Console Wars

Console Wars is the underdog tale of how Kalinske miraculously turned an industry punchline into a market leader.

Console Wars

In 1990 Nintendo had a virtual monopoly on the video game industry. Sega, on the other hand, was a faltering arcade company with big aspirations and even bigger personalities. But that would all change with the arrival of Tom Kalinske, a man who knew nothing about video games and everything about fighting uphill battles. His unconventional tactics, combined with the blood, sweat and bold ideas of his renegade employees, transformed Sega and eventually led to a ruthless David-and-Goliath showdown with rival Nintendo. The battle was vicious, relentless and highly profitable, eventually sparking a global corporate war that would be fought on several fronts: from living rooms and schoolyards to boardrooms and Congress. It was a once-in-a-lifetime, no-holds-barred conflict that pitted brother against brother, kid against adult, Sonic against Mario, and the US against Japan. Console Wars is the underdog tale of how Kalinske miraculously turned an industry punchline into a market leader. It's the story of how a humble family man, with an extraordinary imagination and a gift for turning problems into competitive advantages, inspired a team of underdogs to slay a giant and, as a result, birth a $60 billion dollar industry.

Console Wars

Ultimately, Console Wars is the story of how a humble family man, with an extraordinary imagination and a gift for turning problems into competitive advantages, inspired a team of underdogs to slay a giant and, as a result, give birth to a ...

Console Wars

A mesmerizing, behind-the-scenes business thriller that chronicles how Sega, a small, scrappy gaming company led by an unlikely visionary and a team of rebels, took on the juggernaut Nintendo and revolutionized the videogame industry—in development as a feature film from Sony Pictures In 1990, Nintendo had a virtual monopoly on the videogame industry. Sega, on the other hand, was just a faltering arcade company with big aspirations and even bigger personalities. But all that would change with the arrival of Tom Kalinske, a former Mattel executive who knew nothing about videogames and everything about fighting uphill battles. His unconventional tactics, combined with the blood, sweat, and bold ideas of his renegade employees, completely transformed Sega and led to a ruthless, David-and-Goliath showdown with Nintendo. Little did he realize that Sega's success would create many new enemies and, most important, make Nintendo stronger than ever. The battle was vicious, relentless, and highly profitable, eventually sparking a global corporate war that would be fought on several fronts: from living rooms and school yards to boardrooms and Congress. It was a once-in-a-lifetime, no-holds-barred conflict that pitted brother against brother, kid against adult, Sonic against Mario, and the United States against Japan. Based on more than two hundred interviews with former Sega and Nintendo employees, Console Wars is the tale of how Tom Kalinske miraculously turned an industry punch line into a market leader. Blake J. Harris brings into focus the warriors, the strategies, and the battles and explores how they transformed popular culture forever. Ultimately, Console Wars is the story of how a humble family man, with an extraordinary imagination and a gift for turning problems into competitive advantages, inspired a team of underdogs to slay a giant and, as a result, give birth to a sixty-billion-dollar industry.

Fundamentals of Game Development

1.6 1990s: The Console Wars In the 1990s, video games were changed by the advent of 3D graphics and new genres. Arcades declined, but computer games experienced considerable growth. Nintendo released Super Mario Bros.

Fundamentals of Game Development

Written by veterans who are currently working in the game industry, Fundamentals of Game Development is unique because it provides the practical aspects of the processes involved in developing and completing game projects. Using examples and exercises, this book provides a hands-on approach that walks the reader through the entire process of developing a game from concept to completion. Ideal for introductory game development and game production courses the book covers history, game genre, design, story-telling, character creation, pre-production, code release, career descriptions, and more.

An Alternative History of the Video Game Console Wars

A counterfactual story about how Sega dominated the console wars after the 16-bit era and how Japan as a nation had a cultural and economic renaissance and became the largest economy in the world.

