Chemical Sciences in the Modern World

Yet the detailed and systematic study of the history of the modern chemical sciences has been relatively late in coming. This compilation of essays by leading scholars represents the first fruits of modern historical scholarship.

Chemical Sciences in the Modern World

This compilation of essays by leading scholars represents the first fruits of modern historical scholarship on the chemical sciences.

Chemical Sciences in the 20th Century

This book addresses the bridging of boundaries between chemistry and the other "classical" disciplines of science, physics and biology as well as the connections of chemistry to mathematics and technology.

Chemical Sciences in the 20th Century

Chemistry in the last century was characterized by spectacular growth and advances, stimulated by revolutionary theories and experimental breakthroughs. Yet, despite this rapid development, the history of this scientific discipline has achieved only recently the status necessary to understand the effects of chemistry on the scientific and technological culture of the modern world. This book addresses the bridging of boundaries between chemistry and the other "classical" disciplines of science, physics and biology as well as the connections of chemistry to mathematics and technology. Chemical research is represented as an interconnected patchwork of scientific specialties, and this is shown by a mixture of case studies and broader overviews on the history of organic chemistry, theoretical chemistry, nuclear- and cosmochemistry, solid state chemistry, and biotechnology. All of these fields were at the center of the development of twentieth century chemistry, and the authors cover crucial topics such as the emergence of new subdisciplines and research fields, the science-technology relationship, and national styles of scientific work. This monograph represents a unique treasure trove for general historians and historians of science, while also appealing to those interested in the theoretical background and development of modern chemistry.

Introducing the Chemical Sciences

Copublished with the American Chemical Society ( History of Modern Chemical Sciences Series ) 1993. 650 pp , profuse illus Cloth , ISBN 0-8412-2459-5 $ 69.95 Paper , ISBN 0-8412-2690-3 $ 34.95 sues . A publication of the Beckman Center ...

Introducing the Chemical Sciences

An introductory guide that is designed particularly for teachers and their students, but is useful in many other contexts. This new edition lists reference works; histories of science and technology; histories of the chemical sciences and industries including company histories; autobiographies and biographies; edited classical texts; and journals.

Science and the Modern World

In the second half of the century , Lavoisier practically founded chemistry on its present basis . He introduced into it the principle that no material is lost or gained in any chemical transformations . This was the last success of ...

Science and the Modern World


From Classical to Modern Chemistry

... Analytical Chemistry and the ' Big Scientific Instrumentation Revolution ' , Annals of Science , 1993 , 50 , 267–290 ; Yakov M. Rabkin , ' Uses and Images of Instruments in Chemistry ' , in Chemical Sciences in the Modern World ...

From Classical to Modern Chemistry

This lavishly illustrated book provides a focal point for any historian of chemistry or chemist with an interest in this fascinating topic.

Chemical History

analytical techniques produced other important discoveries both in organic and inorganic chemistry. ... C. A. Russell, Royal Society of Chemistry, London, 1985, pp. 49–76. 2. ... in Chemical Sciences in the Modern World, ed.

Chemical History

This book provides an historical overview of the recent developments in the history of diverse fields within chemistry. It follows on from Recent Developments in the History of Chemistry, a volume published in 1985. Covering chiefly the last 20 years, the primary aim of Chemical History: Reviews of the Recent Literature is to familiarise newcomers to the history of chemistry with some of the more important developments in the field. Starting with a general introduction and look at the early history of chemistry, subsequent chapters go on to investigate the traditional areas of chemistry (physical, organic, inorganic) alongside analytical chemistry, physical organic chemistry, medical chemistry and biochemistry, and instruments and apparatus. Topics such as industrial chemistry and chemistry in national contexts, whilst not featuring as separate chapters, are woven throughout the content. Each chapter is written by experts and is extensively referenced to the international chemical literature. Chemical History: Reviews of the Recent Literature is also ideal for chemists who wish to become familiar with historical aspects of their work. In addition, it will appeal to a wider audience interested in the history of chemistry, as it draws together historical materials that are widely scattered throughout the chemical literature.

