A CONCLUSION—WHAT CHOICE? We started our journey together with a comparison between the onset of Modernity and our Digital Modern era. And throughout this book we've contemplated, from all different angles, the messy space between dumb ...
Author: Christopher Peterka
Publisher: Murmann Publishers GmbH
Category: Political Science
Ein humanistischer, ökologischer und technologischer Weckruf - konzipiert als zweisprachiges E-Book in Deutsch und Englisch. // A humanist, ecological, and technological call to action - designed as a bilingual e-book in German and English. Der Wandel ist heute so schnell wie noch nie. Wir drohen an Überforderung durch neue Technologien und maßlose Informationsvielfalt kollektiv zu ersticken und mit uns das, was wir einmal Gesellschaft nannten. Jene, die den Wandel vorantreiben, haben vor allem zweierlei im Sinn: Profit und Macht. Sie missbrauchen uns als Klickvieh und Datenlieferant, reduzieren uns auf ein Dasein als Human Ressource und Konsument. Dadurch gefährden sie unsere Demokratie, Vielfalt und heute schon die Menschheit als solche. So muss es nicht weitergehen, sagt Humanist und Unternehmer Christopher Peterka. Statt unser Streben nur noch auf seine Wirtschaftlichkeit abzustellen, plädiert er für einen radikal offenen Dialog über das Menschsein: Wer wollen wir sein? Wie wollen wir miteinander als Gesellschaft leben? Welchen Sinn soll unser Streben haben? Wir müssen diese fundamentalen Fragen neu verhandeln sonst tun es andere. Dafür müssen wir jedoch kurzsichtige Lösungen hinter uns lassen, in den Widerstand gegen das gegenwärtige System gehen und uns von den Ketten, die uns derzeit noch halten, lösen. Deine Wahl soll uns ermutigen, den Status quo in Frage zu stellen und als progressiver Optimist das System nachhaltig zu verändern. English Change today is happening faster than ever before. We are overwhelmed by new technologies and an excess of information, and we feel that we and what we used to think of as society are being suffocated. Those who drive this change pursue primarily two goals: profit and power. They lure us with clickbait and abuse us as a data pool, reducing our existence to one of human resource and consumer. In doing so they threaten our democracy, our diversity, even our humanity itself. It doesn t have to be like this, thinks humanist and entrepreneur Christopher Peterka. Instead of basing our ambition on purely economic yield, he pleads for a radical new dialogue about being human: Who do we want to be? How do we want to live together as a society? What meaning is our ambition meant to have? We have to consider these questions afresh, because if we don t do so, others will. But this means leaving behind short term solutions, and taking a stance against the current system to throw off the shackles that tie us down. Your Choice is a call to action that encourages us to challenge the status quo and to bring lasting change as progressive optimists. To carry its global appeal across geographical boundaries, this book is designed as a bilingual e-book in German and English.
In such a situation, each player might want to use a strategy which secures himself the highest payoff which he can realize even under the most pessimistic assumptions with respect to the other player's strategy choices.
Author: Andreas Diekmann
Category: Social Science
In der Soziologie finden Rational-Choice (RC)-Erklärungen zunehmende Verbreitung. Sie sollen einerseits zu einer Lösung allgemeiner theoretischer Kernprobleme (Erklärung von sozialer Ordnung, Kooperation und sozialen Normen) beitragen. Darüber hinaus dominiert die RC-Theorie mittlerweile zahlreiche Felder der empirischen Forschung. In diesem Band beschreiben namhafte Autoren die umfangreichen theoretischen und empirischen Anwendungsmöglichkeiten. Ein Schwerpunkt der theoretischen Arbeiten sind Analysen sozialer Normen. Die empirischen Beiträge und Anwendungen behandeln ein breites Spektrum von Themen, u.a. aus der Soziologie des abweichenden Verhaltens, der politischen Soziologie und der Analyse des Terrorismus. Abgerundet werden die Aufsätze durch methodologische Überlegungen. Der Band liefert Studierenden und Forschern eine umfassende Orientierung über wichtige Entwicklungslinien dieses Forschungsprogramms.
Generally level A will feature simple drills and modified games , while level C will feature games and drills with game - like conditions . alize assessment by giving students choices about weighting different categories of assessment ...
Author: Kevin Kaardal
Publisher: Human Kinetics
Presents a step-by-step program designed to help physical education teachers create a curriculum that allows students to select their activities, organize themselves, plan personal objectives, follow through, and stay on course with little direction.
