The allies and U.S. officials agreed on the geostrategic value of Denmark (for Baltic Sea access), Iceland (as the North Atlantic linchpin between North America and Great Britain), and Portugal (as the central Atlantic linchpin, ...
Author: Marco Rimanelli
Publisher: Scarecrow Press
The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) is a military alliance established by the signing of the North Atlantic Treaty on April 4, 1949. The treaty was signed by Belgium, the Netherlands, Luxemburg, France, United Kingdom, United States, Canada, Portugal, Italy, Norway, Denmark and Iceland. Today there are a total of 26 countries that belong to NATO. The A to Z of NATO and Other International Security Organizations covers the Atlantic Alliance's origins, structure and organization through a chronology, an introductory essay, a bibliography, and over 1,000 cross-referenced dictionary entries on its Secretaries-Generals, its Supreme Allied Commanders-Europe, plus all affiliated organizations created to enhance NATO's reach in a broader Euro-Atlantic security architecture (e.g., North Atlantic Consultative Council, Euro-Atlantic Partnership Council, NATO-Russia Charter; NATO-Ukraine Charter, and NATO-Mediterranean Dialogue Partners). This book also covers other related regional organizations with security responsibilities in Europe and worldwide where they interact with NATO, either currently (e.g. ANZUS, ASEAN, European Union, Organization of African Unity, Organization of American States, Organization on Security and Cooperation in Europe, and United Nations) or in the past (e.g. CENTO, European Defence Community, SEATO, Warsaw Pact, and Western European Union).
The prime minister continued to revere the metaphor of Canada as North Atlantic “linchpin” between Britain and America, the exact term Churchill used to describe Canada as “the binder-together of the English-speaking peoples.
Author: John Herd Thompson
Publisher: University of Georgia Press
Category: Political Science
The United States and Canada have the world’s largest trading relationship and the longest shared border. Spanning the period from the American Revolution to post-9/11 debates over shared security, Canada and the United States offers a current, thoughtful assessment of relations between the two countries. Distilling a mass of detail concerning cultural, economic, and political developments of mutual importance over more than two centuries, this survey enables readers to grasp quickly the essence of the shared experience of these two countries. This edition of Canada and the United States has been extensively rewritten and updated throughout to reflect new scholarly arguments, emphases, and discoveries. In addition, there is new material on such topics as energy, the environment, cultural and economic integration, the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan, border security, missile defense, and the second administration of George W. Bush.
... the adjustments made and approaches used by trans-Atlantic linchpin figures in enlisting and activating the vitally necessary English patrons.” A detailed treatment of Bradstreet's career and connections has an additional purpose.
Author: William G Godfrey
Publisher: Wilfrid Laurier Univ. Press
Category: Biography & Autobiography
How did an ambitious British army officer advance his career in mid–eighteenth–century North America? What was the nature of political opportunism in an imperial system encompassing an old world and a new? This study examines the career of an Anglo–Irish–Acadian army officer, treating in considerable detail the network of old-world connections and patrons which at times facilitated his advancement. John Bradstreet was born in Nova Scotia and died in New York. He was a major participant in colonial North American military events ranging from the capture of Louisbourg in 1745 to the British campaign against Pontiac in 1764. Early in his career he became lieutenant–governor of St. John’s, Newfoundland, and eventually rose to the rank of major–general in the British army, while linking his military performance to a relentless pursuit of profit and preferment. He was a man consistently on the periphery of both English and American societies; yet his career reveals a great deal about the mid–eighteenth–century trans–Atlantic world and about the dilemma of proponents of Empire who were viewed with increasing suspicion in both mother country and colonies. The author draws upon British, American, and Canadian archival sources, taking advantage of Bradstreet’s prolific correspondence to support and develop his narrative.
In addition to this rationale stressing the centrality of Britain - the mid-Atlantic linchpin - in the North Atlantic Alliance, is another, less articulated yet no less real consideration for the size and shape of Britain's contribution ...
