Craft Community and the Material Culture of Place and Politics 19th 20th Century

'Introduction', Colonial Frontiers: Indigenous–European Encounters in Settler Societies (Manchester University Press, ... Dennis Stevens, for example, in his investigation of craft production, writes that 'craft communities today, ...

 Craft  Community and the Material Culture of Place and Politics  19th 20th Century

Craft practice has a rich history and remains vibrant, sustaining communities while negotiating cultures within local or international contexts. More than two centuries of industrialization have not extinguished handmade goods; rather, the broader force of industrialization has redefined and continues to define the context of creation, deployment and use of craft objects. With object study at the core, this book brings together a collection of essays that address the past and present of craft production, its use and meaning within a range of community settings from the Huron Wendat of colonial Quebec to the Girls? Friendly Society of twentieth-century England. The making of handcrafted objects has and continues to flourish despite the powerful juggernaut of global industrialization, whether inspired by a calculated refutation of industrial sameness, an essential means to sustain a cultural community under threat, or a rejection of the imposed definitions by a dominant culture. The broader effects of urbanizing, imperial and globalizing projects shape the multiple contexts of interaction and resistance that can define craft ventures through place and time. By attending to the political histories of craft objects and their makers, over the last few centuries, these essays reveal the creative persistence of various hand mediums and the material debates they represented.

Exhibiting Craft and Design

Micheletto-Blouin, Stephan. 'Toward Relational Craft'. MFA thesis, Faculty of the School of Art and Design, East Carolina University, November 2011. Montmann, Nina. 'New Communities'. Public 39 (2009). Special issue: Nina Montmann (ed.) ...

Exhibiting Craft and Design

Cover -- Title -- Copyright -- Dedication -- Contents -- List of Figures -- Notes on contributors -- Acknowledgements -- 1 Introduction: the persistence of the White Cube paradigm -- 2 Textiles on display, 1941-1969 -- 3 Crafting Koreanness: how Korean national identity became interwoven with the handmade object in the twentieth century -- 4 Within the guilded cage -- 5 Curatorial strategies that remain true to the craft object -- 6 Quiet revolution: contemporary curatorial approaches to ceramics in the White Cube -- 7 Jewellery can be worn too -- 8 Store/museum -- 9 'I could have visited Ikea for free': design museums and a complicated relationship with commerce -- 10 Outside the White Cube -- 11 Afterword: breaking free? -- Index

Holistic Sustainability Through Craft Design Collaboration

Our review of craft-design interactions in the developing world revealed several examples of top-down designer-led approaches, which failed to contribute to social sustainability or impact the socio-economic status of craft communities ...

Holistic Sustainability Through Craft Design Collaboration

This book explores the intersection of craft, design and sustainability in the developing world. It argues that most sustainable design approaches and efforts fall short of implementing holistic sustainability, and in order to reach this goal, design must be underpinned by alternatives to the mainstream, technology-intensive, industrial design paradigm. Renewable materials such as bamboo, cork and hemp – which are abundantly available in the developing world – have the potential to be a viable resource base for sustainable development. Current sustainable design initiatives and approaches already recontextualize these materials using industrial techniques and technologies. However, these efforts fall short of impacting holistic sustainability and tend to focus on the ecological aspect. This book offers the development of one alternative to design for holistic sustainability, called the Rhizome Approach, which draws on existing sustainability praxis and craft. Holistic Sustainability Through Craft-Design Collaboration includes customizable tools which aim to empower designers to guide and evaluate their own designs. Through these tools, and the Rhizome Approach in general, the book aims to enable designers, and students of design, to move beyond green and sustainable design, to holistic sustainability design.

The Organization of Craft Work

Making as Method for Self-Organizing and Achieving Craft Impact in Local Communities and Economies1 Fiona Hackney, Deirdre Figueiredo, Laura Onions, Gavin Rogers and Jana Milovanović Craft, Community and Economy Urban planner Susan ...

