Biomedical Light Microscopy

This book intends to fill the gap between specialized texts on detailed topics and general introductory booklets, mostly dealing with the use of the conventional light microscope only.

Biomedical Light Microscopy

New interest in light microscopy of the last few years has not been backed up by adequate general literature. This book intends to fill the gap between specialized texts on detailed topics and general introductory booklets, mostly dealing with the use of the conventional light microscope only. In this short textbook both new developments in microscopy and basic facts of image formation will be treated, including often neglected topics such as axial resolving power, lens construction, photomicrography and correct use of phase-en interference contrast systems. Theoretical background will be dealt with as far as necessary for a well-considered application of these techniques enabling a deliberate choice for the approach of a certain problem. Over 150 illustrations (photomicrographs and diagrams) complete the information on microscopy of the nineties in the biomedical field, intended for scientists, doctors, technicians and research students. Many drawings have been contributed by the illustrator R. Kreuger; the photographic work has been executed by J. Peeterse. Secretarial assistance in preparing the manuscript was given by Ms T. M. S. Pierik. Dr M. J. Pearson has corrected the English of the final text.

Handbook of Biomedical Nonlinear Optical Microscopy

The goal of an optical biopsy, one based on nonlinear microscopy and spectroscopy, is to make a determination of normalcy or pathology in vivo. Since the consequences of a false determination are extremely serious (i.e., overlooking a ...

Handbook of Biomedical Nonlinear Optical Microscopy

Ideal for cell biologists, life scientists, biomedical engineers, and clinicians, this handbook provides comprehensive treatment of the theories, techniques, and biomedical applications of nonlinear optics and microscopy.

Biomedical Optical Phase Microscopy and Nanoscopy

Microscopy. Rudolf Oldenbourg Marine Biological Laboratory, Woods Hole, MA and Physics Department, ... The polarized light microscope is used to analyze the anisotropy of a specimen's optical properties such as refraction and absorption ...

Biomedical Optical Phase Microscopy and Nanoscopy

Written by leading optical phase microscopy experts, this book is a comprehensive reference to phase microscopy and nanoscopy techniques for biomedical applications, including differential interference contrast (DIC) microscopy, phase contrast microscopy, digital holographic microscopy, optical coherence tomography, tomographic phase microscopy, spectral-domain phase detection, and nanoparticle usage for phase nanoscopy The Editors show biomedical and optical engineers how to use phase microscopy for visualizing unstained specimens, and support the theoretical coverage with applied content and examples on designing systems and interpreting results in bio- and nanoscience applications. Provides a comprehensive overview of the principles and techniques of optical phase microscopy and nanoscopy with biomedical applications. Tips/advice on building systems and working with advanced imaging biomedical techniques, including interpretation of phase images, and techniques for quantitative analysis based on phase microscopy. Interdisciplinary approach that combines optical engineering, nanotechnology, biology and medical aspects of this topic. Each chapter includes practical implementations and worked examples.

Understanding Light Microscopy

Biomedical Light Microscopy. Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers. Kiernan, J.A. (2008). Histological & Histochemical Methods: Theory & Practice, 4th ed. Oxford: Scion Publishing. Kiernan, J.A. (2006). 'Dyes and other colorants in ...

Understanding Light Microscopy

Introduces readers to the enlightening world of the modern light microscope There have been rapid advances in science and technology over the last decade, and the light microscope, together with the information that it gives about the image, has changed too. Yet the fundamental principles of setting up and using a microscope rests upon unchanging physical principles that have been understood for years. This informative, practical, full-colour guide fills the gap between specialised edited texts on detailed research topics, and introductory books, which concentrate on an optical approach to the light microscope. It also provides comprehensive coverage of confocal microscopy, which has revolutionised light microscopy over the last few decades. Written to help the reader understand, set up, and use the often very expensive and complex modern research light microscope properly, Understanding Light Microscopy keeps mathematical formulae to a minimum—containing and explaining them within boxes in the text. Chapters provide in-depth coverage of basic microscope optics and design; ergonomics; illumination; diffraction and image formation; reflected-light, polarised-light, and fluorescence microscopy; deconvolution; TIRF microscopy; FRAP & FRET; super-resolution techniques; biological and materials specimen preparation; and more. Gives a didactic introduction to the light microscope Encourages readers to use advanced fluorescence and confocal microscopes within a research institute or core microscopy facility Features full-colour illustrations and workable practical protocols Understanding Light Microscopy is intended for any scientist who wishes to understand and use a modern light microscope. It is also ideal as supporting material for a formal taught course, or for individual students to learn the key aspects of light microscopy through their own study.

