Drawing evidence from the urban centers of Boston, New York, and Philadelphia, Crystal Webster's innovative research yields a powerful new history of African American childhood before the Civil War.
Author: Crystal Webster
For all that is known about the depth and breadth of African American history, we still understand surprisingly little about the lives of African American children, particularly those affected by northern emancipation. But hidden in institutional records, school primers and penmanship books, biographical sketches, and unpublished documents is a rich archive that reveals the social and affective worlds of northern Black children. Drawing evidence from the urban centers of Boston, New York, and Philadelphia, Crystal Webster's innovative research yields a powerful new history of African American childhood before the Civil War. Webster argues that young African Americans were frequently left outside the nineteenth century's emerging constructions of both race and childhood. They were marginalized in the development of schooling, ignored in debates over child labor, and presumed to lack the inherent innocence ascribed to white children. But Webster shows that Black children nevertheless carved out physical and social space for play, for learning, and for their own aspirations. Reading her sources against the grain, Webster reveals a complex reality for antebellum Black children. Lacking societal status, they nevertheless found meaningful agency as historical actors, making the most of the limited freedoms and possibilities they enjoyed.
Notions of childhood as a distinct developmental period of life were concretized during the nineteenth century.
Author: Crystal L. Webster
Notions of childhood as a distinct developmental period of life were concretized during the nineteenth century. Features of children's lives including innocence, play, and exclusion from labor became markers of ideal childhoods as part of the racialized modernization of childhood. This dissertation uncovers the ways in which modern constructions of childhood attempted to subjugate northern African American children throughout the nineteenth century and highlights the means by which black children and conceptualizations of black childhood became agents and sites of resistance. In doing so, it demonstrates both how African American children experienced age-based forms of subjugation as well as their contribution to forms of activism that capitalized on the political power of black childhood. This dissertation focuses on constructions of black childhood in prominent anti-slavery texts as well as the daily lives of African American children living in Philadelphia, Boston, and New York from gradual emancipation to the Civil War. Through an interdisciplinary engagement with organizational documents, school records, and textual representations, this dissertation explores the ways in which black childhood was constructed, institutionalized, and made political. By examining expressions of black childhood and motherhood in black print culture, this study also demonstrates the connects the political discourse concerning black childhood with that of black womanhood and motherhood. As such, this study elucidates black children's role within abolitionism, women's rights, prison reform, and humanitarianism, thereby broadening the scope of relevant scholarship in African American history, the history of childhood and youth, and studies of political activism to include the oft-neglected subject of northern black children's experiences.
These statements may stray far beyond the boundaries of established knowledge
. Sometimes they blatantly distort or misrepresent state - of - the - art science .
Unlike reasonable hypotheses , irresponsible assertions neither advance ...
Author: Virginia Buysse
The concept of evidence-based practice is helping early educators, special educators, early interventionists, child care professionals, mental health professionals, social workers, health-care professionals, and others work together more effectively to transform the services provided to children and families. This unique book defines the evidence-based practice movement and explains how it is empowering professionals to deliver the most effective interventions available. The authors examine how evidence-based practice is changing the way research is conducted, how research findings can be applied to solve real-world problems, and how research can be used to inform critical policy decisions.
This carefully curated collection extends beyond critiques of specified research arenas, traditions, concepts or approaches to serve as a bridge in the transformation of childhood studies at this important juncture in its history.
Author: Spyros Spyrou
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
Category: Social Science
Reimagining Childhood Studies incites, and provides a forum for, dialogue and debate about the direction and impetus for critical and global approaches to social-cultural studies of children and their childhoods. Set against the backdrop of a quarter century of research and theorising arising out of the “new” social studies of childhood, each of the 13 original contributions strives to extend the conceptual reach and relevance of the work being undertaken in the dynamic and expanding field of childhood studies in the 21st century. Internationally renowned contributors engage with contemporary scholarship from both the global north and south to address questions of power, inequity, reflexivity, subjectivities and representation from poststructuralist, posthumanist, postcolonial, feminist, queer studies and political economy perspectives. In so doing, the book provides a deconstructive and reconstructive dialogue, offering a renewed agenda for future scholarship. The book also moves the insights of childhood studies beyond the boundaries of this field, helping to mainstream insights about children's everyday lives from this burgeoning area of study and avoid the dangers of marginalizing both children and scholarship about childhood. This carefully curated collection extends beyond critiques of specified research arenas, traditions, concepts or approaches to serve as a bridge in the transformation of childhood studies at this important juncture in its history.
Self and Social Relationships in the Experience of the Child Allison James ... It
lies beyond the familiar boundaries of childhood in terms both of space - outside
the bars of the playpen , beyond the garden gate , over the school wall — and
Author: Allison James
Category: Social Science
Childhood Identities explores the experience of childhood from children's perspectives. Drawing on ethnographic work in schools and the accounts of children aged between four and nine years old, its aim is to understand the importance of the body as a medium of social expression - both in its appearance and its performance - and to assess the significance which this has in children's social relationships and friendships. It explores the process of socialisation through parents' narratives about their children's experiences of illness at home and at school, raising questions about ideas of difference and disability as they relate to social identity and personhood during childhood. Contributing to the sociological and anthropological work on the body and health/illness, the children's accounts also reveal the subtle and different ways in which age and gender shape children's growing sociality in relation to the concepts of belonging and outsiderhood.
