Crime Reduction and the Law

Preface There is a well - established , if relatively recent , literature on crime reduction . The innovative and unique aspect of Crime reduction and the law is that it provides a detailed and sustained analysis of how specific ...

Crime Reduction and the Law

This innovative and pioneering new book explains the multifaceted links between crime reduction and the law and how current British legislation works to improve or hinder crime reduction. Providing a detailed and sustained analysis, Crime Reduction and the Law offers a thorough guide to many of the most contemporary and pressing concerns in the field of crime reduction. It considers social policy, politics and the legislation that surrounds and drives the crime reduction agenda and how specific legislation and the setting of performance targets aids or undermines attempts at crime reduction.

Perspectives on Crime Reduction

406 D. A. Lewis, G. Salem orientation of those concerned about crime prevention and crime control with the potential for significantly modifying social reform in America. Exemplified in the community crime prevention approach, ...

Perspectives on Crime Reduction

This title was first published in 2000: The papers in this volume are concerned with the prevention of crime. Like other books in the International Library, the text is intended primarily for reference by those who need to reflect upon what criminology has had to say about important, contemporary concerns of criminal policy. The papers present a kind of history of ideas which together trace the emergence of some key components of contemporary thinking about reducing crime.

Perspectives on Crime Reduction

This title was first published in 2000: The papers in this volume are concerned with the prevention of crime.

Perspectives on Crime Reduction

This title was first published in 2000: The papers in this volume are concerned with the prevention of crime. Like other books in the International Library, the text is intended primarily for reference by those who need to reflect upon what criminology has had to say about important, contemporary concerns of criminal policy. The papers present a kind of history of ideas which together trace the emergence of some key components of contemporary thinking about reducing crime.

Sport and Crime Reduction

objectives for programmes – crime reduction, sports development, social inclusion and community development may all be relevant. Examples are Summit, Splash, Parks for All and WYSC. This is one reason why planningandevaluation maybemore ...

Sport and Crime Reduction

The use of sports-based activity programmes as a means of tackling crime has been explored in a number of countries worldwide, particularly in relation to the prevention of re-offending in the ten to eighteen age bracket. However, until now there has been no definitive and rigorous analysis of the rationale behind these programmes, and evidence of their successes and failures has been piecemeal, uncritical and without standardization. This book addresses this gap in the literature, bringing together empirical research from programmes in the UK, US and Australia with an explanation and evaluation of the results of these initiatives. Subjects covered include: assessment of programmes in a range of contexts the first evidence base of crime reduction sport programmes international comparisons and case studies conclusions for best practice advice for monitoring the effectiveness of programmes synergies with sport development and promotion of facility use. Examining a variety of realworld case studies set up with the aim of reducing levels of crime in the community, Sport and Crime Reduction should be read by students and professionals in local government, sports development, youth and community work, criminology, the youth justice system and leisure policy.

Crime Reduction and Community Safety

Crime and disorder reduction under New Labour, in other words, is a different beast to whatever existed under the Conservatives, which in Chapter 1 we represented as crime prevention. The change in nomenclature, from crime prevention to ...

Crime Reduction and Community Safety

This book analyses Labour's policies of local crime control from 1997 through to 2006. Picking up on the Conservative legacy, it follows the establishment of local crime and disorder reduction partnerships and tracks developments from Labour's attempts to subject them to a centrally-imposed performance management regime, through to the emergence of a strong neighbourhoods agenda, combined with the imposition of a largely enforcement-oriented attack on anti-social behaviour. It also explores Labour's attempts to address the causes of crime through a policy agenda that has crystallised around themes of social exclusion, social capital, community cohesion and civil renewal; and that operates through an architecture that aspires to be joined up centrally and locally, and neighbourhood-based. The main focus of the book is upon the unfolding of Labour's 'third way' political project from the centre downwards, but the limitations of this project are exposed through an exploration of a number of key themes. These include Labour's dependence upon the different translations of local practitioners, with whom it engages in a discursive politics of crime reduction versus community safety, and through whom the conceptual and practical weaknesses of evidence-based practice, performance management and joined-up government are revealed.