Biomedical Optical Imaging

This book provides an overview of biomedical optical imaging with contributions from leading international research ... In modern research, optical imaging is unique in its ability to span the realms of biology from microscopic to ...

Biomedical Optical Imaging

Biomedical optical imaging is a rapidly emerging research area with widespread fundamental research and clinical applications. This book gives an overview of biomedical optical imaging with contributions from leading international research groups who have pioneered many of these techniques and applications. A unique research field spanning the microscopic to the macroscopic, biomedical optical imaging allows both structural and functional imaging. Techniques such as confocal and multiphoton microscopy provide cellular level resolution imaging in biological systems. The integration of this technology with exogenous chromophores can selectively enhance contrast for molecular targets as well as supply functional information on processes such as nerve transduction. Novel techniques integrate microscopy with state-of-the-art optics technology, and these include spectral imaging, two photon fluorescence correlation, nonlinear nanoscopy; optical coherence tomography techniques allow functional, dynamic, nanoscale, and cross-sectional visualization. Moving to the macroscopic scale, spectroscopic assessment and imaging methods such as fluorescence and light scattering can provide diagnostics of tissue pathology including neoplastic changes. Techniques using light diffusion and photon migration are a means to explore processes which occur deep inside biological tissues and organs. The integration of these techniques with exogenous probes enables molecular specific sensitivity.

Techniques in Microscopy for Biomedical Applications

The second volume of the series Manuals in Biomedical Research, this book is aimed to be both a concise introduction to the diverse field of microscopy and a practical guide those who require the use of microscopic for methods in their ...

Techniques in Microscopy for Biomedical Applications

The second volume of the series Manuals in Biomedical Research, this book is aimed to be both a concise introduction to the diverse field of microscopy and a practical guide those who require the use of microscopic for methods in their research. It provides young as well as experienced scientists a state-of-the-art multidisciplinary overview of microscopic techniques, covering all the major microscopy fields in biomedical sciences and showing their application in evaluating samples ranging from molecules to cells and tissues. Microscopy has revolutionized our understanding of biological events. Within the last two decades, microscopic techniques have provided insights into the dynamics of biological processes that regulate such events. Biological discovery, to a large extent, depends on advances in imaging techniques and various microscopic techniques have emerged as central and indispensable tools in the biomedical sciences. The four authors bring with them extensive experiences spanning across disciplines such as Microbiology, Molecular and Cell Biology, Tissue Engineering, Biomedical and Regenerative Medicine and so forth, reinforcing the fact that microscopy has proven useful in countless investigations into the mysteries of life.

High Resolution Imaging in Microscopy and Ophthalmology

This open access book provides a comprehensive overview of the application of the newest laser and microscope/ophthalmoscope technology in the field of high resolution imaging in microscopy and ophthalmology.

High Resolution Imaging in Microscopy and Ophthalmology

This open access book provides a comprehensive overview of the application of the newest laser and microscope/ophthalmoscope technology in the field of high resolution imaging in microscopy and ophthalmology. Starting by describing High-Resolution 3D Light Microscopy with STED and RESOLFT, the book goes on to cover retinal and anterior segment imaging and image-guided treatment and also discusses the development of adaptive optics in vision science and ophthalmology. Using an interdisciplinary approach, the reader will learn about the latest developments and most up to date technology in the field and how these translate to a medical setting. High Resolution Imaging in Microscopy and Ophthalmology – New Frontiers in Biomedical Optics has been written by leading experts in the field and offers insights on engineering, biology, and medicine, thus being a valuable addition for scientists, engineers, and clinicians with technical and medical interest who would like to understand the equipment, the applications and the medical/biological background. Lastly, this book is dedicated to the memory of Dr. Gerhard Zinser, co-founder of Heidelberg Engineering GmbH, a scientist, a husband, a brother, a colleague, and a friend.

Biomedical Engineering Frontier Research and Converging Technologies

Biomedical optical imaging, including modern microscopy, is experiencing rapid technological advances. The realm of biomedical optics is expanding, as it not only includes the light-based diagnostic techniques, but also includes ...

