The Irish Imperial Service

seem so much more dignified, refined and well-bred than either Jews or Europeans: somehow they seem so grand, ... and above all the exquisite courtesy and generous hospitality that enabled most British individually to enjoy social and ...

The Irish Imperial Service

This book explores Irish participation in the British imperial project after ‘Southern’ Ireland’s independence in 1922. Building on a detailed study of the Irish contribution to the policing of the Palestine Mandate, it examines Irish imperial servants’ twentieth-century transnational careers, and assesses the influence of their Irish identities on their experience at the colonial interface. The factors which informed Irish enlistment in Palestine’s police forces are examined, and the impact of Irishness on the personal perspectives and professional lives of Irish Palestine policemen is assessed. Irish policing in Palestine is placed within the broader tradition of the Royal Irish Constabulary (RIC)-conducted imperial police service inaugurated in the mid-nineteenth century, and the RIC’s transnational influence on twentieth-century British colonial policing is evaluated. The wider tradition of Irish imperial service, of which policing formed part, is then explored, with particular focus on British Colonial Service recruitment in post-revolutionary Ireland and twentieth-century Irish-imperial identities.

Jewish Communities of India

Of a total of 222,402 in the Indian army, Imperial Service, military police, and militia, there were thirty-seven Jews: four native officers, fourteen noncommissioned officers, two musicians, and seventeen privates.47 No longer finding ...

Jewish Communities of India

Although the Bene Israel community of western India, the Baghdadi Jews of Bombay and Calcutta, and the Cochin Jews of the Malabar Coast form a tiny segment of the Indian population, their long-term residence within a vastly different culture has always made them the subject of much curiosity. India is perhaps the one country in the world where Jews have never been exposed to anti-Semitism, but in the last century they have had to struggle to maintain their identity as they encountered two competing nationalisms: Indian nationalism and Zionism. Focusing primarily on the Bene Israel and Baghdadis in the late nineteenth and twentieth centuries, Joan Roland describes how identities begun under the Indian caste system changed with British colonial rule, and then how the struggle for Indian independence and the establishment of a Jewish homeland raised even further questions. She also discuses the experiences of European Jewish refugees who arrived in India after 1933 and remained there until after World War II.To describe what it meant to be a Jew in India, Roland draws on a wealth of materials such as Indian Jewish periodicals, official and private archives, and extensive interviews. Historians, Judaic studies specialist, India area scholars, postcolonialist, and sociologists will all find this book to be an engaging study. A new final chapter discusses the position of the remaining Jews in India as well as the status of Indian Jews in Israel at the end of the twentieth century.

American Religious Responses to Kristallnacht

We have few (if any) examples of American and British Jews who followed their fathers in military service or ... those who fought in the SpanishAmerican War, and in Britain, the Boer War as well as service in Britain's Imperial forces.

American Religious Responses to Kristallnacht

This book examines how American Protestants, Catholics and Jews responded to the persecution of Jews in Germany and German-occupied territory in the 1930s. The essays focus on American religious responses to Kristallnacht and represent the first examination of multi-religious group responses to the beginnings of the Holocaust.

On the Word of a Jew

This branch of a transnational British Jewish imperial network was built on, informed by, and existed within the connections ... the explicit incorporation of Indian Jews in Jewish Chronicle articles about Anglo-Jewish military service, ...

On the Word of a Jew

What, if anything, does religion have to do with how reliable we perceive one another to be? When and how did religious difference matter in the past when it came to trusting the word of another? In today’s world, we take for granted that being Jewish should not matter when it comes to acting or engaging in the public realm, but this was not always the case. The essays in this volume look at how and when Jews were recognized as reliable and trustworthy in the areas of jurisprudence, medicine, politics, academia, culture, business, and finance. As they explore issues of trust and mistrust, the authors reveal how caricatures of Jews move through religious, political, and legal systems. While the volume is framed as an exploration of Jewish and Christian relations, it grapples with perceptions of Jews and Jewishness from the biblical period to today, from the Middle East to North America, and in Ashkenazi and Sephardi traditions. Taken together these essays reflect on the mechanics of trust, and sometimes mistrust, in everyday interactions involving Jews.

Exiled in the Homeland

The logic of empire trained attention on Jewish immigration to Palestine as a means of bringing development to the country and of generating revenue. British officials seized on many of the traditional idioms of imperial benefits and ...

Exiled in the Homeland

Offering a new perspective on Zionism, Exiled in the Homeland draws on memoirs, newspaper accounts, and archival material to examine closely the lives of the men and women who immigrated to Palestine in the early twentieth century. Rather than reducing these historic settlements to a single, unified theme, Donna Robinson Divine's research reveals an extraordinary spectrum of motivations and experiences among these populations. Though British rule and the yearning for a Jewish national home contributed to a foundation of solidarity, Exiled in the Homeland presents the many ways in which the message of emigration settled into the consciousness of the settlers. Considering the benefits and costs of their Zionist commitments, Divine explores a variety of motivations and outcomes, ranging from those newly arrived immigrants who harnessed their ambition for the goal of radical transformation to those who simply dreamed of living a better life. Also capturing the day-to-day experiences in families that faced scarce resources, as well as the British policies that shaped a variety of personal decisions on the part of the newcomers, Exiled in the Homeland provides new keys to understanding this pivotal chapter in Jewish history.

Britain s Jews in the First World War

While there he was awarded the Distinguished Service Order and appointed temporary lieutenant colonel. For a while he was appointed to the Zion Mule Corps, a British labour corps created from Palestinian and Russian Jews who volunteered ...

Britain s Jews in the First World War

This book tells the story of the Jewish community, of its individuals and its groups, who contributed to the First World War.

The Jewish Experience of the First World War

Armistice,68 but the British Jewry Book of Honour was an altogether more ambitious project, and an ultimately more ... the names of the approximately 2000 Jewish soldiers and sailors who died while on active service during the war, ...

The Jewish Experience of the First World War

This book explores the variety of social and political phenomena that combined to the make the First World War a key turning point in the Jewish experience of the twentieth century. Just decades after the experience of intense persecution and struggle for recognition that marked the end of the nineteenth century, Jewish men and women across the globe found themselves drawn into a conflict of unprecedented violence and destruction. The frenzied military, social, and cultural mobilisation of European societies between 1914 and 1918, along with the outbreak of revolution in Russia and the collapse of the Ottoman Empire in the Middle East had a profound impact on Jewish communities worldwide. The First World War thus constitutes a seminal but surprisingly under-researched moment in the evolution of modern Jewish history. The essays gathered together in this ground-breaking volume explore the ways in which Jewish communities across Europe and the wider world experienced, interpreted and remembered the ‘war to end all wars’.

Military History of Late Rome 395 425

It seems probable that we should also see the Edict ordering the expulsion of the Jews from Imperial service and armed forces, issued on 10 March 418 ... The members of the upper class had formed councils at least in Britain and Gaul.

Military History of Late Rome 395   425

This ambitious series gives the reader a comprehensive narrative of late Roman military history from 284-641. Each volume gives a detailed account of the changes in organization, equipment, strategy and tactics among both the Roman forces and her enemies in the relevant period, while also giving a detailed but accessible account of the campaigns and battles. The Military History of Late Rome Volume 3 analyses in great detail the pivotal years of 395-425. It was then that the mighty Roman Empire faced the Great Migrations while being wrecked by civil wars. In 395 the task of defending the Roman Empire fell on the great generalissimos Stilicho. He faced a series of hostile bureaucrats, emperors, usurpers and foreign foes until he was killed in a conspiracy in 409. His death led to an event that shook up the Empire to its very core. The city of Rome fell to the Visigoths of Alaric in 410. The book shows why this happened and how and why the Germanic tribes were able to settle inside the borders of the Empire. This, however, is not the entire picture. In contrast to the West Romans, the East Romans survived the civil wars and faced the Germans, Huns and Persia successfully. Why it was so and why were the East Romans able to take control also of West Rome in 425?

Growing Up Communist and Jewish in Bondi Volume 2

I thought he might ask the question, ought he go as an imperial functionary to Ceylon? ... even if secretly, the 90 volumes hopefully unseen by any philistine gaze, in the British-occupied island he is heading towards.

Growing Up Communist and Jewish in Bondi Volume 2

Elsie Levy was born in the Jewish East End of London, came to Sydney with her family when she was 14, and joined the Communist Party of Australia when she was a young woman. In this book, her son explores her disaporic Jewish identity, both English and Australian, and in the process journeys into Jewish cultural histories. We meet important cultural figures such as Leonard Woolf, Freud, Schnitzler, Veza Canetti and Ida Rubinstein. This journey leads also to English anti-Semitism, including, shockingly, Bloomsbury. In turning to Communism and marrying out, Elsie Levy became one of history's undutiful daughters.

The Great War Memory and Ritual

The formation of a united body of Jewish Ex-Servicemen to be known as the Jewish Ex-Servicemens Association of the British Empire. (a) Organisations of Jewish Ex-Servicemen throughout the Empire to be invited to join this Association.

The Great War  Memory and Ritual

This detailed case study of a part of London seeks to show how both the survivors and the bereaved sought to come to terms with the losses and implications of the Great War.

