The Internet & Racial Justice, from the AfroNet to Black Lives Matter Charlton D. McIlwain. Foy and, 65, 67 software for, 105 BCIC (Black Community Information Center), 56 BDPA (Black Data Processors Association), 105–106, 110, ...
Author: Charlton D. McIlwain
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Category: Social Science
Activists, pundits, politicians, and the press frequently proclaim today's digitally mediated racial justice activism the new civil rights movement. As Charlton D. McIlwain shows in this book, the story of racial justice movement organizing online is much longer and varied than most people know. In fact, it spans nearly five decades and involves a varied group of engineers, entrepreneurs, hobbyists, journalists, and activists. But this is a history that is virtually unknown even in our current age of Google, Facebook, Twitter, and Black Lives Matter. Beginning with the simultaneous rise of civil rights and computer revolutions in the 1960s, McIlwain, for the first time, chronicles the long relationship between African Americans, computing technology, and the Internet. In turn, he argues that the forgotten figures who worked to make black politics central to the Internet's birth and evolution paved the way for today's explosion of racial justice activism. From the 1960s to present, the book examines how computing technology has been used to neutralize the threat that black people pose to the existing racial order, but also how black people seized these new computing tools to build community, wealth, and wage a war for racial justice.Through archival sources and the voices of many of those who lived and made this history, Black Software centralizes African Americans' role in the Internet's creation and evolution, illuminating both the limits and possibilities for using digital technology to push for racial justice in the United States and across the globe.
The system test mainly uses the black box method for testing. • Validation testing. Validation testing is the testing work to be performed before the software product is put into actual execution. Compared with system test, ...
Author: Honghao Gao
Publisher: Springer Nature
Category: Technology & Engineering
This book discusses recent research and applications in intelligent service computing in mobile environments. The authors first explain how advances in artificial intelligence and big data have allowed for an array of intelligent services with complex and diverse applications. They then show how this brings new opportunities and challenges for service computing. The book, made up of contributions from academic and industry, aims to present advances in intelligent services, new algorithms and techniques in the field, foundational theory and systems, as well as practical real-life applications. Some of the topics discussed include cognition, modeling, description and verification for intelligent services; discovery, recommendation and selection for intelligent services; formal verification, testing and inspection for intelligent services; and composition and cooperation methods for intelligent services.
Since the working procedure of the quantum subroutine is something in a black box for the Grover's algorithm, ... CONCLUSION This paper emphasizes on the most important phase of Software Testing, i.e. “Reduction in Testing Time”.
Author: Tarek Sobh
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Category: Technology & Engineering
Innovations and Advances in Computer Sciences and Engineering includes a set of rigorously reviewed world-class manuscripts addressing and detailing state-of-the-art research projects in the areas of Computer Science, Software Engineering, Computer Engineering, and Systems Engineering and Sciences. Innovations and Advances in Computer Sciences and Engineering includes selected papers form the conference proceedings of the International Conference on Systems, Computing Sciences and Software Engineering (SCSS 2008) which was part of the International Joint Conferences on Computer, Information and Systems Sciences and Engineering (CISSE 2008).
Using network scanning software, black hats could search the Internet and identify unpatched computers. The exploit software then successfully attacks those systems. Matters may have improved somewhat in recent years, since the patching ...
Author: Richard E. Smith
Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Publishers
Elementary Information Security is certified to comply fully with the NSTISSI 4011: the federal training standard for information security professionals Comprehensive and accessible, Elementary Information Security covers the entire range of topics required for US government courseware certification NSTISSI 4011 and urges students to analyze a variety of security problems while gaining experience with basic tools of the trade. Written for the one-term undergraduate course, the text emphasizes both the technical and non-technical aspects of information security and uses practical examples and real-world assessment tools. Early chapters in the text discuss individual computers and small LANS, while later chapters deal with distributed site security and the Internet. Cryptographic topics follow the same progression, starting on a single computer and evolving to Internet-level connectivity. Mathematical concepts throughout the text are defined and tutorials with mathematical tools are provided to ensure students grasp the information at hand. Rather than emphasizing memorization, this text challenges students to learn how to analyze a variety of security problems and gain experience with the basic tools of this growing trade. Key Features: -Covers all topics required by the US government curriculum standard NSTISSI 4011. - Unlike other texts on the topic, the author goes beyond defining the math concepts and provides students with tutorials and practice with mathematical tools, making the text appropriate for a broad range of readers. - Problem Definitions describe a practical situation that includes a security dilemma. - Technology Introductions provide a practical explanation of security technology to be used in the specific chapters - Implementation Examples show the technology being used to enforce the security policy at hand - Residual Risks describe the limitations to the technology and illustrate various tasks against it. - Each chapter includes worked examples of techniques students will need to be successful in the course. For instance, there will be numerous examples of how to calculate the number of attempts needed to crack secret information in particular formats; PINs, passwords and encryption keys. Instructor resources include an Instructor's Manual, PowerPoint Lecture outlines, and a complete Test Bank.
