interest to scientists working on electronic materials, surface science and information processing sciences using noise and fluctuation.

Organic and Molecular Electronics

Architecture and Design of Molecule Logic Gates and Atom Circuits. Heidelberg: Springer. 81 De Silva AP, De Silva SA, Dissanayake AS, Sandanayake KRAS. (1989). Compartmental fluorescent pH indicators with nearly complete predictability ...

Organic and Molecular Electronics

An introduction to the interdisciplinary subject of molecular electronics, revised and updated The revised second edition of Organic and Molecular Electronics offers a guide to the fabrication and application of a wide range of electronic devices based around organic materials and low-cost technologies. Since the publication of the first edition, organic electronics has greatly progressed, as evidenced by the myriad companies that have been established to explore the new possibilities. The text contains an introduction into the physics and chemistry of organic materials, and includes a discussion of the means to process the materials into a form (in most cases, a thin film) where they can be exploited in electronic and optoelectronic devices. The text covers the areas of application and potential application that range from chemical and biochemical sensors to plastic light emitting displays. The updated second edition reflects the recent progress in both organic and molecular electronics and: Offers an accessible resource for a wide range of readers Contains a comprehensive text that covers topics including electrical conductivity, optical phenomena, electroactive organic compounds, tools for molecular electronics and much more Includes illustrative examples based on the most recent research Presents problems at the end of each chapter to help reinforce key points Written mainly for engineering students, Organic and Molecular Electronics: From Principles to Practice provides an updated introduction to the interdisciplinary subjects of organic electronics and molecular electronics with detailed examples of applications.

Electrical Processes in Organic Thin Film Devices

Molecular Devices and Machines: Concepts and Perspectives for the Nanoworld, 2e. Weinheim: Wiley-VCH. 2 Lorente, N. and Joachim, C. (eds.) (2013). Architecture and Design of Molecule Logic Gates and Atom Circuits.

Electrical Processes in Organic Thin Film Devices

Electrical Processes in Organic Thin Film Devices A one-stop examination of fundamental electrical behaviour in organic electronic device architectures In Electrical Processes in Organic Thin Film Devices: From Bulk Materials to Nanoscale Architectures, distinguished researcher Michael C. Petty delivers an in-depth treatment of the electrical behaviour of organic electronic devices focused on first principles. The author describes the fundamental electrical behaviour of various device architectures and offers an introduction to the physical processes that play a role in the electrical conductivity of organic materials. Beginning with band theory, the text moves on to address the effects of thin film device architectures and nanostructures. The book discusses the applications to devices currently in the marketplace, like displays, as well as those under development (transistors, solar cells, and memories). Electrical Processes in Organic Thin Film Devices also describes emerging organic thin film architectures and explores the potential for single molecule electronics and biologically inspired devices. Finally, the book also includes: A detailed introduction to electronic and vibrational states in organic solids, including classical band theory, disordered semiconductors, and lattice vibrations Comprehensive explorations of electrical conductivity, including electronic and ionic processes, carrier drift, diffusion, the Boltzmann Transport Equation, excess carriers, recombination, doping, and superconductivity An overview of important electro-active organic materials, like molecular crystals, charge-transfer complexes, conductive polymers, carbon nanotubes, and graphene Practical considerations of defects and nanoscale phenomena, including transport processes in low-dimensional systems, surfaces and interface states In-depth examinations of metal contacts, including ohmic contacts, the Schottky Barrier, and metal/molecule contacts A systematic guide to the operating principles of metal/insulator/semiconductor structures and the field effect A set of problems (with solutions on-line) for each chapter of the book Perfect for electronics developers and researchers in both industry and academia who study and work with molecular and nanoscale electronics, Electrical Processes in Organic Thin Film Devices also deserves a place in the libraries of undergraduate and postgraduate students in courses on molecular electronics, organic electronics, and plastic electronics.