Biomedical Engineering  Frontier Research and Converging Technologies

This book provides readers with an integrative overview of the latest research and developments in the broad field of biomedical engineering. Each of the chapters offers a timely review written by leading biomedical engineers and aims at showing how the convergence of scientific and engineering fields with medicine has created a new basis for practically solving problems concerning human health, wellbeing and disease. While some of the latest frontiers of biomedicine, such as neuroscience and regenerative medicine, are becoming increasingly dependent on new ideas and tools from other disciplines, the paradigm shift caused by technological innovations in the fields of information science, nanotechnology, and robotics is opening new opportunities in healthcare, besides dramatically changing the ways we actually practice science. At the same time, a new generation of engineers, fluent in many different scientific “languages,” is creating entirely new fields of research that approach the “old” questions from a new and holistic angle. The book reports on the scientific revolutions in the field of biomedicine by describing the latest technologies and findings developed at the interface between science and engineering. It addresses students, fellows, and faculty and industry investigators searching for new challenges in the broad biomedical engineering fields.

Biomedical Technology and Devices Handbook

J. James and H.J. Tanke, Biomedical Light Microscopy, Kluwer Academic, Dordrecht, 1991. 93. D.G. Weiss and W. Maile, Principles, practice, and applications of video-enhanced contrast microscopy, in Electronic Light Microscopy, ...

Biomedical Technology and Devices Handbook

Concise yet comprehensive, the Biomedical Technology and Devices Handbook illuminates the equipment, devices, and techniques used in modern medicine to diagnose, treat, and monitor human illnesses. With topics ranging from the basic procedures like blood pressure measurement to cutting-edge imaging equipment, biological tests, and genetic engineeri

Biomedical Optical Phase Microscopy and Nanoscopy

Written by leading optical phase microscopy experts, this book is a comprehensive reference to phase microscopy and nanoscopy techniques for biomedical applications, including differential interference contrast (DIC) microscopy, phase ...

Biomedical Optical Phase Microscopy and Nanoscopy

Written by leading optical phase microscopy experts, this book is a comprehensive reference to phase microscopy and nanoscopy techniques for biomedical applications, including differential interference contrast (DIC) microscopy, phase contrast microscopy, digital holographic microscopy, optical coherence tomography, tomographic phase microscopy, spectral-domain phase detection, and nanoparticle usage for phase nanoscopy The Editors show biomedical and optical engineers how to use phase microscopy for visualizing unstained specimens, and support the theoretical coverage with applied content and examples on designing systems and interpreting results in bio- and nanoscience applications. Provides a comprehensive overview of the principles and techniques of optical phase microscopy and nanoscopy with biomedical applications. Tips/advice on building systems and working with advanced imaging biomedical techniques, including interpretation of phase images, and techniques for quantitative analysis based on phase microscopy. Interdisciplinary approach that combines optical engineering, nanotechnology, biology and medical aspects of this topic. Each chapter includes practical implementations and worked examples.

Optical Nanoscopy and Novel Microscopy Techniques

Microscopy is at the forefront of multidisciplinary research. It was developed by physicists, made specific by chemists, and applied by biologists and doctors to better understand how the human body works.

Optical Nanoscopy and Novel Microscopy Techniques

Microscopy is at the forefront of multidisciplinary research. It was developed by physicists, made specific by chemists, and applied by biologists and doctors to better understand how the human body works. For this very reason, the field has been revolutionized in past decades. The objective of Optical Nanoscopy and Novel Microscopy Techniques is to choose some of those revolutionary ideas and serve a general audience from broad disciplines to achieve a fundamental understanding of these technologies and to better apply them in their daily research. The book begins with coverage of super-resolution optical microscopy, which discusses targeted modulation such as STED and SIM or localization methods such as PALM. It then discusses novel development of fluorescent probes, such as organic small-molecule probes, fluorescent proteins, and inorganic labels such as quantum dots. Finally, it describes advanced optical microscopy, such as fluorescence lifetime imaging, fiber optic microscopy, scanning ion conductance microscopy, and the joining of optics and acoustics—photoacoustic microscopy. Following each chapter, a detailed list of references is provided. Problems at the end of each chapter are also included.

