This volume of essays examines the relationship between eating and crisis, both literal and metaphorical, in American literature, film, television series, the visual arts, various manifestations of popular culture, lifestyles, history and ...
Author: Justyna Kociatkiewicz
Publisher: Peter Lang Gmbh, Internationaler Verlag Der Wissenschaften
This volume of essays examines the relationship between eating and crisis. The United States' long-lasting economic and cultural hegemony raises a number of questions: Has America been - literally and metaphorically - eating, appropriating, exploiting, and molding the world in its own image, or has it been eaten, appropriated, and exploited as a (frequently criticized or disdained) source of ideas, ideology, and knowledge? What is the relation between the current ecological crisis and America's consumerist economy, with its practices of food production and consumption, and its use of natural resources? What is America's role in the ongoing crisis of modernity? And, if the crisis continues, where are the sources of sustenance?
Sustainability and Sustenance in the American Agrifood System Patricia Allen.
Brunswick: ... Hunger in America: Typification and response. In Eating ... From
feast to famine: Official cures and grassroots remedies to Africa's food crisis.
Author: Patricia Allen
Publisher: Penn State Press
Everywhere you look people are more aware of what they eat and where their food comes from. In a cafeteria in Los Angeles, children make their lunchtime food choices at fresh-fruit and salad bars stocked with local foods. In a community garden in New York, low-income residents are producing organically grown fruits and vegetables for their own use and to sell at market. In Madison, Wisconsin, shoppers select their food from a bounty of choices at a vibrant farmers’ market. Together at the Table is about people throughout the United States who are building successful alternatives to the contemporary agrifood system and their prospects for the future. At the heart of these efforts are the movements for sustainable agriculture and community food security. Both movements seek to reconstruct the agrifood system—the food production chain, from the growing of crops to food production and distribution—to become more ecologically sound, economically viable, and socially just. Allen describes the ways in which people working in these movements view the world and how they see their place in challenging and reshaping the agrifood system. She also shows how ideas and practices of sustainable agriculture and community food security have already woven their way into the dominant agrifood institutions. Allen explores the possibilities this process may hold for improving social and environmental justice in the American agrifood system. Together at the Table is an important reminder that much work still remains to be done. Now that the ideas and priorities of alternative food movements have taken hold, it is time for the next—even more challenging—step. Alternative agrifood movements must acknowledge and address the deeper structural and cultural patterns that constrain the long-term resolution of social and environmental problems in the agrifood system.
A plan that aims to guarantee a sustainable progress for agriculture worldwide,
capable to cope with increases in food ... cannot be the only process undertaken
to solve crises that are more composite and faceted, as nourishment crisis is.
Author: Alessandro Isoni
The book reflects on the issues concerning, on the one hand, the difficulty in feeding an ever- increasing world population and, on the other hand, the need to build new productive systems able to protect the planet from overexploitation. The concept of “food diversity” is a synthesis of diversities: biodiversity of ecological sources of food supply; socio-territorial diversity; and cultural diversity of food traditions. In keeping with this transdisciplinary perspective, the book collects a large number of contributions that examine, firstly the relationships between agrobiodiversity, rural sustainable systems and food diversity; and secondly, the issues concerning typicality (food specialties/food identities), rural development and territorial communities. Lastly, it explores legal questions concerning the regulations aiming to protect both the food diversity and the right to food, in the light of the political, economic and social implications related to the problem of feeding the world population, while at the same time respecting local communities’ rights, especially in the developing countries. The book collects the works of legal scholars, agroecologists, historians and sociologists from around the globe.
Release on 2020-07-14 | by Department of Economic and Social Affairs
End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture Eradicating hunger and achieving food security remains a
challenge, more so in the wake of the COVID-19 crisis. At the global level, ...
vulnerable populations. In 2020, up to 132 million more people may suffer from undernourishment because of ... The recent increase in food insecurity was
primarily due to worsening situations in sub-Saharan Africa and Latin America.
The estimates for ...
Author: Department of Economic and Social Affairs
Publisher: United Nations
Category: Political Science
This year marks the start of the Decade of Action to deliver the Sustainable Development Goals by 2030. It is a critical period to advance a shared vision and accelerate responses to the world’s gravest challenges – from eliminating poverty and hunger to reversing climate change. Yet, in only a brief period of time, the precipitous spread of the novel coronavirus turned a public health emergency into one of the worst international crises of our lifetimes, changing the world as we know it. Now, due to COVID-19, an unprecedented health, economic and social crisis is threatening lives and livelihoods, making the achievement of Goals even more challenging. The Sustainable Development Goals Report 2020 presents an overview of progress towards the SDGs before the pandemic started, but it also looks at some of the devastating initial impacts of COVID-19 on specific Goals and targets. The report was prepared by the United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs in collaboration with over 200 experts from more than 40 international agencies using the latest available data and estimates.
