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Color Chemistry

Author: Heinrich Zollinger
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
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In the ten years since publication of the second edition of Heinrich Zollinger's "Color Chemistry", significant trends in colorant research and application have become important. Particular emphasis is given to the discussion of the synthesis, properties, and application of pigments.


Lichen Dyes

Author: Karen Diadick Casselman
Publisher: Courier Corporation
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Noted textile designer and lichen expert explains how to create and use dyes derived from lichens. Text covers history of the use of lichen pigments, safe dyeing methods, ecologically sound dyeing, and use of mordants, lichen identification, and more. Text also offers a fascinating history of Asian and European lichen pigments, Scottish, Irish, and Scandinavian domestic lichen dyes, and others.


Synthetic Dyes

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Publisher: Mittal Publications
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Dyes and tannins

Author: P. C. M. Jansen
Publisher: PROTA
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Infrared Absorbing Dyes

Author: Masaru Matsuoka
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
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New laser technology has developed a new dye chemistry! Development of the gallium-arsenic semiconductor laser (diode laser) that emits laser light at 780-830 nm has made possible development of new opto-electronic systems including laser optical recording systems, thermal writing display systems, laser printing systems, and so on. Medical applications of lasers in photodynamic therapy for the treatment of cancer were also developed. In such systems, the infrared absorbing dyes OR dyes) are currently used as effective photoreceivers for diode lasers, and will become the key materials in high technology. At the present time the chemistry of IR dyes is the most important and interesting field in dye chemistry. Laser light can be highly monochromatic, very well collimated, coher ent, and, in some cases, extremely powerful. These characteristics make diode lasers a very cheap, convenient, and useful light source for a variety of applications in science and technology. For these purposes, however, IR dyes with special characteristics are required. To develop new IR dyes, it is most important to establish the correlation between the chemical structures of dyes and other characteristics of dyes, such as their absorption spectra. Molecular design of IR dyes predicting the Amax and Emax values by molecular orbital (MO) calculations is now possible even by using a personal computer, and many types of new IR dyes have been demonstrated. Also, new opto-electronic systems using IR dyes as photoreceivers have been reported recently.


Near Infrared Dyes for High Technology Applications

Author: S. Daehne
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
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This book summarizes the results of the NATO Advanced Research Workshop on "Syntheses, Optical Properties, and Applications of Near-Infrared (NIR) Dyes in High Technology Fields" held at Trest (Czech Republic) from September 24 to 27, 1997. It was attended by 52 scientists from 16 countries, among them 18 participants from 8 Eastern-Europe. The Workshop has been stimulated by the great progress that has been made in utilizing NIR dyes in high technology areas. This has been triggered by the availability of reliable. vel)' small, and inexpensive laser diodes emitting in the NIR region which raise the analytical detection limits by several orders of magnitude, allow time-resolved measurements for temporal discrimination between spectrally similar species, and make possible miniaturization as well as remote sensing through space and by fiber optical techniques. Furthermore, NIR dyes proved to be vel)' important in other high technology fields such as laser physics, optical recording techniques, nonlinear optics, biochemistty and medicine.


Liquid Chromatography of Natural Pigments and Synthetic Dyes

Author: Tibor Cserháti
Publisher: Elsevier
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This latest volume in the series entitled Liquid Chromatography of Natural Pigments and Synthetic Dyes presents an overview of the latest developments in the field while critically evaluating this method of analysis and providing comparisons of the various liquid chromatographic separation techniques that are currently available. Natural pigments and synthetic dyes are extensively used in various fields of everyday life including food production, textile industry, paper production, agricultural practice and research and water science and technology. Besides their capacity for increasing the marketability of products, natural pigments have shown advantageous biological activity as antioxidants and anticancer agents. On the negative side, synthetic pigments have a significant impact on the environment and can cause adverse toxicological side effects. Both pigment classes exhibit considerable structural diversity. As the stability of the pigments against hydrolysis, oxidation and other environmental and technological conditions is markedly different, the exact determination of the pigment composition may help for the prediction of the shelf-life of products and the assessment of the influence of technological steps on the pigment fractions resulting in more consumer friend processing methods. Furthermore, the qualitative determination and identification of the pigments may contribute to the establishment of the provenance of the product. The unique separation capacity of liquid chromatographic (LC) techniques makes it a method of preference for the analysis of pigments in any complicated accompanying matrices. * an overview of the latest developments in the field * a critical evaluation of results from this form of analysis * a comparison of the various LC (liquid chromatographic) separation techniques * future trends in the LC analysis of pigments


Biodegradation of Azo Dyes

Author: Hatice Atacag Erkurt
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
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Azo dyes play an important role as coloring agents in the textile, food, and pharmaceutical industry. Due to the toxicity, mutagenicity and carcinogenicity of azo dyes and their breakdown products, their removal from industrial wastewaters has been an urgent challenge. Promising and cost-effective methods are based on their biodegradation, which is treated in this volume. The topics presented by experts in the field include: the classification of azo dyes; toxicity caused by azo dyes; aerobic and anaerobic azo dye biodegradation mechanisms; the role of bacteria, fungi, algae and their enzymes in biodegradation; the impact of redox mediators on azo dye reduction; the integration of biological with physical and chemical processes; the biotransformation of aromatic amines; reactor modelling for azo dye conversion; the biodegradation of azo dyes by immobilized bacteria and fungi; and factors affecting the complete mineralization of azo dyes.


Dichroic Dyes for Liquid Crystal Displays

Author: Aleksandr V. Ivashchenko
Publisher: CRC Press
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This book provides a systematic presentation of issues pertaining to the development of dichroic dyes applied in electrooptical systems for displaying and processing data. It explains the theory of the guest-host effect and the methodology of engineering dichroic dye (DD) molecules with specified characteristics. The book then examines the properties of currently known DDs, including the most interesting examples of synthesis. Various aspects of designing LCM for guest-host devices and available designs of guest-host LCDs are considered as well. Characteristics of dichroic dyes are presented in the Appendix as an added benefit to readers.


Natural Dyes and Home Dyeing

Author: Rita J. Adrosko
Publisher: Courier Corporation
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All the information ever needed to extract dyestuffs from common trees, flowers, lichens, and weeds to create beautifully dyed materials. The heart of the book is 52 recipes for dyes made from natural, easily obtained dyestuffs.