Author: Stuart Croft
This book, first published in 1991, examines Britain’s defence and foreign policy of the 1980s , and explores a variety of alternative roles for Britain in the radically changed circumstances of the 1990s. The authors analyse the full range of major British security issues and developments, including the use of force and the role of conventional forces, the significance of the Anglo-American special relationship, relations with Europe, the Third World and the Soviet Union, and the unique problem of Northern Ireland. They particularly address the question of whether international policy in ‘the Thatcher years’ has marked a decisive break with earlier post-war policy or has rather been marked by shifts of emphasis within an essentially stable framework.
ATLANTIC COMMAND U.S. Atlantic Command : Implementing the vital strategy of forward deployment . ADM Wesley L. McDonald . por illus ... 30 : 8-15 Nov '84 Strategic Importance The Atlantic : The linchpin . John G.H.Halstead illus US Nav ...
This is explained, in part, by the fact that Atlantic history and geopolitics are closely linked to the story of European ... Irish, Welsh, and English combined to make the Atlantic a linchpin of the empire for three centuries.
Author: Anne-Flore Laloë
Category: Social Science
Despite the fact that the vast majority of the earth’s surface is made up of oceans, there has been surprisingly little work by geographers which critically examines the ocean-space and our knowledge and perceptions of it. This book employs a broad conceptual and methodological framework to analyse specific events that have contributed to the production of geographical knowledge about the ocean. These include, but are not limited to, Christopher Columbus’ first transatlantic journey, the mapping of nonexistent islands, the establishment of transoceanic trade routes, the discovery of largescale water movements, the HMS Challenger expedition, the search for the elusive Terra Australis Incognita, the formulation of the theory of continental drift and the mapping of the seabed. Using a combination of original, empirical (archival, material and cartographic), and theoretical sources, this book uniquely brings together fascinating narratives throughout history to produce a representation and mapping of geographical oceanic knowledge. It questions how we know what we know about the oceans and how this knowledge is represented and mapped. The book then uses this representation and mapping as a way to coherently trace the evolution of oceanic spatial awareness. In recent years, particularly in historical geography, discovering and knowing the ocean-space has been a completely separate enterprise from discovering and colonising the lands beyond it. There has been such focus on studying colonised lands, yet the oceans between them have been neglected. This book gives the geographical ocean a voice to be acknowledged as a space where history, geography and indeed historical geography took place.
The significance of the Azores has been overlooked in most military histories, but this extensively researched and copiously illustrated book from historian Guy Warner provides a detailed but balanced appraisal.
Author: Guy Warner
On a map, the Azores appear as nine tiny specks in the middle of the Atlantic Ocean, but their location was to prove strategically vital in two world wars. The Atlantic became a crucial battleground twice within the space of 25 years, as the U.S. arsenal of democracy sent firstly stores, arms, and equipment, followed by many thousands of troops to fight in Europe. In both desperate and closely fought struggles at sea, Germany sought to stem the flow and thereby win the war, by cutting this vital lifeline, using a new weapon--the ocean-going submarine. The significance of the Azores has been overlooked in most military histories, but this extensively researched and copiously illustrated book from historian Guy Warner provides a detailed but balanced appraisal. The author has had access to archives and photographic collections in the UK, U.S., Portugal, and the Azores, consulting with local historians to produce a book that sheds much new light on a hitherto under-appreciated facet of twentieth-century history.
3-3b Atlantic Slave Trade The planters of the North American mainland could not have obtained the people they wanted to enslave without the rapid development of an Atlantic trading system, the linchpin of which was the traffic in ...
Author: Jane Kamensky
Publisher: Cengage Learning
A PEOPLE AND A NATION, 11th Edition, offers a lively narrative that tells the stories of the diverse peoples in the United States. The authors are prize-winning historians and experienced teachers who know how to explain historical change--whether race and gender, economics and public policy, family life, popular culture or international relations and warfare--in ways that students understand. The first textbook to focus on U.S. social history, the book also supports more specialized lectures through its attention to international history and the place of the U.S. in the world, politics and policy, social movements and economic issues. Available in the following split options: A PEOPLE AND A NATION, 11th Edition (Chapters 1-29), ISBN: 9781133312727; Volume I: To 1877 (Chapters 1-14), ISBN: 9781285430829; Volume II: Since 1865 (Chapters 14-29), ISBN: 9781285430836. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.
