THE TECHNICAL FOUNDATIONS OF COMPUTER IMAGEMAKING David R. Clark University of London Audio-Visual Centre The recent history of computer imagemaking is, to a large extent, the history of the development of new technologies.
Author: D. Clark
Computers for Image-Making tells the computer non-expert all he needs to know about Computer Animation. In the hands of expert computer engineers, computer picture-drawing systems have, since the earliest days of computing, produced interesting and useful images. As a result of major technological developments since then, it no longer requires the expert's skill to draw pictures; anyone can do it, provided they know how to use the appropriate machinery. This collection of specially commissioned articles reflects the diversity of user applications in this expanding field
Release on 2012-12-06 | by Nadia Magnenat-Thalmann
SIGGRAPH'79, Computer Graphics 12(3):187-195 Clark DR (1981) Computers for imagemaking, Pergamon, Elmsford, N.Y. Clark JH (1976) Hierarchical seometric models for visible surface algorithms. Comm.ACM 19(10):547-554 *Clark JH (1976a) ...
Author: Nadia Magnenat-Thalmann
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Image Synthesis: Theory and Practice is the first book completely dedicated to the numerous techniques of image synthesis. Both theoretical and practical aspects are treated in detail. Numerous impressive computer-generated images are used to explain the most advanced techniques in image synthesis. The book contains a detailed description of the most fundamental algorithms; other less important algorithms are summarized or simply listed. This volume is also a unique handbook of mathematical formulae for image synthesis. The four first chapters of the book survey the basic techniques of computer graphics which play an important role in the design of an image: geometric models, image and viewing transformations, curves and surfaces and solid modeling techniques. In the next chapters, each major topic in image synthesis is presented. The first important problem is the detection and processing of visible surfaces, then two chapters are dedicated to the central problem of light and illumination. As aliasing is a major problem in image rendering, the fundamental antialiasing and motion blur techniques are explained. The most common shadow algorithms are then presented as well as techniques for producing soft shadows and penumbrae. In the last few years, image rendering has been strongly influenced by ray tracing techniques. For this reason, two chapters are dedicated to this important approach. Then a chapter is completely dedicated to fractals from the formal Mandelbrot theory to the recursive subdivision approaches. Natural phenomena present a particularly difficult challenge in image synthesis. For this reason, a large portion of the book is devoted to latest methods to simulate these phenomena: particle systems, scalar fields, volume density scattering models. Various techniques are also described for representing terrains, mountains, water, waves, sky, clouds, fog, fire, trees, and grass. Several techniques for combining images are also explained: adaptive rendering, montage and composite methods. The last chapter presents in detail the MIRALab image synthesis software.
Louis Schure , " New York Institute of Technology , " Computers for Imagemaking ( London : Elsevier , 1981 ) , 73-76 . 65. Garland Stern , " SoftCel - An Application of Raster Scan Graphics to Conventional Cel Animation , " Computer ...
Author: Alvy Ray Smith
Publisher: MIT Press
The pixel as the organizing principle of all pictures, from cave paintings to Toy Story. The Great Digital Convergence of all media types into one universal digital medium occurred, with little fanfare, at the recent turn of the millennium. The bit became the universal medium, and the pixel--a particular packaging of bits--conquered the world. Henceforward, nearly every picture in the world would be composed of pixels--cell phone pictures, app interfaces, Mars Rover transmissions, book illustrations, videogames. In A Biography of the Pixel, Pixar cofounder Alvy Ray Smith argues that the pixel is the organizing principle of most modern media, and he presents a few simple but profound ideas that unify the dazzling varieties of digital image making. Smith's story of the pixel's development begins with Fourier waves, proceeds through Turing machines, and ends with the first digital movies from Pixar, DreamWorks, and Blue Sky. Today, almost all the pictures we encounter are digital--mediated by the pixel and irretrievably separated from their media; museums and kindergartens are two of the last outposts of the analog. Smith explains, engagingly and accessibly, how pictures composed of invisible stuff become visible--that is, how digital pixels convert to analog display elements. Taking the special case of digital movies to represent all of Digital Light (his term for pictures constructed of pixels), and drawing on his decades of work in the field, Smith approaches his subject from multiple angles--art, technology, entertainment, business, and history. A Biography of the Pixel is essential reading for anyone who has watched a video on a cell phone, played a videogame, or seen a movie.
