Becoming Kim Jong Un

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Becoming Kim Jong Un

A groundbreaking account of the rise of North Korea’s dictator Kim Jong Un—from his nuclear ambitions to his summits with President Donald J. Trump—by a former CIA analyst considered one of the leading American experts on the North Korean ruler inside and outside the U.S. government “An important book.”—James Clapper, former Director of National Intelligence When Kim Jong Un became the leader of North Korea following his father's death in 2011, predictions about his imminent fall were rife. North Korea was isolated, poor, unable to feed its people, and clinging to its nuclear program for legitimacy. Surely this twentysomething with a bizarre haircut and no leadership experience would soon be usurped by his elders. Instead, the opposite happened. Now in his midthirties, Kim Jong Un has solidified his grip on his country and brought the United States and the region to the brink of war. Still, we know so little about him—or how he rules. Enter former CIA analyst Jung Pak, whose brilliant Brookings Institution essay “The Education of Kim Jong Un” cemented her status as the go-to authority on the calculating young leader. From the beginning of Kim’s reign, Pak has been at the forefront of shaping U.S. policy on North Korea and providing strategic assessments for leadership at the highest levels in the government. Now, in this masterly book, she traces and explains Kim’s ascent on the world stage, from his brutal power-consolidating purges to his abrupt pivot toward diplomatic engagement that led to his historic—and still poorly understood—summits with President Trump. She also sheds light on how a top intelligence analyst assesses thorny national security problems: avoiding biases, questioning assumptions, and identifying risks as well as opportunities. In piecing together Kim’s wholly unique life, Pak argues that his personality, perceptions, and preferences are underestimated by Washington policy wonks, who assume he sees the world as they do. As the North Korean nuclear threat grows, Becoming Kim Jong Un gives readers the first authoritative, behind-the-scenes look at Kim’s character and motivations, creating an insightful biography of the enigmatic man who will likely rule the hermit kingdom for decades—and has already left an indelible imprint on world history.

Becoming Kim Jong Un

Now, in this masterly book, she traces and explains Kim's ascent on the world stage, from his brutal power-consolidating purges to his abrupt pivot toward diplomatic engagement that led to his historic-and still poorly understood-summits ...

Becoming Kim Jong Un

When Kim Jong Un became the leader of North Korea following his father's death in 2011, predictions about his imminent fall were rife. North Korea was isolated, poor, unable to feed its people, and clinging to its nuclear program for legitimacy. Surely this twentysomething with a bizarre haircut and no leadership experience would soon be usurped by his elders. Instead, the opposite happened. Now in his midthirties, Kim Jong Un has solidified his grip on his country and brought the United States and the region to the brink of war. Still, we know so little about him-or how he rules. Enter former CIA analyst Jung Pak, whose brilliant Brookings Institution essay "The Education of Kim Jong Un" cemented her status as the go-to authority on the calculating young leader. From the beginning of Kim's reign, Pak has been at the forefront of shaping U.S. policy on North Korea and providing strategic assessments for leadership at the highest levels in the government. Now, in this masterly book, she traces and explains Kim's ascent on the world stage, from his brutal power-consolidating purges to his abrupt pivot toward diplomatic engagement that led to his historic-and still poorly understood-summits with President Trump. She also sheds light on how a top intelligence analyst assesses thorny national security problems: avoiding biases, questioning assumptions, and identifying risks as well as opportunities. In piecing together Kim's wholly unique life, Pak argues that his personality, perceptions, and preferences are underestimated by Washington policy wonks, who assume he sees the world as they do. As the North Korean nuclear threat grows, Becoming Kim Jong Un gives readers the first authoritative, behind-the-scenes look at Kim's character and motivations, creating an insightful biography of the enigmatic man who could rule the hermit kingdom for decades-and has already left an indelible imprint on world history.

Routledge Handbook of Memory and Reconciliation in East Asia

When Kim Jong-un succeeded his father, Kim Jong-il, as leader of the
Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK, North ... She thus became part of
an extraordinary mass movement which resulted in the relocation of over 90,000
people ...