The Politics of Sustainable Agriculture and Community Food Security Patricia
Allen. Paarlberg , D. 1980. Farm and food policy issues of the 1980s . Lincoln :
University of Nebraska Press . Peck , S. 1989. California farm worker housing .
As the newly arrived U.S. Ambassador to the United Nations Agencies for Food
and Agriculture, I had to see this crisis first hand. ... that has created almost one
million orphans in Zimbabwe alone, and perhaps 800,000 in Malawi, with no
means of support or sustenance. ... while debate raged inside over the human
health and environmental risks posed by the maize millions of Americans eat
Defeating the Food Crisis on American Soil Sharon Astyk, Aaron Newton ... The
development of the Green Revolution fostered a shift from growing food largely
for the subsistence of the farmers, their families and their neighbors to an industry
Author: Sharon Astyk
Publisher: New Society Publishers
Category: Social Science
“Astyk and Newton have written an important book with an unusual message: We need millions of new farmers…as soon as possible. You could not find two more reasonable, intelligent, sincere, and passionate people to talk to about food. And the book has very much the feeling of a conversation – with someone smart who cares about you. It is also intellectually complex, creative and nuanced. The authors are big thinkers and have taken a good lick at the central human issues of our time." Peter Bane “This definitive guide can provide inspiration to gardeners and those concerned about the environment. It offers practical solutions to all the food-related problems brought on by industrialized agriculture and the globalization of food. Very carefully researched and well written, this documents what is wrong and what we can do about it.” Connie Krochmal - Bellaonline "This outstanding and well-written compendium of insights and recommendations, of fervent idealism and practical solutions, is highly recommended."—Library Journal Once we could fill our grocery carts with cheap and plentiful food, but not anymore. Cheap food has gone the way of cheap oil. Climate change is already reducing crop yields worldwide. The cost of flying in food from far away and shipping it across the country in refrigerated trucks is rapidly becoming unviable. Cars and cows increasingly devour grain harvests, sending prices skyrocketing. More Americans than ever before require food stamps and food pantries just to get by, and a worldwide food crisis is unfolding, overseas and in our kitchens. We can keep hunger from stalking our families, but doing so will require a fundamental shift in our approach to field and table. A Nation of Farmers examines the limits and dangers of the globalized food system and shows how returning to the basics is our best hope. The book includes in-depth guidelines for: Creating resilient local food systems Growing, cooking, and eating sustainably and naturally Becoming part of the solution to the food crisis The book argues that we need to make self-provisioning, once the most ordinary of human activities, central to our lives. The results will be better food, better health, better security, and freedom from corporations that don’t have our interests at heart. This is critical reading for anyone who eats and cares about high-quality food. Sharon Astyk farms in New York, and is the author of Depletion and Abundance. Aaron Newton is a sustainable systems land planner in North Carolina, and is the founding editor of Groovy Green.
