Encyclopedia of African Airlines

Together, they have had a tremendous impact on the African economy and the people. Country-by-country, this comprehensive reference work provides brief histories of over 700 airlines in 54 African nations.

Encyclopedia of African Airlines

The rainy season, terrain, and financial hardships have made the construction of highways and railroads nearly impossible in many parts of Africa. This lack of modern infrastructure has been overcome in some part by the development of air transportation. Hundreds of carriers--both small and large, government owned and private--have connected all parts of the continent. Together, they have had a tremendous impact on the African economy and the people. Country-by-country, this comprehensive reference work provides brief histories of over 700 airlines in 54 African nations. Each entry has the years of operation of the carrier, along with information on its origin, growth, and route structure. Aircraft usage, including registration numbers and nicknames, is covered in many cases. Any crashes involving aircraft in the carrier's fleet are also noted. An appendix gives the location of all major African airports.

Encyclopedia of African Airlines

97-16036), East African Airways de Havilland D.H. 106 Comet (Ron Davies Collection, SI Neg. No. 97-16027), South African Airways de Havilland D.H. 104 Dove (Ron Davies Collection, SI Neg. No. 97-16031), Air Senegal de Havilland DHC-6 ...

Encyclopedia of African Airlines

The rainy season, terrain, and financial hardships have made the construction of highways and railroads nearly impossible in many parts of Africa. This lack of modern infrastructure has been overcome in some part by the development of air transportation. Hundreds of carriers--both small and large, government owned and private--have connected all parts of the continent. Together, they have had a tremendous impact on the African economy and the people. Country-by-country, this comprehensive reference work provides brief histories of over 700 airlines in 54 African nations. Each entry has the years of operation of the carrier, along with information on its origin, growth, and route structure. Aircraft usage, including registration numbers and nicknames, is covered in many cases. Any crashes involving aircraft in the carrier's fleet are also noted. An appendix gives the location of all major African airports.

Czechoslovakia in Africa 1945 1968

P. Zidek and K. Sieber (2007) Československo a subsaharská Afrika v letech 1948–1989 [Czechoslovakia and SubSaharan Africa, 1948–1989] (Prague: Ústavmezinárodníchvztahů), p. 79 and Guttery, Encyclopedia of African Airlines, pp. 78–9.

Czechoslovakia in Africa  1945 1968

This book explores Czechoslovakia's diplomatic relations with African states and places them within a wider Cold War historiography, providing contextual background information on the evolution of communist Czechoslovakia's pro-Soviet foreign policy orientation. This shift in Soviet foreign policy made Africa a priority for the Soviet bloc.

Encyclopedia of African History 3 Volume Set

Airline safety has been put at increasing risk by aging fleets and outdated navigational systems: in 1997, the average fleet age of airlines in Africa was the highest in the world. Only five African countries met international ...

Encyclopedia of African History 3 Volume Set

Covering the entire continent from Morocco, Libya, and Egypt in the north to the Cape of Good Hope in the south, and the surrounding islands from Cape Verde in the west to Madagascar, Mauritius, and Seychelles in the east, the Encyclopedia of African History is a new A-Z reference resource on the history of the entire African continent. With entries ranging from the earliest evolution of human beings in Africa to the beginning of the twenty-first century, this comprehensive three volume Encyclopedia is the first reference of this scale and scope. Also includes 99 maps.

Balancing Sovereignty and Development in International Affairs

Cameroon's Post-Independence Relations with France, Africa, and the World Moses K. Tesi ... Ben R. Guttery, Encyclopedia of African Airlines (Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland and Company Inc., 1988), p. 81. 5.

Balancing Sovereignty and Development in International Affairs

This book probes the nature, scope, depth, dynamics, and drivers of Cameroon’s foreign policy to comprehend its logic and uncover its consequences to the country's development and sovereignty. It also investigates and sheds light on Cameroon's longstanding relationship with France.

Encyclopedia of African American History 1896 to the Present J N

Since 1964 the employment situation of African Americans in the federal government has altered dramatically. ... At 8:46 A.M. American Airlines flight 11 was the first plane to crash into the World Trade Center in New York City, ...

Encyclopedia of African American History  1896 to the Present  J N

Alphabetically-arranged entries from J to N that explores significant events, major persons, organizations, and political and social movements in African-American history from 1896 to the twenty-first-century.