Crime and Crime Reduction

In a recent paper, Dur and van der Weele (2011) argue that zero-tolerance policies to criminal behavior may not actually reduce crime due to the reduction of social signals that are tolerant to crime. Instead, they propose a new ...

Crime and Crime Reduction

The problems associated with groups that commit crime are well known and notoriously complex. However, there are many questions that we still cannot answer with certainty. This book seeks to deepen understanding of the group processes involved in crime and the treatment of offenders’ thoughts and behaviour. Together, the chapters in this volume address the following questions: Are people more likely to commit crime because of the influence of their group? Does group membership cause people to become criminals, or does the group merely foster people’s pre-existing criminal inclinations? How does group membership exert such a strong hold on people so that some risk imprisonment or even death, rather than relinquish their membership? The contributors to Crime and Crime Reduction consider the social psychological influences of groups and specific forms of group crime such as street and prison gangs, terrorism, organized criminal networks, and group sexual offending. The book also addresses important questions about the role of groups in treating offenders, and why existing group membership should be considered when treating offenders. Group criminal activity is a key area of study for researchers and for students of Forensic Psychology and Criminology courses. This book will therefore be of interest to students, scholars, and law enforcement practitioners who want to understand the group processes involved in crime and its reduction.

The Relationship Between the Physical Urban Environment and Crime Reduction and Prevention

Crime prevention in the City of Prague by Mrs Alena Sindlerova , Head of Co - ordination Division and Crime Prevention , Prague Ladies and gentlemen , I am very glad to be here today and have pleasure addressing you , during this ...

The Relationship Between the Physical Urban Environment and Crime Reduction and Prevention

It is generally accepted that the physical environment in towns and cities can affect patterns of crime and antisocial behaviour. This report presents the proceedings of an international conference, held in Poland in October 2000, as part of the work programme of the Congress of Local and Regional Authorities of Europe (CLRAE) of the Council of Europe to develop and promote policies for the reduction of urban crime in its 41 member countries. The conference discussions focused on four key themes: housing and crime; open spaces, street planning and design; urban transport planning to reduce crime; and the relationship between the siting and design of sporting facilities and crime.

Economic Analysis and Efficiency in Policing Criminal Justice and Crime Reduction

Returning to the car crime example, if policies are introduced that oblige manufacturers to improve their security (see, Webb, ) then both the oender and opportunity provider surpluses are reduced. Crime goes down. is concept is ...

Economic Analysis and Efficiency in Policing  Criminal Justice and Crime Reduction

This monograph explains what economic analysis is, why it is important, and forms it can take in policing and criminal justice. Costs are important in all forms of economic analysis but their collection tends to be partial and inadequate in capturing key information. A practical guide to the collection is therefore also provided.

Mentally Ill Offender Treatment and Crime Reduction Act of 2003

Hearing Before the Subcommittee on Crime, Terrorism, and Homeland Security of the Committee on the Judiciary, ... and are no more likely to commit a new crime , despite the fact that the number of days they spent in jail is reduced by ...

Mentally Ill Offender Treatment and Crime Reduction Act of 2003


The Government s approach to crime prevention

Context Progress on crime reduction prior to the introduction of the Cutting Crime strategy in 2007 4. By the mid - 1990s crime levels had reached a record high , having risen annually by an average of around 5 % since 1918.

The Government s approach to crime prevention

The Government's Cutting Crime strategy was introduced in 20-07 to re-focus crime prevention activity on areas where progress on crime reduction has been slow, particularly youth crime, more serious offending, anti-social behaviour, reducing re-offending and designing-out crime. To be successful in tackling youth anti-social behaviour and ensuring perpetrators do not progress to more serious offending, enforcement must be coupled with support. A more effective long-term prevention strategy must focus on early intervention with young children and their parents. The Government has made a good start in this area, but needs to go further, ensuring that support reaches the most vulnerable and is available throughout the childhood years. Starting secondary school is a particularly formative time for children; mentoring would help those lacking support at home to manage this transition. Whilst the frequency of re-offending has been reduced there are still groups with very high re-offending rates, particularly young men and those serving short-term custodial sentences. Prisons must do more to ensure that training and employment meets the needs of individual prisoners and the labour market, and to ensure that a higher proportion of individuals benefit from resettlement support. The Government should also place more emphasis on measures to prevent opportunities for crime, including fast progress towards meeting its goal of introducing an early warning system to identify emerging crime trends

Qualification in Crime Prevention

the police moved a little in this direction when they instituted specialist crime prevention officers (CPOs), who (among other things) advised householders and organisations about physical security and ran local publicity campaigns of ...