Handbook of Biomedical Nonlinear Optical Microscopy

The Handbook of Biomedical Nonlinear Optical Microscopy provides comprehensive treatment of the theories, techniques, and biomedical applications of nonlinear optics and microscopy for cell biologists, life scientists, biomedical engineers, ...

Handbook of Biomedical Nonlinear Optical Microscopy

The Handbook of Biomedical Nonlinear Optical Microscopy provides comprehensive treatment of the theories, techniques, and biomedical applications of nonlinear optics and microscopy for cell biologists, life scientists, biomedical engineers, and clinicians. The chapters are separated into basic and advanced sections, and provide both textual and graphical illustrations of all key concepts. The more basic sections are aimed at life scientists without advanced training in physics and mathematics, and tutorials are provided for the more challenging sections. The first part of the Handbook introduces the historical context of nonlinear microscopy. The second part presents the nonlinear optical theory of two- and multiphoton excited fluorescence (TPE, MPE) spectroscopy, second and third harmonic generation (SHG, THG) spectroscopy, and coherent anti-Stokes Raman spectroscopy (CARS). The third part introduces modern microscopic and spectroscopic instrumentation and techniques that are based on nonlinear optics. The fourth part provides key applications of nonlinear microscopy to the biomedical area: neurobiology, immunology, tumor biology, developmental biology, dermatology, and cellular metabolism. There are also chapters on nonlinear molecular probes, cellular damage, and nanoprocessing.

Superresolution Optical Microscopy

... in Ophthalmology, Confocal Microscopy and Multiphoton Excitation Microscopy: The Genesis of Live Cell Imaging, and Handbook of Biomedical Nonlinear Optical Microscopy (with Professor T. C. So). He wrote the essay “What Is Light?

Superresolution Optical Microscopy

This book presents a comprehensive and coherent summary of techniques for enhancing the resolution and image contrast provided by far-field optical microscopes. It takes a critical look at the body of knowledge that comprises optical microscopy, compares and contrasts the various instruments, provides a clear discussion of the physical principles that underpin these techniques, and describes advances in science and medicine for which superresolution microscopes are required and are making major contributions. The text fills significant gaps that exist in other works on superresolution imaging, firstly by placing a new emphasis on the specimen, a critical component of the microscope setup, giving equal importance to the enhancement of both resolution and contrast. Secondly, it covers several topics not typically discussed in depth, such as Bessel and Airy beams, the physics of the spiral phase plate, vortex beams and singular optics, photoactivated localization microscopy (PALM), stochastic optical reconstruction microscopy (STORM), structured illumination microscopy (SIM), and light-sheet fluorescence microscopy (LSFM). Several variants of these techniques are critically discussed. Noise, optical aberrations, specimen damage, and artifacts in microscopy are also covered. The importance of validation of superresolution images with electron microscopy is stressed. Additionally, the book includes translations and discussion of seminal papers by Abbe and Helmholtz that proved to be pedagogically relevant as well as historically significant. This book is written for students, researchers, and engineers in the life sciences, medicine, biological engineering, and materials science who plan to work with or already are working with superresolution light microscopes. The volume can serve as a reference for these areas while a selected set of individual chapters can be used as a textbook for a one-semester undergraduate or first-year graduate course on superresolution microscopy. Moreover, the text provides a captivating account of curiosity, skepticism, risk-taking, innovation, and creativity in science and technology. Good scientific practice is emphasized throughout, and the author’s lecture slides on responsible conduct of research are included as an online resource which will be of interest to students, course instructors, and scientists alike.

Methods of Preparation for Electron Microscopy

In 1939, when the electron optics laboratory of Siemens & Halske Inc. began to manufacture the first electron microscopes, the biological and medical profes sions had an unexpected instrument at their disposal which exceeded the reso lution ...

