In this book, while covering fundamental concepts, we try to go a little further and address also active workers in the field of forensic chemistry. This is mainly achieved by relatively nu merous literature references.
Author: A. Maehly
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
In recent years, a number of textbooks on forensic science have been published, most of them directed to two groups, viz. the students of forensic science, and the customers so to say, (prosecutors, police officers, judges, defense lawyers). In this book, while covering fundamental concepts, we try to go a little further and address also active workers in the field of forensic chemistry. This is mainly achieved by relatively nu merous literature references. We hope that they may assist the forensic chemist in penetrating further into the subjects covered in this volume. At the end of most chapters there are examples of actual cases handled at the Swedish National Laboratory of Forensic Science. Many of these cases could, no doubt, have been investigated in greater detail, but they reflect the compromises often necessary for achieving a reasonable turnover. Some parts of the book are quite strongly colored by the personal opinions of the authors. We felt that these passages will give a little more life to the text than in other treatises of a more objective, but possibly duller character. The authors welcome all constructive criticism which will help to improve the book, should there be a second edition.
I. Castellanos, Dermo-nitrate test in Cuba, Journal of Criminal Law and
Criminology 33, no. 6 (March/April 1953): 482. ... A. Maehly, and L. Strömberg, Chemical Criminalistics (New York: Springer-Verlag, 1981), 189. 115. H. C.
Harrison, and R.
Author: James Smyth Wallace
Publisher: CRC Press
Chemical Analysis of Firearms, Ammunition, and Gunshot Residue, Second Edition continues in the tradition of the popular first edition, filling the void in forensic texts on the subject. While most books on firearms focus solely on the physical aspects of firearms, this book addresses forensic issues relating to the chemical aspects of firearms and ammunition. It draws on the latest published literature including books, scientific papers, technical reports, manufacturer’s literature, newspaper articles, and personal observations and research conducted by the author. This edition is fully updated, introducing the history and development of firearms and ammunition including advances in the chemical analysis of them. Several changes in primer compositions and the particle classification system are addressed with new techniques added on evidence collection and testing methods. Coverage details chemical aspects of forensic firearms casework with particular emphasis on the detection of gunshot residues (GSR), firearm discharge residues (FDR), and cartridge discharge residues (CDR) on a suspect’s skin and clothing surfaces. Two new chapters have been added. One deals with unusual firearms case while the other summarizes a controversial, high-profile Australian case involving inorganic and organic gunshot residue, highlighting the dangers of incorrect forensic evidence and the increased need for careful training of forensic scientists. Fully updated to reflect the latest techniques and tests for particle and chemical classification Provides a complete history of firearms and ammunition development as well as advances in the chemical analysis involved in forensic firearm casework Features a one-of-a-kind chapter on processing suspects, a crucial component in many firearms and explosives residue cases The book will serves as a useful to forensic chemists, investigators, ballistics experts, among other professionals serving in a variety of forensic disciplines.
A. MAEHLY and L. STRÖMBERG , " Chemical Criminalistics ” , Springer - Verlag ,
BerlinHeidelberg -- New York , 1981 , 322 pages , ( hard - cover ) . R. L. Kirk was
one of the first important chemists who was interested in the field of ...
REFERENCES ( 1 ) J . D . Nicol , The Bachelor of Science in Criminalistics ,
Department of Criminal Justice , University of Illinois at Chicago , Chicago , IL ,
1972 , p . 2 . ( 2 ) A . H . Tillson and E . S . Franzosa , Drug Enforcement , 1975 , 2
( 3 ) ...
Describe the role of heat energy in chemical reactions . 4. Define heat of
combustion and ignition temperature . 5. Describe the difference between an
exothermic and endothermic chemical reaction . 6. Explain why the oxidation of
iron to rust ...
Dekker , Marcel , Inc. Maehly , A. & Stroemberg , L. Chemical Criminalistics . (
Illus . ) . 320p . 1981. 149.00 ( ISBN 0-387-10723-1 ) . Springer - Verlag New
York , Inc. Machly , A. & Williams , R. L. Forensic Science Progress , Vol . 2. ( Illus
. ) .
In postmortem decomposition , many poisons present in the tissue undergo chemical changes which cannot be detected . Putrefaction of normal tissue may
produce substances , which may give chemical reaction similar to those obtained
RECENT MICROTECHNIQUES IN FORENSIC SCIENCE P. L. KIRK School of Criminology, University of California, ... Criminalistics is often equated with chemistry, and it is sometimes assumed that the chemist is automatically a criminalist.
In : Criminalistics , analysis of all paint components , the effects of weathering An
Introduction to Forensic Science , 4th edn ... almost to certainty that the samples
had the same ori - chemical techniques that can be applied to small fragments .