“Although casino development is the linchpin of Atlantic City's fortunes, the convention industry is critical to the city's growth, . . . according to Joe DiGirolamo, vice president of convention development for the Atlantic City ...
Author: Robert R. Nelson
Category: Business & Economics
Increase tourism in your community by designing and expanding your local convention and exposition services! This book provides you with solutions to the issues that can arise during the planning and production phases of constructing a facility as part of a community’s tourism infrastructure. In Current Issues in Convention and Exhibition Facility Development, you’ll find diverse perspectives from experts in a range of disciplines—including public policy, tourism, convention management, and urban planning. As more communities attempt to gain a share of the economically important meetings and exhibition market, this critical resource will aid university faculty, state and city government officials, and convention and visitors’ bureaus. Current Issues in Convention and Exhibition Facility Development examines the reasons why certain communities should create convention, event, or tourism centers. The strategies and tips presented in this book can help you select the most appropriate course of action for any given community, from locating the best area to build a center, to allocating space for an exhibition center in an already existing public building. This extensive guide addresses the political, economical, and environmental concerns that can prevent a convention center from ever leaving the drawing board. This book offers you practical advice on a number of concepts, including: linear planning in the first phase—ten questions communities must confront Dedicated Convention Centers (DCC)—the “mother lode” of convention/exhibit tourism capitalizing on the union of two industries—conventions and casinos the definition of “success” in the lifetime of a convention center capturing a share of the market without interfering with local venues the facts behind the illusions—investigating the empirical evidence behind the central myths of the convention and tradeshow industry Current Issues in Convention and Exhibition Facility Development is generously enhanced with figures, tables, models, and case studies to illuminate the facts you need to know to stay competitive.
Release on 2020-04-01 | by Heather Fowler-Salamini
Although it lay forty miles from the coast, it emerged as the linchpin for internal Atlantic trade for the Spanish empire.6 I will argue that the region of Córdoba began evolving at the end of the nineteenth century from an ...
Author: Heather Fowler-Salamini
Publisher: U of Nebraska Press
In the 1890s, Spanish entrepreneurs spearheaded the emergence of Córdoba, Veracruz, as Mexico’s largest commercial center for coffee preparation and export to the Atlantic community. Seasonal women workers quickly became the major part of the agroindustry’s labor force. As they grew in numbers and influence in the first half of the twentieth century, these women shaped the workplace culture and contested gender norms through labor union activism and strong leadership. Their fight for workers’ rights was supported by the revolutionary state and negotiated within its industrial-labor institutions until they were replaced by machines in the 1960s. Heather Fowler-Salamini’s Working Women, Entrepreneurs, and the Mexican Revolution analyzes the interrelationships between the region’s immigrant entrepreneurs, workforce, labor movement, gender relations, and culture on the one hand, and social revolution, modernization, and the Atlantic community on the other between the 1890s and the 1960s. Using extensive archival research and oral-history interviews, Fowler-Salamini illustrates the ways in which the immigrant and women’s work cultures transformed Córdoba’s regional coffee economy and in turn influenced the development of the nation’s coffee agro-export industry and its labor force.
First , there is the effort to establish a new division of labour within the Atlantic alliance that shifts burdens and ... and in 1995 NATO was described by Secretary of State Warren Christopher as the ' linchpin of Atlantic security ?
Author: James Sperling
Publisher: Manchester University Press
Category: Business & Economics
The dramatic events since the late 1980s, which witnessed the end of the Cold War, the dissolution of the Warsaw Pact, the fragmentation of the Soviet Union and the emergence of a united Germany, have set in motion a recasting of the European security order.
The completely dehumanizing commodification of the Middle Passage, which forms the linchpin of the Black Atlantic, would make such a claim absurd. That said, Green Atlantic crossings were journeys in the figurative sense: transitions ...
