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Chemistry and Technology of Lubricants

Author: Roy M. Mortier
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
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"Chemistry and Technology of Lubricants" describes the chemistry and technology of base oils, additives and applications of liquid lubricants. This Third Edition reflects how the chemistry and technology of lubricants has developed since the First Edition was published in 1992. The acceleration of performance development in the past 35 years has been as significant as in the previous century: Refinery processes have become more precise in defining the physical and chemical properties of higher quality mineral base oils. New and existing additives have improved performance through enhanced understanding of their action. Specification and testing of lubricants has become more focused and rigorous. "Chemistry and Technology of Lubricants" is directed principally at those working in the lubricants industry as well as individuals working within academia seeking a chemist's viewpoint of lubrication. It is also of value to engineers and technologists requiring a more fundamental understanding of the subject.


Chemistry and Technology of Lubricants

Author: R. M. Mortier
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
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The use oflubricants began in ancient times and has developed into a major international business through the need to lubricate machines of increasing complexity. The impetus for lubricant development has arisen from need, so lubricatingpractice has precededan understandingofthescientificprinciples. This is not surprising as the scientific basis of the technology is, by nature, highly complex and interdisciplinary. However, we believe that the under standing of lubricant phenomena will continue to be developed at a mol ecular level to meet future challenges. These challenges will include the control of emissions from internal combustion engines, the reduction of friction and wear in machinery, and continuing improvements to lubricant performanceand life-time. More recently, there has been an increased understanding ofthe chemical aspects of lubrication, which has complemented the knowledge and under standing gained through studies dealing with physics and engineering. This book aims to bring together this chemical information and present it in a practical way. It is written by chemists who are authorities in the various specialisations within the lubricating industry, and is intended to be of interest to chemists who may already be working in the lubricating industry or in academia, and who are seeking a chemist's view of lubrication. It will also be of benefit to engineers and technologists familiar with the industry who requirea more fundamental understanding oflubricants.


Lubricant Additives

Author: Leslie R. Rudnick
Publisher: CRC Press
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Cost, environmental, and performance issues coupled with legislative changes, new engine oil requirements, and technology development for exploration of space and the oceans are changing the lubrication additive market. Reflecting how the need for new applications drives the development of new lubricant additives, Lubricant Additives: Chemistry and Applications, Second Edition presents methods to: Improve the performance, efficiency, and stability of lubricants Protect metal surfaces from wear Select lubricant additives for the food processing industry Select the most appropriate ashless additives Avoid microbial degradation of lubricants Lower toxicity And describes: Standard lubricant testing methods and product specifications Mechanisms and benefits of specific types of lubricant additives Recent industry trends Up-to-Date Coverage of Lubricant Additive Chemistry and Technology Addressing new trends in various industrial sectors and improvements in technology, this second edition provides detailed reviews of additives used in lubricant formulations, their chemistry, mechanisms of action, and trends for major areas of application. It explores the design of cost-effective, environmentally friendly lubricant technologies and lubricants for automotive, industrial, manufacturing, aerospace, and food-processing applications. An extensive list of online industry resources is available for download at crcpress.com.


Fuels and Lubricants Handbook

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Publisher: ASTM International
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Process Chemistry of Lubricant Base Stocks

Author: Thomas R. Lynch
Publisher: CRC Press
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Advances in processing methods are not only improving the quality and yield of lubricant base stocks, they are also reducing the dependence on more expensive crude oil starting materials. Process Chemistry of Lubricant Base Stocks provides a comprehensive understanding of the chemistry behind the processes involved in petroleum base stock production from crude oil fractions. This book examines hydroprocessing technologies that, driven by the demand for higher performance in finished lubricants, have transformed processing treatments throughout the industry. The author relates the properties of base stocks to their chemical composition and describes the process steps used in their manufacture. The book highlights catalytic processes, including hydrocracking, hydrofinishing, and catalytic dewaxing. It also covers traditional solvent-based separation methods used to remove impurities, enhance performance, and improve oxidation resistance. The final chapters discuss the production of Food Grade white oils and paraffins and the gas-to-liquids processes used to produce highly paraffinic base stocks via Fischer-Tropsch chemistry. Process Chemistry of Lubricant Base Stocks provides historical and conceptual background to the technologies used to make base stocks, thorough references, and a unique emphasis on chemical, not just engineering, aspects of lubricant processing—making this book an ideal and practical reference for scientists across a wide range of disciplines.