The Organization of Craft Work

This edited book focuses on the organization and meaning of craft work in contemporary society. It considers the relationship between craft and place and how this enables the construction of a meaningful relationship with objects of production and consumption. The book explores the significance of raw materials, the relationship between the body, the crafted object and the mind, and the importance of skill, knowledge and learning in the making process. Through this, it raises important questions about the role of craft in facing future challenges by challenging the logic of globalized production and consumption. The Organization of Craft Work encompasses international analyses from the United States, France, Italy, Australia, Canada, the UK and Japan involving a diverse range of sectors, including brewing, food and wine production, clothing and shoe making, and perfumery. The book will be of interest to students and academic researchers in organization studies, marketing and consumer behaviour, business ethics, entrepreneurship, sociology of work, human resource management, cultural studies, geography, and fashion and design. In addition, the book will be of interest to practitioners and organizations with an interest in the development and promotion of craft work.

Craft Shaping Society

aim of the educational initiatives is to generate awareness about craft and further- more to build long-term relationships with the craft community. These initiatives comprise of various interactive and knowledge-sharing sessions for ...

Craft Shaping Society

This book focusses on the role of craft as a continuing cultural practice and the revival of disappearing skills in contemporary society. It includes twenty-five essays by highly regarded artisans, academics, technologists, entrepreneurs, businesspeople, curators, and researchers from many countries representing a wide range of global craft traditions and innovations. The authors explain their professional practices and creative pathways with knowledge, experience, and passion. They offer insightful analyses of their traditions within their culture and in the marketplace, alongside the evolution of technology as it adapts to support experimentation and business strategies. They write about teaching and research informing their practice; and they explain the importance of their tools and materials in function and form of the objects they make. The essays reveal a poignant expression of their successes, disappointments, and opportunities. This book offers case studies of how artisans have harnessed the traditions of the past alongside the latest design technologies. The authors reveal how global craft is not only a vehicle for self-expression and creativity, but also for being deeply relevant to the world of work, community and environmental sustainability. The book makes the vital link between skills, knowledge, education, and employment, and fills a much-needed niche in Technical, Vocational Education and Training TVET.

Craft and Heritage

Its progressively fractured subheadings – studio craft, vernacular craft, modern craft, fine craft, ... a response to the imperative from several countries and cultural communities to acknowledge nonWestern concepts of heritage and thus ...

Craft and Heritage

This collection of 19 original essays argues for a critical and sustained engagement between the fields of craft and heritage. The book's interdisciplinary and international array of authors consider how heritage and craft institutions, policies, practices and audiences encounter the constraints and opportunities of production, recognition and exhibition. Case studies spanning 125 years raise and address questions concerning authenticity and commodification, innovation and improvisation, diasporas and decolonization, global economies and national and professional identities. Authors also analyse mechanisms through which craft mobilises and has been harnessed by heritage processes and designations. Examples range from an Irish village at the 1893 Chicago World's Fair and the role of chronopolitics in contemporary Vietnamese pottery, to the invisibility of crochet within Swedish heritagisation processes and the application of game theory in a ceramics museum. With section one considering citizenship and identity, section two sustainability and section three dynamic craft in cultural institutions, Craft and Heritage interrogates how craft objects, makers and processes intersect with current heritage concerns and practices.

Crafting the Culture and History of French Chocolate

Ultimately, however, the many conversations I had with him over the three-month period during which he reworked the list permitted me to understand the salient mechanisms through which a local craft community was created and sustained.

Crafting the Culture and History of French Chocolate

This book on the crafting of chocolate in contemporary France is itself delicious. It will be a classic of French ethnography and contribute in important ways to the ongoing debate about the role of national identity in the European Union."—Carole L. Crumley, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill "A real pathbreaker. The intensity of Terrio's engagement with her respondents shines from almost every page. The work contributes to our understanding of the politics of heritage. . . . It is a thoroughly researched and descriptively rich analysis of how anthropologists can approach weighty problems of identity, national-local relations, and the ideology of self and other."—Michael Herzfeld, author of Portrait of a Greek Imagination

Craft Entrepreneurship

The Lawrys' was the only business that employed labor from the local community, and it was reported in the Cooper ... 37 There were similar craft communities emerging in England, and on the West Coast of America,38 further evidence of ...

