The Formation and Significance of the Christian Biblical Canon

A common Protestant view has been to regard the canon of Scripture as synonymous with the Bible (canon as the book(s) of the Bible). For Catholics and for many Reformed churches the concept of canon as list of Old and New Testament ...

The Formation and Significance of the Christian Biblical Canon

This book offers a fresh cross-disciplinary approach to the current discussion on the Christian canon formation process. By carefully integrating historical, hermeneutical and theological aspects to account for the emergence of the canon, it seeks to offer a more comprehensive picture of the canon development than has previously been achieved. The formation and continuous usage of the Christian biblical canon is here viewed as an act of literary preservation and actualization of the church's apostolic normative tradition - 'the Scriptures and the Lord' - addressing, first of all, the church, but also the wider society. In order to grasp the complex phenomenon of the biblical canon, the study is divided into four parts, focusing respectively on linguistic and effective-historical, textual and material, performative, and ideational aspects of the canon. Attention is given to the scribal nomina sacra convention, the codex format, oral and written Gospel, early Christian liturgical praxis and the Rule of Faith. Bokedal argues that the canon was formed in a process, with its own particular intention, history, and direction. Throughout the study, history and theology, past and present are considered alongside each other. By using a Gadamerian hermeneutics of tradition, the reader's attention is directed to historical dimensions of the canon and its interpretative possibilities for our time. The notion of effective history (Wirkungsgeschichte), as well as the interaction between text, community and reader are crucial to the argument. The canonical text as text, its interpretation and ritual contextualization are highlighted as unifying elements for the communities being addressed.

Exploring the Origins of the Bible Acadia Studies in Bible and Theology

How did the Bible we have come to be? What do biblical scholars mean when they talk about canon, the Septuagint, the Apocrypha, or the Masoretic Text? All this biblical study is interesting, but does it really matter?

Exploring the Origins of the Bible  Acadia Studies in Bible and Theology

How did the Bible we have come to be? What do biblical scholars mean when they talk about canon, the Septuagint, the Apocrypha, or the Masoretic Text? All this biblical study is interesting, but does it really matter? Leading international scholars explain that it does. This thought-provoking and cutting-edge collection will help you go deeper in your understanding of the biblical writings, how those writings became canonical Scripture, and why canon matters. Beginning with an explanation of the different versions of the Hebrew Bible, scholars in different areas of expertise explore the complexities and issues related to the Old and New Testament canons, why different Jewish and Christian communities have different collections, and the importance of canon to theology.

The Formation of the Biblical Canon Volume 2

“The Latin Bible c. 600–900.” Pages 69–92 in Marsden and Matter, eds., The New Cambridge History of the Bible: From 600–1450. Bokedal, Tomas. The Formation and Significance of the Christian Biblical Canon: A Study in Text, ...

The Formation of the Biblical Canon  Volume 2

Lee Martin McDonald provides a magisterial overview of the development of the biblical canon --- the emergence of the list of individual texts that constitutes the Christian bible. In these two volumes -- in sum more than double the length of his previous works -- McDonald presents his most in-depth overview to date. McDonald shows students and researchers how the list of texts that constitute 'the bible' was once far more fluid than it is today and guides readers through the minefield of different texts, different versions, and the different lists of texts considered 'canonical' that abounded in antiquity. Questions of the origin and transmission of texts are introduced as well as consideration of innovations in the presentation of texts, collections of documents, archaeological finds and Church councils. In the first volume McDonald reexamines issues of canon formation once considered settled, and sets the range of texts that make up the Hebrew Bible (or Old Testament) in their broader context. Each indidvidual text is discussed, as are the cultural, political and historical situations surrounding them. This second volume considers the New Testament, and the range of so-called 'apocryphal' gospels that were written in early centuries, and used by many Christian groups before the canon was closed. Also included are comprehensive appendices which show various canon lists for both Old and New Testaments and for the bible as a whole.

Bible Canon

The Apostles did not leave a defined set of new scriptures; instead, the New Testament developed over time. Early Church used the Old Testament according to the canon of the Septuagint (LXX). However by the end of first millenium all ...

Bible Canon


The Formation of the Biblical Canon Volume 1

Several such traditional assumptions have been slowly eroding over the years, largely as a result of recent investigations into the formation of the biblical canon. New understandings of relevant ancient sources have led some scholars ...