An Alternative History of the Video Game Console Wars

A counterfactual story about how Sega dominated the console wars after the 16-bit era and how Japan as a nation had a cultural and economic renaissance and became the largest economy in the world. A lot of video games will discussed and a lot more games will have been released. However, Japan will have a cultural an economic renaissance making trillions and becoming a richer country than the United States and it affects world events. International Relations and the entire course of history is change in the butterfly effect starting with better video game marketing and development. I chose to write about my passions, as all my works are about, vidoegames, International Relations, and economics and history.

Digital Play

Console. Wars. and. Computer. Revolutions. 1990-1995. INTRODUCTION : MARTIAL MOVES For some five years , Nintendo's command of the home video game business seemed unassailable . But in the early 1990s a challenger armed with faster ...

Digital Play

A uniquely critical study of video gaming that blends perspectives from political economy, cultural studies, and communications theory.

The Ultimate Guide to Classic Game Consoles

The Console Wars The console wars between Sega and Nintendo reached its peak around the time of the Sega Genesis. In Sega's advertisements they boasted that the console had 'Blast Processing' capabilities. The rivalry between Nintendo ...

The Ultimate Guide to Classic Game Consoles

The ultimate guide to retro game consoles, an ideal reference for collectors and enthusiasts.. Write ups, specs and pictures of over 85 collectible consoles and variant models from 1972 to 2000. From the Magnavox Odyssey right through to the Sega Dreamcast. Including the history of the evolution of electronic gaming and advice on how to collect classic consoles. A comprehensive database of collectible consoles. Written by fellow collectors and enthusiasts.

The Global Console Wars

"The video game industry has grown exponentially since it began, topping $17.94 billion in 2007.

The Global Console Wars

"The video game industry has grown exponentially since it began, topping $17.94 billion in 2007. This industry has spawned an entire subculture of "gamers," people who love playing video games, following game news and eagerly awaiting new game releases, with divided loyalties and intense interest in the success and future of this industry. The driving force behind this industry are the console makers and game publishers, and the games they bring to market. Sony, Nintendo, and newcomer Microsoft have a heated competition to become the number one in the games industry, and each company has had their advantages and their missteps in their race to first place. We'll take a look at the several factors that influence these companies' positions in the industry, from their background, distribution methods, and games, to the strengths and weaknesses of each console specifically. These factors combine to give each company their unique place in the industry" -- Abstract.

Video Games Around the World

The sales figures for home consoles in Japan are staggering in relation to worldwide sales figures. ... Nintendo With the release of the Famicom in 1983, Nintendo was strongly positioned in the impending console wars (see table 1, ...

Video Games Around the World

Thirty-nine essays explore the vast diversity of video game history and culture across all the world's continents. Video games have become a global industry, and their history spans dozens of national industries where foreign imports compete with domestic productions, legitimate industry contends with piracy, and national identity faces the global marketplace. This volume describes video game history and culture across every continent, with essays covering areas as disparate and far-flung as Argentina and Thailand, Hungary and Indonesia, Iran and Ireland. Most of the essays are written by natives of the countries they discuss, many of them game designers and founders of game companies, offering distinctively firsthand perspectives. Some of these national histories appear for the first time in English, and some for the first time in any language. Readers will learn, for example, about the rapid growth of mobile games in Africa; how a meat-packing company held the rights to import the Atari VCS 2600 into Mexico; and how the Indonesian MMORPG Nusantara Online reflects that country's cultural history and folklore. Every country or region's unique conditions provide the context that shapes its national industry; for example, the long history of computer science in the United Kingdom and Scandinavia, the problems of piracy in China, the PC Bangs of South Korea, or the Dutch industry's emphasis on serious games. As these essays demonstrate, local innovation and diversification thrive alongside productions and corporations with global aspirations. Africa • Arab World • Argentina • Australia • Austria • Brazil • Canada • China • Colombia • Czech Republic • Finland • France • Germany • Hong Kong • Hungary • India • Indonesia • Iran • Ireland • Italy • Japan • Mexico • The Netherlands • New Zealand • Peru • Poland • Portugal • Russia • Scandinavia • Singapore • South Korea • Spain • Switzerland • Thailand • Turkey • United Kingdom • United States of America • Uruguay • Venezuela

The Video Games Textbook

FIGURE 5.18 Third-generation console sales graph. Designed by Wardyga using data from Resource Site for Video Game Research, “Console Wars through the Generations.” http://dh101.humanities.ucla.edu/DH101Fall12Lab4/graph—console- wars.

