Biomedical Ethics Reviews 1988

Biomedical Ethics Reviews is an annual publication designed to review and update the literature on issues of central ... This year, however, we have decided to devote the entire volume of Biomedical Ethics Reviews: 1988 to disussion of ...

Biomedical Ethics Reviews    1988

Biomedical Ethics Reviews is an annual publication designed to review and update the literature on issues of central importance in bioethics today. Ordinarily, more than one topic is discussed in each volume of Biomedical Ethics Reviews. This year, however, we have decided to devote the entire volume of Biomedical Ethics Reviews: 1988 to disussion of one topic, namely, AIDS. The ra tionale for this decision should be clear: AIDS is arguably the most serious public health threat facing our nation today, and the char acter of the disease is such that it creates special problems for ethicists, philosophers, theologians, educators, jurists, health care professionals, and politicians. Indeed, the questions that AIDS gives rise to are so numerous and complex that no one text could hope to treat them exhaustively. Still, if it is impossible, in anyone text, to deal with all of the perplexing difficulties that AIDS generates, it nevertheless remains true that each addition to the AIDS literature contributes to our collective knowledge, and in so doing, brings us one step closer to resolving at least some of the problems associated with the disease. We believe that the articles included in the present volume of Biomedical Ethics Reviews serve this purpose admirably, and we hope the reader will agree. James M. Humber Robert F. Almeder vii Contributors Ronald Carson • Medical Humanities Institute, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, Texas David J.

Biomedical Ethics Reviews 1989

"CA Hospital Suspends Anencephalic Infant Donor Protocols, Medical Ethics Advisor 4:10 (1988), 133–139. *Stillbirth Thwarts Transplant Hopes, The Chicago Tribune, December 23, 1987, 1, 10. *Sandra Blakeslee, Transplant of Doomed Baby's ...

Biomedical Ethics Reviews    1989

Biomedical Ethics Reviews • 1989 is the seventh volume in a series of texts designed to review and update the literature on issues of central importance in bioethics today. Three topics are discussed in the present volume: (1) Should Abnormal Fetuses Be Brought to Term for the Sole Purpose of Providing Infant Transplant Organs? (2) Should Physicians Dispense Drugs for Profit? and (3) Should Human Death Be Taken to Occur When Persons Perma nently Lose Consciousness? Each topic constitutes a separate section in our text; introductory essays briefly summarize the contents of each section. Bioethics is, by its nature, interdisciplinary in character. Recog nizing this fact, the authors represented in the present volume have made every effort to minimize the use of technical jargon. At the same time, we believe the purpose of providing a review of the recent literature, as well as of advancing bioethical discussion, is admirably served by the pieces collected herein. We look forward to the next volume in our series, and very much hope the reader will also.

Textbook of Medical Ethics

26:1133-1139, 1988. 5. ... Amundsen, D.W., The physician's obligation to prolong life: A medical duty without classical roots, ... Ozar, D., AIDS, risk, and the obligations of health professionals, in: Biomedical Ethics Reviews ...

Textbook of Medical Ethics

When physicians in training enter their clinical years and first begin to become involved in clinical decision making, they soon find that more than the technical data they had so carefully learned is involved. Prior to that time, of course, they were aware that more than technology was involved in practicing medicine, but here, for the first time, the reality is forcefully brought home. It may be on the medical ward, when a patient or a patient's relatives ask that no further treatment be given and that the patient be allowed to die; it may be in ob/gyn, when a 4- or 5-month pregnant lady with two other children and just deserted by her husband pleads for an abortion; it may be in the outpatient setting, where patients unable to afford enough to eat cannot afford to buy antibiotics for their sick child or provide him or her with the recom mended diet. Whatever the setting, students soon find themselv. es con fronted with problems in which an answer is not given by the technical possibilities alone; indeed, students may have to face situations in which, all things considered, the use of these technical possibilities seems ill-advised. But choices need to be made. Some of us may choose to hide behind a mastery of technology.

Biomedical Ethics Reviews 1990

*Loren Lomasky. (1981)“Medical Progress and National Health Care,” Philosophy and Public Affairs, 10, 65–88. *Paul Menzel. (1983) Medical Costs, Moral Choices: A Philosophy of Health Care Economics in America (Yale University Press, ...

Biomedical Ethics Reviews    1990

Biomedical Ethics Reviews • 1990 is the eighth volume in a series of texts designed to review and update the literature on issues of central importance in bioethics today. Two topics are discussed in the present volume: (1) Should the United States Adopt a National Health Insurance Plan? and (2) Are the NIH Guidelines Adequate for the Care and Protection of Laboratory Animals? Each topic constitutes a separate section in our text; introductory essays briefly summarize the contents of each section. Bioethics is, by its nature, interdisciplinary in character. Recog nizing this fact, the authors represented in the present volume have made every effort to minimize the use of technical jargon. At the same time, we believe the purpose of providing a review of the recent literature, as well as of advancing bioethical discussion, is admirably served by the pieces collected herein. We look forward to the next volume in our series, and very much hope the reader will also.