Civil Aviation and the Globalization of the Cold War

54 Cf. NARA, RG 237, CSF, Box 1, folder Problems with USSR and satellites #3: Africa 1963–64, Embassy Paris to DoS, 20 March 1963. See also Muehlenbeck, Czechoslovakia in Africa, 134–6 and Guttery, Encyclopedia of African Airlines, ...

Civil Aviation and the Globalization of the Cold War

This book focuses on the highly complex and intertwined relationship between civil aviation, technological globalization and Cold War politics. It explores how the advancement of Soviet civil aircraft engineering during the 1950s technically triggered the globalization of the Cold War. The study also shows how the processes of technological standardization facilitated transfers of technology and knowledge across the Iron Curtain and how East-West as well as East-South connections evolved. It uncovers the motives and reasons for this transfer of knowledge and expertise, and aims to identify the specific roles played by states, international organizations and interpersonal networks. By taking a global approach to this history, the book advances ongoing debates in the field. It reassesses Europe’s role in the Cold War, pointing out the substantial differences in how Western Europe and the United States viewed the Communist world. This book will be of interest to scholars of international history, the history of technology and Cold War history.

New Encyclopedia of Africa

New Encyclopedia of Africa

Contains a collection of alphabetically-arranged entries from Taboo and Sin to Zubayr on the history, geography, culture, religion and ideologies, wars, and economy of the African nations; and includes essays, photographs, thematic outline, chronology, and an appendix of individual ethnic groups.

Open Skies for Africa

Encyclopedia of African Airlines. Jefferson, NC: McFarland & Company. Gwet, Henri, and Christophe Rizet. 1998. An International Comparison of Road Haulage Prices: Africa, South-East Asia, Central America. Paris: Elsevier. Gwilliam, Ken.

Open Skies for Africa

In Africa, where poor roads, ports, and railways often constrain efficient transportation, air transport holds great potential as a lever for economic growth and development. Yet Africa has suffered several decades of inefficient air services. Uncompetitive flag carriers, set up by newly independent African states, offered primarily intercontinental flights, while the domestic air service market remained underdeveloped and underserved. The 1999 pan-African treaty on liberalization of access to air transport markets, the Yamoussoukro Decision, attempted to address these shortcomings. Yet a decade later, only partial liberalization has been achieved. 'Open Skies for Africa: Implementing the Yamoussoukro Decision' reviews progress made in carrying out the treaty and suggests ways in which the liberalization process can be encouraged. The book analyzes the completed and still-pending steps toward implementation of the Yamoussoukro Decision, both on a pan-African level and within various regions. Special focus is given to the challenges posed by the poor aviation safety and security standards that exist in most African countries. Finally, the book measures the impact that certain policy steps of the Yamoussoukro Decision have had and evaluates the economic significance of air transportation and its full liberalization in Africa. The book concludes that the process of liberalizing African air services must continue, and provides policy recommendations for the way forward.

The Low Cost Carrier Worldwide

A Look at the Leading African Airline Hubs and Airports. Available at: http://www.africapoint.com/newsletters/ africa-airports.htm [accessed: 30 November 2011]. Africa Travel Magazine (n.d.). ... Encyclopedia of African Airlines.

The Low Cost Carrier Worldwide

Low Cost Carriers (LCCs) have become an integral part of today's air transport and tourism industries. Originating in the United States, the low-cost concept has subsequently been adopted by airlines on all continents. LCCs in Europe and North America, and to some extent in Asia, have already been well covered by academic literature. However, scientific publications on the topic of LCCs in Africa, Latin America, the Middle East, Australia and New Zealand are scarce. This volume provides the first comprehensive overview of developments, the legal framework and the current situation of the low-cost carrier phenomenon across the globe. It contains a dozen chapters, each dedicated to a region, all written by highly experienced and renowned experts from around the world. The Low Cost Carrier Worldwide is written primarily for upper-level undergraduate and postgraduate students, as well as researchers and practitioners within the fields of aviation, transport and tourism.

Encyclopedia of Africa South of the Sahara

Review of African Political Economy 13 ( 1978 ) : 47–62 . GORDON PIRIE See also Development ... However , many African airlines are both unprofitable and heavily indebted and are thus unlikely targets of foreign investment .

Encyclopedia of Africa South of the Sahara

Arranged alphabetically. In addition to biographies, extensive country information (primarily postindependence), and historical events, the encyclopedia treats general topics in articles such as agriculture, political systems, and religion and ritual.

International Encyclopedia of Adolescence

South African Airways, a national airline of international status, and other international airlines are actively involved in the industry of transport. Such activity has opened up thousands of jobs, thus contributing to national ...