The Video Games Textbook

The Video Games Textbook takes the history of video games to another level, with visually-stimulating, comprehensive, and chronological chapters that are relevant and easy to read for a variety of students. Every chapter is a journey into a different era or area of gaming, where readers emerge with a strong sense of how video games evolved, why they succeeded or failed, and the impact they had on the industry and human culture. Written to capture the attention and interest of both domestic and international college students, each chapter contains a list of objectives and key terms, illustrative timelines, arcade summaries, images and technical specifications of all major consoles.

The Evolution and Social Impact of Video Game Economics

The evolution of gaming, from the console to the cloud. ... Retrieved March 31, 2017, from https://venturebeat.com/2014/08/20/heres-who-won-each-console-war/. ... The console wars revisited: Two years of Xbox One vs. PS4.

The Evolution and Social Impact of Video Game Economics

Today, consumers of video games spend over $22.4 billion each year; using more complex and multi-layered strategies, game developers attempt to extend the profitability of their products from a simple one-time sale, to continuous engagement with the consumer. The Evolution and Social Impact of Video Game Economics examines paradigmatic changes in the economic structure of the video game industry from a media effects and game design perspective. This book explores how game developers have changed how they engage players in order to facilitate continuous financial transactions. Contributors look from the advent of microtransactions and downloadable content (DLCs) to the impact of planned obsolescence, impulse buying, and emotional control. This collection takes a broad view of the game dynamics and market forces that drive the video game industry, and features international contributors from Asia, Europe, and Australia.

Xbox Fan Book

reface p and anning mizing Xbox rience orking Xbox Take it le with ex Live Console Wars So who will win the console wars ? That question has drawn much ink since the advent of second generation consoles . Is it Nintendo with their ...

Xbox Fan Book

Explains how to optimize the Xbox, covering such topics as networking, enhancing graphics, accessories, and Xbox games.

The Routledge Companion to the Contemporary Musical

Ps4 vs Xbox One—Console Wars the Musical Released on July 8, 2013, Console Wars the Musical analogizes the rivalry between the Sharks and the Jets with the rivalry between fans of the Playstation 4 and Xbox One consoles (Weinberger ...

The Routledge Companion to the Contemporary Musical

The Routledge Companion to the Contemporary Musical is dedicated to the musical’s evolving relationship to American culture in the late twentieth and early twenty-first centuries. In the past decade-and-a-half, international scholars from an ever-widening number of disciplines and specializations have been actively contributing to the interdisciplinary field of musical theater studies. Musicals have served not only to mirror the sociopolitical, economic, and cultural tenor of the times, but have helped shape and influence it, in America and across the globe: a genre that may seem, at first glance, light-hearted and escapist serves also as a bold commentary on society. Forty-four essays examine the contemporary musical as an ever-shifting product of an ever-changing culture. This volume sheds new light on the American musical as a thriving, contemporary performing arts genre, one that could have died out in the post-Tin Pan Alley era but instead has managed to remain culturally viable and influential, in part by newly embracing a series of complex contradictions. At present, the American musical is a live, localized, old-fashioned genre that has simultaneously developed into an increasingly globalized, tech-savvy, intensely mediated mass entertainment form. Similarly, as it has become increasingly international in its scope and appeal, the stage musical has also become more firmly rooted to Broadway—the idea, if not the place—and thus branded as a quintessentially American entertainment.

Encyclopedia of Media and Communication

Atari attempted, and failed, to re-enter the market with the 64-bit Iaguar console in 1993. Sony entered the console wars in 1994, with its PlayStation. The introduction of the PlayStation limited the impact of SEGA's Saturn (1995), ...