Instead of arcane treatises and rigid modeling techniques, this guide highlights a proven set of procedures, understandable formulas, and heuristics that individuals and development teams can apply to their projects to help achieve ...
Author: Steve McConnell
Publisher: Microsoft Press
Often referred to as the “black art” because of its complexity and uncertainty, software estimation is not as difficult or puzzling as people think. In fact, generating accurate estimates is straightforward—once you understand the art of creating them. In his highly anticipated book, acclaimed author Steve McConnell unravels the mystery to successful software estimation—distilling academic information and real-world experience into a practical guide for working software professionals. Instead of arcane treatises and rigid modeling techniques, this guide highlights a proven set of procedures, understandable formulas, and heuristics that individuals and development teams can apply to their projects to help achieve estimation proficiency. Discover how to: Estimate schedule and cost—or estimate the functionality that can be delivered within a given time frame Avoid common software estimation mistakes Learn estimation techniques for you, your team, and your organization * Estimate specific project activities—including development, management, and defect correction Apply estimation approaches to any type of project—small or large, agile or traditional Navigate the shark-infested political waters that surround project estimates When many corporate software projects are failing, McConnell shows you what works for successful software estimation.
Because this is a hands-on activity, Black includes realistic, life-sized exercises that illustrate all of the major test techniques with detailed solutions.
Author: Rex Black
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
A hands-on guide to testing techniques that deliver reliable software and systems Testing even a simple system can quickly turn into a potentially infinite task. Faced with tight costs and schedules, testers need to have a toolkit of practical techniques combined with hands-on experience and the right strategies in order to complete a successful project. World-renowned testing expert Rex Black provides you with the proven methods and concepts that test professionals must know. He presents you with the fundamental techniques for testing and clearly shows you how to select and apply successful strategies to test a system with budget and time constraints. Black begins by discussing the goals and tactics of effective and efficient testing. Next, he lays the foundation of his technique for risk-based testing, explaining how to analyze, prioritize, and document risks to the quality of the system using both informal and formal techniques. He then clearly describes how to design, develop, and, ultimately, document various kinds of tests. Because this is a hands-on activity, Black includes realistic, life-sized exercises that illustrate all of the major test techniques with detailed solutions. By the end of this book, you'll know more about the nuts and bolts of testing than most testers learn in an entire career, and you'll be ready to put those ideas into action on your next test project. With the help of real-world examples integrated throughout the chapters, you'll discover how to: Analyze the risks to system quality Allocate your testing effort appropriately based on the level of risk Choose the right testing strategies every time Design tests based on a system's expected behavior (black box) or internal structure (white box) Plan and perform integration testing Explore and attack the system Focus your hard work to serve the needs of the project The author's companion Web site provides exercises, tips, and techniques that can be used to gain valuable experience and effectively test software and systems. Wiley Technology Publishing Timely. Practical. Reliable. Visit the author's Web site at http://www.rexblackconsulting.com/
Other software simply turns the three colour channels into grey values before combining them – in the main giving dull, murky results. There are, however, better ways of converting to black and white, depending on the software ...
Author: Tom Ang
Publisher: Dorling Kindersley Ltd
Get snap happy with the new edition of the best-selling guide to digital photography from guru Tom Ang. Learn everything you need to know about digital photography with the Digital Photographer's Handbook 6th Edition, the definitive photography guide. This digital photography guide is jam-packed with inspirational images and jargon-free tips to demystify the technical elements of photography and get you taking great shots every time. Fully updated to include all of the latest developments in digital cameras, equipment and software, this stunning guide explores the pros and cons of all types of camera, from camera phones to top-of-the-range DSLRs. Learn how to manipulate your pictures to perfection and pick up trouble-shooting advice to make the most out of your camera. Suitable for all levels of experience, the Digital Photographer's Handbook 6th edition is perfect for anyone looking to get snap happy. Previous edition ISBN 9781405393195
Designed to help software and system testing professionals pass and qualify at Foundation Level. This book adopts a practical and hands-on approach, covering the fundamental principles that every software tester should know.
