Hydrogels and Biodegradable Polymers for Bioapplications

American Chemical Society. Meeting Raphael M. Ottenbrite, Samuel J. Huang, Kinam Park, American Chemical Society. Division of Polymer Chemistry. i ACS SYMPOSIUM SERIES 627 Hydrogels and Biodegradable Polymers for Bioapplications.

Hydrogels and Biodegradable Polymers for Bioapplications

Examines the use of reversible hydrogels, stimuli-sensitive hydrogels, and in vivo applications of hydrogels. Discusses current issues in biodegradation, including controlled release from degradable matrices, degradation of synthetic materials in marine and soil environments, and time-related degradation of support devices and other applications of biomaterials. Reviews applications of biomaterials and hydrogels.

Advances in Biodegradable Polymers

Some definitions have now been proposed by standard authorities , for example : Over the last twenty years there has been a growing interest in biodegradable polymers . Initial interests were in the fields of medicine , such as ...

Advances in Biodegradable Polymers

In this report the factors which influence biodegradation are first explained. Methods of testing and evaluating biodegradation are then described and compared. The principles, relative costs and practical applications of specific tests are outlined together with the position with respect to recognised standards. The range of biodegradable polymers and polymer blends is then described, including natural and synthetic products. An additional indexed section containing several hundred abstracts from the Rapra Polymer Library database provides useful references for further reading.

Biodegradable Polymers

There are many books in the field of polymers but there are very few books in this specialized field of developing biodegradable polymers and there is hardly any book in the field biodegradable polymer concentrating on development of ...

Biodegradable Polymers

This book is about development of biodegradable polymers alternatives, which are required to save our reserves of fossil fuels and to save our mother earth from further environmental degradation. This book deals with the family of biodegradable polymers which have to be prepared with a novel idea of studying polymers with a “Cradle to Grave” approach. It touches upon basic materials, which can be potential materials to prepare biodegradable polymers with their basic structures, properties, behaviour and limitations known till date. This book will help students in understanding various characterization techniques which can be used for the study of identification of functional group, structural properties, thermal behaviour, crystallographic nature, mechanical properties and morphological properties through FTIR–ATR for physico chemical properties, DSC & TGA for thermal studies, XRD for crystallographic studies & SEM for morphological studies. It also provides an overview of various testing methods to analyse biodegradability including standard guideline for evaluation of biodegradation and compostability of polymer material through ASTM/ISO/EN standard methods. Note: T&F does not sell or distribute the Hardback in India, Pakistan, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh and Sri Lanka.

Synthetic Biodegradable Polymers

Biodegradable plastics have been used on an industrial scale since the end of the 1990s when BASF launched Ecoflex®. This is a fossil-based, ... Ecoflex® is the preferred blend partner for bio-based and biodegradable polymers, ...

Synthetic Biodegradable Polymers

Salen Metal Complexes as Catalysts for the Synthesis of Polycarbonates from Cyclic Ethers and Carbon Dioxide, by Donald J. Darensbourg.- Material Properties of Poly(Propylene Carbonates), by Gerrit. A. Luinstra and Endres Borchardt.- Poly(3-Hydroxybutyrate) from Carbon Monoxide, by Robert Reichardt and Bernhard Rieger. - Ecoflex® and Ecovio®: Biodegradable, Performance-Enabling Plastics, by K. O. Siegenthaler, A. Künkel, G. Skupin and M. Yamamoto.- Biodegradability of Poly(Vinyl Acetate) and Related Polymers, by Manfred Amann and Oliver Minge.- Recent Developments in Ring-Opening Polymerization of Lactones, by P. Lecomte and C. Jérôme.- Recent Developments in Metal-Catalyzed Ring-Opening Polymerization of Lactides and Glycolides: Preparation of Polylactides, Polyglycolide, and Poly(lactide-co-glycolide), by Saikat Dutta, Wen-Chou Hung, Bor-Hunn Huang and Chu-Chieh Lin.- Bionolle (Polybutylenesuccinate), by Yasushi Ichikawa, Tatsuya Mizukoshi.- Polyurethanes from Renewable Resources, by David A. Babb.-

Nanocomposites with Biodegradable Polymers

Biodegradable polymers Biomass products From biotechnology From petrochemical products From agro-ressources ->Agro-polymers From micro-organisms (obtained by extraction) (conventionnal synthesis from bio-derived monomers) (Conventional ...

Nanocomposites with Biodegradable Polymers

Bio-nanocomposites combine the enhanced properties of commercial polymer nanocomposites with the low environmental impact of biodegradable material, making them a topic of great current interest. Because of their tremendous role in reducing dependency on commercial non-biodegradable polymers, and their environmentally-friendly nature, bio-nanocomposites need to be studied in greater detail. In this book, recent advancements in their development are brought together in a single text, to provide researchers with a thorough insight into the various systems, and to open up future perspectives. Although the commercial applications of these bio-nanocomposites are in their infancy, these materials have a huge commercial potential. In setting out the next generation of advances in nanocomposite technology, this book opens the way for further developments in the field. Describing the subject as a whole, from a basic introduction to the more specific systems and advancements, this book can be used both as a professional reference and for teaching purposes.