Release on 2009-11-12 | by Scott Franklin Abernathy
Carnoy incorporates Hirschman's theory of voice in his critique of school choice by emphasizing this activist core of parents . Carnoy argues that " high voice ” parents are more likely to opt into choice programs , thereby receiving a ...
Author: Scott Franklin Abernathy
Publisher: University of Michigan Press
In School Choice and the Future of American Democracy, Scott Franklin Abernathy shows what is lost in the school choice debate. Abernathy looks at parents as citizens who exert power over the educational system through everything from their votes on school budgets to their membership on school boards. Challenging the assumption that public schools will improve when confronted with market-based reforms, Abernathy examines the possibility that public schools will become more disconnected and isolated as civic life is privatized. Scott Abernathy takes up big questions and provides answers grounded in the complex reality of policy and politics. School Choice and the Future of American Democracy is a book written for those who understand that the world does not fit the simple explanations too often put forward. --Clarence Stone, Professor Emeritus, University of Maryland, and Research Professor, George Washington University Will school choice revive or eviscerate democratic processes and institutions? Will it narrow or exacerbate the range of educational inequities? This book takes several differently angled slices into these questions and draws intriguing answers. --Jeffrey R. Henig, Teachers College, Columbia University, and author of Rethinking School Choice: Limits of the Market Metaphor Through extensive research and refreshingly impartial analysis, Scott Abernathy probes how the use of market principles to reform public schools affects democratic citizenship. Treating citizens first and foremost as customers, he finds, threatens civic engagement and the well-being of schools, especially in the nation's neediest communities. This thoughtful and balanced appraisal is must-reading for those concerned about the future of American education and democracy. --Suzanne Mettler, Alumni Associate Professor, Syracuse University, and author of Soldiers to Citizens: The G.I. Bill and the Making of the Greatest Generation Scott Franklin Abernathy is Assistant Professor of Political Science, University of Minnesota
The planner's problem is to use the available empirical evidence and credible assumptions to make treatment choices . 1.2.1 The Choice Set To formalize the planning problem , suppose that there is a finite set T of mutually exclusive ...
Author: Charles F. Manski
Publisher: Princeton University Press
Category: Business & Economics
"This book addresses key aspects of this broad question, exploring and partially resolving pervasive problems of identification and statistical inference that arise when studying treatment response and making treatment choices. Charles Manski addresses the treatment-choice problem directly using Abraham Wald's statistical decision theory, taking into account the ambiguity that arises from identification problems under weak but justifiable assumptions."--BOOK JACKET.
book, is that, for a great deal of the time, people may not be making choices at all. ... following on from that, Klein, we are entitled to ask, if people can give reasons for their actions, does that mean they made a choice?
Author: Richard Harper
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Category: Business & Economics
We make decisions every day. Yet we are sometimes perplexed by these decisions and the decisions of others. To complicate things further, we live in an age where there are more things to choose from than ever before – the Internet is transforming our choices and making us more accountable for them: what we choose is recorded, modelled and used to predict our future behaviour. So are we in a position to make better choices today than we were a decade ago? Certainly there are some who believe so. Psychologists claim we are subject to hidden mental processes that lead us to one thing rather than another; economists offer predictions about what people will buy; and some philosophers claim that our choices echo our evolutionary past. Are these claims merited? Do they reflect the beginnings of a new science of choice? This book offers a critical overview of these and other claims, showing where they are justified and where they are exaggerated. It will be an essential reference for anyone interested in whether science can help us to understand both the ways people make choices in their everyday lives and how these may be changing.
But republicanism is basically a protest against the view that the political process is a purely passive reflection of preexisting preferences.54 Public choice theory supports republicanism on this crucial point, because arbitrary ...
Author: Daniel A. Farber
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
In Law and Public Choice, Daniel Farber and Philip Frickey present a remarkably rich and accessible introduction to the driving principles of public choice. In this, the first systematic look at the implications of social choice for legal doctrine, Farber and Frickey carefully review both the empirical and theoretical literature about interest group influence and provide a nonmathematical introduction to formal models of legislative action. Ideal for course use, this volume offers a balanced and perceptive analysis and critique of an approach which, within limits, can illuminate the dynamics of government decision-making. “Law and Public Choice is a most valuable contribution to the burgeoning literature. It should be of great interest to lawyers, political scientists, and all others interested in issues at the intersection of government and law.”—Cass R. Sunstein, University of Chicago Law School
The choices made by privately owned media depend to a large extent on market characteristics that influence costs and revenues but also nonmarket characteristics such as the prestige or influence associated with owning media or ...