Methods of Preparation for Electron Microscopy

In 1939, when the electron optics laboratory of Siemens & Halske Inc. began to manufacture the first electron microscopes, the biological and medical profes sions had an unexpected instrument at their disposal which exceeded the reso lution of the light microscope by more than a hundredfold. The immediate and broad application of this new tool was complicated by the overwhelming prob lems inherent in specimen preparation for the investigation of cellular struc tures. The microtechniques applied in light microscopy were no longer appli cable, since even the thinnest paraffin layers could not be penetrated by electrons. Many competent biological and medical research workers expressed their anxiety that objects in high vacuum would be modified due to complete dehydration and the absorbed electron energy would eventually cause degrada tion to rudimentary carbon backbones. It also seemed questionable as to whether it would be possible to prepare thin sections of approximately 0. 5 11m from heterogeneous biological specimens. Thus one was suddenly in posses sion of a completely unique instrument which, when compared with the light microscope, allowed a 10-100-fold higher resolution, yet a suitable preparation methodology was lacking. This sceptical attitude towards the application of electron microscopy in bi ology and medicine was supported simultaneously by the general opinion of colloid chemists, who postulated that in the submicroscopic region of living structures no stable building blocks existed which could be revealed with this apparatus.

A Practical Guide to Optical Microscopy

“Lattice Light-Sheet Microscopy: Imaging Molecules to Embryos at High Spatiotemporal Resolution”. Science 346(6208): 439. ... Biomedical Optics Express 6(11): 4447. www.osapublishing.org/viewmedia.cfm?uri=boe-6-114447&seq=0&html=true.

A Practical Guide to Optical Microscopy

Optical microscopy is used in a vast range of applications ranging from materials engineering to in vivo observations and clinical diagnosis, and thanks to the latest advances in technology, there has been a rapid growth in the number of methods available. This book is aimed at providing users with a practical guide to help them select, and then use, the most suitable method for their application. It explores the principles behind the different forms of optical microscopy, without the use of complex maths, to provide an understanding to help the reader utilise a specific method and then interpret the results. Detailed physics is provided in boxed sections, which can be bypassed by the non-specialist. It is an invaluable tool for use within research groups and laboratories in the life and physical sciences, acting as a first source for practical information to guide less experienced users (or those new to a particular methodology) on the range of techniques available. Features: The first book to cover all current optical microscopy methods for practical applications Written to be understood by a non-optical expert with inserts to provide the physical science background Brings together conventional widefield and confocal microscopy, with advanced non-linear and super resolution methods, in one book

Fluorescence Microscopy

Herman, B. (1998) Fluorescence Microscopy. Bios Scientific Publishers, Oxford. Herman, B. and Jacobson, K. (1990) Optical Microscopy for Biology. Wiley/Liss, New York. James, J. and Tanke, H.J. (1987) Biomedical Light Microscopy.

Fluorescence Microscopy

This book covers the fundamental principles of fluorescence and their application to fluorescence microscopy, and presents applications to immunofluorescence, in situ hybridization, and photomicrography. It provides troubleshooting guidance to guide the user through commonly encountered problems.

Graff s Textbook of Urinalysis and Body Fluids

Biomedical Light Microscopy. Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers; 1976.) 57 5-5. Spherical aberration. When the object is a luminous point emitting monochromatic light, a bright circle with darker border will be seen on a screen held ...

Graff s Textbook of Urinalysis and Body Fluids

Graff's Textbook of Urinalysis and Body Fluids, Third Edition features short, easy-to-digest chapters, and an extensive array of built-in study aids to help you master key content.

High Resolution Imaging in Microscopy and Ophthalmology

This open access book provides a comprehensive overview of the application of the newest laser and microscope/ophthalmoscope technology in the field of high resolution imaging in microscopy and ophthalmology.

High Resolution Imaging in Microscopy and Ophthalmology

This open access book provides a comprehensive overview of the application of the newest laser and microscope/ophthalmoscope technology in the field of high resolution imaging in microscopy and ophthalmology. Starting by describing High-Resolution 3D Light Microscopy with STED and RESOLFT, the book goes on to cover retinal and anterior segment imaging and image-guided treatment and also discusses the development of adaptive optics in vision science and ophthalmology. Using an interdisciplinary approach, the reader will learn about the latest developments and most up to date technology in the field and how these translate to a medical setting. High Resolution Imaging in Microscopy and Ophthalmology - New Frontiers in Biomedical Optics has been written by leading experts in the field and offers insights on engineering, biology, and medicine, thus being a valuable addition for scientists, engineers, and clinicians with technical and medical interest who would like to understand the equipment, the applications and the medical/biological background. Lastly, this book is dedicated to the memory of Dr. Gerhard Zinser, co-founder of Heidelberg Engineering GmbH, a scientist, a husband, a brother, a colleague, and a friend.