Among forensic science practitioners , there is consensus that in the case of
automobile paints , a cross - transfer ( i.e. , paint consistent with ... A. Maehly and
L. Strömberg , Chemical Criminalistics ( New York : Springer - Verlag , 1981 ) . 2.
Author: Richard Saferstein
Publisher: Pearson College Division
The second in a three-volume series, this popular and widely circulated professional handbook describes the theories and practices of today's criminalistics, and covers a wide range of subject areas relevant to the services rendered by crime laboratories and related facilities. Presents authoritative reviews from recognized forensic criminologists and forensic scientists well-versed in their chosen areas of expertise. Considers a specific examination technique for a wide-range of evidence prevalent in the modern crime laboratory, e.g., DNA, hair, paint, soil, glass, petroleum products, explosives, alcohol in blood and breath, and questioned documents. Describes the theory, operation, and forensic utilization of such modern analytical instruments as mass spectrometry, capillary electrophoresis, high-performance liquid chromatography, and the visible microspectrophotometer. Emphasizes the symbiotic relationship between forensic science and criminal law as it examines the role and conduct of the expert witness, rules of evidence, and the legal requirements governing the admissibility of scientifically evaluated evidence.For professionals in forensic science and criminology.
The book introduces chemical tests, spectroscopy, advanced spectroscopy, and chromatography to students.
Author: Kelly M. Elkins
Publisher: CRC Press
Chemistry/Forensic Science Forensic chemistry is a subdiscipline of forensic science, its principles guide the analyses performed in modern forensic laboratories. Forensic chemistry’s roots lie in medico-legal investigation, toxicology and microscopy and have since led the development of modern forensic analytic techniques and practices for use in a variety of applications. Introduction to Forensic Chemistry is the perfect balance of testing methods and application. Unlike other competing books on the market, coverage is neither too simplistic, nor overly advanced making the book ideal for use in both undergraduate and graduate courses. The book introduces chemical tests, spectroscopy, advanced spectroscopy, and chromatography to students. The second half of the book addresses applications and methods to analyze and interpret controlled substances, trace evidence, questioned documents, firearms, explosives, environmental contaminants, toxins, and other topics. The book looks at innovations in the field over time including the latest development of new discernible chemical reactions, instrumental tools, methods, and more. Key features: Nearly 300 full-color figures illustrating key concepts and over 20 case studies Addresses all the essential topics without extraneous or overly advanced coverage Includes full pedagogy of chapter objectives, key terms, lab problems, end of chapter questions, and additional readings to emphasize key learning points Includes chemical structures and useful spectra as examples Fulfils the forensic chemistry course requirement in FEPAC-accredited programs Includes a chapter on Chemical, Biological, Radiological, Nuclear, and Explosive (CBRNE) materials Comprehensive and accessible, without being overly technical, Introduction to Forensic Chemistry will be a welcome addition to the field and an ideal text designed for both the student user and professor in mind. Course ancillaries including an Instructor’s Manual with Test Bank and chapter PowerPoint® lecture slides are available with qualified course adoption.
Minimum qualifications include a Bachelor of Science degree in criminalistics, forensic science, chemistry or a ... Criminalist: The Los Angeles County Sheriff's
Crime Laboratory is currently seeking applicants for several Criminalist and
March 28-April 1, 1988, Forensic Science Research and Training Center, FBI
Academy, Quantico, Virginia. products and impurities in illicit cocaine via high ... Chemical Criminalistics . Springer Verlag , Berlin , pp . 3064 . Moore , J. M. ( 1973
Category: Chemistry, Forensic
"March 28-April 1, 1988, Forensic Science Research and Training Center, FBI Academy, Quantico, Virginia."--T.p.
within the framework of the standard chemistry lecture - laboratory type
curriculum . The traditional curriculum in many instances is too abstract and fails
to successfully communicate the excitement associated with the practice of
Author: Geoffrey Davies
Publisher: Amer Chemical Society
Examines major current developments in forensic science, from education and training, through professional ethics and morality, to major areas of forensic practice and research. Specific topics discussed include forensic toxicology, serology, and microscopy; detection of firearms and explosives residues; forensic drug and breath-alcohol analyses; and fingerprint science. Gives a clear perspective of the potential and limitations of physical evidence in the administration of justice.
In the Institute of Criminalistics Technology of the Central Police Office , there are
sections of criminalistics expertise , physicaltechnical investigation ( x - ray ,
spectrographical , biological , chemical , traffic accidents , fire and arson ...
Afterwards , chemical particles of the criminal tool were subjected to forensic chemical examination . At fifty - six - fold magnification , two flat red particles , size
70x50 and 10x30 microns , were visible on the combination pliers . The
An Introduction to Forensic Science Richard Saferstein. Yet chemical equations
do not give us the complete insight into the oxidation process . Other factors must
be taken into consideration if we are to understand all the implications of ...
Author: Richard Saferstein
Publisher: Prentice Hall
Category: Chemistry, Forensic
A textbook that presents the techniques, skills, and limitations of the modern crime laboratory, for students (or others, including criminal investigators) who have no background in the forensic sciences. The nature of physical evidence is emphasized. This edition (fourth was 1990) is updated with the current technologies available to crime laboratory personnel. Annotation copyright by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR