Bacteria in Agrobiology Stress Management

The use of these bio-resources for the enhancement of crop productivity is gaining worldwide importance. "Bacteria in Agrobiology: Stress Management" covers the major aspects on PGPR in amelioration of both abiotic and biotic stresses.

Bacteria in Agrobiology  Stress Management

The future of agriculture strongly depends on our ability to enhance productivity without sacrificing long-term production potential. An ecologically and economically sustainable strategy is the application of microorganisms, such as the diverse bacterial species of plant growth promoting bacteria (PGPB). The use of these bio-resources for the enhancement of crop productivity is gaining worldwide importance. "Bacteria in Agrobiology: Stress Management" covers the major aspects on PGPR in amelioration of both abiotic and biotic stresses. PGPR mediated in priming of plant defense reactions, nutrient availability and management in saline and cold environment, hormonal signaling, ACC deaminase and its role in ethylene regulation under harsh conditions are suitably described.

Bacteria in Agrobiology Disease Management

The use of these bio-resources for the enhancement of crop productivity is gaining importance worldwide. "Bacteria in Agrobiology: Disease Management" discusses various aspects of biological control and disease suppression using bacteria.

Bacteria in Agrobiology  Disease Management

The future of agriculture greatly depends on our ability to enhance productivity without sacrificing long-term production potential. The application of microorganisms, such as the diverse bacterial species of plant growth promoting bacteria (PGPB), represents an ecologically and economically sustainable strategy. The use of these bio-resources for the enhancement of crop productivity is gaining importance worldwide. "Bacteria in Agrobiology: Disease Management" discusses various aspects of biological control and disease suppression using bacteria. Topics covered include: fluorescent pseudomonads; siderophore-producing PGPR; pseudomonas inoculants; bacillus-based biocontrol agents; bacterial control of root and tuber crop diseases; fungal pathogens of cereals; soil-borne fungal pathogens; peronosporomycete phytopathogens; and plant parasitic nematodes.

Plant Growth Promoting Rhizobacteria for Sustainable Stress Management

Plant Soil 416:309–323 Sarma B, Yadav S, Singh DP, Singh H (2012)
Rhizobacteria mediated induced systemic tolerance in plants: prospects for
abiotic stress management. In: Bacteria in agrobiology: stress management, pp
225–238 ...

Plant Growth Promoting Rhizobacteria for Sustainable Stress Management

Increasing agro productivity to feed a growing global population under the present climate scenario requires optimizing the use of resources and adopting sustainable agricultural production. This can be achieved by using plant beneficial bacteria, i.e., those bacteria that enhance plant growth under abiotic stress conditions, and more specifically, microorganisms such as plant growth promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR), which are the most promising candidates in this regard. Attaining sustainable agricultural production while preserving environmental quality, agro-ecosystem functions and biodiversity represents a major challenge for current agricultural practices; further, the traditional use of chemical inputs (fertilizers, pesticides, nutrients etc.) poses serious threats to crop productivity, soil fertility and the nutritional value of farm produce. Given these risks, managing pests and diseases, maintaining agro-ecosystem health, and avoiding health issues for humans and animals have now become key priorities. The use of PGPR as biofertilizers, plant growth promoters, biopesticides, and soil and plant health managers has attracted considerable attention among researchers, agriculturists, farmers, policymakers and consumers alike. Using PGPR can help meet the expected demand for global agricultural productivity to feed the world’s booming population, which is predicted to reach roughly 9 billion by 2050. However, to do so, PGPR strains must be safe for the environment, offer considerable plant growth promotion and biocontrol potential, be compatible with useful soil rhizobacteria, and be able to withstand various biotic and abiotic stresses. Accordingly, the book also highlights the need for better strains of PGPR to complement increasing agro-productivity.

Bacteria in Agrobiology Plant Nutrient Management

Plant-associated bacteria able to stimulate plant growth and/or to suppress
pathogenic organisms are generally ... enhancement of nutrient and minerals
availability, plant stress control can have beneficial effects on crops productivity (
Glick et ...

Bacteria in Agrobiology  Plant Nutrient Management

The future of agriculture strongly depends on our ability to enhance productivity without sacrificing long-term production potential. An ecologically and economically sustainable strategy is the application of microorganisms, such as the diverse bacterial species of plant growth promoting bacteria (PGPB). The use of these bio-resources for the enhancement of crop productivity is gaining worldwide importance. “Bacteria in Agrobiology: Plant Nutrient Management” focus on the management of plant nutrient to support plant growth and development. The topics treated in this book include mechanisms of plant growth promoting rhizobacteria, zinc and phosphate solubilizing microorganisms, sulfur oxidizing bacteria, ACC deaminase, siderophores, phytohormones, quorum-sensing, biofilms, antibiotics, volatiles, denitrification and integrated nutrient management.

Nutrient Use Efficiency from Basics to Advances

British Crop Protection Council, Farnham, pp 3–14 Selvakumar G,
Panneerselvam P, Ganeshamurthy AN (2012) Bacterial mediated alleviation of
abiotic stress in crops. In: Maheshwari DK (ed) Bacteria in agrobiology: stress
management.

Nutrient Use Efficiency  from Basics to Advances

This book addresses in detail multifaceted approaches to boosting nutrient use efficiency (NUE) that are modified by plant interactions with environmental variables and combine physiological, microbial, biotechnological and agronomic aspects. Conveying an in-depth understanding of the topic will spark the development of new cultivars and strains to induce NUE, coupled with best management practices that will immensely benefit agricultural systems, safeguarding their soil, water, and air quality. Written by recognized experts in the field, the book is intended to provide students, scientists and policymakers with essential insights into holistic approaches to NUE, as well as an overview of some successful case studies. In the present understanding of agriculture, NUE represents a question of process optimization in response to the increasing fragility of our natural resources base and threats to food grain security across the globe. Further improving nutrient use efficiency is a prerequisite to reducing production costs, expanding crop acreage into non-competitive marginal lands with low nutrient resources, and preventing environmental contamination. The nutrients most commonly limiting plant growth are N, P, K, S and micronutrients like Fe, Zn, B and Mo. NUE depends on the ability to efficiently take up the nutrient from the soil, but also on transport, storage, mobilization, usage within the plant and the environment. A number of approaches can help us to understand NUE as a whole. One involves adopting best crop management practices that take into account root-induced rhizosphere processes, which play a pivotal role in controlling nutrient dynamics in the soil-plant-atmosphere continuum. New technologies, from basic tools like leaf color charts to sophisticated sensor-based systems and laser land leveling, can reduce the dependency on laboratory assistance and manual labor. Another approach concerns the development of crop plants through genetic manipulations that allow them to take up and assimilate nutrients more efficiently, as well as identifying processes of plant responses to nutrient deficiency stress and exploring natural genetic variation. Though only recently introduced, the ability of microbial inoculants to induce NUE is gaining in importance, as the loss, immobilization, release and availability of nutrients are mediated by soil microbial processes.

Bacteria in Agrobiology Plant Probiotics

... bacterial volatiles, or by pyrrolquinoline quinine; (3) rhizoremediation, i.e., the
degradation of soil pollutants by rhizobacteria which use nutrients secreted by
the root, so-called root exudates, for their reproduction; and (4) plant stress
control ...

Bacteria in Agrobiology  Plant Probiotics

The future of agriculture strongly depends on our ability to enhance productivity without sacrificing long-term production potential. An ecologically and economically sustainable strategy is the application of microorganisms, such as the diverse bacterial species of plant growth promoting bacteria (PGPB). The use of these bio-resources for the enhancement of crop productivity is gaining worldwide importance. "Bacteria in Agrobiology: Plant Probiotics" discusses the current trends and future prospects of beneficial microorganisms acting as Probiotics. Topics include the application for the aboveground fitness of plants, in mountain ecosystems, in tropical and Mediterranean forests, and in muga sericulture. Further aspects are Arabidopsis as a model system for the diversity and complexity of plant responses, plant parasitic nematodes, nitrogen fixation and phosphorus nutrition.

Legumes under Environmental Stress

of transcriptional control are involved in controlling the genes necessary for
inducing stress tolerance. The molecular pathways initiated and ... Bacteria in
Agrobiology: Stress Management. Springer Science+Business Media, New York,
pp.

Legumes under Environmental Stress

Leguminous crops have been found to contribute almost 27% of the world’s primary crop production. However, due to environmental fluctuations, legumes are often exposed to different environmental stresses, leading to problems with growth and development, and ultimately, decreased yield. This timely review explains the transcriptomics, proteomics, genomics, metabolomics, transgenomics, functional genomics and phenomics of a wide range of different leguminous crops under biotic and abiotic stresses, and their genetic and molecular responses. Amongst others the text describes the effect of nutrient deficiency, pesticides, salt, and temperature stress on legumes. Importantly, the book explores the physiobiochemical, molecular and omic approaches that are used to overcome biotic and abiotic constraints in legumes. It looks at the exogenous application of phytoprotectants; the role of nutrients in the alleviation of abiotic stress; and the microbial strategy for the improvement of legume production under hostile environments. Key features: demonstrates how to mitigate the negative effect of stress on leguminous crops, and how to improve the yield under stress the most up-to-date research in the field written by an international team of active researchers and practitioners across academia, industry and non-profit organisations. This volume is a valuable and much-needed resource for scientists, professionals and researchers working in plant science, breeding, food security, crop improvement and agriculture worldwide. In universities it will educate postgraduate and graduate students in plant science and agriculture; it will also benefit those in scientific institutions and in biotech and agribusiness companies, who deal with agronomy and environment.

Bacteria in Agrobiology Crop Productivity

As a result of soil salinization, plants are under saline or water unbalance stress
and become more vulnerable to diseases, often caused by pathogenic fungi
which can hardly be overcome by conventional methods of pest management (
Kurth ...