Biomedical ethics in U S public policy

I., “Bioethics: Europe Drafts a Convention,” Nature 1992. 87. Neto, E. R., University of Brasilia, Brasilia, Brazil, personal communication, March 1993. 102. 88. J., Ethics Review Committee in Biomedical Research, Warsaw, Poland, ...

Biomedical ethics in U S  public policy


AIDS

Hastings Center . AIDS : An Epidemic of Ethical Puzzles . Brookfield , Vt .: Dartmouth University Press , 1991 . Humber , James M. , and Robert F. Almeder , eds . Biomedical Ethics Reviews : 1988. ( Special issue : “ AIDS and Ethics .

AIDS

--Do patients have the right to know their physician's HIV status?-Can a dentist refuse treatment to an HIV-positive patient?-How do educators determine whether to allow an HIV-positive child to attend school, and if they do, should the parents of other children be informed?-Should a counselor break confidentiality by disclosing to a wife that her husband is infected with HIV?This collection of original essays carefully examines the difficult moral choices the AIDS pandemic has presented for many professionals-physicians, nurses, dentists, teachers and school administrators, business managers, psychotherapists, lawyers, clergy, journalists, and politicians. In the workplace, problems posed by HIV and AIDS have led to a reexamination of traditional codes of ethics. Providing systematic and reasoned discussions, the authors explore the moral, legal, and ethical issues involved in the reconsideration of policies, standards of conduct, and the practicality of balancing personal and professional ethics. Author note: Elliot D. Cohen is Professor of Philosophy at Indian River Community College and Editor-in-Chief of the International Journal of Applied Philosophy.Michael Davis is Senior Research Associate at the Center for the Study of Ethics in Professions, Illinois Institute of Technology.

Clinical Bioethics

Theory and Practice in Medical Ethical Decision-making James F. Drane ... Cases in Bioethics : Selections from the Hastings Center Report . Rev. and updated ed . ... AIDS and Ethics ( Biomedical Ethics Reviews 1988 ) .

Clinical Bioethics

Medical practice is an inherently ethical enterprise. More than ever before, medical practice requires that medical professionals develop and exercise high ethical standards. Health care practitioners who ignore basic concepts of medical ethics risk exposing their patients to serious harm, and open themselves and their institutions to charges of malpractice. Clinical Bioethics provides for the busy clinical professional a concise, comprehensive treatment of the basics in this complex new field.

Cumulated Index Medicus

By who should ask ? Ethical interview 42 ( 5 ) : 283–7 Where are the ethics in ethics committees ? Murray TH . Michael Ruse . Essay review . Ayala FJ . Hastings Cent Rep 1988 Feb - Mar ; 18 ( 1 ) : 12-3 Pubbl Stn Zool Napoli ( II ) 1987 ...

Cumulated Index Medicus


Nagging Questions

... ( Biomedical Ethics Reviews : 1988 ) , eds . Robert F. Almeder and James Humber ( Totowa , N. J .: Humana Press , 1989 ) , 79-102 . 16. See , e.g. , " Jew Ho v . Williamson , ” Federal Reporter , 1900 : 103 , 10-27 ( Northern District ...

 Nagging  Questions

In this anthology of new and classic articles, fifteen noted feminist philosophers explore contemporary ethical issues that uniquely affect the lives of women. These issues in applied ethics include autonomy, responsibility, sexual harassment, women in the military, new technologies for reproduction, surrogate motherhood, pornography, abortion, nonfeminist women and others. Whether generated by old social standards or intensified by recent technology, these dilemmas all pose persistent, 'nagging, ' questions that cry out for answers. Unlike other anthologies in feminist ethics, this book encourages critical thinking about concrete, contemporary social and moral issues. Each engaging, clearly written article is followed by discussion questions, making the book useful for students of women's studies, philosophy, sociology, and political science

Sex from Plato to Paglia A L

Biomedical Ethics Reviews , 1988 : AIDS and Ethics . Clifton , N.J .: Humana Press , 1989 ; Johnson , Diane , and John F. Murray . " AIDS without End . " New York Review of Books ( 18 August 1988 ) , 57-63 ; Keenan , James F. , ed .

Sex from Plato to Paglia  A L

More than 150 alphabetically arranged entries on topics, thinkers, religions, movements, and concepts locate sexuality in its humanistic and social contexts.

Textbook of Healthcare Ethics

1988;27(4): 297– 304. 13. Churchill LR. AIDS and dirt. Theor Med. 1990;11:185–192. 14.Ozar D. AIDS,risk, and the obligations of healthprofessionals. In: Humber J, Almeder R, eds. Biomedical Ethics Reviews: 1988.