British Computer Art 1960-1980 Roy Ascott Paul Brown, Charlie Gere, Nicholas Lambert, Catherine Mason, ... David Clark, ed., Computers for Imagemaking (Oxford: Published for the British Universities Film Council by Pergamon, 1981). 22.
Author: Paul Brown
Publisher: Mit Press
"In this heroic period of computer art, artists were required to build their own machines, collaborate closely with computer scientists, and learn difficult computer languages. White Heat Cold Logic's chapters, many written by computer art pioneers themselves, describe the influence of cybernetics, with its emphasis on process and interactivity; the connections to the constructivist movement; and the importance of work done in such different venues as commercial animation, fine art schools, and polytechnics."--Jaquette.
It is the ability of computers and other digital devices to turn images into pixels that has been all important, ... The core of the computer's imagemaking power lies in its ability to store pixels and manipulate them.
Author: Arthur Asa Berger
Category: Social Science
Gizmos or: The Electronic Imperative offers a concise series of analyses on the transformative impact of digital devices on American society. With approaches ranging from semiotic theory to psychoanalytic theory, sociological theory to personal reflection, Berger taps the span of knowledge from his prolific career to help readers better understand the role digital devices play both in their technologic, economic, and common-use forms. Using accessible, conversational language and numerous illustrations, Berger deconstructs familiar objects and media for readers ranging from field specialists to everyday cultural consumers alike.
The associated visual constructions and the formal languages of image - making are evolving to service the demand for a ... His current work involves the design of installations that use satellite data , computers , custom optics ...
The festival builds upon voluntary contributors: 'we do crowdfunding but without a computer' Joshi jokingly told me once mimicking with his hand the movement of a beggar collecting money from passers-by. He and his partners look upon ...
Author: Paolo Favero
Category: Social Science
Image-Making-India explores the evolving meaning of images in a digital landscape from the vantage point of contemporary India. Building upon long-term ethnographic research among image-makers in Delhi, Mumbai and other Indian cities, the author interrogates the dialogue between visual culture, technology and changing notions of political participation. The book explores selected artistic experiences in documentary and fiction film, photography, contemporary art and digital curation that have in common a desire to engage with images as tools for social intervention. These experiences reveal images’ capacity not only to narrate and represent but also to perform, do and affect. Particular attention is devoted to the 'digital', a critical landscape that offers an opportunity to re-examine the significance of images and visual culture in a rapidly changing India. This volume will be of particular interest to scholars of visual and digital anthropology and cultures as well as South Asian studies.
A great many people are already experimenting with personal computers such as the ... At any rate, you may by now be interested in how computer-generated imagemaking works. This description applies to Em's own approach, ...
... personal 42 computer as multimedia platform 243–6, 244–5f computer-assisted matrix metering 52, 53f computer breaks 372 computer imagemaking 229–47; basic digital imaging categories and tools for 237–43, 237f, 239f, 241f, 242f; ...
Author: Robert Hirsch
Publisher: CRC Press
Robert Hirsch’s Exploring Color Photography is the thinking photographer’s guide to color imagemaking. Now in its sixth edition, this pioneering text clearly and concisely instructs students and intermediate photographers in the fundamental aesthetic and technical building blocks needed to create thought-provoking digital and analog color photographs. Taking both a conceptual and pragmatic approach, the book avoids getting bogged down in complex, ever-changing technological matters, allowing it to stay fresh and engaging. Known as the Bible of Color Photography, its stimulating assignments encourage students to be adventurous and to take responsibility for learning and working independently. The emphasis on design and postmodern theoretical concepts stresses the thought process behind the creation of intriguing images. It’s extensive and inspiring collection of images and accompanying captions allow makers to provide insight into how photographic methodology was utilized to visualize and communicate their objectives. The text continues to deliver inspiring leadership in the field of color photography with the latest accurate information, ideas, commentary, history, a diverse collection of contemporary images, and expanded cellphone photography coverage. A "Problem Solving and Writing" chapter offers methods and exercises that help one learn to be a visual problem solver and to discuss and write succinctly about the concepts at the foundation of one’s work. Exploringcolorphotography.com, the companion website, has been revamped and updated to feature more student and teacher resources, including a new web-based timeline: As It Happened: A Chronological History of Color Photography.
