tion, an overview of the key questions and debates over atomic power, both “
ancient” and modern, is provided, that is, an overview of some of the debates
over and the early costing of atomic energy between 1946 and 1954. A brief
Author: Warren Young
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Category: Business & Economics
In the centennial year of the birth of Sir John Cockcroft, first master of my Cam bridge College, Churchill, and the first man to split the atomic nucleus by artificial means, it is indeed relevant to consider the outcome of his efforts at developing atomic power. From the earliest days of the construction of Calder Hall-the first nuclear power station in Britain-and the establishment of the British Atomic Re search Center at Harwell, and the Chalk River Nuclear Station in Canada, through the "Windscale" nuclear accident in Britain, up to the present, when some 20% of UK energy is derived from nuclear power, the Cockcroft legacy is felt. As the British historian Mark Goldie put it, in the "pure and sanguine 1950s," Cockcroft had almost absolute "faith in 'peaceful atoms' and in the boundless, almost cost free, energy that atoms would soon produce" (Goldie, 1997, p. 21). But, as the eminent economist Frank Hahn recalled, "the only failing Cockcroft had" was "that he wasn't up to much in economics. " Indeed, Hahn recalled that he "had to explain" to Cockcroft "the economic notion of optimum durability" as it related to the "interest rate" in the context of building Churchill College with "hand-made bricks. " After his explana tion, as Hahn recalled "Cockcroft smiled and proceeded to order more hand-made bricks" (Hahn, 1997, p. 27).
The low fuel cost would also be advantageous with respect to any future
escalation in costs of uranium and coal that might take place . All work connected
with the development of atomic energy , including design , construction ,
Release on 1972-07 | by U.S. Atomic Energy Commission
Opinions and Decisions of the Atomic Energy Commission with Selected Orders
U.S. Atomic Energy Commission. COSTS Assuming Suspension of Construction
on June 1 , 1972 Assuming Construction Continues to December 31 , 1972 ...
Release on 1970 | by United States. Congress. Joint Committee on Atomic Energy
Congress. Joint Committee on Atomic Energy. recovery of appropriate
Government costs projected over a reasonable period of time . The present
charge of $ 26 per unit was established in 1967 on the basis of studies which
projected future ...
Author: United States. Congress. Joint Committee on Atomic Energy
INCREASE IN COSTS TO U.S. AGENCIES Implementing the Additional Protocol
in the United States could also affect the budgets of the Department of Energy,
the Department of Defense, the Department of Commerce (DOC), and the
Autoclave leaching saves chemicals and energy . ... Figure 1 shows energy costs
as a function of leaching duration in a standard container ... The cost of steam in
autoclave leaching is estimated taking into account heat recuperation .
The U . S . Atomic Energy Commission is cooperating in establishing the U . S .
Army Ionizing Radiation Center , to be ... But before we realize these low costs
we must solve the technical problems of mining the congealed material which is ...
As to thermal power , it is likely that the low availability and high cost of coal as of
1967 may preclude the economic feasibility of its addition . ... The situation of nuclear energy cost is at present still quite confusing and in general pessimistic .
ENVIRONMENTAL CONSIDERATION COSTS We note that Mr . Frankenburg ' s
statement has some cost data on dust effluent ... With this in mind , we have tried
to respond to the request of the Joint Committee on Atomic Energy for cost data ...
Future of Nuclear Energy No technology is risk-free and it is essential for the
future of nuclear power thattechnologicalinnovations ... If nuclear power was to
compete, the designers knew that they would have to look for ways to cut costs.
Author: Namira Negm
Publisher: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers
Nuclear breakout or nuclear weapon free zones, which do we encourage? In the past, legal studies focused on regulating military rather than peaceful uses of the atom. This volume assesses the legal regime pertaining to the peaceful transfer of nuclear technology, which includes the NPT, IAEA Statute, and the work of the nuclear supplier groups. It offers a new perspective to the interaction between international law and politics in the Middle East, a region that continues to be a hotspot for attempts at nuclear proliferation. Israel, in a state of war with most of its neighbours, turned into a nuclear power decades ago, consequently, it drove Iraq to develop a military nuclear programme. This has affected the rights of Iran as a non-nuclear weapon state to develop its peaceful nuclear capabilities. This book supports the establishment of a Middle East Zone Free of Nuclear Weapons as the only way to cease the arms race and ensure a long-lasting peace in the region.
The splitting of the atom, exulted a 1946 Socialist Party pamphlet on "The Atomic
Age,” had "made it possible to transform ... As for fixed-site atomic-power plants,
they noted that energy costs represented less than 3 percent of the total cost of ...
Author: Paul Boyer
Publisher: Univ of North Carolina Press
Originally published in 1985, By the Bomb's Early Light is the first book to explore the cultural 'fallout' in America during the early years of the atomic age. Paul Boyer argues that the major aspects of the long-running debates about nuclear armament and disarmament developed and took shape soon after the bombing of Hiroshima. The book is based on a wide range of sources, including cartoons, opinion polls, radio programs, movies, literature, song lyrics, slang, and interviews with leading opinion-makers of the time. Through these materials, Boyer shows the surprising and profoundly disturbing ways in which the bomb quickly and totally penetrated the fabric of American life, from the chillingly prophetic forecasts of observers like Lewis Mumford to the Hollywood starlet who launched her career as the 'anatomic bomb.' In a new preface, Boyer discusses recent changes in nuclear politics and attitudes toward the nuclear age.
Release on 1971 | by United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Appropriations
The cost of engineering and design on this feature of the project increased by $
275 , 000 since last year . What is the reason for this increase in view of the
advanced stage of construction of this feature of the overall project ? General
Author: United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Appropriations
Although abnormally complicated government controls impose high overhead costs on nuclear plants , an investment in a ... YEAR 3.0 MILLS / KWH 5.0 MILLS /
KWH LABOR AND MAINTENANCE .5 1.0 FUEL 3.0 .2 ENERGY COST 6.5 MILLS
It was pointed out by the first panelist that the use of nuclear fission technology is
requiring , probably for the first time in ... a balance between risks of extensive
decommissioning efforts such as dismantlement and costs versus those of
... was the only country at the conference that seemed unenthusiastic concerning
the role of atomic power in its energy picture . This attitude was based on the
prediction that coal supplies were ample for 50 years and that electric power costs ...
Release on 1953 | by Australian Atomic Energy Commission
ATOMIC ENERGY IN AUSTRALIA POWER PRODUCTION 131. The demand for
electric power in ... of economical power . 132. On a cost basis , atomic energy
does not yet appear to be competitive with energy from conventional fuel sources
Release on 1958 | by United States. Congress. Joint Committee on Atomic Energy
The passage of the Atomic Energy Act of 1954 placed new emphasis on the
generation of nuclear-fueled electricity for civilian purposes, and, at the same
time, the availability and cost of nuclear fuels were announced and placed on at
least a ...
Author: United States. Congress. Joint Committee on Atomic Energy
This bulletin summarizes the findings of a survey of employment in the atomic energy field that was conducted by the U.S. ... Report covered only cost-
reimbursable operating and research and development contractors at AEC
installations with ...