Thus , one may say that childhood immunization programs have led to a
significant reduction in child mortality only if one ... of 80 percent of children
having been vaccinated are exaggerated , at least Beyond the Boundaries of
Benedict Anderson died in Java in December 2015, soon after he had finished correcting the proofs of this book. The tributes that poured in from Asia alone suggest that his work will continue to inspire and stimulate minds young and old.
Author: Benedict Anderson
Category: Biography & Autobiography
An intellectual memoir by the author of the acclaimed Imagined Communities Born in China, Benedict Anderson spent his childhood in California and Ireland, was educated in England and finally found a home at Cornell University, where he immersed himself in the growing field of Southeast Asian studies. He was expelled from Suharto's Indonesia after revealing the military to be behind the attempted coup of 1965, an event which prompted reprisals that killed up to a million communists and their supporters. Banned from the country for thirty-five years, he continued his research in Thailand and the Philippines, producing a very fine study of the Filipino novelist and patriot José Rizal in The Age of Globalization. In A Life Beyond Boundaries, Anderson recounts a life spent open to the world. Here he reveals the joys of learning languages, the importance of fieldwork, the pleasures of translation, the influence of the New Left on global thinking, the satisfactions of teaching, and a love of world literature. He discusses the ideas and inspirations behind his best-known work, Imagined Communities (1983), whose complexities changed the study of nationalism. Benedict Anderson died in Java in December 2015, soon after he had finished correcting the proofs of this book. The tributes that poured in from Asia alone suggest that his work will continue to inspire and stimulate minds young and old.
The leaders of child welfare reform , like those in the welfare arena , are reaching beyond the boundaries of their own agencies to find more practical and proactive
ways for states and communities to enable parents to care for their children ...
It turned out that in evaluating the child ' s mental development , it was especially
indicative not just that he independently solves the tests he is presented with , but
how far beyond the boundaries of his independent solutions he can go on ...
Contains unabriged translations of articles from Russian and Eastern European sources, primarily from scholarly journals and collections of articles published in book form.
prove to be confusing to their child if decisions are made in a haphazard manner
, with no consistency to provide structure ... a cultural heritage and a larger
community that reaches beyond the boundaries of their immediate family setting .
Author: Steven Carr Reuben
Category: Social Science
Examines the problems encountered by couples of different faiths when they decide to get married, and offers advice in dealing with resistance from parents, relatives, and friends
child sacrifice. There, both Latin stelai to Saturn and Punic stelai to Baal Hammon
—including dedications made in Punic script in the second century ce36—were
discovered. Sixteen of the eighteen neo-Punic stelai invoke Baal Hammon, with ...
Author: Susan E. Alcock
Publisher: Getty Publications
The Roman Empire had a rich and multifaceted visual culture, which was often variegated due to the sprawling geography of its provinces. In this remarkable work of scholarship, a group of international scholars has come together to find alternative ways to discuss the nature and development of the art and archaeology of the Roman provinces. The result is a collection of nineteen compelling essays—accompanied by carefully curated visual documentation, seven detailed maps, and an extensive bibliography—organized around the four major themes of provincial contexts, tradition and innovation, networks and movements, and local accents in an imperial context. Easy assumptions about provincial dependence on metropolitian models give way to more complicated stories. Similarities and divergences in local and regional responses to Rome appear, but not always in predictable places and in far from predictable patterns. The authors dismiss entrenched barriers between art and archaeology, center and provinces, even “good art” and “bad art,” extending their observations well beyond the empire’s boundaries, and examining phenomena, sites, and monuments not often found in books about Roman art history or archaeology. The book thus functions to encourage continued critical engagement with how scholars study the material past of the Roman Empire and, indeed, of imperial systems in general.
Ecological model From a sociological perspective, it is useful to draw from
Bronfenbrenner's (1977) ecological model of child development. He argues that
a child's development is determined by the social context within which he/she
Author: Michele Moore
What challenges are posed by changing transnational trends, agendas and movements that affect disabled people’s lives, and what can disabled people, their representative organisations and their governments do to advance the agenda for self-determination and inclusion? This book draws together the writing of academics and activists to depict the experience and perspective of disabled people in relation to a range of contemporary social changes, with a focus firmly on ways in which disabled people and their allies can act to counter disabling policies and practices. Throughout the book there is an emphasis on disabled people’s own voices and activism as the critical driver of theoretical critique and practical change. Chapters address a wide range of cultural, institutional and personal arenas to explore and contest the boundaries that disabled people seek to move beyond, from cross-border labour movements in Korea to experience of day services in England, from continuing and long-lasting realities of wars in Lebanon, Cambodia and Somalia to the beauty of harmony in Navajo traditions for understanding disability, from collective activism to individual participation in the Olympics. This book is recommended reading for students, researchers and activists interested in Disability Studies and is directly relevant to policy makers and practitioners in a position to reshape rights, spaces and innovations in response to the priorities disabled people feel and articulate are important for their lives. It was originally published as a special issue of Disability & Society.