Craft Entrepreneurship

Craft practice has experienced a sharp rise in popularity since the late 2000s, partly through the ‘aura of the analogue’ and the desire for authentic, handmade products in an increasingly fast paced, digitalised world (Luckman, 2015) but also because of digital platforms such as Etsy and social media enabling ‘anyone’ to become a craft entrepreneur. This book brings together historical, policy and individual narratives to inform a broad understanding of craft entrepreneurship. Drawing on case studies from around the world, Craft Entrepreneurship considers questions of identity, community, and the digital in craft entrepreneurship. In doing so, it finds craft activities to be positioned between or across the arts, heritage, notions of a bohemian lifestyle and the challenges of micro-entrepreneurship. By engaging with the contradictions and fragility of sustaining a craft practice, the chapters in this book contribute to different perspectives for entrepreneurship studies. The contributions to this volume illustrate the craft entrepreneurs’ identity, motivation and sense of creative purpose through their craft, as these collide with the tensions brought about through entrepreneurship.

Researching Craft Beer

... community-building and, 176–178 Otaniemi, 179–183 owner-brewers, 20–22 revitalising communities, 176 starting brewery, 22–27 strategy and, 33–34 Craft brewers, 80–82 Craft brewing, 80, 82 business strategies, 34–35 Craft communities ...

Researching Craft Beer

Researching Craft Beer offers insights for aspiring and present owners of breweries, those looking to open a craft beer bar as well as other beer researchers. The volume offers a prescient assessment of historic, present, and likely future developments within the sector.

Craft is Political

1 (2007): 1–16; Mira Mohsini, 'Crafting Muslim Artisans: Agency and Exclusion in India's Urban Crafts Communities', in Critical Craft, ed. Wilkinson-Weber and DeNicola, 239–58. 16 For a further critique of the 'making' approach, ...

Craft is Political

Throughout the 21st century, various craft practices have drawn the attention of academics and the general public in the West. In Craft is Political, D Wood has gathered a collection of essays to argue that this attention is a direct response to and critique of the particular economic, social and technological contexts in which we live. Just as Ruskin and Morris viewed craft and its ethos in the 1800s as a kind of political opposition to the Industrial Revolution, Wood and her authors contend that current craft activities are politically saturated when perspectives from the Global South, Indigenous ideology and even Western government policy are examined. Craft is Political argues that a holistic perspective on craft, in light of colonialism, post-colonialism, critical race theory and globalisation, is overdue. A great diversity of case studies is included, from craft and design in Turkey and craft markets in New Zealand to Indigenous practitioners in Taiwan and Finnish craft education. Craft is Political brings together authors from a variety of disciplines and nations to consider politicised craft.

Knowledge Networks and Craft Traditions in the Ancient World

And just as we can, through such materially grounded analyses, appreciate (for example) how pyrotechnical knowledge was shared, innovated, applied and replicated across different craft communities, we can also 'see' ancient networks of ...

Knowledge Networks and Craft Traditions in the Ancient World

This edited volume investigates knowledge networks based on materials and associated technologies in Prehistoric Europe and the Classical Mediterranean. It emphasises the significance of material objects to the construction, maintenance, and collapse of networks of various forms – which are central to explanations of cultural contact and change. Focusing on the materiality of objects and on the way in which materials are used adds a multidimensional quality to networks. The properties, functions, and styles of different materials are intrinsically linked to the way in which knowledge flows and technologies are transmitted. Transmission of technologies from one craft to another is one of the main drivers of innovation, whilst sharing knowledge is enabled and limited by the extent of associated social networks in place. Archaeological research has often been limited to studying objects made of one particular material in depth, be it lithic materials, ceramics, textiles, glass, metal, wood or others. The knowledge flow and transfer between crafts that deal with different materials have often been overlooked. This book takes a fresh approach to the reconstruction of knowledge networks by integrating two or more craft traditions in each of its chapters. The authors, well-known experts and early career researchers, provide concise case studies that cover a wide range of materials. The scope of the book extends from networks of craft traditions to implications for society in a wider sense: materials, objects, and the technologies used to make and distribute them are interwoven with social meaning. People make objects, but objects make people – the materiality of objects shapes our understanding of the world and our place within it. In this book, objects are treated as clues to social networks of different sorts that can be contrasted and compared, both spatially and diachronically.