Computer animation as an aid to comprehending the universe . In Computers for Imagemaking ( Clark D.R. , ed . ) , Oxford : Pergamon Press 131-139 Kochanek D. and Bartels R.H. ( 1984 ) . Interpolating splines with local tension ...
Author: John Vince
Publisher: Addison Wesley Publishing Company
A tutorial guide to current techniques for 3-dimensional computer animation that explains key concepts at a level requiring little mathematical background. It is ideal for self study by computer graphics professionals and others who need a guide to today's animation techniques.
Clark , David R. , Ph.D .: Computers For Imagemaking . Pergamon Press , London , 1981. A useful , though somewhat outdated collection of interestingly idiosyncratic approaches to CGI . Complete Kodak Animation Book .
Author: Neal Weinstock
Briefly looks at the history of computer animation, discusses peripheral equipment and graphics programs which can currently be used with microcomputers, and discusses functions, structures, arrays, motion control, and future trends
D. D. Weiner , and S. E. Anderson , " A Computer Animation Movie Language for Educational Motion Pictures , AFIPS FJCC , Vol . 2 , pp . 1317-1320 , 1968 . ... ed . , Computers for Imagemaking ( 1981 ) , pp . 61-69 .
D. R. CLARK ( ed ) Computers for Imagemaking Pergamon Press Oxford ( 1981 ) This is an excellent introduction to the principles of computer animation in various forms . Being a collection of papers by a number of authors , the style and ...
A digital computer is an electronic device designed to store and process information, such as text or an image, ... These are not new issues and they have been part of an ongoing dialog about imagemaking for hundreds of years.
Author: Robert Hirsch
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Photographic Possibilities, Second Edition continues to provide a reliable source of techniques and ideas for the use of alternative and contemporary photographic processes that photographers have come to depend on. Professional photographers and advanced students seeking to increase their skills will discover modern and classic methods of creating and manipulating images. This practical guide integrates technical methods with the aesthetic outcome. It offers readers clear, step-by-step instructions on historic and on contemporary processes that integrate both the technical information and the aesthetic inspiration needed to create outstanding photographs. This new expanded edition concisely covers the most significant new products, processes, and issues that have effected the practice during the past decade. Two new chapters are exclusively devoted to digital photography, covering the history of digital imaging as well as the latest techniques and practices. Also included is an in-depth discussion on the copyright, which deals with the ethical and conceptual issues surrounding digital imaging that are rapidly changing the world of photography. *New chapter on digital imaging *Features artwork for almost 100 top photographers *Explains key techniques such as Cyanotype, Polaroid transfers, and Photo Weaving
Bork , A. ( 1981 ) Learning with Computers , Digital Press , Bedford , Massachusetts . ... Bork , A. ( 1984 ) Production systems for computer - based learning . ... ( 1980 ) Computers for Imagemaking , Pergamon Press , Oxford .
Course Notes, 13th Annual Conference on Computer Graphics and Interactive Techniques, Dallas Convention Center, Dallas, ... Knowlton , K. C. , " Computer Animation as an Aid to Comprehending the Universe , " Computers for Imagemaking ...
... 70 Defence News, 36 Design Council Awards, 61 Digital Computers, 142 Drews Lane, 164 Dunlop, 141 Dunlop MAX.500G squash racket, 6–8 Dunlop MAX 500GS squash racket, 48-9, 50,51,53 Dunlop Slazenger International Ltd, 48-9, 50, 51, ...
Author: Tony Greener
Category: Business & Economics
The Secrets of Successful Public Relations and Image-Making discusses several methods for effective public promotion. The book is comprised of 10 chapters that deal with the various aspects of image-making. The text first discusses what public relations is; who needs it; and what its applications are in different industries. The succeeding chapters cover the methods, technology, and concerns in an image promotion campaign, which include persuasion techniques, media promotions and events, and sponsorship. The book also tackles the importance of internal relation to public relations. The last chapter provides a guide in starting up a promotion campaign. The book will be of use to public relations practitioners and business owners who need an overview of the elements involved in public relations.