The Formation of the Biblical Canon  Volume 1

Lee Martin McDonald provides a magisterial overview of the development of the biblical canon --- the emergence of the list of individual texts that constitutes the Christian bible. In these two volumes -- in sum more than double the length of his previous works -- McDonald presents his most in-depth overview to date. McDonald shows students and researchers how the list of texts that constitute 'the bible' was once far more fluid than it is today and guides readers through the minefield of different texts, different versions, and the different lists of texts considered 'canonical' that abounded in antiquity. Questions of the origin and transmission of texts are introduced as well as consideration of innovations in the presentation of texts, collections of documents, archaeological finds and Church councils. In this first volume McDonald reexamines issues of canon formation once considered settled, and sets the range of texts that make up the Hebrew Bible (or Old Testament) in their broader context. Each indidvidual text is discussed, as are the cultural, political and historical situations surrounding them. The second volume considers the New Testament, and the range of so-called 'apocryphal' gospels that were written in early centuries, and used by many Christian groups before the canon was closed. Also included are comprehensive appendices which show various canon lists for both Old and New Testaments and for the bible as a whole.

The Biblical Canon

The Other Bible: Jewish Pseudepigrapha, Christian Apocrypha, Gnostic Scriptures, Kabbalah, Dead Sea Scrolls. San Francisco: Harper, 1984. Barr,J. Fundamentalism. Philadelphia: Westminster, 1977. ———. Holy Scripture: Canon, Authority, ...

The Biblical Canon

This is the thoroughly updated and expanded third edition of the successful The Formation of the Christian Biblical Canon. It represents a fresh attempt to understand some of the many perplexing questions related to the origins and canonicity of the Bible.

Canon and Canonicity

The essays in this book discuss such crucial issues as the history of the formation of the biblical canon, examples of the canonisation of books in Antiquity outside Christianity, and the nature and function of canonical texts in general.

Canon and Canonicity

The authority of the Bible is one of the defining features of Christianity. However, the origins of the Biblical canon, both as an idea and as a composition still pose many unresolved questions and the nature of the bible's authority, including the many ways in which that authority has been tapped throughout history, are important and vast areas of investigation. The essays in this book discuss such crucial issues as the history of the formation of the biblical canon, examples of the canonisation of books in Antiquity outside Christianity, and the nature and function of canonical texts in general. Several essays, furthermore, deal with the numerous ways in which biblical canonicity has been construed and utilised in more recent European history. The essays, written by specialists in religious studies, ancient history, classical philology, church history and literary theory, should be of great interest to students, scholars and general readers concerned with scriptural and literary canon formation.

The Biblical Canon Lists from Early Christianity

fourth-century alexandrian theologian, did not produce a canon list, ehrman had to determine the contents of his ... now in the hebrew Bible or not, would convince us that he had a very wide canon, perhaps no canon at all.7 But instead, ...

The Biblical Canon Lists from Early Christianity

The Bible took shape over the course of centuries, and today Christian groups continue to disagree over details of its contents. The differences among these groups typically involve the Old Testament, as they mostly accept the same 27-book New Testament. An essential avenue for understanding the development of the Bible are the many early lists of canonical books drawn up by Christians and, occasionally, Jews. Despite the importance of these early lists of books, they have remained relatively inaccessible. This comprehensive volume redresses this unfortunate situation by presenting the early Christian canon lists all together in a single volume. The canon lists, in most cases, unambiguously report what the compilers of the lists considered to belong to the biblical canon. For this reason they bear an undeniable importance in the history of the Bible. The Biblical Canon Lists from Early Christianity provides an accessible presentation of these early canon lists. With a focus on the first four centuries, the volume supplies the full text of the canon lists in English translation alongside the original text, usually Greek or Latin, occasionally Hebrew or Syriac. Edmon L. Gallagher and John D. Meade orient readers to each list with brief introductions and helpful notes, and they point readers to the most significant scholarly discussions. The book begins with a substantial overview of the history of the biblical canon, and an entire chapter is devoted to the evidence of biblical manuscripts from the first millennium. This authoritative work is an indispensable guide for students and scholars of biblical studies and church history.

The Canon of Scripture

Though some issues have shifted since the original publication of this book, it still remains a significant landmark and touchstone for further studies.

The Canon of Scripture

Winner of two 1990 Christianity Today Awards: Readers' Choice (1st place; theology & doctrine) and Critics' Choice (1st place; theology & doctrine). A 1989 ECPA Gold Medallion Award winner! How did the books of the Bible come to be recognized as Holy Scripture? Who decided what shape the canon should take? What criteria influenced these decisions? After nearly nineteen centuries the canon of Scripture still remains an issue of debate. Protestants, Catholics and the Orthodox all have slightly differing collections of documents in their Bibles. Martin Luther, one of the early leaders of the Reformation, questioned the inclusion of the book of James in the canon. And many Christians today, while confessing the authority of all of Scripture, tend to rely on only a few books and particular themes while ignoring the rest. Scholars have raised many other questions as well. Research into second-century Gnostic texts have led some to argue that politics played a significant role in the formation of the Christian canon. Assessing the influence of ancient communities and a variety of disputes on the final shaping of the canon call for ongoing study. In this significant historical study, F. F. Bruce brings the wisdom of a lifetime of reflection and biblical interpretation to bear in answering the questions and clearing away the confusion surrounding the Christian canon of Scripture. Adept in both Old and New Testament studies, he brings a rare comprehensive perspective to his task. Though some issues have shifted since the original publication of this book, it still remains a significant landmark and touchstone for further studies.