Author: Roumeen Islam
Publisher: World Bank Publications
Category: Social Science
The ability of the media to affect outcomes in economic and political markets has been well documented. News reporting and advertising influence consumer behavior in goods and services markets by revealing (or selectively revealing) information about a product, acting as agenda setters to influence consumer demand, or enhancing competition in markets by alerting consumers to substitutes. In political markets, they can affect behavior by informing voters about a politician's views or actions, enlightening citizens to outcomes of public policy, or taking a stance on political, social, or economic issues. For businesses, households, and most others, the media is the main source of information on public policy choices and current social and economic conditions. As a result, what news the media chooses to gather, analyze and disseminate--and the slant they choose to put on what they report--is of consequence. 'Information and Public Choice' addresses the factors that affect the content and reach of news coverage as well as its impact on public policy. The book addresses both market constraints that affect media--particularly news content--and the impact that news reporting has on economic and political choices. The authors examine a range of issues, including bias or slant in media reporting, the impact of markets and nonmarket factors on news reporting, and the role of government regulation of the media sector in developing countries. The studies in this volume provide new evidence and a good summary of previous research on the power of the media. An invaluable guide for those concerned about the impact of media on economic and political outcomes, 'Information and Public Choice' draws attention to an under-researched yet important area of economics.
First, consider the role that the value of “choice” plays within the structure and operation of corrective justice theory. There is no doubt that this value plays a central role in private law generally54 and corrective justice ...
Author: Sagi Peari
Publisher: Oxford University Press
This book focuses on the subject of choice of law as a whole and provides an analysis of its various rules, principles, doctrines and concepts. It offers a conceptual account of choice of law, called "choice equality foundation" (CEF), which aims to flesh out the normative basis of the subject. The author reveals that, despite the multiplicity of titles and labels within the myriad choice of law rules and practices of the U.S., Canadian, European, Australian, and other systems, many of them effectively confirm and crystallize CEF's vision of the subject. This alignment signifies the necessarily intimate relationship between theory and practice by which the normative underpinnings of CEF are deeply embedded and reflected in actual practical reality. Among other things, this book provides a justification of the nature and limits of such popular principles as party autonomy, most significant relationship, and closest connection. It also discusses such topics as the actual operation of public policy doctrine in domestic courts, and the relation between the notion of international human rights and international commercial dealings, and makes some suggestions about the ability of traditional rules to cope with the advancing challenges of the digital age and the Internet.
Numerous theories of choice under uncertainty have emerged over the years; prominent examples include proposals by von Neumann and Morgenstern , Milnor , Savage , Barber`a, Barrett, and Pattanaik , Barber`a and Pattanaik ...
Author: Kotaro Suzumura
Publisher: Harvard University Press
Category: Business & Economics
Social choice theory critically assesses and rationally designs economic mechanisms for improving human well-being. Kotaro Suzumura—one of the world’s foremost thinkers in social choice theory and welfare economics—fuses abstract ideas with real-world economies to examine foundational issues of normative economics and collective decision making.
The character suffers a downfall through the tragic flaw in mistaken choices or in personality.” He took a deep breath and considered his next ... She looked right at Lydia as she asked, “Is not making a choice really a choice at all?
Author: Ian Mitchell-Gill
Category: Young Adult Fiction
Not yet out of their teens, the Felonious Five – Lydia, Jack, Madeline, Anthony, and Mikaylah – have each committed crimes in their past that would normally land them in prison. Instead, they found themselves forming a team at an elite private school with their own chef, a to-die-for training gym, and a mysterious teacher with a deadly talent. When the Director of the CIA comes calling with almost no warning, the kids know something big is up. They suddenly find themselves whisked away to Montana with a cabal of CIA handlers, where they infiltrate the compound of a reclusive and heavily-armed organization. Using skill sets that would make the Marines proud, anti-authoritarian and sometimes caustic Lydia structures a brilliant but complex strategy. If successful, it could lead to the most successful law enforcement sting in history. As the plot twists and turns, each member of the team is called on to go beyond their best and dig deep to push past the many obstacles and surprising turns they must overcome. With a roller coaster ending that will keep you up till it’s done, Merrett’s Choice is a grab you by the throat read.
about the significance of choice for substantive responsibility. Another question I will set aside is whether accounts that make a person's responsibilities contingent on their choices are threatened by the thesis that our choices are ...