Textbook of Healthcare Ethics

Here, Erich H. Loewy expands on his earlier book Textbook of Medical Ethics (1989) offering healthcare workers and students a new perspective on ethical practice. Textbook of Healthcare Ethics focuses on the social conditions in which medical practice occurs and how ethical healthcare decisions involves nurses, social workers, psychologists, technicians, and patients as well as physicians. This thoroughly revised and expanded edition addresses historical and theoretical underpinnings and practical concerns. A series of case studies serve as a guideline for further discussion. The text examines provocative issues such as organ donation, care of the terminally ill, abortion, HIV-positive healthcare professionals, physician-assisted suicide, and experimentation with fetal tissue. This is an ideal book for all members of the healthcare team as well as students and residents in any discipline of medicine.

Military Chaplains Review

De Donato , David M. “ Ministry to Critical Care Givers , " Military Chaplains ' Review ' , Fall 1988 : November 1988 ... and the Principles of War , ” Military Medicine , Appendix B Health Care Ethics Resources * General Medical Ethics.

Military Chaplains  Review


Regulating Toxic Substances

Hull, D. L. (1988). Science as Process. University of Chicago Press, Chicagao. Humber, J. M., and Ameder, R. F., eds. (1988). Quantitative Risk Assessment: Biomedical Ethics Reviews. Humana Press, Clifton N.J. Industrial Union Dept., ...

Regulating Toxic Substances

The proliferation of chemical substances in commerce poses scientific and philosophical problems. The scientific challenge is to develop data, methodologies, and techniques for identifying and assessing toxic substances before they cause harm to human beings and the environment. The philosophical problem is how much scientific information we should demand for this task consistent with other social goals we might have. In this book, Cranor utilizes material from ethics, philosophy of law, epidemiology, tort law, regulatory law, and risk assessment, to argue that the scientific evidential standards used in tort law and administrative law to control toxics ought to be evaluated with the purposes of the law in mind. Demanding too much for this purpose will slow the evaluation and lead to an excess of toxic substances left unidentified and unassessed, thus leaving the public at risk. Demanding too little may impose other costs. An appropriate balance between these social concerns must be found. Justice requires we use evidentiary standards more appropriate to the legal institutions in question and resist the temptation to demand the most intensive scientific evaluation of each substance subject to legal action.

Review of the President s Commission s Recommendations on Cloning

February 4-5 , 1988 . " People as Products : Gifts of the Body and the Needs of Strangers . " University of Texas Health Science Center , Houston , TX . February 12 , 1988 . Panelist , conference on " Issues and Concerns in Bioethics ...

Review of the President s Commission s Recommendations on Cloning


Medical Ethics

HUMBER , JAMES , and ALMEDER , ROBERT F. Biomedical Ethics Reviews , 1988 : AIDS and Ethics . Clifton , N.J .: Humana Press , 1989 . HUMMEL , ROBERT F .; LEAVY , WILLIAM F .; RAMPOLLA , MICHAEL ; and CHORST , SHERRY , eds .

Medical Ethics

This brief anthology stresses the timeless philosophical issues underlying contemporary medical concerns.

Mental Illness and Public Health Care

BIOMEDICAL ETHICS REVIEWS Edited by James M. Humber and Robert F. Almeder Mental Illness and Public Health Care • 2002 ... Aids and Ethics • 1988 Biomedical Ethics Reviews • 1987 Prescribing Drugs for the Aged and Dying · Animals as a ...

Mental Illness and Public Health Care

Is the involuntary commitment of the mentally ill morally proper? How can we determine proper psychiatric care in a managed health care system? And can a mental health professional violate patient's confidentiality when they believe a patient is a threat to someone? In six non-ideological essays, leading bioethicists, including one with practical experience in medical administration, search for clear moral and legal guidelines for dealing with the complex issues presented when treating mentally ill patients. Objective and readily understandable, Mental Illness and Public Health Care illuminates for the educated reader some of the key ethical issues facing mental health care professionals and provides convincing practical conclusions with real moral import.

Stem Cell Research

BIOMEDICAL ETHICS REVIEWS Edited by James M. Humber and Robert F. Almeder Stem Cell Research • 2004 Care of the Aged ... Aids and Ethics • 1988 Biomedical Ethics Reviews • 1987 Prescribing Drugs for the Aged and Dying · Animals as a ...

Stem Cell Research

A collection of objective essays reviewing the principal arguments for and against stem cell research. Among the issues considered are whether stem cell research treats embryos as "commodities," violates the rights of human embryos, or alienates women from their reproductive labor, and whether human embryos are entitled to full membership in the moral community.

Care of the Aged

BIOMEDICAL ETHICS REVIEWS Edited by James M. Humber and Robert F. Almeder Care of the Aged - 2003 Mental Illness and Public Health ... Aids and Ethics • 1988 Biomedical Ethics Reviews • 1987 Prescribing Drugs for the Aged and Dying .

Care of the Aged

The growing population of elderly and infirm has given rise to serious questions about their proper care and treatment. What responsibility does society have to its aging citizens? What duties, if any, do grown children owe their parents? What should be done with severely demented patients? When is a person 'elderly'. Among the issues discussed in Care of the Aged are disrespecting our elders, ethical dilemmas in community-based care, duties to aging parents, a feminist ethics of care, and the ethic of pain management in older people.