Botulinum Neurotoxin Injection Manual

Intended as both as an introduction for new injectors and a handy reference guide for busy clinicians, the book opens with a brief review of pharmacology, product information and distinctions between the four toxins that are currently ...

Botulinum Neurotoxin Injection Manual

This comprehensive yet practical guide covers botulinum toxin injections and the wide range of clinical applications for neurologic and other conditions. Intended as both as an introduction for new injectors and a handy reference guide for busy clinicians, the book opens with a brief review of pharmacology, product information and distinctions between the four toxins that are currently approved for use in the U.S. by the FDA, indications and doses for FDA-approved conditions, and accepted and emerging clinical applications. The remainder is an injection manual, organized anatomically and by condition and covering all applications. For each condition or site, information on typical muscle pattern or muscle groups involved, dosing guidelines and dilution for the applicable toxins, number of injection sites and targeting techniques are provided in table format for quick look-up. Anatomic illustrations and cross-sections appear on facing pages to orient injectors and help identify optimal insertion points. An appendix with useful clinical rating scales is also included.

Botulinum Toxin Dosing Manual

This handy manual is indispensable for new injectors and experienced clinicians alike, who need to stay current with the ever-expanding indications and dosage recommendations to create effective treatment plans for their patients.

Botulinum Toxin Dosing Manual

Configured for quick point-of-care consult, Botulinum Toxin Dosing Manual is the must-have resource for practitioners and trainees at any level. This practical compendium provides comprehensive information on applications and dosing guidelines for all four FDA-approved toxins, and also includes agency-approved indications and ranges for Canada, the UK, and selected EU countries. Detailed botulinum toxin (or neurotoxin) (BoNT) dosage information is presented in an easy-to-navigate table format. The tables are organized by clinical indication along with each agency-approved dosage where available and the published dosage ranges per treatment session and per structure injected. Covering applications for neurological, urological, neurosecretory, and pain conditions with side-by-side product dosing comparisons, the guide allows clinicians to quickly calculate the dosage of a given BoNT product for a particular indication and/or structure and choose the best option for treatment. Anatomical illustrations are provided at the end of the book to enhance the localization of muscles and other target structures during the injection planning process. This handy manual is indispensable for new injectors and experienced clinicians alike, who need to stay current with the ever-expanding indications and dosage recommendations to create effective treatment plans for their patients. Key Features: Up-to-date guidelines and dosage ranges for FDA-approved botulinum toxins and applications for adults and children; includes agency-approved ranges for Canada, the UK, and EU Current information on published dosage ranges from studies for FDA-approved botulinum toxins fit for adults and children for most clinical applications Information organized in user-friendly table format to speed dosage calculation for clinicians treating patients with BoNT Published dosing recommendations for a wide variety of indications by muscle or group, dilution, injection sites, and more Anatomic drawings illustrate muscle relationships and insertion points

Manual of Botulinum Toxin Therapy

Provides practical guidance on the use of botulinum toxin in a wide variety of disorders, in many areas of medicine.

Manual of Botulinum Toxin Therapy

Provides practical guidance on the use of botulinum toxin in a wide variety of disorders, in many areas of medicine. Using clear line drawings, it describes the relevant injection sites for each condition and gives comparative dosage tables for the various formulations of toxin used in different muscle groups.

Botulinum Neurotoxin Injection Manual

Manually guided botulinum toxin type A submandibular injections for the treatment of sialorrhea in tube-fed patients with advanced amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. Am J Health Syst Pharm. 2011;68(18):1680–1681. Lee JH, Lee BN, Kwon SO, ...

Botulinum Neurotoxin Injection Manual

The Essential Guide for Clinicians Who Prescribe and Inject BoNTs This is a detailed and practical guide to botulinum neurotoxin therapy (BoNT) and the wide range of applications for neurological and pain disorders. A unique reference source for new injectors and experienced clinicians alike, this indispensable manual provides information on dose, dilution, and indications for all four FDA-approved toxins in one handy text. Following a brief review of relevant pharmacology, the book provides product information and comparative distinctions between the four FDA-approved toxins (BotoxÆ, MyoblocÆ, XeominÆ, and DysportÆ), along with indications and doses for FDA-approved conditions, guidance techniques, and common and emerging clinical applications. The heart of the book is an injection manual, organized anatomically and by condition and covering all applications for medical treatment. For each condition or site, information is provided on typical muscle pattern or muscle groups involved, dosing guidelines and dilution for the applicable toxins, number of injection sites, and potential risks and benefits. Targeting techniques are organized in table format for quick retrieval. Anatomic illustrations and cross-sections are provided to orient injectors and help identify optimal insertion points. An appendix with useful clinical rating scales is also included. Key Features: Presents state-of-the-art information about current indications for all four FDA-approved botulinum neurotoxins Compares and contrasts the four toxins along with common and emerging clinical applications Provides dosing guidelines for various indications and injection sites for each muscle Includes anatomic drawings and cross-sections to illustrate muscle relationships and insertion points Serves as a practical, portable, how-to guide for new and experienced clinicians