Encyclopedia of Media and Communication

The first comprehensive encyclopedia for the growing fields of media and communication studies, the Encyclopedia of Media and Communication is an essential resource for beginners and seasoned academics alike. Contributions from over fifty experts and practitioners provide an accessible introduction to these disciplines' most important concepts, figures, and schools of thought – from Jean Baudrillard to Tim Berners Lee, and podcasting to Peircean semiotics. Detailed and up-to-date, the Encyclopedia of Media and Communication synthesizes a wide array of works and perspectives on the making of meaning. The appendix includes timelines covering the whole historical record for each medium, from either antiquity or their inception to the present day. Each entry also features a bibliography linking readers to relevant resources for further reading. The most coherent treatment yet of these fields, the Encyclopedia of Media and Communication promises to be the standard reference text for the next generation of media and communication students and scholars.

Communication Technology Update and Fundamentals

This mad dash to maintain market superiority led to the Console Wars—in essence, a video game arms race. System technologies were being developed, not just for companies to match their competitors, but also to provide gamers with more ...

Communication Technology Update and Fundamentals

Communication Technology Update and Fundamentals, now in its 17th edition, has set the standard as the single best resource for students and professionals looking to brush up on how communication technologies have developed, grown, and converged, as well as what’s in store for the future. The book covers the fundamentals of communication technology in five chapters that explain the communication technology ecosystem, its history, theories, structure, and regulations. Each chapter is written by experts who each provide a snapshot of an individual field. The book also dives into the latest developments in electronic mass media, computers, consumer electronics, networking, and telephony. Together, these updates provide a broad overview of these industries and examine the role communication technologies play in our everyday lives. In addition to substantial updates to each chapter, the 17th edition includes the first-ever chapter on Artificial Intelligence; updated user data in every chapter; an overview of industry structure, including recent and proposed mergers and acquisitions; and sidebars exploring sustainability and relevance of each technology to Gen Z. Communication Technology Update and Fundamentals continues to be the industry-leading resource for both students and professionals seeking to understand how communication technologies have developed and where they are headed.

The Book of Esports

The so-called “console wars” would define the next two decades of gaming, with consistent innovations in hardware power, game design, and (particularly in the case of Sega) marketing. For our purposes, the console wars are largely ...

The Book of Esports

The definitive guide to the modern world of competitive gaming and the official history of Esports™. Almost overnight, esports—or competitive video games—have exploded into the largest entertainment and sporting phenomenon in human history. The Book of Esports answers: What exactly are esports, and how did they become so popular so quickly? Why did blockbuster video games like League of Legends, Fortnite and Starcraft succeed? Where exactly is all this video gaming headed? What do gamers and college students need to know to position themselves for success in the industry? How do you create a billion-dollar esports business? What strategic choices drive success in the modern gaming industry? Can video games really get your kid into college? (All expenses paid, of course...) Whether you are a lifelong gamer, a curious Fortnite parent, or a businessperson seeking to understand the marketing opportunities of this multibillion-dollar phenomenon, The Book of Esports charts the rise of this exciting new industry, for the first time ever crafting a comprehensive overview of esports and its implications for human competition—and even the future of humanity itself. Gaming luminary and Harvard MBA William Collis has painstakingly translated esports’ mysteries into a detailed and accessible testament for today. Featuring select interviews from the biggest names in the industry, The Book of Esportsweaves tales of trust, betrayal, and superhuman reflexes into predictive frameworks, explaining exactly why our industry looks the way it does, and how all this growth—and more—is inevitable as the divide between man and machine blurs into oblivion.

The Games Machines

The PAL region versions of the console use the Japanese Super Famicom design, except for labelingand thelength of the ... and Gradius III.718 Console wars The rivalry between Nintendo and Sega resulted in one of the fiercest console ...

The Games Machines


Playing to Wiin

The console wars may have again expanded to the handheld front, but as Iwata had predicted, this time Nintendo was far better prepared to hold its market share and compete ferociously, and the PSP would not allow Sony to claim the ...