Formation of the Bible the Story of the Church s Canon

From the collection (and translations) of the Hebrew Scriptures through the collection of the New Testament Scriptures, and finally the process of settling on the final forms for these collections, McDonald leads his reader right up to the ...

Formation of the Bible  the Story of the Church s Canon

Well-known for his scholarly works on the formation of the biblical canon, Lee McDonald has written a carefully researched and reasoned explanation on the history of the formation of the Bible expressly for the interested pastor and curious layman. Combining a lifelong commitment to the Scriptures, both as a pastor and as a scholar, McDonald approaches his task with sensitivity to the importance of these sacred texts as well as with the thoughtful practice of a person steeped in the process by which these texts were brought together to form the Bible as the church knows it now. From the collection (and translations) of the Hebrew Scriptures through the collection of the New Testament Scriptures, and finally the process of settling on the final forms for these collections, McDonald leads his reader right up to the present moment.

The Bible

... 268 ' Bible , History of the English , " by B. F. Westcott , 286 Bible Knowledge , By - paths of , 270 " Bible of To - day , The , " by John W. Chadwick , 270 Bible , the Cambridge , 270 " Bible , Canon of the , " by Samuel Davidson ...

The Bible


God and the Bible

But it extended not to Scriptures outside the Hebrew Canon , as this Canon had been for the last time formally approved in the days of Judas Maccabeus . The enlarged Greek Bible was the Bible of Christians , and Greek was the language ...

God and the Bible


Inspiration and Canonicity of the Scriptures

In the modern debate on biblical interpretation and verbal inerrancy, this book gives weighty evidence for the historic Christian position that the Bible, the sacred canon, is the very truth of God and that it can be interpreted, understood ...

Inspiration and Canonicity of the Scriptures

In the modern debate on biblical interpretation and verbal inerrancy, this book gives weighty evidence for the historic Christian position that the Bible, the sacred canon, is the very truth of God and that it can be interpreted, understood, and applied in our time. The book considers the phenomena and data of the Bible and finds them consistent with the teaching of Christ and the apostles that they are both true and meaningful in any culture. Inspiration of the Bible and the canonical status of its books are closely interrelated matters, but the treatment of both subjects in one volume is all to rare. In the treatment of the canon, the book quotes extensively from the sources--the very early Christian writers as well as recent finds--the Dead Sea Scrolls and the books and papyri from Nag Hammadi in Egypt. It combines the extensive historical evidence with the witness and claims of the Bible itself. Reviews of the original work--that it was well-documented and thorough but profitable for any serious Christian layman--are still applicable to the revised and updated edition.

The Canon of the New Testament

A study of the long and gradual process in Church history which led to recognition of the canonical status of the books of the New Testament.

The Canon of the New Testament

A study of the long and gradual process in Church history which led to recognition of the canonical status of the books of the New Testament.

A High View of Scripture

A High View of Scripture? is the third volume in the series. The series editor is D. H. Williams.

A High View of Scripture

This addition to the Evangelical Ressourcement series offers wisdom from the early church for understanding the authority of Scripture.

Canon and Mission

Argues that The Bible is a "handbook of mission," that the biblical canon, read as a whole, calls for mission, and mission emerges from and always has need of the biblical canon for its witness in and to the world.

Canon and Mission

Argues that The Bible is a "handbook of mission," that the biblical canon, read as a whole, calls for mission, and mission emerges from and always has need of the biblical canon for its witness in and to the world.

Dictionary of the Bible

The plan proposed by Canon Rogers for its execution was this : to take the Syriac MS . which appeared to be the best ... whole of the results might then be published in the same form as De Rossi's Varia Lectiones to the Hebrew Bible .

Dictionary of the Bible


Dr William Smith s Dictionary of the Bible

The plan proposed by Canon Rogers for its execution was this : to take the Syriac MS . which appeared to be the best ... whole of the results might then be published in the same form as De Rossi's Varia Lectiones to the Hebrew Bible .

Dr  William Smith s Dictionary of the Bible