This book considers the emergence of a remarkable diversity of churches in east-central Europe between the 16th and 18th centuries, which included Catholic, Orthodox, Hussite, Lutheran, Bohemian Brethren, Calvinist, anti-Trinitarian and ...
Author: Maria Craciun
This book considers the emergence of a remarkable diversity of churches in east-central Europe between the 16th and 18th centuries, which included Catholic, Orthodox, Hussite, Lutheran, Bohemian Brethren, Calvinist, anti-Trinitarian and Greek Catholic communities. Contributors assess the extraordinary multiplicity of confessions in the Transylvanian principality, as well as the range of churches in Poland, Bohemia, Moravia and Hungary. Essays focus on how each church sought to establish its own identity in a crowded market-place of religious ideas, and on the extent to which printed literature brokered the popular reception of religious doctrine. The volume addresses how ideas about religion spread within the largely illiterate societies of east-central Europe, especially through catechisms, and how printed literature was used to instruct congregations about doctrinal truth, to encourage the faithful to pious devotions, and to shape the religious life and identity of local communities.
Cluj-Napoca, 1995. ——, eds. Church and Society in Central and Eastern Europe. Cluj-Napoca, 1998. Crăciun, Maria, Ovidiu Ghitta and Graeme Murdock, eds. Confessional Identity in East-Central Europe. Aldershot, 2002. Crăciun, Maria.
Author: István Keul
Navigating along multiple narrative tracks and treating the religious history of an entire region in a polyfocal way, this book offers an insight into the intense dynamics of the overlapping political, ethnic, and denominational constellations in Reformation and post-Reformation Transylvania.
... in the East-Central European urban environment still inseparably intertwined with traditional demands for legal, ... mostly strove to vindicate the new confessional identity of the city and legitimate religious change or continuity.
Author: Jaroslav Miller
Whilst much has been written about early modern urban history, the majority of this work has focussed on Western Europe with relatively little available in English on towns and cities in the former communist East. However, in recent years urban scholars have increasingly looked to a much more inclusive picture of Europe that compares and contrasts development across the whole continent. Dealing primarily with Bohemia, Hungary and the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, this book provides an insight into a number of key issues concerning the economic, social and demographic trends in early modern East-Central European urban history. Taking a supra-national perspective, across a long time span, it examines the effects of migration, Reformation, state building and economic change on the transformation of medieval urban communities into early modern societies. Drawing on a wealth of primary sources, particularly the registers of new citizens kept by many towns and cities, a fascinating picture of urban development and social structure is reconstructed that not only tells us much about East-Central Europe, but adds to our knowledge of the whole continent.
late medieval and early modern East Central Europe , especially the development of piety in the broader context of the ... secolului al XVIlea ( 1996 ) , and is co - editor of Confessional identity in East - Central Europe ( 2002 ) .
Author: Almut Bues
Publisher: Otto Harrassowitz Verlag
Der einem deutschen lutherischen Umfeld entstammende Kaufmannssohn Martin Gruneweg aus Danzig unternahm als Schreiber mit armenischen Kaufherren in Lemberg in der zweiten Halfte des 16. Jahrhunderts umfangreiche Handelsreisen, wobei er lebendige Aufzeichnungen uber die Regionen Mittel-, Ost-, Sudost- und Sudeuropas hinterliess. 1588 trat er in den Dominikanerorden ein und begab sich damit in ein polnisches katholisches Umfeld. Gruneweg hielt sich fur langere Zeit in den wichtigsten wirtschaftlichen und kulturellen Zentren seiner Zeit auf. So wusste er nicht nur vom Hof in Warschau, dem Handelsmechanismus in Danzig oder dem Zusammenleben verschiedener Ethnien in Lemberg Interessantes zu berichten. Seine Aufzeichnungen sind eine unerschopfl iche Fundgrube zur Religions- und Kirchengeschichte. Diese stehen beispielhaft fur die Geisteswelt eines nicht studierten Klosterbruders aus dem Ende des 16. Jahrhunderts. Mit der vom DHI Warschau inzwischen vorgelegten Edition der Aufzeichnungen Grunewegs* sind weitreichende Forschungsmoglichkeiten eroffnet worden. Der Band vereinigt die Beitrage einer zum Erscheinen der Edition 2008 organisierten internationalen Konferenz, welche die Fulle der Moglichkeiten einer Auswertung aufzeigen.