Biodegradable Polymers and Plastics

In Degradable Polymers: Principles and Applications (G. Scott, and D. Gilead, eds.), Chapman & Hall, 1" Ed., Chapter 8. 60. Griffin, G.J.L., 1994, Particulate starch based products. In Chemistry and Technology of Biodegradable Polymers ...

Biodegradable Polymers and Plastics

Synthetic and semi-synthetic polymeric materials were originally developed for their durability and resistance to all forms of degradation including biodegradation. Such materials are currently widely accepted because of their ease of processability and amenability to provide a large variety of cost effective items that help to enhance the comfort and quality of life in the modern industrial society. However, this widespread utilization of plastics has contributed to a serious plastic waste burden, and the expectation for the 21st century is for an increased demand for polymeric material. This volume focuses on a more rational utilization of resources in the fabrication, consumption and disposal of plastic items, specifically: -Environmentally Degradable Polymeric Materials (EDPs); -Water-soluble/Swellable Biodegradable Polymers; -EDPs from Renewable Resources; -Biopolymers; -Bioresorbable Materials for Biomedical Applications; -Biorelated Polymers; -Standards and Regulations on EDPs.

Biodegradable Polymers in the Circular Plastics Economy

In the first dimension, we use the narrow definition of “biodegradability” by the European Standard EN 13432:2000, i.e. if the polymer has passed the biodegradability test according to the standard, we call it “biodegradable” in this ...

Biodegradable Polymers in the Circular Plastics Economy

Biodegradable Polymers in the Circular Plastics Economy A comprehensive overview of the burgeoning field of biodegradable plastics As the lasting impact of humanity’s reliance on plastics comes into focus, scholars have begun to seek out solutions to plastic litter. In Biodegradable Polymers in the Circular Plastics Economy, an accomplished team of researchers delivers a focused guide (1) to understand plastic degradation and its role in waste hierarchy besides recycling, and (2) to create and use biodegradable plastics where appropriate. Created preferably from renewable resources, these eco-friendly polymers provide an opportunity to create sustainable and lasting solutions to the growing plastic-driven pollution problem. The broad approach to this handbook allows the authors to cover all aspects of these emerging materials, ranging from the problems present in the current plastics cycle, to the differences in type, production, and chemistry available within these systems, to end-of-life via recycling or degradation, and to life-cycle assessments. It also delves into potential commercial and policy issues to be addressed to successfully deploy this technology. Readers will also find: A thorough introduction to biodegradable polymers, focusing not only on the scientific aspects, but also addressing the larger political, commercial, and consumer concerns Mechanisms of biodegradation and the environmental impact of persistent polymers An in-depth discussion of degradable/hydrolysable polyesters, polysaccharides, lignin-based polymers, and vitrimers Management of plastic waste and life cycle assessment of bio-based plastics Biodegradable Polymers in the Circular Plastics Economy is the perfect overview of this complicated but essential research field and will appeal to polymer chemists, environmental chemists, chemical engineers, and bioengineers in academia and industry. The book is intended as a step towards a circular plastics economy that relies heavily on degradable plastics to sustain it.

Handbook of Biodegradable Polymers

The polymers of carboxyphenoxy alkanoic acid having methylene groups (n = 3, 5, and 7) were soluble in chlorinated ... 3.2.5 RA-Based Polyanhydrides Incorporation of the fatty acid in the biodegradable polymer backbone is advantageous ...

Handbook of Biodegradable Polymers

A comprehensive overview of biodegradable polymers, covering everything from synthesis, characterization, and degradation mechanisms while also introducing useful applications, such as drug delivery systems and biomaterial-based regenerative therapies. An introductory section deals with such fundamentals as basic chemical reactions during degradation, the complexity of biological environments and experimental methods for monitoring degradation processes. The result is a reliable reference source for those wanting to learn more about this important class of polymer materials, as well as scientists in the field seeking a deeper insight.

Synthetic Biodegradable Polymer Scaffolds

... morphogenesis of cartilage and bone by means of cell transplantation using synthetic biodegradable polymer matrices . ... et al ( 1991 ) : Synthetic polymers seeded with chondrocytes provide a template for new cartilage formation .