Handbook of Nanoscience Engineering and Technology

Another idea of a switch (and related circuitry) at the molecular level is the (mechanical) concept of an atom relay, ... science (for a defecttolerant reconfigurable architecture that allows one to download complex electronic designs).

Handbook of Nanoscience  Engineering  and Technology

The ability to study and manipulate matter at the nanoscale is the defining feature of 21st-century science. The first edition of the standard-setting Handbook of Nanoscience, Engineering, and Technology saw the field through its infancy. Reassembling the preeminent team of leading scientists and researchers from all areas of nanoscience and nanote

Nanopackaging From Nanomaterials to the Atomic Scale

The first quantum intramolecular logic gates have been tested when the molecule-logic gate is physisorbed on the Au(111) surface [6] and the first atom-by-atom quantum logic circuits has been tested on a Si(100)H surface using STM [7].

Nanopackaging  From Nanomaterials to the Atomic Scale

This book is a first attempt to merge two different communities: scientists and technologists. Therefore, it is not a general overview covering all the fields of nanopackaging, but is mainly focused on two topics. The first topic deals with atomic scale devices or circuit requirements, as well as related recent technological developments; for example, surface science engineering and atomic scale interconnects studies. The second main part of the book brings CNT nano-materials solutions for resolving interconnect or thermal management problems in microelectronics device packaging. This book is not just useful for those who attended the International Workshop on Nanopackaging in Grenoble, but can provide valuable information to scientists and technologists in the nanopackaging community.

Research EU

Computing in a molecule Over the last 60 years , ever - smaller generations of transistors have driven exponential ... They are focusing on two architectures : one that mimics the classical design of a logic gate but in atomic form ...

Research EU


IEEE Circuits Devices

[ 24 ] S.M. Sze , " Evolution of nonvolatile semiconductor memory : From floating - gate concept to single - electron memory cell , " in Future ... Logic structures and an adder designed from molecular electronic diodes , " Proc .

IEEE Circuits   Devices


Nanoscience and Technology

Drain Source Molecule Vg Isd V sd I sd V sd Oxide Gate a b c Gate Source Drain Vg + + + + + – – –– – I sd Chemical ... show that metal clusters can be used like single molecules to create stable lightemitting diodes and logic gates112.

Nanoscience and Technology


3D Nanoelectronic Computer Architecture and Implementation

However, in circuits, RTDs are usually combined with ordinary transistors, for example heterostructure RTDs with heterostructure FETs(HFET). RTD structures could consist of only one atom or molecule between two nanowires (electrodes) ...

3D Nanoelectronic Computer Architecture and Implementation

It is becoming increasingly clear that the two-dimensional layout of devices on computer chips hinders the development of high-performance computer systems. Three-dimensional structures will be needed to provide the performance required to implement computationally intensive tasks. 3-D Nanoelectronic Computer Architecture and Implementation reviews the state of the art in nanoelectronic device design and fabrication and discusses the architectural aspects of 3-D designs, including the possible use of molecular wiring and carbon nanotube interconnections. This is a valuable reference for those involved in the design and development of nanoelectronic devices and technology.

Introduction to Organic Electronic and Optoelectronic Materials and Devices

Collins, P.C., Arnold, M.S., and Avouris, P., Engineering carbon nanotubes and nanotube circuits using electrical breakdown ... R.S., and Heath, J.R., Electronically configurable molecular-based logic gates, Science, 285, 391–394, 1999.

Introduction to Organic Electronic and Optoelectronic Materials and Devices

This book covers the combined subjects of organic electronic and optoelectronic materials/devices. It is designed for classroom instruction at the senior college level. Highlighting emerging organic and polymeric optoelectronic materials and devices, it presents the fundamentals, principle mechanisms, representative examples, and key data.

Japanese Journal of Applied Physics

GATE Fig . 11. Schematic figure of the molecular single electron transistor ( MOSES ) idea : the quantum dot is made ... ( ROM ) cells and logic gates could be formulated based on the MOSES structure , as schematically depicted in Fig .