If you are an American, you may occasionally ponder the media's claims that last
year's hot summer was a precursor of catastrophic global warming, ... Yet if you
are a subsistence farmer in sub-Saharan Africa living on the brink of starvation,
you probably think of the environment as ... has always had only one meaning
and purpose: it is the source of the food and shelter needed to survive and
Author: Jack M. Hollander
Publisher: Univ of California Press
"Jack Hollander has written a lucid and path-breaking book. He is completely convincing in his thesis that it is poverty we should be addressing, both for the environment and for moral reasons, and that science, technology, markets, and affluence are the friends of the environment and poverty is the enemy. The book is of the highest scholarship and gets the big picture right; the arguments on both sides are addressed with clear thinking and clear prose. Though he is an eminent scientist, Hollander has a wonderful talent for keeping technical jargon to a minimum yet making the essence of technical arguments clear. Both the intelligent layman and the environmental scientist will learn much from this book. I did, and enjoyed the book immensely."—Bruce Ames, Former Director of the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences Center, University of California, Berkeley "This book is a much-needed reminder that declining environmental integrity is not—and certainly need not be—an inexorable attribute of economic progress. Throughout the book the author dispels a number of closely related myths, such as that of steadily increasing scarcity of energy resources. Hollander provides a corrective to the simplistic and unbalanced treatment of environmental and natural resource topics one encounters all too often in the media and in public debate."—Joel Darmstadter, Resources for the Future; editor, Global Development and the Environment: Perspectives on Sustainability "This work is extremely important and makes a major contribution to the debate and decision-making surrounding efforts to eradicate poverty and protect the environment. In a uniquely balanced manner, Hollander adds to the general understanding of how poverty and wealth contribute to sustainable management of natural resources."—Per Pinstrup-Andersen, author of Seeds of Contention: World Hunger and the Global Controversy over GM Crops "Jack Hollander puts forth two simple hypotheses. The first, explicit, is that environmental sustainability depends on extending prosperity to the developing world. The second, implicit, is that the sustainability of environmentalism depends on transparent and objective science. Both are well defended in Hollander's clear, well researched and timely book."—Richard S. Lindzen, Massachusetts Institute of Technology
From Industrial to Sustainable Food Systems Dr Alison Blay-Palmer ... Escalating
rates of diabetes, cancer and obesity, excessive food miles, farm income crises,
and growing food insecurity are just some ... and intellectual origins of their food
by the cheap food system that privileges quantity and short-term efficiency over
taste, sustenance, quality and the environment. ... In this context, Europe is seen
to be miles ahead of North American culture in terms of alternative food
Author: Dr Alison Blay-Palmer
Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
The industrial food system of the West is increasingly perceived as problematic. The physical, social and intellectual distance between consumers and their food stems from a food system that privileges quantity and efficiency over quality, with an underlying assumption that food is a commodity, rather than a source of nourishment and pleasure. In the wake of various food and health scares, there is a growing demand from consumers to change the food they eat, which in turn acts as a catalyst for the industry to adapt and for alternative systems to evolve. Drawing on a wealth of empirical research into mainstream and alternative North American food systems, this book discusses how sustainable, grass roots, local food systems offer a template for meaningful individual activism as a way to bring about change from the bottom up, while at the same time creating pressure for policy changes at all levels of government. This movement signals a shift away from market economy principles and reflects a desire to embody social and ecological values as the foundation for future growth.
Functional Dualism and Exploitation of the Means of Subsistence In response to
the institutionalization of functional dualism, and ...   Central America's
peasantry are for the most part denied access to state extension programs which
promote more sustainable models of ... The Cattle Are Eating the Forest," in Micro
and Macro Levels of Analysis in Anthropology: Issues in Theory and Research.
To Native Americans , says Doxtator , people and food are entwined , reliant on
one another for their own sustenance and ... In Native American culture , sustainability and eating local is hardly a trend THE ponents rave that eating by
Abbie ... Heart disbefore frozen TV dinners and fast - food ease and diabetes are
serious health drive - thrus , before there was a need for crises among Native Americans ...
This picture, of people driven by poverty to destroy their own means of sustenance is repeated in many developing countries. Around the world ... In
Somalia farmers are eating their seed grain. ... In Latin America and throughout
the humid tropics, genetically rich forests are being felled far beyond the margin
Author: Rajiv Kumar Sinha
Contributed articles, chiefly with reference to India.
Environmental Imperatives Reconsidered : Demographic Crises in Western North America During the Medieval ... They ate bleached bones pounded in the mortar ,
and acorn mush made of manzanitas . ... subsistence and settlement are
sufficiently tight to warrant serious consideration of environmental change as a ...
Author: L. Mark Raab
IN THIS ANTHOLOGY, Mark Raab and Terry Jones present a series of research articles that dispel lingering mythologies about California's prehistory. They begin with the most enduring notion--that of an essentially stable, benign climate--presenting evidence that prehistoric climate flux played a significant role in culture change. From there, Raab and Jones assault the myth of California as a natural cornucopia. They show that prehistoric foragers themselves had the capacity to negatively affect their animal food supplies, and that what is often considered the premier vegetal food, the acorn, appeared much later than many suppose in the diets of native peoples. This collection effectively summarizes the major debates surrounding California archaeology and provides a solid basis for a new, more nuanced view of the state's prehistory.
Nowhere is this becoming more obvious than in the growing world food crisis . ...
and the preservation of the genetic diversity of our crops lie at the core of
maintaining a sustainable global food supply . ... providing most of our own sustenance - or even any - - will remain out of reach for most Americans , indeed
for most in ...