Botulinum Neurotoxins for Head and Neck Disorders

Special Features: Reviews the pharmacology, indications, mechanisms of action, and technique for each use of botulinum neurotoxin Provides detailed information on the anatomy, treatment methods, follow-up care, and possible complications ...

Botulinum Neurotoxins for Head and Neck Disorders

Learn expert injection techniques with this multimedia reference guide to the therapeutic uses of botulinum neurotoxin Containing detailed injection instructions, Botulinum Neurotoxin for Head and Neck Disorders and the associated how-to videos offer otolaryngologists, neurologists, pain specialists, and others a complete guide to the management of motor, sensory and autonomic disorders of the head and neck region with botulinum neurotoxin. It covers treatment methods for conditions ranging from hyperfunctional motor disorders (dystonia, tremor, dysphagia), to afferent pain disorders (temporomandibular joint disorder, migraine, trigeminal neuralgia) to autonomic disorders (hypersalivation, Frey's syndrome). In each of the indications, the written material reviews the effects of the toxin on the nervous system, central pain thresholds, and central motor pathways. Special Features: Reviews the pharmacology, indications, mechanisms of action, and technique for each use of botulinum neurotoxin Provides detailed information on the anatomy, treatment methods, follow-up care, and possible complications for each disorder Includes online access to professionally produced videos in which Dr. Blitzer demonstrates injection techniques for the disorders in the book Contains vivid, full color illustrations and photographs that clarify information in the text Focusing specifically on injection techniques for the therapeutic uses of botulinum neurotoxin for treating head and neck disorders, this manual fills an important gap in the literature. It gives clinicians current, authoritative, and in-depth information on administering botulinum neurotoxin most effectively for the head and neck disorders of their patients.

A Practical Guide to Botulinum Toxin Procedures

This series offers guidance to primary care practitioners who wish to expand their practice to minimally invasive cosmetic procedures.

A Practical Guide to Botulinum Toxin Procedures

A Practical Guide to Botulinum Toxin Procedures is one of four books in the new Cosmetic Procedures for Primary Care series. This series offers guidance to primary care practitioners who wish to expand their practice to minimally invasive cosmetic procedures. Whether the physician is just getting started or well versed in aesthetic medicine, this series can be used as a routine quick reference for current aesthetic procedures that can be readily incorporated into office practice. The series will put these cosmetic treatments into the hands of the physician the patient knows and trusts the most, and will bring primary care practitioners increased autonomy, improved patient satisfaction, and added reimbursement. This book provides thoroughly illustrated step-by-step instructions on botulinum toxin injection procedures and advice on managing common issues seen in follow-up visits. Each chapter focuses on a single procedure and reviews all relevant anatomy, including target muscles and their functions and muscles to be avoided. Injection points and the injection Safety Zones are highlighted to help practitioners perform the procedures more effectively and minimize complication risks. Initial chapters cover treatment in the upper third of the face for frown lines, horizontal forehead lines, and crow's feet—procedures suited for practitioners who are getting started with cosmetic botulinum toxin treatments. Subsequent chapters cover more advanced face and neck procedures and treatment of axillary hyperhidrosis.

Spasticity Second Edition

Abrams SB, Hallett M. Clinical utility of different botulinum neurotoxin preparations. Toxicon. ... Injection techniques for botulinum toxin using electromyography and electrical stimulation. ... Botulinum Neurotoxin Injection Manual.