Author: Rex Black
Designed to help software and system testing professionals pass and qualify at Foundation Level. This book adopts a practical and hands-on approach, covering the fundamental principles that every software tester should know. It serves as a useful guide for those taking the ISTQB Foundation Level examination.
Toolboxes are for seri-ous traders, black boxes are for people who believe in Santa Claus, and gray boxes are in between. When considering a new software package, be sure to know which group it belongs to.
THE COLOR ( S ) BLACK & LIGHT GREY IS / ARE CLAIMED AS A FEATURE OF THE MARK . ... SOFTWARE APPLICATION PROGRAMS PLEMENT A SUBSET OF THE SPECIFICA SET OF SOFTWARE INTERFACES FOR AND DEVELOPING SOFTWARE APPLICA SPECIFIC ENVIRONMENT ...
Development of Software To Recognize Parts of Plants A robotic system would differentiate among the seed heads , stems , and leaves of wheat plants . ... Video images to test the software were acquired with a black - and ...
Supercomputer Systems - Software Challenges David L. Black David L. Black is a Research Fellow at the Cambridge office of the Open Software Foundation ( OSF ) Research Institute , where he participates in research on the evolution of ...
Author: Karyn R Ames
Publisher: Univ of California Press
Category: Business & Economics
"Will be welcomed by many communities--academic, federal, and industrial. With new and little-known information on high-performance computing, it is the great compendium describing the last seven years of activities and looking to the future."--Charles Bender, Director, The Ohio Supercomputer Center "A valuable resource and an important contribution to thinking in this area. . . . I am impressed with the scope and coherence of this material, ranging from technical projections to the political context to market and user perspectives on supercomputers and supercomputing."--James G. Glimm, State University of New York at Stonybrook
Zollar General Manager, Tivoli Software IBM Corporation Since taking over his current position in July 2004, Al Zollar has been responsible for the strategic direction and operations of IBM s Tivoli software brand.
The use of this software as an unscrutinized “black box” allowed simple programming mistakes to go undetected for years. Unlike human analysts who can sometimes struggle to explain how their approaches are objective and based on ...
Author: Scott Bader
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
The increasingly arcane world of DNA profiling demands that those needing to understand at least some of it must find a source of reliable and understandable information. Combining material from the successful Wiley Encyclopedia of Forensic Science with newly commissioned and updated material, the Editors have used their own extensive experience in criminal casework across the world to compile an informative guide that will provide knowledge and thought-provoking articles of interest to anyone involved or interested in the use of DNA in the forensic context. Following extensive introductory chapters covering forensic DNA profiling and forensic genetics, this comprehensive volume presents a substantial breadth of material covering: Fundamental material – including sources of DNA, validation, and accreditation Analysis and interpretation – including, extraction, quantification, amplification and interpretation of electropherograms (epgs) Evaluation – including mixtures, low template, and transfer Applications – databases, paternity and kinship, mitochondrial-DNA, wildlife DNA, single-nucleotide polymorphism, phenotyping and familial searching Court - report writing, discovery, cross examination, and current controversies With contributions from leading experts across the whole gamut of forensic science, this volume is intended to be authoritative but not authoritarian, informative but comprehensible, and comprehensive but concise. It will prove to be a valuable addition, and useful resource, for scientists, lawyers, teachers, criminologists, and judges.
You will need a software editing tool that allows you to adjust the color balance and saturation. Filtering tools will ideally include custom, CC or Wratten filters. The tool that allows you to convert the image color to black and white ...
Release on 2000 | by United States. Congress. House. Committee on Appropriations. Subcommittee on the Departments of Labor, Health and Human Services, Education, and Related Agencies
ESA - 51 Black Lung Office Automation Proposal : To provide $ 417,000 as part of the Departmental Information ... This funding will provide for the purchase of office automation software and server hardware necessary to replace software ...