Quoted in Gair, The Children of Paul's, 3. 8. Mary enjoyed Udall's plays enough
to write in 1554 that “our welbeloved Nicolas Udall hath at soondrie seasons
convenient heretofore shewed ... dialogues and interludes before us for our
Author: Linda Phyllis Austern
Publisher: Indiana University Press
English music studies often apply rigid classifications to musical materials, their uses, their consumers, and performers. The contributors to this volume argue that some performers and manuscripts from the early modern era defy conventional categorization as "amateur" or "professional," "native" or "foreign." These leading scholars explore the circulation of music and performers in early modern England, reconsidering previously held ideas about the boundaries between locations of musical performance and practice.
A second role for questions in the open - inquiry strategy is to guide children into
other possible investigations without ... The ability of young children to identify
cause - and - effect relationships beyond these limited boundaries is virtually ...
But later , when lying in a fever the Child yells out a Latin word , Ovid observes : '
At any other moment I might be overjoyed at what has ... Out there , beyond the boundary stones , the mystery begins ' ( 87 ) . The ambivalence of this is palpable
The physical boundary is symbolized by the eruv , which limits movement on the
Sabbath and holy days and thereby requires congregants to live within ... There
are less formal boundaries beyond which children are not expected to roam .
Author: Avital Feuer
Publisher: CDL Press
Category: Foreign Language Study
Essays include teaching at the university level, sociolinguistics, verbal morphology, teaching poetry, teaching grammar, and more.
The essays in Transcending Boundaries clearly suggest that crossover literature is a major, widespread trend that appears to be sharply on the rise.
Author: Sandra L. Beckett
Category: Literary Criticism
Transcending Boundaries: Writing for a Dual Audience of Children and Adults is a collection of essays on twentieth-century authors who cross the borders between adult and children's literature and appeal to both audiences. This collection of fourteen essays by scholars from eight countries constitutes the first book devoted to the art of crosswriting the child and adult in twentieth-century international literature. Sandra Beckett explores the multifaceted nature of crossover literature and the diverse ways in which writers cross the borders to address a dual readership of children and adults. It considers classics such as Alice's Adventures in Wonderland and Pinocchio, with particular emphasis on post-World War II literature. The essays in Transcending Boundaries clearly suggest that crossover literature is a major, widespread trend that appears to be sharply on the rise.
Children's Perspectives on Early Childhood Services Alison Clark, Peter Moss,
Anne Trine Kjørholt. Diduck , A . ( 1999 ) “ Justice and childhood : reflections on
refashioned boundaries ' , in M . King ( ed ) Moral agendas for children ' s welfare
Author: Alison Clark
Publisher: Policy Press
Category: Political Science
More young children than ever before are spending their time in some form of early childhood service. But how do we know what they think about it? While there has been a move to take children's views into account more generally, very little attention has been given to listening to young children below the age of six or seven.This book is the first of its kind to focus on listening to young children, both from an international perspective and through combining theory, practice and reflection. With contributions and examples from researchers and practitioners in six countries it examines critically how listening to young children in early childhood services is understood and practised.Each chapter is rooted in the everyday lives of young children and presents a range of actual experiences for students and practitioners to draw from. Beyond listening goes further to address key questions emerging from early childhood services and research. These are What do we mean by listening? Why listen? How do we listen to young children? What view of the child do different approaches to listening presume? What risks does listening entail for young children?The authors are leading experts in this area of rapidly growing interest and have themselves developed innovative methods such as the Mosaic approach, which is discussed in the book.
Reaching far beyond the boundaries of Decatur , Baby TALK has developed a
close working relationship with Dr. T. Berry Brazelton's Touchpoints project ,
based at the Child Development Unit of Harvard Medical School . Over the years
Includes proceedings of the Illinois Library Association.
Brady offers proven tools and techniques -- from reading and writing to visualization and taking concrete action -- that can either begin a healing journey or enhance an existing recovery process.
Author: Maureen Brady
Publisher: HarperCollins Publishers
Category: Family & Relationships
This 52-week journal of self-exploration, liberation, and empowerment helps survivors tap into the power of what they know. Breaking the silence with the tangible force of the written word, it helps transform debilitating experiences into firm foundations on which we can thrive, not merely survive. Brady offers proven tools and techniques -- from reading and writing to visualization and taking concrete action -- that can either begin a healing journey or enhance an existing recovery process. Each weekly entry in this one-year journal begins with a brief reflection on a vital topic followed by a suggestion for writing and a powerful visualization exercise.