Spasticity  Second Edition

Since publication of the first edition, Spasticity: Diagnosis and Management has been the defining reference and go-to source for physicians, therapists, and other healthcare providers who care for patients with spasticity. For this new updated edition, Dr. Brashear and a diverse team of specialists have come together to integrate new research, clinical trials, measurement tools, therapies, and other recent advances that reflect this evolving field. The book is organized into four sections, each of which covers a broad scope of material. The first is a general overview of spasticity and its effects on movement in patients. Other chapters cover epidemiology and ancillary findings commonly associated with spasticity. Part II details assessment tools and measurements, treatment goals, and how to aim for realistic outcomes. Part III outlines various treatment modalities, including heavily updated chapters on the use of botulinum toxin in the upper and lower extremities, guidance techniques for injections, intrathecal baclofen, neuromodulation, surgery, physical therapy, and more. The last section, which contains several new chapters, discusses evaluation of outcomes and management of patients with stroke, traumatic brain injury, spinal cord injuries, multiple sclerosis, cerebral palsy, and cancer, followed by chapters on spasticity management in long-term care facilities and economic considerations. This book remains the most comprehensive guide to diagnosis and management of spasticity in adults and children, and the revised second edition will continue to serve as an invaluable resource for professionals in any discipline who strive to provide quality care to spasticity patients. Key Features: Revised edition of the premier clinical reference on spasticity Incorporates the latest advances in assessment and treatment Contains six entirely new chapters highlighting key topics including Tardieu scale and other measurement tools, ultrasound guidance for botulinum toxin management, spasticity in special populations, emerging therapies, and economic impact More than 200 figures and 70 tables accompany the updated text

Pediatric Rehabilitation

Botulinum toxin type A injection into the gastrocnemius muscle for spastic equinus in adults with stroke: a randomized controlled trial comparing manual needle placement, electrical stimulation and ultrasonography-guided injection ...

Pediatric Rehabilitation

Note to Readers: Publisher does not guarantee quality or access to any included digital components if book is purchased through a third-party seller. This revised and greatly expanded sixth edition of Pediatric Rehabilitation continues to set the standard of care for clinicians and remains the premier reference dedicated to education and training in the field of pediatric rehabilitation medicine. Under the direction of a new editorial team, this text brings together renowned specialists from all sectors of the pediatric rehabilitation community to provide the most current and comprehensive information with evidence-based discussions throughout. The sixth edition encompasses substantial updates from beginning to end and addresses emerging topics in the field with eight entirely new chapters devoted to brachial plexus palsy, oncology, robotics, genetics, spasticity management, rheumatology, burns, and advocacy. Major revisions to chapters on spinal cord injuries, acquired brain injury, cerebral palsy, neuromuscular diagnoses, and medical care of children reflect recent advances and expand coverage to include pediatric stroke, anoxic brain injury, bone health, pain management, and more. Chapter pearls, detailed summary tables, and over 250 figures emphasize major takeaways from the text for readers. With contributors chosen both for their academic and clinical expertise, chapters offer a real hands-on perspective and reference the most up to date literature available. Pediatric Rehabilitation covers all aspects of pediatric rehabilitation medicine from basic examination and testing to in-depth clinical management of the full range of childhood disabilities and injuries. As the foundational reference dedicated to the field of pediatric rehabilitation medicine over 6 editions, the book provides a thorough and contemporary review of clinical practice principles and serves as the primary resource for trainees and clinicians in this area. Key Features: Thoroughly revised and expanded new edition of the seminal reference for the field of pediatric rehabilitation medicine Contains eight entirely new chapters to address areas of growing importance Increased coverage of core topics including brain injury and concussion in children, integrated spasticity management, lifespan care for adults with childhood onset disability, pediatric stroke, and much more 13 high-quality gait videos review ambulation in children and adults with cerebral palsy New editorial team and many new contributors provide new perspectives and a modern evidence-based approach Clinical pearls and highly illustrative tables and lists underscore most essential information

Cosmetic Injection Techniques

Key Highlights Precise, full-color illustrations by Sarah Faris afford a detailed look at underlying anatomy 75 superb short video clips narrated by Dr. Kontis provide procedural guidance A section dedicated to neurotoxin injections details ...