Author: Peter D. O'Neill
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Accounts of Irish racialization in the United States have tended to stress Irish difference. Famine Irish and the American Racial State takes a different stance. This interdisciplinary, transnational work uses an array of cultural artifacts, including novels, plays, songs, cartoons, government reports, laws, sermons, memoirs, and how-to manuals, to make its case. It challenges the claim that the Irish "became white" in the United States, showing that the claim fails to take into full account the legal position of the Irish in the nineteenth-century US state – a state that deemed the Irish "white" upon arrival. The Irish thus not only fitted into the US racial state; they helped to form it. Till now, little heed has been paid to the state’s role in the Americanization of the Irish or to the Irish role in the development of US state institutions. Distinguishing American citizenship from American nationality, this volume journeys to California to analyze the means by which the Irish gained acceptance in both categories, at the expense of the Chinese. Along the way, it contests ideas that have taken hold within American studies. One is the notion that the Roman Catholic Church operated outside of the power structure of the nineteenth-century United States. On the contrary, Famine Irish and the American Racial State argues, the Irish-led corporate Catholic Church became deeply imbricated in US state structures. Its final chapter discusses a radical, transnational, Irish tradition that offers a glimpse at a postnational future.
The first new casino built in Atlantic City in a decade, the Revel was supposed to be the symbol of a rebirth on the ... believing it could be the linchpin of an Atlantic City renaissance, thereby preventing the need to directly bail ...
Author: Pat Garofalo
Publisher: Thomas Dunne Books
Category: Business & Economics
"An alarming, fact-driven jeremiad urging change and action." –Kirkus The first comprehensive look at how politicians let the entertainment industry bilk taxpayers, hijack public policy and hurt economic investment, starting and ending with Trump. From stadiums and movie productions to casinos and mega-malls to convention centers and hotels, cities and states have paid out billions of dollars in tax breaks, subsidies, and grants to the world's corporate titans. They hope to boost their economies, create new and better jobs, and lure well-known events such as the Super Bowl--not to mention give their officials the chance to meet celebrities. That Big Entertainment drives bigger economies is a myth, however. Overwhelming evidence shows catering public policy to its promises results in a raw deal for the taxpaying public. In The Billionaire Boondoggle, Garofalo takes readers on a tour of publicly-subsidized corporate America to explain how that myth came to be, how much money America's elected officials throw away, and why courting Big Entertainment just courts disaster. You’ll learn how Maryland gave millions of dollars to Netflix to make House of Cards, and Nevada spent hundreds of millions on a new home for the NFL’s Raiders. New Mexico paid big money to host The Avengers, while city after city fell prey to the debt trap that is the Olympics. You’ll see how big sporting goods stores like Bass Pro Shops and big casinos across the country all get in on the subsidy scam. And you’ll see how many cities got in bed with hotel titans, including Donald J. Trump himself. This book is the go-to guide for the many ways in which American taxpayers unknowingly subsidize the TV shows they watch, the sports teams they root for and the hotels they sleep in, all based on an economic theory that only adds up for CEOs and bigwigs.
Trade was the linchpin that held the Luso-Atlantic economy together. In conformity with mercantilist doctrine, Portugal sought to exploit the land and labor of its possessions for production of cash crops and precious metals while ...
Author: Carl A. Hanson
"Economy and Society in Baroque Portugal, 1668 1703 " was first published in 1981. Minnesota Archive Editions uses digital technology to make long-unavailable books once again accessible, and are published unaltered from the original University of Minnesota Press editions.The late seventeenth century in Portugal was a period of apparent calm, and few historians have given it much attention. Portugal's Golden Age of worldwide expansion had made sixteenth-century Lisbon a great commercial center, but other European nations with more advanced economies surpassed Portugal's achievement, and during the seventeenth century agricultural, economic, and political problems all contributed to Portugal's decline. In 1668, at the conclusion of a long war with Spain to restore Portuguese sovereignty, Pedro II began a reign of 38 years, first as regent for a feckless brother ad after 1683 as king. The history of Portugal during his reign is the subject of this book.Carl A. Hanson looks at this relatively unexamined era and finds, behind the facade of baroque calm, subtle but dramatic shifts in the socio-economic foundations of the age. In an effort to cope with economic depression Pedro's government hearkened to enthusiastic reports of Colbert's mercantile policies in France, and tried to encourage the expansion of domestic manufacturing. Linked to these efforts were attempts to curb the inquisitorial persecution of New Christian merchants. Hanson explores the motives of anti-Semitism, greed and class warfare that underlay the persecution and describes the efforts of an eloquent Jesuit, Father Antonio Vieira, to protect the New Christians from the worst excesses of the Inquisition.The triumph of the Inquisition, and thus of the established social order, and the failure of Portugal's experiment in mercantilism coincided with a new wave of commodity-borne prosperity. After 1690, increased exports of Brazilian gold, tobacco, hides, and sugar, and of Port wine changed Portugal's economic status. With the signing of the Anglo- Portuguese treaty of Methuen in 1703, Portugal entered a gilded if not golden age. Yet, as Hanson makes clear, the new prosperity was deceptive, for Portugal was to slip into increasingly dependent relationships with the more advanced economies especially England's which absorbed great quantities of Luso-Atlantic commodities in exchange for its own manufactures. And, at home, the victorious social order, no longer threatened by a mercantile class, was to find security under an increasingly absolutist government. The reign of Pedro II is significant, then, as a period of transition when, for the first time, the foundations of the old order were threatened. The baroque facade survived but the edifice itself had begun to crumble."