Chemical Achievers

The Human Face of the Chemical Sciences Mary Ellen Bowden ... 204 pp , notes , bibl , index Cloth , 6.25 x 9.5 , ISBN 0-8122-8205-1 Now only $ 9.95 Chemical Sciences in the Modern World Edited by ...

Chemical Achievers

This book was designed to help teachers supplement science curricula with human stories of discovery in the chemical sciences. Chemical Achievers presents the lives and work of two types of achievers. First are the historical greats, those chemical scientists most often referred to in introductory courses. Second are those scientists who made contributions in areas of the chemical sciences that are of special relevance to modern life and the career choices students will make. The human faces summarized in this book range from Robert Boyle to Glenn Seaborg and Stephanie Kwolek. In this lively and comprehensive collection of photographs and biographies, Bowden illuminates how much the chemical sciences owe to the individual achiever. Over 150 images can be easily reproduced as overhead transparencies or other visual teaching aids.

From Chemical Philosophy to Theoretical Chemistry

... Trends in the History of Science conference in Utrecht in August 1986, the Beckman Center symposium, Chemical Sciences in the Modern World, in May 1990, the International Summer School in History of Science in Uppsala in June 1990, ...

From Chemical Philosophy to Theoretical Chemistry

How did chemistry and physics acquire their separate identities, and are they on their way to losing them again? Mary Jo Nye has written a graceful account of the historical demarcation of chemistry from physics and subsequent reconvergences of the two, from Lavoisier and Dalton in the late eighteenth century to Robinson, Ingold, and Pauling in the mid-twentieth century. Using the notion of a disciplinary "identity" analogous to ethnic or national identity, Nye develops a theory of the nature of disciplinary structure and change. She discusses the distinctive character of chemical language and theories and the role of national styles and traditions in building a scientific discipline. Anyone interested in the history of scientific thought will enjoy pondering with her the question of whether chemists of the mid-twentieth century suspected chemical explanation had been reduced to physical laws, just as Newtonian mechanical philosophers had envisioned in the eighteenth century.

Instruments and Experimentation in the History of Chemistry

He edited Chemical Sciences in the Modern World ( 1993 ) . He is also interested in the history of unconventional science , co - authoring with Michael R. McVaugh The Elusive Science : Origins of Experimental Psychical Research ( 1980 ) ...

Instruments and Experimentation in the History of Chemistry

From the days of the alchemists through the creation of the modern laboratory, chemistry has been defined by its instruments and experimental techniques. Historians, however, have tended to focus on the course of chemical theory rather than on the tools and experiments that drove the theory. This volume moves chemical instruments and experiments into the foreground of historical concern, in line with the emphasis on practice that characterizes current work on other fields of science and engineering. The principal themes are: change and stability, precision, the construction and transformation of apparatus, the dissemination of instruments, and the bridging of disciplines through instruments.The essays are divided into three chronological sections: The Practice of Alchemy (reviewing the material and iconographic evidence as well as the written record and the issue of reproducibility of alchemical experiments), From Hales to the Chemical Revolution (discussing significant seventeenth- and eighteenth-century innovations as well as smaller innovations that cumulatively extended the reach and improved the quality of chemical experimentation), and The Nineteenth and Early Twentieth Centuries (discussing the increasingly important role of innovative apparatus as chemistry grew into the first large-scale modern scientific discipline).Contributors : R. G. W. Anderson, Bernadette Bensaude-Vincent, Maurice Crosland, Jan Golinski, Frederic L. Holmes, Trevor H. Levere, Seymour H. Mauskopf, William R. Newman, Mary Jo Nye, Lawrence M. Principe, Alan J. Rocke, Colin A. Russell, William A. Smeaton, Melvyn Usselman.

Chemistry The Impure Science

(1993) Chemical Sciences in the Modern World, Philadelphia, University of Pennsylvania Press. Mc Donough, William, and Michael Braungart (2002) Cradle to Cradle. Remaking the Way we Make Things, North Point Press.

