32 The Uptake of Biological Control in Latin America and the Caribbean Joop C. van Lenteren1* and Matthew J.W. Cock2 1Laboratory of Entomology, Wageningen University, The Netherlands; 2CABI, Egham, UK Abstract Biological control started ...
Author: Joop C. van Lenteren
The book summarizes the history of biological control in Latin America and the Caribbean. Few publications provide historical detail and the records are, therefore, fragmented until now. By bringing information together in this book, we offer a more complete picture of important developments in biological control on this continent. There are a wealth of text, tables and references about the history of such projects, and which were succesful and which failed. This will help plan future biocontrol projects. An overview is provided of the current situation in biological control for many Latin American and Caribbean countries, revealing an astonishing level of practical biological control applied in the regio, making it the largest area under biological control worldwide. The final part describes new developments and speculates about the future of biological control in Latin America and the Caribbean.
In Biological Control In Latin America And The Caribbean: Its Rich History And Bright Future. (Eds JC van Lenteren, VHP Bueno, MG Luna, YC Colmenarez) pp. 194–198. CAB International, Wallingford. van Lenteren JC (2020b) Biological ...
Author: Peter G. Mason
Publisher: CSIRO PUBLISHING
Biological Control: Global Impacts, Challenges and Future Directions of Pest Management provides a historical summary of organisms and main strategies used in biological control, as well as the key challenges confronting biological control in the 21st century. Biological control has been implemented for millennia, initially practised by growers moving beneficial species from one local area to another. Today, biological control has evolved into a formal science that provides ecosystem services to protect the environment and the resources used by humanity. With contributions from dedicated scientists and practitioners from around the world, this comprehensive book highlights important successes, failures and challenges in biological control efforts. It advocates that biological control must be viewed as a global endeavour and provides suggestions to move practices forward in a changing world. Biological Control is an invaluable resource for conservation specialists, pest management practitioners and those who research invasive species, as well as students studying pest management science.
Keynote Presenter Latin American weed biological control science at the crossroads R.W. Barreto1 Summary Latin ... Latin American weed biological control: historical background Latin America, including the Caribbean in this paper, ...
Author: M. H. Julien
Category: Technology & Engineering
These proceedings contain the full-length papers and abstracts of papers presented at the symposium. Subjects covered include: ecology and modelling in biological control of weeds; benefits, risks and cost analysis of biological weed control; target and biological control agent selection; pre-release specificity and efficacy testing; regulations and public awareness; evolutionary processes; opportunities and constraints for the biological control of weeds in Europe; release activities and post-release evaluations; and management specifics, integration, restoration and implementation.
... for Biological Control of Noxious Animals and Plants (IOBC—www.iobc-global.org) is represented in Latin America by ... parasitoids use as part of the biological control programs implemented in Latin America and the Caribbean .
Author: Hugues Kossi Baimey
Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand
Horticultural crops are important for human nutrition. To guarantee successful cultivation for quality and quantity yield, proper identification of pests and diseases, as well as abiotic factors undermining their production, is essential. This ten-chapter textbook describes fungi, bacteria, insects, and nematodes as important issues in horticulture. It documents their epidemiology and management strategies such as genetics and botanical and biological control used for their management. This comprehensive resource is essential for students and researchers of plant genetics, pathology, entomology, and nematology.
In Central America and Caribbean islands, the classical biocontrol of the citrus blackfly, Aleurocanthus woglumi, of southeastern Asia origin is an important success case. In 1913 the classical biological control was effective with the ...
