Conceptual Issues in Research on Intelligence

Considers intelligence in its widest sense, representing diverse view points and areas of specialization. This volume focuses on a few points of special importance, that is, the changeability of intelligence and its relation to cognition.

Conceptual Issues in Research on Intelligence

Considers intelligence in its widest sense, representing diverse view points and areas of specialization. This volume focuses on a few points of special importance, that is, the changeability of intelligence and its relation to cognition.

Historical and Conceptual Issues in Psychology

Conceptual. issues. addressed. in. this. chapter. Why are metaphors important in psychological research ? Where do they come from ? How has research on intelligence testing been influenced by social values in society ?

Historical and Conceptual Issues in Psychology

Written in a lively and engaging style, this book is richly illustrated and unique in its presentation of historical and conceptual ideas. It focuses on how political, religious, social, and intellectual changes have affected views on the universe, Earth, and mankind.

Social and Conceptual Issues in Astrobiology

pre-existent intelligence.14 Prior to the Enlightenment, many took it for granted that alism life removed 1- 3 arose ... For the past 50 years, SETI researchers have identified intelligence with the ability to build a radio telescope.

Social and Conceptual Issues in Astrobiology

How universal are our moral obligations? Should we attempt to communicate with life beyond our planet? What is "life"? Social and Conceptual Issues in Astrobiology explores the most important questions related to the field of astrobiology, and the resulting book is the most comprehensive, interdisciplinary approach focused on the humanistic issues of the multidisciplinary science of astrobiology to date. Questions surrounding life on other planets have troubled humankind for centuries; this volume outlines the questions for the next decade of research in the field of astrobiology. Kelly C. Smith and Carlos Mariscal have assembled the top scholars from fields spanning history, communication, philosophy, law, and theology to consider the implications of life elsewhere. The perspectives supplied by this expansive group of contributors have never before been collected in book a book focused on astrobiology. This book sets a benchmark for future work in astrobiology, giving readers the groundwork from which to base the continuous scholarship coming from this ever-growing scientific field.

Whole child Teaching

5: Conceptual issues in research on intelligence (pp. 43–75). Greenwich, CT: JAI Press. Mayer, J. D., & Salovey, P. (1997). What is emotional intelligence? In P. Salovey & D. J. Sluyter (Eds.), Emotional development and emotional ...

Whole child Teaching

This book provides an in-depth discussion of the aspects of a whole-child learner paradigm including how educator and school-based influences interrelate with personal and interpersonal demonstrations of learning to create a holistic learning system

Conceptual Issues in Evolutionary Biology

Intelligence is a competence or capacity of organisms , rather than simply a measure concept . ) Obviously , intelligence would not be valued as the strength of the propensity to obtain a particular score .

Conceptual Issues in Evolutionary Biology

There has been debate in philosophy of biology over the decade since the first edition of this anthology appeared. Changes and additions in the new edition reflect the ways in which the subject has broadened and deepened on several fronts; more than half of the chapters are new. In all, twenty-three selections take up fitness, function and teleology, adaptationism, units of selection, essentialism and population thinking, species, systematic philosophies, phylogenetic inference, reduction of Mendelian genetics to molecular biology, ethics and sociobiology, and cultural evolution and evolutionary epistemology.

The Handbook of Research Synthesis and Meta Analysis

Had we started the search with IQ, we might never have known that others considered the SAT and GRE tests of ... 2.3 TYPES OF PROBLEMS AND HYPOTHESES Once researchers have defined their concepts and operations, they next must define the ...