Japanese Journal of Applied Physics


Molecular Electronics

Commercial Insights, Chemistry, Devices, Architecture and Programming James M. Tour. or semiconductor character . Using electrical current in air to rapidly oxidize the outer shell of MWNTs , each shell can be removed in turn because ...

Molecular Electronics

This book presents an in-depth discussion on molecular electronics in an easy-to-understand manner, aiming at chemists, computer scientists, surface scientists, physicists, and applied mathematicians. Lighter overviews are provided for the science-minded layperson and the high tech entrepreneur in this nanoscale science. The author has included a detailed synthetic chemistry treasure chest, protocols of self-assembling routes for bottom-up fabrication atop silicon platforms, representative current-voltage and memory readouts from molecular devices, and overviews of present architectural and mathematical approaches to programming molecular computing machines. The investment and commercial insertion landscape is painted along with a ?Who's Who? in the molecular electronics business space. Advice and forewarnings are provided in a practical yet witty manner for the aspiring academic corporate founder and the business CEO wannabe seeking to establish a high tech company while wading through the idiosyncratic morass of university personalities and university-owned intellectual property.

Academic Press Dictionary of Science and Technology

Also , CRYPTORCHIhavior of electrons in an atom or molecule , based on the propositions DOPEXY . that each ... and spend several OR circuit Electronics , a logic circuit whose output is energized whenorbital periods ( of the atomic ...

Academic Press Dictionary of Science and Technology

Over 125,000 entries cover 124 scientific and technological fields, including acoustical engineering, cartography graphic arts, microbiology, organic chemistry, radiology, and zoology

Scientific and Technical Aerospace Reports

A multi - wavelength study of the peculiar galaxy NGC 2976 N91-14199 The molecular spiral arms of NGC 6946 ... and dipolar transistors , as related to SSC circuit design ( DE91-001486 ) N91-13618 Laser - induced fluorescence of ...

Scientific and Technical Aerospace Reports


Advances in Computers

Another winning point for silicon technology has been the C-MOS architecture [4,5], based on a basic inverter structure which only ... New circuit design approaches will be required to tolerate imperfect or non-uniform device behavior, ...

Advances in Computers

Advances in Computers covers new developments in computer technology. Most chapters present an overview of a current subfield within computers, with many citations, and often include new developments in the field by the authors of the individual chapters. Topics include hardware, software, theoretical underpinnings of computing, and novel applications of computers. This current volume includes six chapters on nanotechnology emphasizing its use in biological applications. The book series is a valuable addition to university courses that emphasize the topics under discussion in that particular volume as well as belonging on the bookshelf of industrial practitioners who need to implement many of the technologies that are described. Nanotechnology in biology Development of miniature computing devices Social and legal implications of nanotechnology

Nanomedicine Volume I

Schematics for a retractile AND gate , adder , shifter , and programmable logic array have been published , 1743 and in 1998 a reversible processor based on a modern RISC architecture was being designed.1 A conventional computer ...

Nanomedicine  Volume I

Nanosensors and nanorobots are not science fiction but part of nanomedicine, the newest direction in medicine. After touring medical history and defining molecular nanotechnology as the atomic-level control of molecular structures to create precisely targeted medical procedures, Freitas (Institute for Molecular Manufacturing, Palo Alto, CA) details such topics as molecular transport and device applications but leaves ethical debates to others. Appends data on nanodevice design, and human blood and cell types; and a 36-page glossary. Part of a three-volume work, due to be available online. Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR.

Proceedings Conference

A key advantage of the molecular approach is the ability to design and fabricate devices from the " bottom - up " , on an atom - by - atom basis . Lithography can never provide the level of control available through organic synthesis or ...

Proceedings     Conference


Sixth Biennial IEEE Nonvolatile Memory Technology Conference

We examine the architecture and the methods currently under study to enhance the relevant photophysical properties of ... A key advantage of the molecular approach is the ability to design and fabricate devices from the " bottom - up " ...

Sixth Biennial IEEE Nonvolatile Memory Technology Conference