Confessional Identity in East-Central Europe (Aldershot: 2002); Robert J. W. Evans, “Calvinism in East Central Europe: Hungary and Her Neighbours” in Menna Prestwich (ed.), International Calvinism, 1541–1715 ...
Author: Thomas Max Safley
This volume brings together recent scholarship on early modern multiconfessionalism that challenges accepted notions of reformation, confessionalization, and state-building and suggests a new vision of religions, state, and society in early modern Europe.
Ethnicity and religion in Central and Eastern Europe; Crăciun and Ghitta (Eds.), Church and Society in Central and Eastern Europe; Crăciun, Ghitta and Murdock (Eds.), Confessional Identity in East-Central Europe).
Author: Marius Rotar
Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing
This book features the second selection of the most representative papers presented at the international conference “Dying and Death in 18th–21st Century Europe” (ABDD), a traditional scientific event organized every year in Alba Iulia, Romania. The book invites the reader on a fascinating journey across the last three centuries of Europe, using the concept of death as a guide. The past and present realities of the complex phenomena of death and dying in Romania, the United Kingdom, Lithuania, Serbia, Macedonia, Poland, USA, Germany, Sweden, Finland, and Italy are dealt with by authors from varying backgrounds, including historians, sociologists, psychologists, priests, humanists, anthropologists, and doctors. This is proof that death as a topic cannot be confined to one science; the deciphering of its meanings and of the shifts it effects requires a joint, interdisciplinary effort.
Europa Triumphans: Court and Civic Festivals in Early Modern Europe. ... Calvinism on the Frontier 1600–1660: International Calvinism and the Reformed Church in Hungary and Transylvania. ... In Confessional Identity in East ...
Author: Andrew L. Thomas
This book examines the intersection between religious belief, dynastic ambitions, and late Renaissance court culture within the main branches of Germany's most storied ruling house, the Wittelsbach dynasty. Their influence touched many shores from the "coast" of Bohemia to Boston.
East Central Europe has always presented something of a conundrum for models of confessionalization and ... state worked together to impose confessional identity from top down , in East Central Europe the persistence of Protestantism ...
Author: Suzanna Ivanič
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Prague in the seventeenth century is known as home to a scintillating imperial court crammed with exotic goods, scientists, and artisans, receiving ambassadors from Persia, and also as a city suffering plagues, riots, and devastating military attacks. But Prague was also the setting for a complex and shifting spiritual world. At the beginning of the century it was a multiconfessional city, but by 1700 it represented one of the most archetypical Catholic cities in Europe. Through a material approach, Cosmos and Materiality pieces together how early modern men and women experienced this transformation on a daily basis. Cosmos and Materiality in Early Modern Prague presents a bold alternative understanding of the history of early modern religion in Central Europe. The history of religion in the early modern period has overwhelmingly been analysed through a confessional lens, but this book shows how Prague's spiritual worlds were embedded in their natural environment and social relations as much if not more than in confessional identity in the seventeenth century. While texts in this period trace emerging discourses around notions of religion, superstition, magic, and what it was to be Catholic or Protestant, a material approach avoids these category mistakes being applied to everyday practice. It is through a rich seam of material evidence in Prague - spoons, glass beakers, and amulets as much as traditional devotional objects like rosaries and garnet encrusted crucifixes - that everyday beliefs, practices, and identities can be recovered.
... eds., Diversity and Dissent: Negotiating Religious Differences in Central Europe, 1500–1800 (Berghahn Books, 2011), 4. Ibid., 3. Maria Craciun, Ovidiu Ghitta, and Graeme Murdock, eds., Confessional Identity in East ...