Playing to Wiin

How Nintendo reclaimed its spot at the top of one of the world's most competitive industries Nintendo was once the dominant force in home video gaming--until Sony and Microsoft pummeled them with powerful new consoles. As those two giants battled each other for market share, Nintendo looked dead and buried. Then, true to its secretive, low-profile approach, Nintendo roared back into the market with its revolutionary Wii console and portable Nintendo DS system. Taking a completely different approach to gaming while embracing its creative roots, the company was back at the top of its game. But how did a struggling Japanese family company, with its origins in nineteenth-century playing cards, come to dominate a competitive, high-tech industry? Playing to Wiin details the key succession issue for Nintendo, the development of the DS and Wii consoles, and the creation of remarkable new gaming software. All these factors combined to drive Nintendo back to the top of the gaming world. Reveals the business strategy that led Nintendo back to the top of the gaming industry amidst fierce competition from bigger rivals An inspirational story of a stunning business turnaround and the hyper-creative minds behind it Written by an acclaimed financial and business journalist based in Tokyo Offering a fascinating inside look at a market-leading company once left for dead, Playing to Wiin is a must-read for executives and leaders interested in one of the greatest business turnarounds in history.

Game Dev Stories Volume 2

Did you want to buy into the console wars with your marketing? I think as long as there's been consoles, even back in the '70s when I was playing Intellivision, kids have looked for something to argue and fight about.

Game Dev Stories Volume 2

Game Dev Stories: Interviews About Game Development and Culture Volumes 1 and 2 are a collection of interviews from renowned author David L. Craddock as he explores all corners of the video game industry. Collected from the author's archives, Game Dev Stories gathers conversations with individuals from all corners of the industry: Who they are, the paths they paved, and their contributions to this multibillion-dollar industry. This text offers viewpoints from well-known individuals like John Romero, Tom Hall, and Matt Householder. From artists and writers to programmers and designers, Game Dev Stories offers amazing insights and understanding to what occurs behind the screens of your favorite games and may help inspire future game developers in pursuing their dreams. Author Bio David L. Craddock writes fiction, nonfiction, and grocery lists. He is the author of over a dozen nonfiction books about video game development and culture, including the bestselling Stay Awhile and Listen series, Arcade Perfect: How Pac-Man, Mortal Kombat, and Other Coin-Op Classics Invaded the Living Room, and fiction for young adults, including The Dumpster Club and Heritage: Book One of the Gairden Chronicles. Find him online @davidlcraddock on Twitter.

Re thinking Leisure in a Digital Age

reviewing came in the mid-1990s in the 'console wars' between Nintendo and its rival company Sega. Nintendo's rise to prominence had come a decade earlier. In the mid-1980s, the company Atari relinquished its position at the forefront ...

Re thinking Leisure in a Digital Age

Digital worlds and cultures—social media, web 2.0, youtube, wearable technologies, health and fitness apps—dominate, if not order, our everyday lives. We are no longer ‘just’ consumers or readers of digital culture but active producers through facebook, twitter, Instagram, youtube and other emerging technologies. This book is predicated on the assumption that out understanding of our everyday lives should be informed by what is taking place in and through emerging technologies given these (virtual) environments provide a crucial context where traditional, categorical assumptions about the body, identity and leisure may be contested. Far from being ‘virtual’, the body is constituted within and through emerging technologies in material ways. Recent ‘moral panics’ over the role of digital cultures in teen suicide, digital drinking games, an endless array of homoerotic images of young bodies being linked with steroid use, disordered eating and body dissatisfaction, facebook games/fundraising campaigns (e.g. for breast cancer), movements devoted to exposing ‘everyday sexism’ / metoo, twitter abuse (of feminists, of athletes, of racist nature to name but a few), speak to the need for critical engagement with digital cultures. While some of the earlier techno-utopian visions offered the promise of digitality to give rise to participatory, user generator collaborations, within this book we provide critical engagement with digital technologies and what this means for our understandings of leisure cultures. The chapters originally published in a special issue in Leisure Studies.