The Handbook of Research Synthesis and Meta Analysis

Praise for the first edition: “The Handbook is a comprehensive treatment of literature synthesis and provides practical advice for anyone deep in the throes of, just teetering on the brink of, or attempting to decipher a meta-analysis. Given the expanding application and importance of literature synthesis, understanding both its strengths and weaknesses is essential for its practitioners and consumers. This volume is a good beginning for those who wish to gain that understanding.” —Chance “Meta-analysis, as the statistical analysis of a large collection of results from individual studies is called, has now achieved a status of respectability in medicine. This respectability, when combined with the slight hint of mystique that sometimes surrounds meta-analysis, ensures that results of studies that use it are treated with the respect they deserve....The Handbook of Research Synthesis is one of the most important publications in this subject both as a definitive reference book and a practical manual.”—British Medical Journal When the first edition of The Handbook of Research Synthesis was published in 1994, it quickly became the definitive reference for researchers conducting meta-analyses of existing research in both the social and biological sciences. In this fully revised second edition, editors Harris Cooper, Larry Hedges, and Jeff Valentine present updated versions of the Handbook’s classic chapters, as well as entirely new sections reporting on the most recent, cutting-edge developments in the field. Research synthesis is the practice of systematically distilling and integrating data from a variety of sources in order to draw more reliable conclusions about a given question or topic. The Handbook of Research Synthesis and Meta-Analysis draws upon years of groundbreaking advances that have transformed research synthesis from a narrative craft into an important scientific process in its own right. Cooper, Hedges, and Valentine have assembled leading authorities in the field to guide the reader through every stage of the research synthesis process—problem formulation, literature search and evaluation, statistical integration, and report preparation. The Handbook of Research Synthesis and Meta-Analysis incorporates state-of-the-art techniques from all quantitative synthesis traditions. Distilling a vast technical literature and many informal sources, the Handbook provides a portfolio of the most effective solutions to the problems of quantitative data integration. Among the statistical issues addressed by the authors are the synthesis of non-independent data sets, fixed and random effects methods, the performance of sensitivity analyses and model assessments, and the problem of missing data. The Handbook of Research Synthesis and Meta-Analysis also provides a rich treatment of the non-statistical aspects of research synthesis. Topics include searching the literature, and developing schemes for gathering information from study reports. Those engaged in research synthesis will also find useful advice on how tables, graphs, and narration can be used to provide the most meaningful communication of the results of research synthesis. In addition, the editors address the potentials and limitations of research synthesis, and its future directions. The past decade has been a period of enormous growth in the field of research synthesis. The second edition Handbook thoroughly revises original chapters to assure that the volume remains the most authoritative source of information for researchers undertaking meta-analysis today. In response to the increasing use of research synthesis in the formation of public policy, the second edition includes a new chapter on both the strengths and limitations of research synthesis in policy debates

Conceptual Issues in Psychology

Lakatos, I. (1970) 'Falsification and the methodology of scientific research programmes', in I. Lakatos and A. Musgrave ... (1983) 'EURISKO: a program that learns new heuristics and domain concepts', Artifical Intelligence 21: 61-98.

Conceptual Issues in Psychology

First published in 1991. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Mental Retardation

verbal and performance IQ scores in students from low-income African American fame ilies. In W. Tomic 8 J. Kingma (Eds.), Conceptual issues in intelligence research (pp. 77— 162). Greenwich, CT: J.A.I. Press. Campbell, F. A., 8 Ramey, ...

Mental Retardation

First published in 1999. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Clinical Research

One of the principal issues in this contentious debate concerned the ability to measure the concept of human intelligence . To examine this debate further , let's start with a purely formal , conceptual definition of intelligence like ...

Clinical Research

This unique textbook integrates statistical concepts into evidence-based clinical practice and patient management. Research concepts and techniques are drawn from epidemiology, bio-statistics, and psychometrics, as well as educational and social science research. Clinical examples throughout the text illustrate practical and scientifically sound applications of the concepts. Data tables and research vignettes highlight statistical distributions involving probability. Methods to locate and utilize web-based information relevant to clinical research are discussed, and web URLs are provided. Further learning is encouraged by the inclusion of suggested activities, recommended readings, references, and a comprehensive glossary of research terms. Additional resources are available at a Connection Website, connection.LWW.com/go/stommel.

Dynamic Assessment

A review of advances in cognition and educational practice that examines conceptual issues in research in intelligence.

Dynamic Assessment

A review of advances in cognition and educational practice that examines conceptual issues in research in intelligence.