Author: Kleber Del Claro
Publisher: EOLSS Publications
This Encyclopedia of Tropical Biology and Conservation Management is a component of the global Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS), which is an integrated compendium of twenty one Encyclopedias. Tropical environments cover the most part of still preserved natural areas of the Earth. The greatest biodiversity, as in terms of animals and plants, as microorganisms, is placed in these hot and rainy ecosystems spread up and below the Equator line. Additionally, the most part of food products, with vegetal or animal origin, that sustain nowadays human beings is direct or undirected dependent of tropical productivity. Biodiversity should be looked at and evaluated not only in terms of numbers of species, but also in terms of the diversity of interactions among distinct organisms that it maintains. In this sense, the complexity of web structure in tropical systems is a promise of future to nature preservation on Earth. In the chemicals of tropical plant and animals, could be the cure to infinite number of diseases, new food sources, and who knows what more. Despite these facts tropical areas have been exploited in an irresponsible way for more than 500 years due the lack of an ecological conscience of men. Exactly in the same way we did with temperate areas and also tropical areas in the north of Equator line. Nowadays, is estimated that due human exploitation, nation conflicts and social problems, less than 8% of tropical nature inside continental areas is still now untouchable. The extension of damage in the tropical areas of oceans is unknown. Thus so, all knowledge we could accumulate about tropical systems will help us, as in the preservations of these important and threatened ecosystems as in a future recuperation, when it was possible. Only knowing the past and developing culture, mainly that directed to peace, to a better relationship among nations and responsible use and preservation of natural resources, human beings will have a long future on Earth. These volumes, Tropical Biology and Natural Resources was divided in sessions to provide the reader the better comprehension possible of issue and also to enable future complementation and improvements in the encyclopedia. Like we work with life, we intended to transform this encyclopedia also in a “life” volume, in what new information could be added in any time. As president of the encyclopedia and main editor I opened the theme with an article titled: “Tropical Biology and Natural resources: Historical Pathways and Perspectives”, providing the reader an initial view of the origins of human knowledge about the tropical life, and what we hope to the future. In the sequence we have more than 100 chapters distributed in tem sessions: Tropical Ecology (TE); Tropical Botany (TB); Tropical Zoology (TZ); Savannah Ecosystems (SE); Desert Ecosystems (DE); Tropical Agriculture (TA); Natural History of Tropical Plants (NH); Human Impact on Tropical Ecosystems (HI); Tropical Phytopathology and Entomology (TPE); Case Studies (CS). This 11-volume set contains several chapters, each of size 5000-30000 words, with perspectives, applications and extensive illustrations. It is the only publication of its kind carrying state-of-the-art knowledge in the fields of Tropical Biology and Conservation Management and is aimed, by virtue of the several applications, at the following five major target audiences: University and College Students, Educators, Professional Practitioners, Research Personnel and Policy Analysts, Managers, and Decision Makers and NGOs.
Chapter 18 Biological Control as a Key Tool for the Management of Invasive Species in Latin America and the Caribbean Yelitza Colmenárez, Carlos Vásquez, Elisangela Gomes Fidelis, and Natalia Corniani Abstract The attack of pests and ...
Author: Pablo A. Chong
Publisher: Springer Nature
Food security, crop protection, biodiversity, and human and environmental health are among the main needs and concerns of society. Modern biotechnology and life sciences represent a constantly evolving area that is key for the rational use of natural resources – resources that in turn are indispensable for societal development. This book features the outcomes of the IV International Biotechnology and Biodiversity Congress, held in Guayaquil, Ecuador, 2018. It includes extensive reviews of the trends in agricultural and forestry biotechnology, molecules and materials biodiscovery, ethnomedicine, environmental impact and bioindustry research, describing many of these topics from the Latin America perspective and showing how the biodiversity and ancient knowledge of these countries are vital for worldwide sustainable development.
Release on 1995-11-08 | by Muthukumaran Gunasekaran
C. LATIN AMERICA AND THE CARIBBEAN Despite growing awareness of hazards to human health and the environment , pesticide use in Latin America has been increasing and , by 2000 AD , it is expected that the region will be spending U.S. ...
Author: Muthukumaran Gunasekaran
Publisher: CRC Press
Category: Technology & Engineering
While many books are available on biological control, this is the only book to detail the application of molecular biology to control of pests and diseases. Each chapter deals with a different pathogen and the application of new molecular biological techniques to the biocontrol of the pathogen. This new reference presents the most comprehensive list of organisms available. Internationally respected experts discuss viruses, bacteria, fungi, nematodes, protozoa, weeds, and insects. Types of control methods are described, and techniques commonly used in molecular biology to identify the etiological agents, diagnose diseases, and develop control methods are reviewed.
EXPLORATION The Australian mesquite biological control programs have relied entirely on exploratory work previously ... including northern South America (Peru, Ecuador, Colombia and Venezuela), Central America and the Caribbean.
Author: Mic Julien
Publisher: CSIRO PUBLISHING
Biological control of weeds has been practised for over 100 years and Australia has been a leader in this weed management technique. The classical example of control of prickly pears in Australia by the cactus moth Cactoblastis cactorum, which was imported from the Americas, helped to set the future for biocontrol of weeds in many countries. Since then there have been many projects using Classical Biological Control to manage numerous weed species, many of which have been successful. Importantly, there have been no serious negative non-target impacts – the technique, when practised as it is in Australia, is safe and environmentally friendly. Economic assessments have shown that biocontrol of weeds in Australia has provided exceedingly high benefit-to-cost ratios. This book reviews biological control of weeds in Australia to 2011, covering over 90 weed species and a multitude of biological control agents and potential agents. Each chapter has been written by practising biological control of weeds researchers and provides details of the weed, the history of its biological control, exploration for agents, potential agents studied and agents released and the outcomes of those releases. Many weeds were successfully controlled, some were not, many projects are still underway, some have just begun, however all are reported in detail in this book. Biological Control of Weeds in Australia will provide invaluable information for biological control researchers in Australia and elsewhere. Agents used in Australia could be of immense value to other countries that suffer from the same weeds as Australia. The studies reported here provide direction to future research and provide examples and knowledge for researchers and students.
at the " International Symposium on Biological control in Agriculture , " Nov 16/20 , 1981 , Santiago , Chile . p . 137-138 . ( NAL Call No. ... technologies to small farmers ( Rural development , Latin America , Caribbean ) .