Imperial Endgame

The soldiers, however, met with universal resistance from the Jews whose homes they wished to search. Rioting soon broke out and by the end of the day the soldiers had shot dead eight Jews and wounded seventy-five; sixty-five British ...

Imperial Endgame

In this fresh and controversial account of Britain's end of empire, Grob-Fitzgibbon reveals that the British government developed a successful strategy of decolonization following the Second World War based on devolving power to indigenous peoples within the Commonwealth.

British Jewry Zionism and the Jewish State 1936 1956

Part IV has explored the intersection of Zionism with the modes of Jewish integration into British state and society. ... in a number of social services no longer being administered by Jewish agencies, but those of the larger society.

British Jewry  Zionism  and the Jewish State  1936 1956

Stephan E. C. Wendehorst explores the relationship between British Jewry and Zionism from 1936 to 1956, a crucial period in modern Jewish history encompassing both the shoah and the establishment of the State of Israel. He attempts to provide an answer to what, at first sight, appears to be a contradiction: the undoubted prominence of Zionism among British Jews on the one hand, and its diverse expressions, ranging from aliyah to making a donation to a Zionist fund, on the other. Wendehorst argues that the ascendancy of Zionism in British Jewry is best understood as a particularly complex, but not untypical, variant of the 19th and 20th century's trend to re-imagine communities in a national key. He examines the relationship between British Jewry and Zionism on three levels: the transnational Jewish sphere of interaction, the British Jewish community, and the place of the Jewish community in British state and society. The introduction adapts theories of nationalism so as to provide a framework of analysis for Diaspora Zionism. Chapter one addresses the question of why British Jews became Zionists, chapter two how the various quarters of British Jewry related to the Zionist project in the Middle East, chapter three Zionist nation-building in Britain and chapter four the impact of Zionism on Jewish relations with the larger society. The conclusion modifies the original argument by emphasising the impact that the specific fabric of British state and society, in particular the Empire, had on British Zionism.

The Yeomanry Cavalry and Military Identities in Rural Britain 1815 1914

See Imperial Service Obligation Imperial Yeomanry casualties, 173, 190, 191, 192, 193n92, 207 motivations, ... Training of Imperial Yeomanry (1905), 221 J Jarvis, Alexander Weston, 195, 196, 233–234 Jervis, Parker, 125 Jews and Judaism, ...

The Yeomanry Cavalry and Military Identities in Rural Britain  1815   1914

This volume represents the first dedicated study of the British Yeomanry Cavalry, delving into the institution’s history from the cessation of hostilities with France in 1815 through to the eve of the First World War in 1914. This social history explores the Yeomanry’s composition and place within British society, as well as its controversial role in policing before and after Peterloo, and its unique contribution to the war in South Africa. Overturning or challenging many enduring myths and accepted truths, this book breaks new ground not just in our understanding of the Yeomanry, but the wider amateur military tradition.

Christian Jewish Relations 1000 1300

This book provides an original survey of medieval Christian-Jewish relations encompassing England, Spain, France and Germany, and sheds light in the process on the major developments in medieval history between 1000 and 1300.

Christian Jewish Relations 1000 1300

The history of relations between Jews and Christians has been a long, complex and often unsettled one; yet histories of medieval Christendom have traditionally paid only passing attention to the role played by Jews in a predominantly Christian society. This book provides an original survey of medieval Christian-Jewish relations encompassing England, Spain, France and Germany, and sheds light in the process on the major developments in medieval history between 1000 and 1300. Anna Sapir Abulafia's balanced yet humane account offers a new perspective on Christian-Jewish relations by analysing the theological, socio-economic and political services Jews were required to render to medieval Christendom. The nature of Jewish service varied greatly as Christian rulers struggled to reconcile the desire to profit from the presence of Jewish men and women in their lands with conflicting theological notions about Judaism. Jews meanwhile had to deal with the many competing authorities and interests in the localities in which they lived; their continued presence hinged on a fine balance between theology and pragmatism. The book examines the impact of the Crusades on Christian-Jewish relations and analyses how anti-Jewish libels were used to define relations. Making adept use of both Latin and Hebrew sources, Abulafia draws on liturgical and exegetical material, and narrative, polemical and legal sources, to give a vivid and accurate sense of how Christians interacted with Jews and Jews with Christians.

The Third Reich s Intelligence Services

the handbook argued, is close to ideas from Judaism and the Old Testament,” as both Jews and Britons believe to be the ... Freemasons were present at every level of British imperial society and located at the center of the British ...

The Third Reich s Intelligence Services

A pioneering study of Nazi Germany's political foreign intelligence service and its head, Walter Schellenberg. Katrin Paehler examines Schellenberg's career, as well as charting the development and activities of the service he eventually headed, and his attempts to place it at the center of Nazi foreign intelligence and foreign policy.