Let us cast a glance across the Atlantic to the Methodist Episcopal Church . This Church has a very solemn and impressive service for the reception of members who have been on trial for six months . The following questions are asked of ...
Sea control of the Atlantic must remain the linchpin of the maritime contribution to the conventional defense of the West . Maritime strategists play down this requirement by insisting that SLOC interdiction is not a real Soviet ...
The North Atlantic Alliance in fact became the first international institution to include such a reference in ... right congratulates Ukrainiar President Leonic Kuchma as NATO leaders pose for A geopolitical linchpin group photo afte It ...
... made their way to the Atlantic coast of Africa via transcontinental trading networks. european slave traders, however, established the direct sale to the Atlantic coast of Africa and indian textiles became a linchpin in the Atlantic ...
Author: Els Hiemstra-Kuperus
This impressive collection offers the first systematic global and comparative history of textile workers over the course of 350 years. This period covers the major changes in wool and cotton production, and the global picture from pre-industrial times through to the twentieth century. After an introduction, the first part of the book is divided into twenty national studies on textile production over the period 1650-2000. To make them useful tools for international comparisons, each national overview is based on a consistent framework that defines the topics and issues to be treated in each chapter. The countries described have been selected to included the major historic producers of woollen and cotton fabrics, and the diversity of global experience, and include not only European nations, but also Argentina, Brazil, China, Egypt, India, Japan, Mexico, Turkey, Uruguay and the USA. The second part of the book consists of ten comparative papers on topics including globalization and trade, organization of production, space, identity, workplace, institutions, production relations, gender, ethnicity and the textile firm. These are based on the national overviews and additional literature, and will help apply current interdisciplinary and cultural concerns to a subject traditionally viewed largely through a social and economic history lens. Whilst offering a unique reference source for anyone interested in the history of a particular country's textile industry, the true strength of this project lies in its capacity of international comparison. By providing global comparative studies of key textile industries and workers, both geographically and thematically, this book provides a comprehensive and contemporary analysis of a major element of the world's economy. This allows historians to challenge many of the received ideas about globalization, for instance, highlighting how global competition for lower production costs is by no means a uniquely modern issue, and has b
... the rapid development of an Atlantic trading system, the linchpin of which was the traffic in enslaved human beings. Although this elaborate Atlantic economic system has been called the triangular trade, Atlantic Slave Trade Bristol ...
Author: Mary Beth Norton
Publisher: Cengage Learning
A PEOPLE AND A NATION is a best-selling text offering a spirited narrative that tells the stories of all people in the United States. The authors' attention to race and racial identity and their inclusion of everyday people and popular culture brings history to life, engaging readers and encouraging them to imagine what life was really like in the past. Available in the following split options: A PEOPLE AND A NATION, Ninth Edition (Chapters 1-33), ISBN: 978-0-495-91525-6; Volume I: To 1877 (Chapters 1-16), ISBN: 978-0-495-91589-8; Volume II: Since 1865 (Chapters 16-33), ISBN: 978-0-495-91590-4. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.