Chemistry  The Impure Science

This book uses history to introduce central issues in the philosophy of chemistry. Mobilizing the theme of impurity, it explores the tradition of chemistry's negative image. It then argues for the positive philosophical value of chemistry, reflecting its characteristic practical engagement with the material world. The book concludes with some ethical reflections concerning chemistry's orientations in the twenty-first century.The authors have previously both offered significant contributions to the history and philosophy of chemistry./a

The Politics of Chemistry

Chemical Sciences in the Modern World (Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1993), p. xii. 60 'Still, historians of modern chemistry are but a tiny minority among the professional historians of modern science'.

The Politics of Chemistry

Agust Nieto-Galan argues that chemistry in the twentieth century was deeply and profoundly political. Far from existing in a distinct public sphere, chemical knowledge was applied in ways that created strong links with industrial and military projects, and national rivalries and international endeavours, that materially shaped the living conditions of millions of citizens. It is within this framework that Nieto-Galan analyses how Spanish chemists became powerful ideological agents in different political contexts, from liberal to dictatorial regimes, throughout the century. He unveils chemists' position of power in Spain, their place in international scientific networks, and their engagement in fierce ideological battles in an age of extremes. Shared discourses between chemistry and liberalism, war, totalitarianism, religion, and diplomacy, he argues, led to advancements in both fields.

Philosophy of Chemistry

1993. Chemical Sciences in the Modern World . Philadelphia : University of Pennsylvania Press . McIntyre , L. and Scerri , E.R, ( ed . ) . 1997. The Philosophy of Chemistry . Special isssue of Synthese 111 ( 3 ) . Mittasch , A. 1948.

Philosophy of Chemistry

This comprehensive volume marks a new standard in scholarship in the emerging field of the philosophy of chemistry. Philosophers, chemists, and historians of science ask some fundamental questions about the relationship between philosophy and chemistry.

Before Big Science

... Schools : Approaching an Analytical Lacuna in the History of Chemistry and Allied Sciences , ” in Seymour H. Mauskopf , ed . , Chemical Sciences in the Modern World ( Philadelphia : University of Pennsylvania Press , 1993 ) , pp .

Before Big Science

Notable features of the book include an insightful analysis of the parallel trajectories of modern chemistry and physics and the work of scientists - such as John Dalton, Michael Faraday, Hermann von Helmholtz, Marie Curie, Ernest Rutherford, Dorothy Hodgkin, and Linus Pauling - who played prominent roles in the development of both disciplines.

A Master of Science History

... Drugs: How the Sulfa Drugs Transformed Medicine; and (as editor), The German Chemical Industry in the Twentieth Century. ... interest are the history of chemistry (Crystals and Compounds, 1976; Chemical Sciences in the Modern World, ...

A Master of Science History

New essays in science history ranging across the entire field and related in most instance to the works of Charles Gillispie, one of the field's founders.

The Cambridge History of Science Volume 5 The Modern Physical and Mathematical Sciences

In this respect , Karlruhe marks the acme of conventionalism in chemistry . ... “ The Quiet Revolution of the 1850s : Social and Empirical Sources of Scientific Theory , ” in Chemical Sciences in the Modern World , ed .

The Cambridge History of Science  Volume 5  The Modern Physical and Mathematical Sciences

A new and comprehensive examination of the history of the modern physical and mathematical sciences.

American Chemical Enterprise

A Perspective on 100 Years of Innovation to Commemorate the Centennial of the Society of Chemical Industry (American Section) Mary Ellen Bowden, ... In The Chemical Sciences in the Modern World , edited by Seymour H. Mauskopf .

American Chemical Enterprise

A collection of photographs and biographical information intended to help teachers present "the human face of science. ... The format and special binding of the book allow for easy conversion to overhead transparencies."--Cover.

Philosophy of Chemistry

On the Theory of Isomeric Compounds, Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh 23 707-19, 1864. Page references are to the ... Chemical Sciences in the Modern World Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press 87-118, 1993.