Qualification in Crime Prevention

Until recently crime prevention has been considered of little importance in the training of practitioners in related disciplines. In Europe there is a lack of opportunities for basic training and professional development. It can be assumed that the demand for qualified specialists and managers in crime prevention will increase. It was the objective of the Beccaria-Center Professional Training in Crime Prevention to work on closing this gap. With the financial support of the AGIS-programme of the European Commission, the project was implemented by the Council of Crime Prevention of Lower Saxony, Germany with eight European partners. This compilation from the involved countries reflects the current situation of qualification in crime prevention. The contributions show that it is necessary to expand basic training and further professional development opportunities in crime prevention. They clearly demonstrate that the demand for high quality and sustainable crime prevention is higher than ever and there is a clear lack of such training offers in Germany and in Europe more widely.

Secure Foundations

Secure Foundations


Crime Reduction and Problem oriented Policing

This book aims to draw upon the main findings of this initiative, to provide an overview of the government's Targeted Policing Initiative as a whole, to describe findings about the adoption of a problem solving approach, and to indicate ...

Crime Reduction and Problem oriented Policing

Problem-oriented policing has been one of the most significant new approaches to policing and crime reduction in recent years, and in the UK significant funding was provided to a variety of projects adopting a problem solving methodology in both policing and crime prevention and reduction partnerships as part of the government's Crime Reduction Programme. This book aims to draw upon the main findings of this initiative, to provide an overview of the government's Targeted Policing Initiative as a whole, to describe findings about the adoption of a problem solving approach, and to indicate what was learned from efforts to address the specific problems targeted in the evaluated initiatives.

Crime Reduction Partnerships

This unique book discusses and explains the practical aspects of crime reduction partnerships from a police officer's perspective.

Crime Reduction Partnerships

The Blackstone's Practical Policing Series covers a range of topical subjects of vital importance in today's policing arena. Each practical guide contains clear and detailed explanations of the relevant legislation, accompanied by practical scenarios, illustrative diagrams and usefulchecklists. Packed with a wealth of information, the Blackstone's Practical Policing Series ensures you have ready access to the tools you need to take on any policing challenge.This unique book discusses and explains the practical aspects of crime reduction partnerships from a police officer's perspective. Policing communities in the UK has changed dramatically over the past 15 years and the partnership approach to crime reduction has introduced new ideas and differentways of policing. The book begins by discussing what a crime reduction partnership is and goes on to give examples of typical community problems. It describes how the theory of crime reduction partnerships can be put into practice and contains useful case studies and examples. The book alsoconsiders all relevant legislation and case law that has been introduced to deal with crime and disorder using the partnership approach.The book uses a blend of theories and practical examples, including examples of best practice, information boxes, scenario boxes and key points to note. Flowcharts and summary sections are also included to help officers consolidate and apply their knowledge.Written in an accessible and straightforward manner, this book is an essential best practice guide for police officers and other professionals involved in crime reduction activities.

Crime Prevention in the Urban Community

The Influence of Street Lighting on Crime and Fear of Crime . CPU Paper 28. London : Home Office . Barker , M. , Pease , K. and Webb , B. 1992 , Forthcoming . Community Service and Crime Prevention : the Cheadle Heath Project .