Mechanics and Chemistry in Lubrication

Author: A. Dorinson
Publisher: Elsevier
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Although it is widely recognized that friction, wear and lubrication are linked together in a single interdisciplinary complex of scientific learning and technological practice, fragmented and specialized approaches still predominate. In this book, the authors examine lubrication from an interdisciplinary viewpoint. They demonstrate that once the treatment of lubrication is released from the confines of the fluid film concept, this interdisciplinary approach comes into full play. Tribological behavior in relation to lubrication is then examined from two major points of view: one is mechanical, not only with respect to the properties and behavior of the lubricant but also of the surfaces being lubricated. The other is chemical and encompasses the chemistry of the lubricant, the surfaces and the ambient surroundings. It is in the emphasis on the interaction of the basic mechanical and chemical processes in lubrication that this book differs from conventional treatments.


Synthetics Mineral Oils and Bio Based Lubricants

Author: Leslie R. Rudnick
Publisher: CRC Press
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Highlighting the major economic and industrial changes in the lubrication industry since the first edition, Synthetics, Mineral Oils, and Bio-Based Lubricants, Second Edition outlines the state of the art in each major lubricant application area. Chapters cover trends in the major industries, such as the use of lubricant fluids, growth or decline of market areas and applications, potential new applications, production capacities, and regulatory issues, including biodegradability, toxicity, and food production equipment lubrication. In a single, unique volume, Synthetics, Mineral Oils, and Bio-Based Lubricants, Second Edition offers property and performance information of fluids, theoretical and practical background to their current applications, and strong indicators for global market trends that will influence the industry for years to come.


Lubrication

Author: A. R. Lansdown
Publisher: Elsevier
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Lubrication: A Practical Guide to Lubricant Selection provides a guide to modern lubrication practice in industry, with emphasis on practical application, selection of lubricants, and significant factors that determine suitability of a lubricant for a specific application. Organized into 13 chapters, this book begins with a brief theoretical opening chapter on the basic principles of lubrication. A chapter then explains the choice of lubricant type, indicating how to decide whether to use oil, grease, dry lubricant, or gas lubrication. Subsequent chapters deal with detailed selection of lubricating oils, oil systems, oil changing, greases, dry lubricants, gas lubrication, sealing, testing, monitoring, and handling of lubricants. The final chapter describes the main hazards associated with lubricants and some of the techniques for controlling those hazards. This book will be of value to technical staffs who use lubricants in their work; to students of mechanical, production, or maintenance engineering; and to others, such as buyers and storekeepers concerned with lubricants.


Environmental Technology in the Oil Industry

Author: Stefan T. Orszulik
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
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This significantly updated second edition of a classic work on the subject identifies the issues and constraints for each stage in the production of petroleum products – what they are, who is imposing them and why, their technical and financial implications. It then looks in detail at the technological solutions which have been found or are being developed. It also places these developments in their legal and commercial context.


Chemistry and Technology of Oils Fats

Author: M.M. Chakrabarty
Publisher: Allied Publishers
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The purpose of the book is to provide its readers a comprehensive background and information about developments in the areas of fat science and fat technology. The book tries to provide information pertaining to both basic and technological aspects and to embrace new technology, like biotechnology, that the enormous commercial importance and potential in the 21st century. The book will help better understanding of extraction technology and would be useful to students & other readers involved in the area of refining.