Bacteria in Agrobiology  Crop Productivity

The future of agriculture greatly depends on our ability to enhance productivity without sacrificing long-term production potential. The application of microorganisms, such as the diverse bacterial species of plant growth promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR), represents an ecologically and economically sustainable strategy. The use of these bio-resources for the enhancement of crop productivity is gaining importance worldwide. Bacteria in Agrobiology: Crop Productivity focus on the role of beneficial bacteria in crop growth, increased nutrient uptake and mobilization, and defense against phytopathogens. Diverse group of agricultural crops and medicinal plants are described as well as PGPR-mediated bioremediation leading to food security.

Emerging Technologies and Management of Crop Stress Tolerance

... mixomycetes, viruses, and bacteria— causing great harm to all living
organisms. The frequency of biotic and abiotic stresses highlights the critical
issue of agrobiology—an improvement of plant resistance to environmental
disturbances.

Emerging Technologies and Management of Crop Stress Tolerance

Emerging Technologies and Management of Crop Stress Tolerance: Volume 1 - Biological Techniques presents the latest technologies used by scientists for improvement the crop production and explores the various roles of these technologies for the enhancement of crop productivity and inhibition of pathogenic bacteria that can cause disease. This resource provides a comprehensive review of how proteomics, genomics, transcriptomics, ionomics, and micromics are a pathway to improve plant stress tolerance to increase productivity and meet the agricultural needs of the growing human population. This valuable resource will help any scientist have a better understanding of environmental stresses to improve resource management within a world of limited resources. Includes the most recent advances methods and applications of biotechnology to crop science Discusses different techniques of genomics, proteomics, transcriptomics and nanotechnology Promotes the prevention of potential diseases to inhibit bacteria postharvest quality of fruits and vegetable crops by advancing application and research Presents a thorough account of research results and critical reviews

Genetics Abstracts

The relief of waterstress time-point for maximum mildew infection frequency on
mlo-resistant barley is approximately 7 h post-inoculation. ... The yeast artificial
chromosome (YAC) and bacterial artificial chromosome (BAC) contigs aligned on
the centromere of rice chromosome ... Fukuoka, S.; Okuno, K. (Department of
Genetic Resources I, National Institute of Agrobiological Resources, Kannondai 2
-1-2, ...

Genetics Abstracts


Researchers National Laboratories in Japan

Address : National Institute of Agrobiological Resources , 2 - 1 - 2 . ... M - 02 )
Papers : Image Data Management of Plant Genetic Resources Database System
/ Jouhousyori - Gakkai Kenkyuu ... 1503 - 1507 ( 1992 ) Non - Systemic
Expression of a Stress - Responsive Maize Polyubig - uitin Gene ( Ubi - 1 ) in
Transgenic Rice Plants / Plant Molecular Biol . ogy Vol . ... Assessing the
Potential Benefits and Risks of Using Natural and Genetically - Engineered
Bacteria for Control of Plant ...

Researchers  National Laboratories in Japan


Soils and Fertilizers

... Belarus 5695 Netherlands DLO Research Institute for Agrobiology and Soil
Fertility 8 DLO Staring Centrum 9 Winand Staring Centre for ... water
management national parks , USA 10869 reports 11087 water resources , reports
11087 Reservoirs bacteria , organic matter ... UK 1632 pesticides glucose 7345
nitrogen fertilizers 7345 poultry manure , UK 1632 roots , water stress , USA
12995 soil amino ...

Soils and Fertilizers


Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology Monitor

Instead of replicating what exists, as happened with bacterial PHA genes, plants
might be made to create novel ... (Extracted from The Economist, 6 May 1995)
Rice gene that responds to stress The research group led by H. Hirojika, head of
the National Institute of Agrobiological ... The best S0. cells manage to capture
about 25 per cent of the eneo sunlight; photosynthesisers can secure 95 per cent.

Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology Monitor


Agrindex

Agrindex


Plant Breeding Abstracts

These are : bioremediation ; phytoremediation ; bacterial biotransformation of
mercury ; mercury detoxification by transgenic plants ; and ... F .; KUMRIA , R.
Genetic engineering of polyamine and carbohydrate metabolism for osmotic
stress tolerance in higher plants . ... 1815 WIKTORSKA , U. A new approach to
weed management the Liberty Link System . ... Institute of Agrobiological
Genetics and Physiology , Jiangsu Academy of Agricultural Sciences , Nanjing
210014 , China .

Plant Breeding Abstracts


Nitric Oxide in Plant Physiology

This is one of the first titles to provide a comprehensive overview of the physiological role of this ubiquitous signaling molecule in higher plants, making it an indispensable resource not only for academic institutions but also for those ...

Nitric Oxide in Plant Physiology

Written by a truly global team of researchers from Europe, Asia and the Americas with strong ties to agricultural research centers and the agrochemical industry, this ready reference and handbook focuses on the role of nitric oxide signaling in plant defense systems against pathogens, parasites and environmental stress response. This is one of the first titles to provide a comprehensive overview of the physiological role of this ubiquitous signaling molecule in higher plants, making it an indispensable resource not only for academic institutions but also for those working in the agrochemical industry.