Perhaps the most egregious harm from biological control followed the 1977 introduction to the Pacific Island of Moorea of the predatory land snail E. rosea, from Florida and Central America. Lhis failed attempt to control the giant ...
Author: E. Wajnberg
Category: Technology & Engineering
Annotation. A major concern for biological control has always been the risk of indirect unwanted effects on the ecology of other organisms. Our understanding of the ecological and evolutionary processes underlying these effects has until now been limited, and experimental methods are sometimes lacking.This book presents the key papers form the first International Organization for Biological Control global symposium, held in Montpellier, France in October 1999. It addresses the issues and concerns involved in biological control, and assesses the current status of evaluation of the ecologicaleffects.
BIBLIOGRAPHY WITH ABSTRACTS pests -- Biological control . Insects -- Ecology . Am ... Subjects : Biological diversity conservation - Biotic communities - EcologyLatin America - Caribbean Area - Evaluation . LC Classification : QH77 ...
Author: L. N. Petrov
Publisher: Nova Publishers
One of the cornerstones of life's wonders is the vast array of species filling the planet. From plants to animals to humans, there is no shortage of beings to provide 'spice of life' variety is said to be. Periodically, scientists announce the discovery of a 'new' form of life, so it seems as if Earth is capable of producing new species just to keep us on our toes. At times, the immense breadth of living things can even feel overwhelming, as one pauses to ponder how numerically insignificant humans are when compared to the insect population. Given the biological diversity of the planet, it is incumbent upon humans to safeguard the natural beauty of the environment. To that end, conservation takes on special importance, necessitating the balancing of industrial expansion with preserving the flora and fauna surrounding us. This book is an important tool in understanding and researching the many different life forms spanning the globe. Collected here is a substantial and carefully selected listing of relevant literature on biological diversity and its conservation. Following this bibliography are author, title, and subject indexes to allow for further access to this information. The sheer bulk of the works about biological diversity can be so intimidating that a book such as this one becomes useful in sorting through the resources about the importance of life's variety.
Doutt , R. L. and Debach P. , Some biological control concepts and questions , in Biological Control of Insect Pests and Weeds , Debach ... Pyralidae ) Barbados , W.I. , Entomophaga , 25 , 401-414 , 1985 . ... in Latin America , Proc .
Author: Sudhir Karl Narang
Publisher: CRC Press
Written by experts in the fields of insect pest genetics, the genetics of biological control organisms, and the application of biological control, this book provides the first up-to-date summary of the genetic literature on the genetics of arthropod biological control agents. It identifies successful programs and also gaps and needs in research, research constraints, and possible research approaches in this important field of pest control. The power and applicability of new genetic and molecular biology methods have created new and exciting possibilities to greatly improve the effectiveness of traditional biological control programs. This book provides essential information about the state-of-the-art application of these new methods. It explains how biological control procedures can be improved, covers methods for selecting pesticide-resistant strains of natural enemies, and looks at methods for maintaining genetic diversity and quality control during the rearing of biological control agents in the laboratory. The book also provides information regarding the application of powerful PCR methods for taxonomic identification of strains and species of biocontrol agents.
Latin. America. The successes with biological control of invasive plants in conservation areas, agricultural situations ... (Lour) Chyton (Poaceae; known in Central America and in the Caribbean as "la camina- dora"); Sida acuta Burn. f.
Author: John L. Capinera
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
This text brings together fundamental information on insect taxa, morphology, ecology, behavior, physiology, and genetics. Close relatives of insects, such as spiders and mites, are included.
... and its conservation in 5531 Caribbean Sea , Biological control , an indispensable tool in the strategic agricultural programs of the Latin 5422 Perspectives of biological control in the Latin American and the Caribbean countries .
A Publication of the Latin American/Caribbean Business Development Center in Cooperation with the U.S. Agency for ... high technology biological controls seeks sales agents and distributors in the Latin American and Caribbean regions .
Accordingly , surveys were required to determine the distribution of cassava mites and their natural enemies in Central and South America and in the Caribbean . Initial surveys in Trinidad revealed the occurrence of M. tanajoa and ...
USAID Latin America Caribbean Region Biosafety Workshop ( 1993 : Oracabessa , J. [ East Lansing , Mich . ) ... W67--1990 The use and development of environmentally controlled chambers ( mesocosms ) for evaluating biotechnology products ...
... involvement in discussions on the biological control of itchgrass at the regional workshop held in Managua , during May 1992 , within a work plan for a project on itchgrass control in Central America and the Caribbean ; ( iii ) FAO ...