Cosmetic Injection Techniques

The quintessential guide to state-of-the-art cosmetic injection approaches, from two renowned experts! This revised and updated second edition of Cosmetic Injection Techniques: A Text and Video Guide to Neurotoxins and Fillers by esteemed facial plastic surgeons Theda Kontis and Victor Lacombe builds on their bestselling first edition. Content is designed to augment knowledge of beginner injectors and train veteran injectors on how to finesse facial fillers and muscle-relaxing injections. Since publication of the first edition, understanding of the aging face has increased, while the number of non-surgical facial enhancements has continued to skyrocket. The book's primary focus is the improvement of minor facial irregularities and asymmetries using the latest injection procedures. Divided into six sections and four appendices, the book starts with the patient consultation and concludes with a new section on fat-dissolving techniques using Kybella. The fillers section features new chapters on choosing the right filler, fine lines and skin boosters, the de Maio technique, the mandibular angle, poly-l-lactic acid for the décolleté, and gender-specific injections. All chapters follow a reader-friendly, consistent format with succinct paragraphs covering indications, injection techniques, anatomic considerations, precautions, risks, pearls, illustrations or photos, and additional reading. Select chapters reflect North American techniques utilized by the authors that vary from East Coast to West Coast. Key Highlights Precise, full-color illustrations by Sarah Faris afford a detailed look at underlying anatomy 75 superb short video clips narrated by Dr. Kontis provide procedural guidance A section dedicated to neurotoxin injections details the use of neuromodulators such as Botox and Dysport, with new chapters on neurotoxins for the décolleté and profusely sweating forehead A full spectrum of facial augmentation, rejuvenation, and volumization techniques are described, using hyaluronic acid fillers, hyaluronidase, Sculptra, Radiesse, BellaFill, and others Appendix A lists chapters by degree of difficulty, enabling injectors to safely advance to more challenging injection techniques This is the essential quick-reference guide on injection techniques. Plastic surgeons, cosmetic surgeons, dermatologists, nurse injectors, and physician assistant/nurse practitioner injectors who wish to increase their knowledge of injection methods and refine skills will greatly benefit from this outstanding, easy-to-use manual.

Pediatric Rehabilitation Fifth Edition

Comparison of guidance techniques for botulinum toxin injections. In Botulinum Neurotoxin Injection Manual. New York, NY: Demos Medical Publishing; 2015. 3. Lim EC, Quek Am, Seet RC. Accurate targeting of botulinum toxin injections: how ...

Pediatric Rehabilitation  Fifth Edition

Named a Doody’s Core Title in 2012 and 2013! Widely acknowledged as the cornerstone reference in the field, Pediatric Rehabilitation brings together renowned specialists from all sectors of the pediatric rehabilitation community to provide the most current and comprehensive information available. The fifth edition has been substantially updated and expanded with evidence-based discussions of new theories, therapies, interventions, research findings, and controversies. Five completely new chapters focus on such emerging areas as the use of ultrasound to guide motor point and nerve injections, rehabilitation of chronic pain and conversion disorders, management of concussions, sports injuries, and neurodegenerative and demyelinating diseases in children. This edition also addresses important new directions in genetic markers and tests, cognitive, developmental, and neuropsychological assessment, and rehabilitation for common genetic conditions. Additionally, several new contributors provide fresh perspectives to the voices of established leaders in the field. The text covers all aspects of pediatric rehabilitation medicine from basic examination and testing to electrodiagnosis, therapeutic exercise, orthotics and assistive devices, gait labs, aging with pediatric onset disability, and in-depth clinical management of the full range of childhood disabilities and injuries. “Pearls and Perils” featured throughout the book underscore crucial information, and illustrations, summary tables, information boxes, and lists contribute to the text’s abundant clinical utility. New to the Fifth Edition: Every chapter has been thoroughly revised and expanded to reflect current thinking and practice Evidence-based discussions of new theories, therapies, interventions, research findings, and areas of controversy Five entirely new chapters illuminating emerging areas: rehabilitation of chronic pain and conversion disorders, ultrasound-guided injections, concussion management, sports injuries, and neurodegenerative and demyelinating diseases in children

Manual of Botulinum Toxin Therapy

Botulinum toxin (BOTOX) for the treatment of “spastic dysphonia” as part of a trial of toxin injections for the treatment of other cranial dystonias. Laryngoscope, 96, 1300–1. Brin MF, Fahn S, Moskowitz C et al. (1987).

Manual of Botulinum Toxin Therapy

Fully updated throughout, the second edition of the Manual of Botulinum Toxin Therapy provides practical guidance on the use of Botox in a wide variety of disorders. New chapters have been added on the use of botulinum toxin in wound healing, in focal hand dystonia and in thoracic outlet syndrome, as well as others. There are new chapters on the use of botulinum toxins in conjunction with ultrasound guidance. Using clear line-drawings the Manual describes the relevant injection sites for each condition and gives comparative dosage tables for the various formulations of toxins used in different muscle groups. Throughout the emphasis is on technique and the book can be used as both a teaching aid and in bedside guidance. The manual will be of use to neurologists, otolaryngologists, urologists, ophthalmologists, dermatologists, internists, pain management specialists, rehabilitation specialists and plastic surgeons, and any other clinicians discovering the potential of botulinum toxin.