Through his personal quest, Tovar Cerulli bridges disparate worldviews and questions moral certainties, challenging both the behavior of many hunters and the illusion of blamelessness maintained by many vegetarians.
Author: Tovar Cerulli
Publisher: Simon and Schuster
A vegan-turned-hunter reignites the connection between humans and our food sources and continues the dialog begun by Michael Pollan and Barbara Kingsolver. While still in high school, Tovar Cerulli experimented with vegetarianism and by the age of twenty, he was a vegan. Ten years later, in the face of declining health, he would find himself picking up a rifle and heading into the woods. Through his personal quest, Tovar Cerulli bridges disparate worldviews and questions moral certainties, challenging both the behavior of many hunters and the illusion of blamelessness maintained by many vegetarians. In this time of intensifying concern over ecological degradation, how do we make peace with the fact that, even in growing organic vegetables, life is sustained by death? Drawing on personal anecdotes, philosophy, history and religion, Cerulli shows how America’s overly sanitized habits of consumption and disconnection with our food have resulted in so many of the health and environmental crises we now face.
Undernourishment results from a lack of sufficient calories in available food , so
that one has little or no ability to move or ... Varying weather patterns in Africa ,
Latin America , and Asia , as well as an inadequate international trade in food ,
contributed to these emergencies . " Examples include famines in Ethiopia ( 1984
–1985 ) , Somalia ( 1991-1993 ) , and the 1998 crisis in Sudan ( see also Chapter
9 ) .
Author: Daniel B. Botkin
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons Incorporated
For more than two decades, Botkin has been active in the application of ecological science to environmental management. Updated and revised to include the latest research in the field, the new Sixth Edition of Environmental Science continues to present a balanced analytical and interdisciplinary approach to the field. This approach equips readers with a solid scientific background in environmental science, so they can think through environmental issues and make their own decisions. Five central themes are weaved throughout the book: Human Population Growth, Sustainability, A Global Perspective, An Urban World, and Science and Values.
Chief among them is behavioral flexibility in the face of changing environmental
conditions. Droughts, floods, and crop diseases can have a devastating impact
on societies that depend on only a few food types for their subsistence. ...
hazards of these environmental crises, especially when they can resort to a
range of “famine foods” during severe shortages. ... it is estimated that most
Paleolithic foragers consumed six times the fiber of the average American today,
and that the latter ...
Author: Ron Barrett
Publisher: OUP Oxford
This book traces the social and environmental determinants of human infectious diseases from the Neolithic to the present day. Despite recent high profile discoveries of new pathogens, the major determinants of these emerging infections are ancient and recurring. These include changing modes of subsistence, shifting populations, environmental disruptions, and social inequalities. The recent labeling of the term "re-emerging infections" reflects a re-emergence, not so much of the diseases themselves, but rather a re-emerging awareness in affluent societies of long-standing problems that were previously ignored. An Unnatural History of Emerging Infections illustrates these recurring problems and determinants through an examination of three major epidemiological transitions. The First Transition occurred with the Agricultural Revolution beginning 10,000 years ago, bringing a rise in acute infections as the main cause of human mortality. The Second Transition first began with the Industrial Revolution; it saw a decline in infectious disease mortality and an increase in chronic diseases among wealthier nations, but less so in poorer societies. These culminated in today's "worst of both worlds syndrome" in which globalization has combined with the challenges of the First and Second Transitions to produce a Third Transition, characterized by a confluence of acute and chronic disease patterns within a single global disease ecology. This accessible text is suitable for advanced undergraduate and graduate level students and researchers in the fields of epidemiology, disease ecology, anthropology, health sciences, and the history of medicine. It will also be of relevance and use to undergraduate students interested in the history and social dynamics of infectious diseases.
Reservation life also presented Native Americans with a cultural crisis . ... how to
bridge the vast differences between the two cultures , and how to reconcile
Native American subsistence economies with European development . ...
Centuries of tribal autonomy , freedom of movement , and environmental
harmony were coming to an end . ... I have nothing to eat , I am dying of
thirstEverything is gone .
Author: James Stuart Olson
Publisher: University of Illinois Press
Category: Social Science
Written especially for the general reader and for college students, Native Americans in the Twentieth Century makes available for the first time a concise yet comprehensive survey of Native American history from the 1890s to the present. With clarity and balance the volume conveys the complex web of economic, political, and cultural forces that have characterized relations between Native and non-Native Americans for the past century. For anyone wanting a better understanding of the crucial issues and events that have led to the contemporary "Indian Problem," this is the best place to start.