Author: Yoko Aoshima
Publisher: Academic Studies PRess
This book elucidates the complicated relationship between religion and national consciousness in the modern world, highlighting various cases within Central and Eastern Europe. Through these analyses, contributors demonstrate how religion, far from disappearing, strongly impacted the emerging national consciousness. Starting with the pre-modern era, essays examine the long-term transformation of religious, political, and social situations of the region. In addition, the book considers the impact of imperial powers, which tended to be linked with a universal religion. Light is also shed on the multifaceted nature of nations, which contribute to a new vision of the historical transformation of the region that enriches the general theories of nationalism.
helped standardize religious instruction through the memorization of basic confessional tenets and strengthened the ... Reformed Community in Seventeenth-Century Transylvania,” in Confessional Identity in EastCentral Europe, eds.
Author: Howard Louthan
A Companion to the Reformation in Central Europe analyses the history of Christianity from the 15th to the 18th centuries in the lands between the Baltic and Adriatic seas.
This is the result of the GermanPolish research project 'Bild und Konfession / Image and Confession' (University of ... and she has coedited Confessional Identity in East Central Europe (Aldershot, 2002) and Communities of Devotion.
Author: Andrew Spicer
Until recently the impact of the Lutheran Reformation has been largely regarded in political and socio-economic terms, yet for most people it was not the abstract theological debates that had the greatest impact upon their lives, but what they saw in their parish churches every Sunday. This collection of essays provides a coherent and interdisciplinary investigation of the impact that the Lutheran Reformation had on the appearance, architecture and arrangement of early modern churches. Drawing upon recent research being undertaken by leading art historians and historians on Lutheran places of worship, the volume emphasises often surprising levels of continuity, reflecting the survival of Catholic fixtures, fittings and altarpieces, and exploring how these could be remodelled in order to conform with the tenets of Lutheran belief. The volume not only addresses Lutheran art but also the way in which the architecture of their churches reflected the importance of preaching and the administration of the sacraments. Furthermore the collection is committed to extending these discussions beyond a purely German context, and to look at churches not only within the Holy Roman Empire, but also in Scandinavia, the Baltic States as well as towns dominated by Saxon communities in areas such as in Hungary and Transylvania. By focusing on ecclesiastical 'material culture' the collection helps to place the art and architecture of Lutheran places of worship into the historical, political and theological context of early modern Europe.
Ohne Einleitung und ohne den Begriff „ Confessionalisation “ im Register : MARIA CRĂCIUN , OVIDIU GHITTA , GRAEME MURDOCK ( Hrsg . ) Confessional Identity in East - Central Europe . Aldershot 2002 . 73 OSWALT Die Regionen Weißrusslands ...
Author: Stefan Rohdewald
Publisher: Otto Harrassowitz Verlag
Der Band setzt sich zum Ziel, exemplarisch transkulturelle Kommunikationsprozesse im Grossfurstentum Litauen sowie in den ostlichen Gebieten der polnischen Krone im spaten Mittelalter und in der fruhen Neuzeit zu untersuchen. Die Beitrage richten das Augenmerk auf interkonfessionelle Vorgange, auf trans- oder uberkonfessionelle Interaktion und hybride, heterogene Entwicklungen. Auch Bereiche der ostslavischen bzw. ruthenischen, polnischen, litauischen, armenischen sowie der orthodoxen, unierten, katholischen, judischen und frankistischen Geschichte, die sich auf den ersten Blick von zwischenethnischen oder interkonfessionellen Interaktionsfeldern isoliert hielten, werden neu beleuchtet. Der Band fuhrt internationale Spezialisten zu Adel, Stadt, Kirche und Klerus, Kult, Gesang sowie Malerei zusammen und gibt Einblicke in die jeweiligen Forschungswerkstatten. The goal of this volume is to investigate examples of transcultural communication processes in the Grand Duchy of Lithuania as well as in the eastern territories of the Polish Crown in the late Middle Ages and early modern period. The essays focus on interconfessional contacts, trans- and supraconfessional interactions, and hybrid, heterogenous developments. In addition, fi elds of east Slavic, Ruthenian, Polish, Lithuanian, Armenian, as well as Orthodox, Uniate, Catholic, Jewish, and Frankist history, which might seem at fi rst glance isolated from interethnic or interconfessional fields of interaction, will be examined anew. The volume presents the work of international specialists on nobility, city, Church and clergy, liturgy, hymnography, as well as painting, and it offers insight into the respective research workshops.