Ultrasound Guided Chemodenervation Procedures

The work also includes a detailed anatomic and pictorial atlas (print and DVD), which will be invaluable to clinicians performing procedures with or without ultrasound guidance.

Ultrasound Guided Chemodenervation Procedures

Ultrasound-Guided Chemodenervation Procedures provides a comprehensive multimedia approach to neurotoxin therapy using ultrasound. This combined text/atlas/DVD offers a complete review of toxin therapy, both current indications and emerging applications, as well as a detailed review of ultrasound technology and ultrasound guidance techniques for botulinum toxin injections and nerve blocks. The work also includes a detailed anatomic and pictorial atlas (print and DVD), which will be invaluable to clinicians performing procedures with or without ultrasound guidance. The text section of the book is a reference manual, covering conditions and indications, chemodenervation agents, and ultrasound basics including essential physics, machine settings, artifacts, scanning techniques, and procedural guidance techniques. The illustrated print and DVD atlas sections offer a stunning visual roadmap for understanding ultrasound anatomy, localizing muscles, and safely and successfully performing chemodenervation procedures. Features of Ultrasound-Guided Chemodenervation Procedures include: More than 1,300 clinical pictures, anatomical drawings, and ultrasound stills Over 300 video clips of structures, injections, and techniques for performing chemodenervation and neurolysis or combination therapies with ultrasound Practical yet comprehensive-an indispensable print and electronic reference for clinicians Review of ultrasound technology, techniques, and clinical applications for chemodenervation Review of clinical indications and emerging uses of botulinum toxin "

Practical Guide to Botulinum Toxin Injections

The manual walks readers through a brief introduction to toxin use before diving into applications muscle by muscle.

Practical Guide to Botulinum Toxin Injections

Practical Guide to Botulinum Toxin Injections is the perfect solution for trainees and novice injectors looking for technical guidance performing chemodenervation procedures using botulinum toxin. This high-yield pocket book provides a visual roadmap for procedural targets with illustrations of each muscle and labeled injection sites and includes dosing recommendations for all clinically-available toxins. The manual walks readers through a brief introduction to toxin use before diving into applications muscle by muscle. Each body region gives a closer look at the individual muscles involved, detailing muscle action, injection localization, recommended dosing and injection sites, and pearls and pitfalls where relevant. Later sections address other clinical applications including cervical dystonia, migraine, blepharospasm, hyperhidrosis, and special clinical syndromes such as writer's cramp. Complete with original illustrations detailing anatomy and suggested injection localization for targeted muscles, this "one-stop-shop" reference will appeal to anyone in physical medicine and rehabilitation, neurology, dermatology, pain management, and other fields seeking to acquire or reinforce skills. Key Features: Over 135 detailed anatomic illustrations with suggested injection points Dosing recommendations for 95 muscles throughout the upper and lower limbs and axial muscle groups Coverage of clinical applications and syndromes to help providers recognize common patterns of muscle involvement

Botulinum Toxin Procedures

This well-organized text provides current, authoritative guidance on popular procedures including masseter hypertrophy and darker skin types, the therapeutic uses of botulinum toxins, and their future in dermatology. this book offers ...

Botulinum Toxin Procedures

This well-organized text provides current, authoritative guidance on popular procedures including masseter hypertrophy and darker skin types, the therapeutic uses of botulinum toxins, and their future in dermatology. this book offers evidence-based, procedural how-to's and step-by-step advice on proper techniques, pitfalls, and tricks of the trade, so you can successfully incorporate the latest procedures into your practice. Includes complete, clear descriptions and rationales for injection placement for facial and neck rejuvenation and hyperhidrosis, with high-quality videos demonstrating the techniques of injection. Addresses the differences in doses and particular characteristics among different botulinum toxin preparations in every chapter. Features a well-organized format with key points lists, pearls, and case studies as they appear in practice. Contains new chapters throughout, plus new information on injectable daxibotulinumtoxinA (RT002), topical botulinum toxin type A and benzyl alcohol. Includes many new images and procedural videos that depict exactly how to perform the techniques.

Botulinum Toxin Injection Guide

Botulinum Toxin Injection Guide by Ib R. Odderson, MD, PhD, is the first comprehensive manual that covers botulinum toxin injections for neurologic conditions and their wide range of clinical applications.