Philosophy of Chemistry

Philosophy of Chemistry investigates the foundational concepts and methods of chemistry, the science of the nature of substances and their transformations. This groundbreaking collection, the most thorough treatment of the philosophy of chemistry ever published, brings together philosophers, scientists and historians to map out the central topics in the field. The 33 articles address the history of the philosophy of chemistry and the philosophical importance of some central figures in the history of chemistry; the nature of chemical substances; central chemical concepts and methods, including the chemical bond, the periodic table and reaction mechanisms; and chemistry's relationship to other disciplines such as physics, molecular biology, pharmacy and chemical engineering. This volume serves as a detailed introduction for those new to the field as well as a rich source of new insights and potential research agendas for those already engaged with the philosophy of chemistry. Provides a bridge between philosophy and current scientific findings Encourages multi-disciplinary dialogue Covers theory and applications

New Narratives in Eighteenth Century Chemistry

His fields of research interest are the history of chemistry (Crystals and Compounds, 1976; Chemical Sciences in the Modern World, 1993) and the history of marginal science (parapsychology) – The Elusive Science, with Michael R. McVaugh ...

New Narratives in Eighteenth Century Chemistry

The eighteenth century has long been considered critical for the development of modern chemistry, yet many features of the period remain largely unknown or unexplored. This volume details new approaches and topics to build a more complex view of chemical work during the period. Themes include late-phase alchemy, professionalization, chemical education, and the links and relations between chemistry and pharmacy, medicine, agriculture, and geology.

Healthcare in Private and Public from the Early Modern Period to 2000

Lesch, J. (1999) 'Chemistry and Biomedicine in an Industrial Setting: The Invention of the Sulfa Drugs', in Seymour Mauskopf (ed.), Chemical Sciences in the Modern World, Philadelphia, PA: University of Pennsylvania Press, 158–215.

Healthcare in Private and Public from the Early Modern Period to 2000

A key volume on a central aspect of the history of medicine and its social relations, The History of Healthcare in Public and Private examines how the modernisation of healthcare resulted in a wide variety of changing social arrangements in both public and private spheres. This book considers a comprehensive range of topics ranging from children's health, mental disorders and the influence of pharmaceutical companies to the systems of twentieth century healthcare in Britain, Eastern Europe and South Africa. Covering a broad chronological, thematic and global scope, chapters discuss key themes such as how changing economies have influenced configurations of healthcare, how access has varied according to lifecycle, ethnicity and wealth, and how definitions of public and private have shifted over time. Containing illustrations and a general introduction that outlines the key themes discussed in the volume, The History of Healthcare in Public and Private is essential reading for any student interested in the history of medicine.

The Chemical Industry in Europe 1850 1914

Chapter 5 BETWEEN SCIENCE AND INDUSTRY THE BACKGROUND AND FORMATION OF THE SWEDISH CHEMICAL SOCIETY DURING THE ... A healthy counterpoint will be found in S. Mauskopf ed., Chemical Sciences in the Modern World (Philadelphia, 1993).

The Chemical Industry in Europe  1850   1914

Europe is the cradle of the modem international chemical industry. From the middle of the nineteenth century until the outbreak of World War I, the European chemical industry influenced not only the production and control of science and technology, but also made significant contributions towards economic development, as well as bringing about profound changes in working and living enviromnents. It is a highly complex heritage, both rich and threatening, that calls for close scrutinity. Fortunately, a unique opportunity to explore the historical development of the European chemical industry from a variety of novel standpoints, was made possible during 1993 as part of the European Science Foundation (ESF) programme called 'The Evolution of Chemistry in Europe, 1789-1939.' This process of exploration has taken place through three workshops, each dealing with different time periods. The workshop concerned with the period 1850-1914, which corresponds roughly to the so-called Second Industrial Revolution, was held in Maastricht, The Netherlands, on 23-25 March 1995. This volume is the outcome of that workshop. The other workshops dealing with European chemical industry were held in Liege in 1994, covering the First Industrial Revolution period, 1789-1850, and Strasbourg in 1996, covering the period between the two World Wars.