Confessional Identity in East-Central Europe. Aldershot, UK: Ashgate. ------. 2002b. Religious Reform, Printed Books and Confessional Identity. ... Manufacturing the New Consumerism: Fast-Food Restaurants in Postsocialist Hungary.
Author: László Fosztó
Publisher: LIT Verlag Münster
In this book, László Fosztó investigates a village in Transylvania populated by members of two minority groups, Hungarians and Roma. The need for public affirmation among minorities is acute, but the forms of ritual they adopt differ. Fosztó demonstrates that, even within a small community, different segments may opt for divergent forms of religious and cultural revival.
7 For east central Europe in general, see Maag, Reformation in Eastern and Central Europe; and Bahlcke, Lambrecht, ... Ghitta, and Murdock, Confessional Identity in EastCentral Europe. detailed descriptions of individual volumes, ...
Author: David M. Whitford
Publisher: Penn State Press
Continuing the tradition of historiographic studies, this volume provides an update on research in Reformation and early modern Europe. Written by expert scholars in the field, these eighteen essays explore the fundamental points of Reformation and early modern history in religious studies, European regional studies, and social and cultural studies. Authors review the present state of research in the field, new trends, key issues scholars are working with, and fundamental works in their subject area, including the wide range of electronic resources now available to researchers. Reformation and Early Modern Europe: A Guide to Research is a valuable resource for students and scholars of early modern Europe.
Identita ̆ti confesionale în Europa Central-Orientala ̆ (secolele XVII–XXI). Lucra ̆rile colocviului international din 14–17 noiembrie 2007 [Confessional Identities in EastCentral Europe (17th-21st Centuries).
Author: Mihai I. Spariosu
Publisher: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht
This crossdisciplinary collection of essays combines qualitative and quantitative approaches to re-examine the most influential contemporary theories of intercultural relations and their application in various domains including historiography, sociology and cultural studies. A particular focus lies on Central Europe, historical Banat and Transylvania, but also on the current public policies toward ethnic and religious minorities as well as recent immigrants. It argues that much more complex approaches are needed, both historically and conceptually, in exploring intercultural relations. Thus, the political decision-making in East Central European countries and the European Union as a whole could benefit from a well-informed historical perspective by learning from the successes and errors of their predecessors.
31. See Robert A.Kann, A History oftheHabsburg Empire, 1526–1918(Berkeley, 1980),pp. 367–404. 32. Joachim Bahlcke, 'Catholic Identityand Ecclesiastical PoliticsinEarly Modern Transylvania', in Confessional Identity in EastCentral Europe ...
Author: L. James
Drawing on a wide range of primary sources, this volume argues that although the Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars are often understood as laying the foundations for total war, many eyewitnesses continued to draw upon older interpretative frameworks to make sense of the armed struggle and attendant political and social upheaval.
On the use of Calvin's catechism in Geneva and France see E. Arnaud, Notice Historique sur les deux catéchismes officiels ... “Calvinist catechizing and Hungarian Reformed identity" in Confessional Identity in East—Central Europe, ed.
Author: Lyle D. Bierma
Publisher: Baker Books
This work examines key aspects of the development of the Heidelberg Catechism, including historical background, socio-political origins, purpose, authorship, sources, and theology. The book includes the first ever English translations of two major sources of the Heidelberg Catechism--Ursinus's Smaller and Larger Catechisms--and a bibliography of research on the document since 1900. Students of the Reformed tradition and the Protestant Reformation will value this resource.