Author: Emmanuel Voyiakis
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
Some say that private law ought to correct wrongs or to protect rights. Others say that private law ought to maximise social welfare or to minimise social cost. In this book, Emmanuel Voyiakis claims that private law ought to make our responsibilities to others depend on the opportunities we have to affect how things will go for us. Drawing on the work of HLA Hart and TM Scanlon, he argues that private law principles that require us to bear certain practical burdens in our relations with others are justified as long as those principles provide us with certain opportunities to choose what will happen to us, and having those opportunities is something we have reason to value. The book contrasts this 'value-of-choice' account with its wrong- and social cost-based rivals, and applies it to familiar problems of contract and tort law, including whether liability should be negligence-based or stricter; whether insurance should matter in the allocation of the burden of repair; how far private law should make allowance for persons of limited capacities; when a contract term counts as 'unconscionable' or 'unfair'; and when tort law should hold a person vicariously liable for another's mistakes.
choice provides the same network of roads for everyone. In this case, nobody will get exactly what he or she wants. Individuals will find their tax dollars paying for roads they never use, and perhaps would prefer not be built even if ...
Author: Randall G. Holcombe
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
Category: Business & Economics
Using public choice economic methods, this Advanced Introduction presents a focused narrative about political decision-making based on the work that has defined the discipline. Each chapter ends with a Notes section to discuss the research on which the chapter is based, with an emphasis on the pioneering work that has shaped the development of public choice. Randall G. Holcombe emphasizes the theoretical foundations of public choice, with the idea that it offers a context within which empirical research can be understood. This book successfully explores the political decision-making process for readers and ensures that they understand how preferences of citizens are aggregated to produce public policies.
He proved several theorems about voting rules, theorems that remained largely unknown until well after the field of public choice was on its way. Condorcet (1785) uncovered the problem of cycling, the possibility when using the simple ...
Author: Roger D. Congleton
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Category: Business & Economics
The Oxford Handbook of Public Choice provides a comprehensive overview of the research in economics, political science, law, and sociology that has generated considerable insight into the politics of democratic and authoritarian systems as well as the influence of different institutional frameworks on incentives and outcomes. The result is an improved understanding of public policy, public finance, industrial organization, and macroeconomics as the combination of political and economic analysis shed light on how various interests compete both within a given rules of the games and, at times, to change the rules. These volumes include analytical surveys, syntheses, and general overviews of the many subfields of public choice focusing on interesting, important, and at times contentious issues. Throughout the focus is on enhancing understanding how political and economic systems act and interact, and how they might be improved. Both volumes combine methodological analysis with substantive overviews of key topics. This first volume covers voting and elections; interest group competition and rent seeking, including corruption and various normative approaches to evaluating policies and politics. Throughout both volumes important analytical concepts and tools are discussed, including their application to substantive topics. Readers will gain increased understanding of rational choice and its implications for collective action; various explanations of voting, including economic and expressive; the role of taxation and finance in government dynamics; how trust and persuasion influence political outcomes; and how revolution, coups, and authoritarianism can be explained by the same set of analytical tools as enhance understanding of the various forms of democracy.
Gildersleeve's (2010) theorization of college access as literacy development, wherein individual choices are mediated by broad constituencies of educational opportunity that seek influence in the body politic of the nation-state.
Author: Patricia Perez
Now the largest and fastest-growing ethnic population in the U.S., Latino students face many challenges and complexities when it comes to college choice and access. This edited volume provides much needed theoretical and empirical data on how the schooling experiences of Latino students shape their educational aspirations and access to higher education. It explores how the individual and collective influence of the home, school and policy shape the college decision-making process. This unique collection of original scholarly articles offers critical insight on educational pathways that will help families, educators and policy makers intervene in ways that foster and sustain college access and participation for Latino students. It considers destination preferences and enrollment selections, elementary and secondary school experiences, and intervention programs that shed light on how practitioners can promote participation and retention. This multi-conceptual, multi-methodological volume offers directions for future research, programming and policy in Latino education.
The choices he made are evident in the life he now lives. Whether or not he is satisfied with these choices, the beauty is that he now has the ability to make more positive ones. So do you! You may ask (if you were attentive in your ...