Synthetic Biodegradable Polymer Scaffolds

This body of work represents the first volume of a book series covering the field of tissue engineering. Tissue engineering, which refers to a category of therapeutic or diagnostic products and processes which are based upon a combination of living cells and biomaterials, was defined as a field only a few years ago (1988). Tissue engineering is an inherently interdisciplinary field, combining bioengineering, life sciences and clinical sciences. The definition of this area of work as the field of tissue engineering brought together scientists from multiple backgrounds who already were working toward the achievement of similar goals. Why a book series exclusively devoted to tissue engineering? The field of tissue engineering is heterogeneous. The cells involved in tissue engineering can be autologous, allogeneic or xenogeneic. The biomaterials utilized can be either naturally occurring, synthetic or a combination of both. The appli cation of the technology can be either for acute or permanent purposes. An attempt to cover the field of tissue engineering in a single volume, with the degree of detail necessary for individuals with different scientific back grounds and disciplines, would be a difficult task to accomplish, particularly when this field is just emerging and changing rapidly. Therefore, addressing different technologies within the field of tissue engineering, in a comprehen sive manner, is the main mission of this series of volumes. A stellar group of scientists has been brought together to form the editorial board of the series.

Natural and Wood Fibre Reinforcement in Polymers

As natural fibres are cheap and biodegradable , the biodegradable composites from biofibres and biodegradable polymers will render a contribution in the 21st century due to serious environmental problems . Biodegradable polymers have ...

Natural and Wood Fibre Reinforcement in Polymers

This report examines the different fibre types available and the current research. The authors have cited several hundred references to the latest work on properties, processing and applications. The different methods of fibre pretreatment are examined, together with fibre properties, chemistry and applications. This review is accompanied by summaries of papers from the Rapra Polymer Library database.

Degradable Polymers Recycling and Plastics Waste Management

One other major and general concern on the use of biodegradable polymers is the possibility that greenhouse gases other than carbon dioxide are released into the atmosphere during the production and after the use of biodegradable ...

Degradable Polymers  Recycling  and Plastics Waste Management

Based on the International Workshop on Controlled Life-Cycle of Polymeric Materials held in Stockholm, this work examines degradable polymers and the recycling of plastic materials. It highlights recent results on recycling and waste management, including topics such as renewable resources, degradation, processing and products, and environmental issues.

Vegetable Oil Based Polymers

Properties, Processing and Applications Niranjan Karak. development is important.35 This is a critical time in the development of biodegradable polymer, as society's views on environmental responsibility are becoming far more stringent.

Vegetable Oil Based Polymers

The growing need to find a sustainable, environmentally-friendly replacement for petroleum-based materials is fuelling the development of bio-based polymers from renewable resources. Amongst the most promising of these are vegetable oil-based polymeric materials. Vegetable oil-based polymers provides a comprehensive review of the research in this important field. After an introduction to classification and polymerization, Vegetable oil-based polymers goes on to review the factors involved in polymer biodegradation. The extraction, purification and application of vegetable oils are then explored, along with vegetable oil-based polyesters and poly(ester amide)s, polyurethanes and epoxies. The book then reviews polyamides, polyolefins and vegetable oil-based hyperbranched polymers. It concludes with an analysis of vegetable oil-based polymer composites and polymer nanocomposites. Vegetable oil-based polymers is an indispensable guide for all those involved in the research and development of biopolymers as well as the wide range of industries looking for more sustainable polymer materials. Provides a comprehensive review of recent research in the area of vegetable oil-based polymeric materials Discusses vegetable oils and their derivatives, biodegradable polymers and the fundamentals of polymers Explores the extraction, purification and application of vegetable oils, along with vegetable oil-based polyesters and poly(ester amide)s, polyurethanes and epoxies

Polymers for Controlled Drug Delivery

I. INTRODUCTION The use of biodegradable polymers for biomedical applications has dramatically increased in recent years . 1-4 As temporary scaffolds , these materials have been explored as , among many other applications ...

Polymers for Controlled Drug Delivery

Polymers for Controlled Drug Delivery addresses the challenges of designing macromolecules that deliver therapeutic agents that function safely and in concert with living organisms. The book primarily discusses classes of polymers and polymeric vehicles, including particulates, such as latexes, coacervates, ion-exchange resins, and liposomes, as well as non-particulate vehicles such as enteric coatings, mediators, and bioadhesives. Other topics discussed include diffusion; biodegradation-controlled delivery; animal model studies for toxicity, metabolism, and elimination testing; and FDA requirements for clinical studies. Drug delivery researchers will find this book to be an invaluable reference tool.

Ullmann s Polymers and Plastics 4 Volume Set

larger production plants and increasing production capacities The authors expect the market for biodegradable polymers to grow from 65 × 103 t (2007) to 400 × 103 t (2015), which means an average annual growth rate of 25%.