A Cultural Economic Analysis of Craft

Now we can think of the benefit to our community.”8 Approaching Creative Craft Culture—Craft Communities in the Market The impact of design and business education on artisans of Kutch and Karnataka remarkably resembles what Klamer et ...

A Cultural Economic Analysis of Craft

Are we aware of the values of craft? In this edited volume, cultural economists, researchers and professionals provide an interdisciplinary discussion of the relevance and contribution of the craft sector to the economy, as well as to society at large. Mignosa and Kotipalli bring together contributors to compare the craft sector across countries, analysing the role of institutions, educational bodies, organisations and market structure in its evolution and perception. The Western approach to craft and its subordinate position to the arts is contrasted with the prestige of craftmanship in Eastern countries, while the differing ways that craft has attracted the attention of policy agencies, museums, designers and private institutions across regions is also analysed. This volume is vital reading to those interested in the economic features of craft and craftsmanship around the world, as well as for those interested in the importance of policy in bringing about effective sustainable development.

Craft Capitalism

This chapter will explore its personal structures to provide further context for subsequent chapters to build a more complete picture of the local craft community. To set the stage for later discussions of who local craftsworkers were ...

Craft Capitalism

Craft Capitalism focuses on Hamilton, Ontario, and demonstrates how the preservation of traditional work arrangements, craft mobility networks, and other aspects of craft culture ensured that craftsworkers in that city enjoyed an essentially positive introduction to industrial capitalism.

Crafting a Continuum

The audience for the book and film grew rapidly, and I became a de facto spokesperson for the emerging craft community. As the Do It Yourself (DIY) or indie craft movement became a hot topic of debate within the larger craft world, ...

Crafting a Continuum

The Arizona State University Art Museum is renowned for its extensive and notable craft collection and features international acquisitions in wood, ceramic, and fiber. This book, edited by the museum's curators, uses the ASU collection to explore the idea of craft within a critical context, as both idea and action. Crafting a Continuum begins with the genesis of the craft collection and relates it to the historical development of craft in the United States and abroad, exploring both anthropological and cultural concepts of the field. Peter Held and Heather Sealy Lineberry present photographs of the museum's objects alongside essays by distinguished scholars to illuminate historical and contemporary trends. Sidebars and essays by writers in the craft field offer a broad overview of the future of contemporary craft.

Crafting Textiles in the Digital Age

... along with open source code, has already taken the potential of code crafting to a wider, less technically savvy community through Hackspaces38 and online craft communities. The Maker Movement, DIY communities, and social media have ...

Crafting Textiles in the Digital Age

In an era of increasingly available digital resources, many textile designers and makers find themselves at an interesting juncture between traditional craft processes and newer digital technologies. Highly specialized craft/design practitioners may now elect to make use of digital processes in their work, but often choose not to abandon craft skills fundamental to their practice, and aim to balance the complex connection between craft and digital processes. The essays collected here consider this transition from the viewpoint of aesthetic opportunity arising in the textile designer's hands-on experimentation with material and digital technologies available in the present. Craft provides the foundations for thinking within the design and production of textiles, and as such may provide some clues in the transition to creative and thoughtful use of current and future digital technologies. Within the framework of current challenges relating to sustainable development, globalization, and economic constraints it is important to interrogate and question how we might go about using established and emerging technologies in textiles in a positive manner.

Cotswold Arts and Crafts Architecture

Francis Troup described Ernest Barnsley as 'a master of all the building crafts as they were practised from time ... Despite their common influences and interests, the contact between the Campden and Sapperton craft communities was ...