Author: United States. Congress. House. Committee on Appropriations. Subcommittee on the Departments of Labor, Health and Human Services, Education, and Related Agencies
In the world of black software, nothing could compare with either GreggorSX4 or DarkFire. The main reason for the divergence of the two advanced projects was their having been derived from 3Maggies, which were separately modeled on two ...
Author: E W Farnsworth
E W Farnsworth's DarkFire at the Edge of Time brings together twenty-five visionary science fiction stories focusing on events leading up to and following the launch of the Spaceship Arcturus, destined to an epic voyage through space to the edge of the universe and back again. Avatars and AIs mature by programming themselves and acquiring human characteristics as they discover romance, sex, joy and pain. While alluding to works by Arthur C Clarke, Isaac Asimov, Norbert Wiener, H P Lovecraft and Alan Turing, Farnsworth's brainy stories break new ground. Amongst the twenty-five stories, "The Joys of Rayovision" explores early experimentation in teleportation; "Shell Game" features using DNA for encoding messages in outer space; and numerous other stories postulate the practicality of a neutrino communicator. The reader can read sequentially or delve into this collection in any direction. The variety of perspectives caters for every mood, inclination and intellectual capacity.
Teaching test managers what they need to know to achieve advanced skills in test estimation, test planning, test monitoring, and test control, this hands-on, exercise-rich book provides experience with planning, scheduling, and tracking ...
Author: Rex Black
This book teaches test managers what they need to know to achieve advanced skills in test estimation, test planning, test monitoring, and test control. Readers will learn how to define the overall testing goals and strategies for the systems being tested. This hands-on, exercise-rich book provides experience with planning, scheduling, and tracking these tasks. You'll be able to describe and organize the necessary activities as well as learn to select, acquire, and assign adequate resources for testing tasks. You'll learn how to form, organize, and lead testing teams, and master the organizing of communication among the members of the testing teams, and between the testing teams and all the other stakeholders. Additionally, you'll learn how to justify decisions and provide adequate reporting information where applicable. With over thirty years of software and systems engineering experience, author Rex Black is President of RBCS, is a leader in software, hardware, and systems testing, and is the most prolific author practicing in the field of software testing today. He has published a dozen books on testing that have sold tens of thousands of copies worldwide. He is past president of the International Software Testing Qualifications Board (ISTQB) and a director of the American Software Testing Qualifications Board (ASTQB). This book will help you prepare for the ISTQB Advanced Test Manager exam. Included are sample exam questions, at the appropriate level of difficulty, for most of the learning objectives covered by the ISTQB Advanced Level Syllabus. The ISTQB certification program is the leading software tester certification program in the world. With about 300,000 certificate holders and a global presence in over 50 countries, you can be confident in the value and international stature that the Advanced Test Manager certificate can offer you. This second edition has been thoroughly updated to reflect the new ISTQB Advanced Test Manager 2012 Syllabus, and the latest ISTQB Glossary. This edition reflects Rex Black's unique insights into these changes, as he was one of the main participants in the ISTQB Advanced Level Working Group.
Software Circuit1: As a result of the time driven concept a cyclic time driven approach became the basis for the solution where short well-defined software procedures behave like circuits. Black-Board Memory: In order for Software ...
Author: John Impagliazzo
The First Conference on the History of Nordic Computing (HiNC1) was organized in Trondheim, in June 2003. The HiNC1 event focused on the early years of computing, that is the years from the 1940s through the 1960s, although it formally extended to year 1985. In the preface of the proceedings of HiNC1, Janis Bubenko, Jr. , John Impagliazzo, and Arne Sølvberg describe well the peculiarities of early Nordic c- puting . While developing hardware was a necessity for the first professionals, quite soon the computer became an industrial product. Computer scientists, among others, grew increasingly interested in programming and application software. P- gress in these areas from the 1960s to the 1980s was experienced as astonishing. The developments during these decades were taken as the focus of HiNC2. During those decades computers arrived to every branch of large and medium-sized businesses and the users of the computer systems were no longer only computer s- cialists but also people with other main duties. Compared to the early years of comp- ing before 1960, where the number of computer projects and applications was small, capturing a holistic view of the history between the 1960s and the 1980s is conside- bly more difficult. The HiNC2 conference attempted to help in this endeavor.