Conceptual Issues in Ecology

Maull, N. L.: 1977, 'Unifying Science Without Reduction', Studies in History and Philosophy of Science 8, 143–162. ... Nilsson, N. J.: 1971, Problem-Solving Methods in Artificial Intelligence, McGraw-Hill, New York.

Conceptual Issues in Ecology

In this collection of essays, some of the leading ecologists and philosophers discuss the foundations of ecology and evolutionary biology. While large scale philosophical convictions and attitudes often direct the theorist's line of concrete action in data collection and in theory information, the founda tional convictions typically remain tacit, and are seldom argued for. The present collection aims to remedy this situation. It brings together scholars representing different approaches in a joint effort to explicate and analyse some of the key issues underlying ecological theorizing, be they conceptual, epistemological or ontological. The bulk of the present collection is reprinted from Synthese 43 (1980). William C. Wimsatt's paper 'Reductionistic Research Strategies and Their Biases in the Units of Selection Controversy' is in turn reprinted from T. Nickles (ed.) Scientific Discovery: Case Studies (D. Reidel, 1980). It appears here with the kind permission of Prof. Nickles. The publisher's consent for the reprints has been in each case automatic. The essays of Y rjo Haila and Olli Jarvinen, and of Leigh M. Van Valen appear here for the first time. In bringing the present collection together, as well as in editing the Synthese symposium on which it is based, I have greatly benefited from the suggestions of Professors Marjorie Grene, Olli J iirvinen and Daniel Simberloff. In addition to them, I wish to thank all the contributors for their interest in this project.

Intelligent Agents II Agent Theories Architectures and Languages

Complexity issues remain a challenge . This research area has been focused on conceptual issues in terms of the expressiveness to capture various cases , to obtain useful and avoid pernicious inferences . As these aspects are better ...

Intelligent Agents II   Agent Theories  Architectures  and Languages

This book is based on the second International Workshop on Agent Theories, Architectures, and Languages, held in conjunction with the International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence, IJCAI'95 in Montreal, Canada in August 1995. The 26 papers are revised final versions of the workshop presentations selected from a total of 54 submissions; also included is a comprehensive introduction, a detailed bibliography listing 355 relevant publications, and a subject index. The book is structured into seven sections, reflecting the most current major directions in agent-related research. Together with its predecessor, Intelligent Agents, published as volume 890 in the LNAI series, this book provides a timely and comprehensive state-of-the-art report.

Handbook of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings

Artificial intelligence of artificial psychologist ? Conceptual issues in clinical microcomputer use . Professional Psychology : Research and Practice , 17 , 528-534 . Hartman , D. E. ( 1986b ) . On the use of clinical psychology ...

Handbook of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings

For two decades, I have been responding to questions about the nature of health psychology and how it differs from medical psychology, behavioral medicine, and clinical psychology. From the beginning, I have taken the position that any applica tion of psychological theory or practice to problems and issues of the health system is health psychology. I have repeatedly used an analogy to Newell and Simon's "General Problem Solver" program of the late 1950s and early 1960s, which had two major functional parts, in addition to the "executive" component. One was the "problem-solving core" (the procedural competence); the other was the representa tion of the "problem environment. " In the analogy, the concepts, knowledge, and techniques of psychology constitute the core competence; the health system in all its complexity is the problem environment. A health psychologist is one whose basic competence in psychology is augmented by a working knowledge of some aspect of the health system. Quite apparently, there are functionally distinct aspects of health psychology to the degree that there are meaningful subdivisions in psychological competence and significantly different microenvironments within the health system. I hesitate to refer to them as areas of specialization, as the man who gave health psychology its formal definition, Joseph Matarazzo, has said that there are no specialties in psychology (cited in the editors' preface to this book).

Creatively Gifted Students are not like Other Gifted Students

Research, Theory, and Practice Kyung Hee Kim, James C. Kaufman, John Baer, Bharath Sriraman ... THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN INTELLIGENCE AND CREATIVITY Conceptual Issues: Possible Relationships Before getting to the empirical findings on ...