Cotswold Arts and Crafts Architecture

Between 1890 and 1930, Arts and Crafts architecture proliferated within the Cotswolds. The range and quality of the buildings was exceptional, as the region provided the perfect environment for the Movement’s ideals and principles to flourish. Arts and Crafts architects relished the robust vernacular precedent that served to focus their ideas and stimulate their creativity. Its rational basis and dependence on craft skills had lasting relevance, and it was no coincidence that the most infl uential aspect of their work was its emphasis on conservation. This new and updated paperback edition provides a guide to the general characteristics of Cotswold Arts and Crafts structures, with chapters on the various types of new commissions to be found, as well as repair and remodeling projects. The final chapter discusses the late flowering of Arts and Crafts work that occurred during the interwar period and beyond, and the legacy of this important body of work at a local and national level.

Official Journal of the European Communities

EC of ... on a system of mandatory surveys for the safe operation of regular ro - ro ferry and high - speed passenger craft services ( 1999 / C 49/03 ) THE COUNCIL OF THE EUROPEAN UNION , action at Community level is the most effective ...

Official Journal of the European Communities


Crafts and Social Networks in Viking Towns

A survey of the crafts studied in this volume, situated within the wider literature on trades such as bead-making, ... time and space and that some form of anchoring in local communities and resource networks would have been essential.

Crafts and Social Networks in Viking Towns

Crafting Communities explores the interface between craft, communication networks, and urbanization in Viking-age Northern Europe. Viking-period towns were the hubs of cross-cultural communication of their age, and innovations in specialized crafts provide archaeologists with some of the best evidence for studying this communication. The integrated results presented in these papers have been made possible through the sustained collaboration of a group of experts with complementary insights into individual crafts. Results emerge from recent scholarly advances in the study of artifacts and production: first, the application of new analytical techniques in artifact studies (e.g. metallographic, isotopic, and biomolecular techniques) and second, the shifted in interpretative focus of medieval artifact studies from a concern with object function to considerations of processes of production, and of the social agency of technology. Furthermore, the introduction of social network theory and actor-network theory has redirected attention toward the process of communication, and highlighted the significance of material culture in the learning and transmission of cultural knowledge, including technology. The volume brings together leading UK and Scandinavian archaeological specialists to explore crafted products and workshop-assemblages from these towns, in order to clarify how such long-range communication worked in pre-modern Northern Europe. Contributors assess the implications for our understanding of early towns and the long-term societal change catalysed by them, including the initial steps towards commercial economies. Results are analyzed in relation to social network theory, social and economic history, and models of communication, setting an agenda for further research. Crafting Communities provides a landmark statement on our knowledge of Viking-Age craft and communication

Garments of Paradise

The High-Low Tech group explores the intersection of computation, HCI, manufacturing, traditional crafts, ... hits.52 Buechley and Hill apply Anderson's idea to online craft communities, the potential buyers of the LilyPad Arduino kit.

Garments of Paradise

A historical and critical view of wearable technologies that considers them as acts of communication in a social landscape. Wearable technology—whether a Walkman in the 1970s, an LED-illuminated gown in the 2000s, or Google Glass today—makes the wearer visible in a technologically literate environment. Twenty years ago, wearable technology reflected cultural preoccupations with cyborgs and augmented reality; today, it reflects our newer needs for mobility and connectedness. In this book, Susan Elizabeth Ryan examines wearable technology as an evolving set of ideas and their contexts, always with an eye on actual wearables—on clothing, dress, and the histories and social relations they represent. She proposes that wearable technologies comprise a pragmatics of enhanced communication in a social landscape. “Garments of paradise” is a reference to wearable technology's promise of physical and mental enhancements. Ryan defines “dress acts”—hybrid acts of communication in which the behavior of wearing is bound up with the materiality of garments and devices—and focuses on the use of digital technology as part of such systems of meaning. She connects the ideas of dress and technology historically, in terms of major discourses of art and culture, and in terms of mass media and media culture, citing such thinkers as Giorgio Agamben, Manuel De Landa, and Gilles Deleuze and Félix Guattari. She examines the early history of wearable technology as it emerged in research labs; the impact of ubiquitous and affective approaches to computing; interaction design and the idea of wearable technology as a language of embodied technology; and the influence of open source ideology. Finally, she considers the future, as wearing technologies becomes an increasingly naturalized aspect of our social behavior.