Her publications include a monograph on Protestant communities in sixteenth-century Moldavia, and she has co-edited Confessional Identity in East Central Europe (Aldershot, 2002) and Communities of Devotion. Religious Orders and Society ...
Author: Andrew Spicer
Across Europe, the parish church has stood for centuries at the centre of local communities; it was the focal point of its religious life, the rituals performed there marked the stages of life from the cradle to the grave. Nonetheless the church itself artistically and architecturally stood apart from the parish community. It was often the largest and only stone-built building in a village; it was legally distinct being subject to canon law, as well as consecrated for the celebration of religious rites. The buildings associated with the "cure of souls" were sacred sites or holy places, where humanity interacted with the divine. In spite of the importance of the parish church, these buildings have generally not received the same attention from historians as non-parochial places of worship. This collection of essays redresses this balance and reflects on the parish church across a number of confessions - Catholic, Lutheran, Reformed and Anti-Trinitarian - during the early modern period. Rather than providing a series of case studies of individual buildings, each essay looks at the evolution of parish churches in response to religious reform as well as confessional change and upheaval. They examine aspects of their design and construction; furnishings and material culture; liturgy and the use of the parish church. While these essays range widely across Europe, the volume also considers how religious provision and the parish church were translated into a global context with colonial and commercial expansion in the Americas and Asia. This interdisciplinary volume seeks to identify what was distinctive about the parish church for the congregations that gathered in them for worship and for communities across the early modern world.
Religious Orders and Society in East Central Europe, 1450–1800 Dr Elaine Fulton, Dr Maria Craciun ... including 'Pilgrimage Practice and Confessional Identity in Early Modern European Lands', in Eszter Andor and Istvan Gyorgy Toth (eds) ...
Author: Dr Elaine Fulton
Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
Between the later middle ages and the eighteenth century, religious orders were in the vanguard of reform movements within the Christian church. Recent scholarship on medieval Europe has emphasised how mendicants exercised a significant influence on the religiosity of the laity by actually shaping their spirituality and piety. In a similar way for the early modern period, religious orders have been credited with disseminating Tridentine reform, training new clergy, gaining new converts and bringing those who had strayed back into the fold. Much about this process, however, still remains unknown, particularly with regards to east central Europe. Exploring the complex relationship between western monasticism and lay society in east central Europe across a broad chronological timeframe, this collection provides a re-examination of the level and nature of interaction between members of religious orders and the communities around them. That the studies in this collection are all located in east central Europe - Transylvania, Hungary, Austria, and Bohemia- fulfils a second key aim of the volume: the examination of clerical and lay piety in a region of Europe almost entirely ignored by western scholarship. As such the volume provides an important addition to current scholarship, showcasing fresh research on a subject and region on which little has been published in English. The volume further contributes to the reintegration of eastern and western European history, expanding the existing parameters of scholarly discourse into late medieval and early modern religious practice and piety.
CONTRIBUTORS Jürgen Beyer is research fellow at the Baltic and East European Graduate School , Södertörn Högskola , Huddinge , specializing ... ( 1996 ) ; and is co - editor of Confessional identity in East - Central Europe , ( 2002 ) .
Author: Almut Bues
Publisher: Otto Harrassowitz Verlag
Until recently, there have not been many researches on border zones in Early Modern Europe. For the time before the emergence of nation-states, however, it is convenient to think in European cases, which indicate instability or cooperation in these zones of contact. Three representative geographic regions have been central to an international conference, which was questioning the specificities of zones of fracture. Poland-Lithuania has been linked with two zones (the Baltic Sea and the Balkans). The Northern Italian States were situated between two tectonic regions (the Balkans and the Rhine valley). The Balkans by themselves were divided into various mini zones, and confronted with the Ottoman Empire. The panels did not only try to look for comparisons, but intended to find out the complexity and the different experiences within zones of frontiers in an European context. The overlapping of various lines, especially in the fields of law, taxes and the Church has been brought into sharper focus.