World War I and the Jews

British Jews (themselves stemming from all reaches of the empire), of whom about forty thousand served, ... Jewish soldiers fighting in the Russian imperial army, although they did hope to gain more rights in exchange for their service, ...

World War I and the Jews

World War I utterly transformed the lives of Jews around the world: it allowed them to display their patriotism, to dispel antisemitic myths about Jewish cowardice, and to fight for Jewish rights. Yet Jews also suffered as refugees and deportees, at times catastrophically. And in the aftermath of the war, the replacement of the Habsburg Monarchy and the Russian and Ottoman Empires with a system of nation-states confronted Jews with a new set of challenges. This book provides a fascinating survey of the ways in which Jewish communities participated in and were changed by the Great War, focusing on the dramatic circumstances they faced in Europe, North America, and the Middle East during and after the conflict.

Jewish Immigrants in London 1880 1939

The Making of the Jewish Middle Class: Women, Family, and Identity in Imperial Germany (New York: Oxford University Press, ... 'An Alien Occupation – Jewish Refugees and Domestic Service in Britain, 1933–1948', in W. E. Mosse et al.

Jewish Immigrants in London  1880   1939

Between 1880 and 1939, a quarter of a million European Jews settled in England. Tananbaum explores the differing ways in which the existing Anglo-Jewish communities, local government and education and welfare organizations sought to socialize these new arrivals, focusing on the experiences of working-class women and children.

From Servants of the Empire to Everyday Heroes

In a book review the British Union of Fascists' (BUF) organ, Action, suggested that Jewish “tendencies” included “a ... of buying loyalty to a wider system of allegiances to a state ” Selection Committee for the Imperial Service Medal, ...

From Servants of the Empire to Everyday Heroes

In the twentieth century, the British Crown appointed around a hundred thousand people - military and civilian - in Britain and the British Empire to honours and titles. For outsiders, and sometimes recipients too, these jumbles of letters are tantalizingly confusing: OM, MBE, GCVO, CH, KB, or CBE. Throughout the century, this system expanded to include different kinds of people, while also shrinking in its imperial scope with the declining empire. Through these dual processes, this profoundly hierarchical system underwent a seemingly counter-intuitive change: it democratized. Why and how did the British government change this system? And how did its various publics respond to it? This study addresses these questions directly by looking at the history of the honours system in the wider context of the major historical changes in Britain and the British Empire in the twentieth century. In particular, it looks at the evolution of this hierarchical, deferential system amidst democratization and decolonization. It focuses on the system's largest-and most important-components: the Order of the British Empire, the Knight Bachelor, and the lower ranks of other Orders. By creatively analysing the politics and administration of the system alongside popular responses to it in diaries, letters, newspapers, and memoirs, Tobias Harper shows the many different meanings that honours took on for the establishment, dissidents, and recipients. He also shows the ways in which the system succeeded and failed to order and bring together divided societies.

Four Thousand Lives

Board of Deputies of British Jews: Defence Committee Papers, Wiener Library, London, Document collection 1658. ... Imperial War Museum archives, Collection of letters, photographs and newscuttings relating to the service of Phineas L.

Four Thousand Lives

In November 1938 about 30,000 German Jewish men had been taken to concentration camps where they were subject to torture, starvation and arbitrary death. This book tells the remarkable story of how the grandees of Anglo Jewry persuaded the British Government to allow them to establish a transit camp in Sandwich, in East Kent, to which up to 4000 men could be brought while they waited for permanent settlement overseas – known as the Kitchener camp. The whole rescue was funded by the British Jewish community with help from American Jewry. Most of the men left their families behind. Would they get their families out in time? And how would the people of Sandwich – a town the same size as the camp – react to so many German speaking Jewish foreigners in their midst? There a well organized branch of the British Union of Fascists in Sandwich. Captain Robert Gordon Canning, a virulent anti-Semite, lived there. He and his grand friends from London (including the Prince of Wales before the abdication) used to meet there to play golf at Royal St George’s. (After the war, Canning purchased the bust of Hitler sold at the auction of goods from the German embassy and kept it in his house.) This background adds to the drama of the race against time to save lives.

Churchill and the Jews 1900 1948

Weizmann's Jewish opponents everywhere would loudly proclaim that their disbelief in British fair play had been clearly vindicated, and his hand would be disastrously ... You have done such a splendid Imperial service in Palestine .

Churchill and the Jews  1900 1948

Churchill's exalted position in the pantheon of Jewish and Zionist heroes has been almost taken for granted. This book looks beyond the myth and makes a sober reappraisal of the British statesman's attitudes and policies towards the Jews and to Zionism.