Routledge Handbook of Memory and Reconciliation in East Asia

Decades after the end of the World War II East Asia continues to struggle with lingering animosities and unresolved historical grievances in domestic, bilateral and regional memory landscapes. China, Japan and the Korea share a history of inter- and intra-violence, self-other identity construction and diametrically opposed interpretations of the past. Routledge Handbook of Memory and Reconciliation in East Asia offers a complete overview of the challenges of national memory and ideological rivalry for reconciliation in the East Asian region. Chapters provide authoritative analyses of contentious issues such as comfort women, the Nanjing massacre, history textbook controversies, shared heritage sites, colonial rule, territorial disputes and restitution. By interweaving memory, human rights and reconciliation the contributors actively explore real prospects of redressing past wrongs and achieving peaceful coexistence at personal as well as governmental levels. Bringing together an international team of experts, this book is an essential read for students and scholars of East Asian studies, anthropology, gender studies, history, international relations, law, political science, and sociology, and for those interested in memory and reconciliation issues.

Songs for Great Leader

... message that although the ailing Kim Jong Il was rarely seen in public, he
continued to work tirelessly for everybody. ... an offshoot that briefly took the
name Moranbong (Draudt 2012, 2017,46–4738) before becoming Kim Jong Un's
wife.

Songs for  Great Leader

Famously reclusive and secretive, North Korea can be seen as a theatre that projects itself through music and performance. The first book-length account of North Korean music and dance in any language other than Korean, Songs for "Great Leaders" pulls back the curtain on this theatre for the first time. Renowned ethnomusicologist Keith Howard moves from the first songs written in the northern part of the divided Korean peninsula in 1946 to the performances in February 2018 by a North Korean troupe visiting South Korea for the Pyeongchang Winter Olympic Games. Through an exceptionally wide range of sources and a perspective of deep cultural competence, Howard explores old revolutionary songs and new pop songs, developments of Korean instruments, the creation of revolutionary operas, and mass spectacles, as well as dance and dance notation, and composers and compositions. The result is a nuanced and detailed account of how song, together with other music and dance production, forms the soundtrack to the theater of daily life, embedding messages that tell the official history, the exploits of leaders, and the socialist utopia yet-to-come. Based on fieldwork, interviews, and resources in private and public archives and libraries in North Korea, South Korea, China, North America and Europe, Songs for "Great Leaders" opens up the North Korean regime in a way never before attempted or possible.

Study on the Power Elite of the Kim Jong Un Regime

Department became a member of the National Defence Security with the
promotion to lieutenant general after 17 years of service. Then, in just one year,
he was promoted to general in April 2010. Kim Jong Il viewed performances of
the Art ...

Study on the Power Elite of the Kim Jong Un Regime

The speed and strength of Kim Jong Un in establishing his standing as a man of supreme power will depend on how much the North Korean power elite will support him in unity. Kim Jong Un will not be able to solidify his power foundation without gaining enthusiastic help from, or control of the power elite. In other words, unity and movement of the power elite are the key variables in establishing and stabilizing the Kim Jong Un regime. With regards to this point, this study analyzes the characteristics, structure, and network of the power elite under the Kim Jong Un regime, and particularly focuses on examining the possibility of whether factions can be formed

The Real North Korea

On the eve of the conference, Kim Jong Un and his aunt Kim Kyǒnghǔi were
promoted to the rank of fourstar general (becoming, perhaps, the world's
youngest person and the world's only woman, respectively, to hold such rank). At
the same ...

The Real North Korea

Andrei Lankov has gone where few outsiders have ever been. A native of the former Soviet Union, he lived as an exchange student in North Korea in the 1980s. He has studied it for his entire career, using his fluency in Korean and personal contacts to build a rich, nuanced understanding. In The Real North Korea, Lankov substitutes cold, clear analysis for the overheated rhetoric surrounding this opaque police state. After providing an accessible history of the nation, he turns his focus to what North Korea is, what its leadership thinks, and how its people cope with living in such an oppressive and poor place. He argues that North Korea is not irrational, and nothing shows this better than its continuing survival against all odds. A living political fossil, it clings to existence in the face of limited resources and a zombie economy, manipulating great powers despite its weakness. Its leaders are not ideological zealots or madmen, but perhaps the best practitioners of Machiavellian politics that can be found in the modern world. Even though they preside over a failed state, they have successfully used diplomacy-including nuclear threats-to extract support from other nations. But while the people in charge have been ruthless and successful in holding on to power, Lankov goes on to argue that this cannot continue forever, since the old system is slowly falling apart. In the long run, with or without reform, the regime is unsustainable. Lankov contends that reforms, if attempted, will trigger a dramatic implosion of the regime. They will not prolong its existence. Based on vast expertise, this book reveals how average North Koreans live, how their leaders rule, and how both survive.