Botulinum Toxin Injection Guide

Botulinum Toxin Injection Guide by Ib R. Odderson, MD, PhD, is the first comprehensive manual that covers botulinum toxin injections for neurologic conditions and their wide range of clinical applications.

Cosmetic Injectables in Practice

This book is a comprehensive guide to the clinical use of fillers and Botox. Beginning with an overview of the history and basic science of cosmetic injectables, the book is then divided into two key sections.

Cosmetic Injectables in Practice

Dermal fillers are substances injected into the face to fill lines and add volume to areas such as the lips and cheeks. They are not permanent and usually last between six and eighteen months. Similarly, Botulinum toxin (Botox) injections relax the facial muscles to smooth out line and wrinkles, such as frown lines and crow’s feet. Botox is not permanent and usually lasts for three to four months. This book is a comprehensive guide to the clinical use of fillers and Botox. Beginning with an overview of the history and basic science of cosmetic injectables, the book is then divided into two key sections. Section one examines fillers, discussing facial anatomy, patient selection, anaesthesia, and injection techniques for different areas of the face. Treatment plans, patient consent, and before and after instructions, are also discussed. The second section covers Botox and its use for treating different types of facial lines, and includes chapters on complications and their management, and Botox in men. The extensive text is enhanced by nearly 300 clinical photographs, illustrations and tables. Key points Comprehensive guide to clinical use of dermal fillers and Botox In depth discussion on injection techniques for different parts of the face Covers patient and treatment selection, patient consent and complications Includes nearly 300 clinical photographs, illustrations and tables

The Columbia Manual of Dermatologic Cosmetic Surgery

Faigan S. Botox for the treatment of dynamic hyperkinetic facial lines and furrows: Adjunctive use in facial aesthetic surgery. Plast Reconstr Surg 1999; 103:107. 6. Carruthers A, Carruthers ]. Clinical indications and injection ...

The Columbia Manual of Dermatologic Cosmetic Surgery

The painless route for expanding cosmetic surgery in your practice * Expert guidance on acquiring credentials and hospital privileges * Unique section on the surgical setting * Most frequently performed surgical procedures * Detailed illustrations What can Drs. Bisaccia and Scarborough do for you? They can start you on your way to building or sustaining a more successful dermatologic cosmetic surgical practice. With their advice, you can become an even greater value to your patients-by offering a range of treatment options based on the degree of improvement desired, cost, duration of correction and recovery. Not always easy, but altogether achievable.

Botulinum Toxin in Urology

This is the first book to focus on the practical application of botulinum toxin (BoNT) in the genitourinary tract.

Botulinum Toxin in Urology

Bladder injection of onabotulinumtoxinA for the treatment of urinary incontinence due to neurogenic detrusor overactivity has recently been approved by regulatory agencies in several EU countries and by the FDA in the United States. This is the first book to focus on the practical application of botulinum toxin (BoNT) in the genitourinary tract. It covers in detail applications of BoNT in the bladder and the prostate and pelvic floor, with reviews of the latest clinical series and techniques in both adults and children. Appendices containing easy-to-read instructions for patients undergoing bladder and prostate BoNT injections are included, in addition to procedural guidelines for nursing staff. The book is written in a concise, clinically relevant style by two leading pioneers in the field, who were the first to undertake comprehensive basic research into the mechanisms underlying the efficacy and potential uses of BoNT within the lower urinary tract.

Movement Disorders Curricula

Choi KH, Rho SH, Lee JM, Jeon JH, Park SY, Kim J. Botulinum toxin injections of both sides of the face to treat post-paralytic facial synkinesis. J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg. 2013;66(8):1058–63. ... Manual of botulinum toxin therapy.

Movement Disorders Curricula

This book offers a comprehensive approach to the wide range of movement disorders, an important specialty in the field of neurology, guiding readers from the phenomenology to diagnosis and management. Reflecting the latest developments in the field, it offers a unique summary of this dynamic area by pursuing a uniform approach to movement disorders curricula. Divided into three parts, Movement Disorders Curricula provides an authoritative overview of this growing branch of neurology. The first part presents the basic elements of movement disorders, including descriptions of the anatomy and physiology of the basal ganglia. It also features sections on clinical trials for movement disorders, practical skills, and rating scales. The second and third part examine in detail hypokinetic and hyperkinetic movement disorders, respectively. Equipping readers with the practical and research skills needed in the movement disorders field, the book offers a valuable tool to help them prepare for board examinations on general neurology, as well as for fellowships in movement disorders.