Creatively Gifted Students are not like Other Gifted Students

This book focuses on the needs of creatively gifted students and how schools can meet those needs. Creatively gifted students show exceptional levels of creativity. These students may or may not have developed other talents and abilities, yet. Even when their abilities and talents are apparent, the needs of creatively gifted students may not be recognized by current gifted education programs. Regardless of whether a creatively gifted student is included in these programs, schools often inadvertently ignore their special needs. The goal of this book is to share the newest research about the attributes and needs of creatively gifted students and the kinds of programs that best address those special needs. The overarching goal of this book is to share with scholars, educators, and practitioners the latest research on creatively gifted students and the kinds of programs that best meet the unique needs of these students. Through the knowledge and experiences shared here, we hope to help close the gap between what these children need and what they are getting.

Mass Communications Research Methods

Media exposure is a concept, a general idea derived from many specific instances such as reading newspapers, journals, and magazines, viewing TV, and listening to radio. ... Saying “Little Johnny is intelligent" is a conceptual problem.

Mass Communications Research Methods

Originally published in 1988. Step-by-step, this book leads students from problem identification, through the mazes of surveys, experimentation, historical/qualitative studies, statistical analysis, and computer data processing to the final submission and publication in scientific or popular publications.

Publications Resulting from National Institute of Mental Health Research Grants 1947 1961

The role of partial reinforcement as a function of age and intelligence . ... Effect of stimulus complexity upon concept attainment at two levels of intelligence . ... issues in drug research with children . In : Fisher , S. , ed .

Publications Resulting from National Institute of Mental Health Research Grants  1947 1961


When to Use What Research Design

The most famous example is the phrase “IQ is what IQ tests measure,” which means that you don't need to think about the concept because you've got an indicator. Among qualitative researchers one way to avoid difficult conceptual issues ...

When to Use What Research Design

Systematic, practical, and accessible, this is the first book to focus on finding the most defensible design for a particular research question. Thoughtful guidelines are provided for weighing the advantages and disadvantages of various methods, including qualitative, quantitative, and mixed methods designs. The book can be read sequentially or readers can dip into chapters on specific stages of research (basic design choices, selecting and sampling participants, addressing ethical issues) or data collection methods (surveys, interviews, experiments, observations, archival studies, and combined methods). Many chapter headings and subheadings are written as questions, helping readers quickly find the answers they need to make informed choices that will affect the later analysis and interpretation of their data. Useful features include: *Easy-to-navigate part and chapter structure. *Engaging research examples from a variety of fields. *End-of-chapter tables that summarize the main points covered. *Detailed suggestions for further reading at the end of each chapter. *Integration of data collection, sampling, and research ethics in one volume. *Comprehensive glossary.

Artificial Intelligence and Cognitive Science

First Published in 1998. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Artificial Intelligence and Cognitive Science

First Published in 1998. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Theoretical Foundations of Artificial General Intelligence

This book is a collection of writings by active researchers in the field of Artificial General Intelligence, on topics of central importance in the field.

Theoretical Foundations of Artificial General Intelligence

This book is a collection of writings by active researchers in the field of Artificial General Intelligence, on topics of central importance in the field. Each chapter focuses on one theoretical problem, proposes a novel solution, and is written in sufficiently non-technical language to be understandable by advanced undergraduates or scientists in allied fields. This book is the very first collection in the field of Artificial General Intelligence (AGI) focusing on theoretical, conceptual, and philosophical issues in the creation of thinking machines. All the authors are researchers actively developing AGI projects, thus distinguishing the book from much of the theoretical cognitive science and AI literature, which is generally quite divorced from practical AGI system building issues. And the discussions are presented in a way that makes the problems and proposed solutions understandable to a wide readership of non-specialists, providing a distinction from the journal and conference-proceedings literature. The book will benefit AGI researchers and students by giving them a solid orientation in the conceptual foundations of the field (which is not currently available anywhere); and it would benefit researchers in allied fields by giving them a high-level view of the current state of thinking in the AGI field. Furthermore, by addressing key topics in the field in a coherent way, the collection as a whole may play an important role in guiding future research in both theoretical and practical AGI, and in linking AGI research with work in allied disciplines