The Impossible State Updated Edition

The state is becoming more rigid because a new leadership in North Korea must
be accompanied by a new ideology. The old ideology of a “Powerful and
Prosperous nation” or “rich nation, strong army” (kangsŏng tae'guk) under Kim
Jong-il ...

The Impossible State  Updated Edition

In The Impossible State, seasoned international-policy expert and lauded scholar Victor Cha pulls back the curtain on provocative, isolationist North Korea, providing our best look yet at its history and the rise of the Kim family dynasty and the obsessive personality cult that empowers them. Cha illuminates the repressive regime’s complex economy and culture, its appalling record of human rights abuses, and its belligerent relationship with the United States, and analyzes the regime’s major security issues—from the seemingly endless war with its southern neighbor to its frightening nuclear ambitions—all in light of the destabilizing effects of Kim Jong-il’s death and the transition of power to his unpredictable heir. Ultimately, this engagingly written, authoritative, and highly accessible history warns of a regime that might be closer to its end than many might think—a political collapse for which America and its allies may be woefully unprepared.

The Impossible State

North Korea has survived as the Impossible State because no one on the inside
is empowered to overthrow it, and no one on the outside cares ... This gap
derives from state ideologies and political institutions that are becoming even
more rigid and controlling, on the one hand, ... an abbreviated and rushed
dynastic succession process to the inexperienced and not-yet-thirty-year-old son,
Kim Jong-un ...

The Impossible State

“A meaty, fast-paced portrait of North Korean society, economy, politics and foreign policy.” -Foreign Affairs The definitive account of North Korea, its veiled past and uncertain future, from the former Director for Asian Affairs at the National Security Council In The Impossible State, seasoned international-policy expert and lauded scholar Victor Cha pulls back the curtain on this controversial and isolated country, providing the best look yet at North Korea's history, the rise of the Kim family dynasty, and the obsessive personality cult that empowers them. He illuminates the repressive regime's complex economy and culture, its appalling record of human-rights abuses, and its belligerent relationship with the United States, and analyzes the regime's major security issues—from the seemingly endless war with its southern neighbor to its frightening nuclear ambitions—all in light of the destabilizing effects of Kim Jong-il's recent death. How this enigmatic nation-state—one that regularly violates its own citizens' inalienable rights and has suffered famine, global economic sanctions, a collapsed economy, and near total isolation from the rest of the world—has continued to survive has long been a question that preoccupies the West. Cha reveals a land of contradictions, one facing a pivotal and disquieting transition of power from tyrannical father to inexperienced son, and delves into the ideology that leads an oppressed, starving populace to cling so fiercely to its failed leadership. With rare personal anecdotes from the author's time in Pyongyang and his tenure as an adviser in the White House, this engagingly written, authoritative, and highly accessible history offers much-needed answers to the most pressing questions about North Korea and ultimately warns of a regime that might be closer to its end than many might think—a political collapse for which America and its allies may be woefully unprepared.

Jane s Intelligence Weekly

Profile le Kim Jong - un North Korea's heir apparent PA / 1348685 he North
Korean dynastic succession visitors in mid - 2009 , including one with former
appears to be becoming clearer by the day . United States President Bill Clinton
in July ...

Jane s Intelligence Weekly


Vantage Point

But North Koreans equalized with 14 minutes left on the clock as Kim Un - hyang
headed in a glancing free - kick by a teammate , forcing overtime . ... women ' s
World Cup , becoming the first Korean team to win a FIFA - hosted championship
. ... ( Yonhap News ) Kim Jong - il Attends Military Art Performance in Succession
N orth Korean leader Kim Jong - il has attended a military art performance , the ...