Ullmann s Polymers and Plastics  4 Volume Set

Your personal Ullmann's: Chemical and physical characteristics, production processes and production figures, main applications, toxicology and safety information are all to be found here in one single resource - bringing the vast knowledge of the Ullmann's Encyclopedia to the desks of industrial chemists and chemical engineers. The ULLMANN’S perspective on polymers and plastics brings reliable information on more than 1500 compounds and products straight to your desktop Carefully selected “best of” compilation of 61 topical articles from the Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry on economically important polymers provide a wealth of chemical, physical and economic data on more than 1000 different polymers and hundreds of modifications Contains a wealth of information on the production and use of all industrially relevant polymers and plastics, including organic and inorganic polymers, fibers, foams and resins Extensively updated: more than 30% of the content has been added or updated since the launch of the 7th edition of the Ullmann’s encyclopedia in 2011 and is now available in print for the first time 4 Volumes

Polymers for Tissue Engineering

Biodegradable polymers . For many tissue engineering applications , the polymer - peptide hybrid is required as an interactive support material only during tissue formation , when cell - to - matrix interactions to a template are ...

Polymers for Tissue Engineering

The articles included in this text highlight the important advances in polymer science that impact tissue engineering. The breadth of polymer science is well represented with the relevance of both polymer chemistry and morphology emphasized in terms of cell and tissue response.

Bioresorbable Polymers for Biomedical Applications

This has pushed researchers worldwide to work toward the development of biodegradable polymers, ie, polymers that could degrade back to their monomeric state or at least to much smaller molecules, more compatible with the environment ...

Bioresorbable Polymers for Biomedical Applications

Bioresorbable Polymers for Biomedical Applications: From Fundamentals to Translational Medicine provides readers with an overview of bioresorbable polymeric materials in the biomedical field. A useful resource for materials scientists in industry and academia, offering information on the fundamentals and considerations, synthesis and processing, and the clinical and R and D applications of bioresorbable polymers for biomedical applications. Focuses on biomedical applications of bioresorbable polymers Features a comprehensive range of topics including fundamentals, synthesis, processing, and applications Provides balanced coverage of the field with contributions from academia and industry Includes clinical and R and D applications of bioresorbable polymers for biomedical applications

Biodegradable Polymers

This volume contains 10 chapters covering various aspects of biodegradable polymers , i.e. polymeric biomaterials deliberately used for their biodegradability in human medicine , mainly in surgery , drug delivery and tissue engineering ...

Biodegradable Polymers


Polymers from Renewable Resources

Biodegradable polymer materials and even nanofillers (e.g., natural fibers) are important because of their application in greener industries. Polymers that can be degraded naturally play an important role in solving public hazards of ...

Polymers from Renewable Resources

This book is a printed edition of the Special Issue "Polymers from Renewable Resources" that was published in Polymers

Eco friendly Functional Polymers

Polymer biodegradation: mechanisms and estimation techniques e a review. Chemosphere 73, 429e442. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2008.06.064. Luckachan, G.E., Pillai, C.K.S., 2011. Biodegradable polymers - a review on recent ...

Eco friendly Functional Polymers

There is a growing demand for strategies to address the impact of polymers and plastics in ecosystems. The principles of green chemistry offer a good source of such strategies. Ecofriendly Functional Polymers: An Approach from Application-Targeted Green Chemistry provides a holistic overview of polymer chemistry, development, and applications in the context of these sustainability-driven principles. It encourages researchers to consider the principles of green chemistry, environmental impacts, and end-user needs as integral aspects for consideration at the earliest stages of any design process, and draws together key aspects of polymer chemistry, organic synthesis, experimental design, and applications in a single volume. Beginning with an authoritative guide to fundamental polymer chemistry and its impact in the current environmental context, the book then discusses a range of key theoretical and experimental aspects of designing eco-friendly functional polymers. Applications of ecofriendly functional polymers across an entire range of fields are discussed, and a selection of case studies highlights the implementation of theoretical and experimental information to address a broad selection of issues. Highlights the physicochemical principles of green chemistry and the development of biodegradable and recyclable polymers in this context Compiles key information connecting structural features with properties, experimental strategies, and appropriate applications into a single volume Discusses requirements and applications across a broad range of fields, supported by practical examples

Soil Microenvironment for Bioremediation and Polymer Production

In the case of polymeric materials, the ideal principle of the concept is focused on replacing petroleumbased polymers with biodegradable or bio-based polymers [3]. These bio-polymers are considered because they are acquired or produced ...

Soil Microenvironment for Bioremediation and Polymer Production

The book consists of 21 chapters by subject matter experts and is divided into four parts: Soil Microenvironment and Biotransformation Mechanisms; Synergistic effects between substrates and Microbes; Polyhydroxyalakanoates: Resources, Demands and Sustainability; and Cellulose based biomaterials: Benefits and challenges. Included in the chapters are classical bioremediation approaches and advances in the use of nanoparticles for removal of radioactive waste. The book also discusses the production of applied emerging biopolymers using diverse microorganisms. All chapters are supplemented with comprehensive illustrative diagrams and comparative tables.