Crime Prevention in the Urban Community

One of today's most pressing issues in criminology and crime prevention is the problem of crime in our cities and towns and its prevention. The topic of crime prevention in the Urban Community was discussed at the 47th International Course of the International Society for Criminology (ISC) held at Chuo University, Tokyo. It was the very first time such an ISC meeting was held in Asia and this meant that finally a relatively large number of Japanese and other Asian participants were able to express their views on criminal policy and crime prevention in urban centres all over the world. Crime in urban communities is not an exclusively Western phenomenon, but it is also a considerable problem in other parts of the world. This makes an interchange of ideas between Western, Eastern and Third-World criminologists particularly important. General characteristics of the urban communities that suffer from a high crime rate are ethnic and racial tensions, a mix of old housing areas and new business districts, a prevailing sense of anonymity, slums and juvenile delinquency. The existence of these general characteristics besides mutual differences makes cooperation in the crime prevention sphere definitely worth the effort.

Crime Prevention

This book provides a concise and up-to-date account of crime prevention theory, practice and research in a form designed to be accessible and interesting to both students and practitioners.

Crime Prevention

This book provides a concise and up-to-date account of crime prevention theory, practice, and research in a form designed to be accessible and interesting to both students and practitioners. Readers will be equipped to think in an informed and critical way about what has been and might be done in practice to prevent crime at local and national levels. What is distinctive in this approach is the emphasis on crime reduction mechanisms, how they may be activated, and the intended and unintended patterns of outcome produced. Contents include: criminal justice measures and mechanisms individual measures and mechanisms social measures and mechanisms situational measures and mechanisms implementation evaluation local and national strategy development references.

Crime Reduction and the Law

Bringing together the work of internationally renowned experts in this field, this book will prove very useful to students of criminology and sociology, as well as crime prevention and reduction practitioners, police officers and community ...

Crime Reduction and the Law

This innovative and pioneering new book establishes links between crime reduction and the law, uniquely offering a detailed examination of how specific legislation and performance targets aid or undermine attempts at crime reduction. Providing a sustained analysis, this ground-breaking book considers the social policy, politics and legislation that surround and drive the crime reduction agenda. It analyzes: the creation of 'safe environments' through Town and Country Planning legislation the role of local authorities in crime reduction initiatives the nature of drug policy, paedophilia legislation and programs to control mental disorder crime. Bringing together the work of internationally renowned experts in this field, this book will prove very useful to students of criminology and sociology, as well as crime prevention and reduction practitioners, police officers and community safety partnership professionals.

Reducing Crime

Crime Reduction Research Paper 9, 113. London: Home Office. Millie, A. & Hough, M. (2004). Assessing the impact of the Reducing Burglary Initiative in southern England and Wales. Home Office Online Report 42/04. London: Home Office.

Reducing Crime

Based on extensive research initiated by the UK Home Office, Reducing Crime offers an objective look at the effectiveness of criminal justice interventions in the reduction of crime. Bringing together information about where, for whom and at what cost these interventions are effective, the book examines alcohol prevention and drug treatment studies; courts, sentencing and police interventions; probation and prison interventions; and situational burglary and housing interventions. In addition to a cost/benefits analysis of each intervention, the book also discusses future research and policy directions.

Crime Prevention

Sutton, M., Schneider, J. and Hetherington, S. (2001) Tackling Theft with the Market Reduction Approach. Home Office Crime Reduction Series Paper 8. London: Home Office. Tarling, R. (1993) Analysing Offending: Data, ...

Crime Prevention

This book provides a concise and up-to-date account of crime prevention theory, practice and research in a form designed to be accessible and interesting to both students and practitioners. Readers will be equipped to think in an informed and critical way about what has been and might be done in practice to prevent crime at local and national levels. What is distinctive in the approach is the emphasis on crime reduction mechanisms, how they may be activated and the intended and unintended patterns of outcome produced. Each of chapters two to five takes this as its organizing principle. The key aim is to clearly convey ideas, arguments and evidence as simply as possible whilst doing justice to the material available.

Declarations Adopted at European Conferences on Local Authority Policies for Crime Prevention in Europe Organised by the Chamber of Local Authorities of the CLRAE

Targeted policies should be devised against violence in the family ; against the culture of violence ; against inequality ... A more systematic and diagnostic approach to crime reduction should be adopted , including an audit of crime ...

Declarations Adopted at European Conferences on Local Authority Policies for Crime Prevention in Europe  Organised by the Chamber of Local Authorities of the CLRAE

CLRAE = Congress of Local and Regional Authorities of Europe