Vantage Point


Japanese Morning Press Highlights

Kim praised the university as " a significant ECONOMY university representing
the zealous accomplishments of the Great Leader ( the late President Kim Il Song
) and my mother Kim Capital spending for current fiscal year Jong Suk . " He also
... on early return of North marking the largest fall since 1990 , the year Korean
abduction victims when data for comparison with the initial plans became
available .

Japanese Morning Press Highlights


North Korea US Relations Under Kim Jong Il

Pyongyang's nuclear test further distanced the Kim Jong Il and Hu governments
from one another . ... The fact that Beijing also acquiesced to sanctions on Iran
hints that its foreign policy had changed , becoming more business - like and less
 ...

North Korea  US Relations Under Kim Jong Il

This book analyses North Korea's foreign policy towards the United States during the Kim Jong Il era. Throughout these years, North Korea sought but failed to normalise diplomatic relations with the United States. Making use of theories of bargaining and learning in International Relations, the book explains how the inability of the Kim Jong Il government to correctly understand domestic politics in Washington and developments in East Asian international relations contributed to this failure. As a result, Pyongyang accelerated development of nuclear weapons programme with the aim of strengthening its negotiating position with the US. However, towards the end of the Kim Jong Il government it became unclear whether North Korea is willing to reverse its nuclear programme in exchange for normal diplomatic relations with the United States. The book includes material from over 60 interviews with American, Chinese, Japanese, Korean and Russian policy-makers and experts who have dealt with North Korea. It also analyses in detail Pyongyang's official media articles published during the Kim Jong Il era. This work will be of great interest to students and scholars of US Foreign Policy, Korean Politics and International Relations alike.

Korea Focus February 2012

Kim Jong-il resorted to “divide and rule” tactics to let factions compete with each
other. But the core principle of a ... hastily created by Kim J ong-il will govern.
What is the possibility of one of the several risks becoming an explosive reality?

Korea Focus   February 2012


Great Leader Kim Jong Il

The constant concern of Secretary Kim Jong Il was that the President's love and
care reached them better and that they ... At the banquet , too , seated close to the
President , they were honored by becoming the first to toast to the President ...

Great Leader  Kim Jong Il


The New Encyclopaedia Britannica

Kim Jong D 864 repelled by U.S. troops and other UN forces, however, and it was
only through massive Chinese support that he was able to ... When Kim Il-sung
died of a heart attack in 1994, Kim Jong II became North Korea's de facto leader.

The New Encyclopaedia Britannica


Europa World Year Book 2005

However , the anticipated appointment of Kim Jong Il as President of the DPRK
did not occur , as the post was effectively ... was appointed First Vice - Chairman
of the Commission , becoming the de facto second - ranking official in the DPRK .

Europa World Year Book 2005

First published in 2005. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

The Europa World Year Book 2007

However , the anticipated appointment of Kim Jong Il as President of the DPRK
did not occur , as the post was effectively ... was appointed First Vice - Chairman
of the Commission , becoming the de facto second - ranking official in the DPRK .

The Europa World Year Book 2007

Provides detailed country surveys containing the analytical, statistical and directory data available for over 250 countries and territories. This work contains a comprehensive listing of some 1,900 International Organizations such as the United Nations, European Union, the International Organization for Migration and the World Trade Organization.

Daily Summary of Japanese Press

Despite that , the United States did not slap sanctions on Ethiopia . abductees
from North Korea . ... Arms exports to Ethiopia have been helping Kim Jong Il
maintain his regime by becoming a 5 Despite that, the United States did not slap .
..

Daily Summary of Japanese Press


Key Facts on North Korea

Economy - overview: North Korea, one of the world's most centrally directed and
least open economies, faces chronic economic problems. ... In 2012, KIM Jong
Un's first year of leadership, the North displayed increased focus on the economy
by renewing its commitment to special ... The North Korean government often
highlights its goal of becoming a "strong and prosperous" nation and attracting
foreign ...

Key Facts on North Korea


Chambers Biographical Dictionary

Chambers Biographical Dictionary

Since its first publication in 1897, Chambers Biographical Dictionary has been the most comprehensive, reliable and readable single-volume dictionary available. This eighth edition has been extensively updated and includes more than 18,000 entries, of which over 600 are new. Wide-ranging and international in scope, it gives unrivalled coverage of all areas of human achievement, including sport, the arts, music, film, politics and literature.