Author: Kristy Burrus
Publisher: Xlibris Corporation
The Power of Choice empowers strength in change! § Our daily beginning is an instinctive reaction – we wake to start our day. What we do throughout each day involves multiple choices. Some, we will find, are painful and difficult to make, yet vital to our daily progression. As you read this book, it is my hope that you understand there are consequences for every choice you make. This book is designed to help you evaluate the choices that occupy vital space in your mind. § At our end (an uncontrollable event), we will leave our space for friends and loved ones to memorialize. § It is my sincere hope and prayer that lessons learned in my book will catapult you from being and existing to living, growing, and achieving!
offered realistic experience for real choice. Protection from reality cannot be supported under a truly empowering curriculum for employment. Removal of the cushioned buffer can be seen as harsh. Integration is challenging and difficult ...
Author: Jenny Corbett
First published in 1992. For disabled people and people with learning difficulties the transition from school to college, work or training can be stressful and frustrating; job choices are often restricted, and they face barriers which are beyond their control. This book is about their struggle for choice. It sets special needs in further education in a socio-political context. By exploring the concept of ‘transition to adulthood’ in terms of class, race, gender and disability differences, and relating it to social, economic and political influences, it seeks to challenge complacency and encourage dialogue and debate.
Table 2.1 A Revised Taxonomy of Multiple-Choice Item-Writing Guidelines Content concerns 1. 2. 3. Every item should reflect specific content and a single specific mental behavior, as called for in test specifications (two-way grid, ...
Author: Jay Parkes
Multiple-choice questions (MCQs) are a ubiquitous tool used in college classrooms, yet most instructors admit that they are not prepared to maximize the question's benefits. Learning and Assessing with Multiple-Choice Questions in College Classrooms is a comprehensive resource designed to enable instructors and their students to enhance student learning through the use of MCQs. Including chapters on writing questions, assessment, leveraging technology, and much more, this book will help instructors increase the benefits of a question type that is incredibly useful as both a learning and assessment tool in an education system seeking ways to improve student outcomes. .
Explaining institutional choice To understand the logic of institutional choice, we employ the forwardfolding (satisficing) decision model to examine the factors which push actors further down the decision tree.
Author: Joseph Jupille
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Why do institutions emerge, operate, evolve and persist? 'Institutional Choice and Global Commerce' elaborates a theory of boundedly rational institutional choice that explains when states USE available institutions, SELECT among alternative forums, CHANGE existing rules, or CREATE new arrangements (USCC). The authors reveal the striking staying power of the institutional status quo and test their innovative theory against evidence on institutional choice in global commerce from the nineteenth through the twenty-first centuries. Cases range from the establishment in 1876 of the first truly international system of commercial dispute resolution, the Mixed Courts of Egypt, to the founding and operation of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade, the World Trade Organization, and the International Accounting Standards Board. Analysts of institutional choice henceforth must take seriously not only the distinct demands of specific cooperation dilemmas, but also the wide array of available institutional choices.
Any 'burden' would reveal itself only in circumstances in which these elements providing people with choices are not in place— which unfortunately is typically the norm. There are always choices to reduce vulnerabilities.
Author: Ilan Kelman
Publisher: Oxford University Press
An earthquake shatters Haiti and a hurricane slices through Texas. We hear that nature runs rampant, seeking to destroy us through these 'natural disasters'. Science recounts a different story, however: disasters are not the consequence of natural causes; they are the consequence of human choices and decisions. we put ourselves in harm's way; we fail to take measures which we know would prevent disasters, no matter what the environment does. This can be both hard to accept, and hard to unravel. A complex of factors shape disasters. They arise from the political processes dictating where and what we build, and from social circumstances which create and perpetuate poverty and discrimination. They develop from the social preference to blame nature for the damage wrought, when in fact events such as earthquakes and storms are entirely commonplace environmental processes We feel the need to fight natural forces, to reclaim what we assume is ours, and to protect ourselves from what we perceive to be wrath from outside our communities. This attitude distracts us from the real causes of disasters: humanity's decisions, as societies and as individuals. It stops us accepting the real solutions to disasters: making better decisions. This book explores stories of some of our worst disasters to show how we can and should act to stop people dying when nature unleashes its energies. The disaster is not the tornado, the volcanic eruption, or climate change, but the deaths and injuries, the loss of irreplaceable property, and the lack and even denial of support to affected people, so that a short-term interruption becomes a long-term recovery nightmare. But we can combat this, as Kelman shows, describing inspiring examples of effective human action that limits damage, such as managing flooding in Toronto and villages in Bangladesh, or wildfire in Colorado. Throughout, his message is clear: there is no such thing as a natural disaster. The disaster lies in our inability to deal with the environment and with ourselves.