International Encyclopedia of Adolescence

In pre-industrial societies, people moved from childhood to adulthood directly, getting married and going to work early in life. Although this still holds true for many cultures, in countries such as the USA or Japan, adolescence has become a specific stage of life, where young people are cultural trendsetters and market drivers. The International Encyclopedia of Adolescence is an exhaustive socio-cultural survey of young people around the world. The focus is cultural and historical, and the work offers a rarely found worldwide perspective. Entries are compiled by experts from many fields of study, including anthropology, history, psychology, and sociology. Unlike existing works, the Encyclopedia does not stress biological or psycho-pathological issues. It addresses myths and realities of adolescence by looking at the actual life of young people in regions as varied as Iran, India, France, the USA, or Japan. It also explains how teen cultures have developed in some countries and how young people deal with the conflicts between tradition and modernity in others. Country coverage examines cultural beliefs, gender, personal and cultural identity, relationships (familial), friends and peers, love and sexuality, education, work, media, problems, and outlook for the future, plus topics particular to the culture or region discussed.

Encyclopedia of Transportation

Atthe timeof the failed attack, the Wall Street Journal reported that the European Union hadforbade at least five African airlinesfrom flying into Europe, andonlyone U.S. airline serviced subSaharan Africa, all because of safety ...

Encyclopedia of Transportation

Viewing transportation through the lens of current social, economic, and policy aspects, this four-volume reference work explores the topic of transportation across multiple disciplines within the social sciences and related areas, including geography, public policy, business, and economics. The book’s articles, all written by experts in the field, seek to answer such questions as: What has been the legacy, not just economically but politically and socially as well, of President Eisenhower’s modern interstate highway system in America? With that system and the infrastructure that supports it now in a state of decline and decay, what’s the best path for the future at a time of enormous fiscal constraints? Should California politicians plunge ahead with plans for a high-speed rail that every expert says—despite the allure—will go largely unused and will never pay back the massive investment while at this very moment potholes go unfilled all across the state? What path is best for emerging countries to keep pace with dramatic economic growth for their part? What are the social and financial costs of gridlock in our cities? Features: Approximately 675 signed articles authored by prominent scholars are arranged in A-to-Z fashion and conclude with Further Readings and cross references. A Chronology helps readers put individual events into historical context; a Reader’s Guide organizes entries by broad topical or thematic areas; a detailed index helps users quickly locate entries of most immediate interest; and a Resource Guide provides a list of journals, books, and associations and their websites. While articles were written to avoid jargon as much as possible, a Glossary provides quick definitions of technical terms. To ensure full, well-rounded coverage of the field, the General Editor with expertise in urban planning, public policy, and the environment worked alongside a Consulting Editor with a background in Civil Engineering. The index, Reader’s Guide, and cross references combine for thorough search-and-browse capabilities in the electronic edition. Available in both print and electronic formats, Encyclopedia of Transportation is an ideal reference for libraries and those who want to explore the issues that surround transportation in the United States and around the world.

Africa

3 , South Africa , Botswana , Lesotho , Swaziland , 2842 Encyclopaedia Rhodesia 1391 Encyclopedia of Africa 19 Encyclopedia of Africa south of the Sahara 45 Encyclopedia of African airlines 268 Encyclopedia of African & African ...

Africa

First published in 1993, this is a new revised and substantially expanded edition of a highly acclaimed reference resource that evaluates the leading sources of information (other than bibliographies) on Africa South of the Sahara.

Encyclopedia of African American Business Updated and Revised Edition 2nd Edition 2 volumes

Hill was asked to serve on numerous corporation boards, such as Sun Trust (Trust Company of Georgia), Delta Airlines, Knight Ridder, Incorporated, and the King Center (he served for 15 years). Hills's contributions have not gone without ...

Encyclopedia of African American Business  Updated and Revised Edition  2nd Edition  2 volumes

This two-volume set showcases the achievements of African American entrepreneurs and the various businesses that they founded, developed, or promote as well as the accomplishments of many African American leaders—both those whose work is well-known and other achievers who have been neglected in history. • Provides a broad overview of the development of African American business and business leaders, from the beginning of black life in America through the present • Demonstrates that African Americans developed self-sufficiency early on despite rampant racism and legal restrictions and how their efforts and accomplishments impacted the economy • Identifies many women African American business leaders • Introduces readers to the success of African American entrepreneurs beyond American shores • Shows the influence of social media on the shaping of businesses in the modern context

Encyclopedia of Ephemera

14 Album card South African Airways ; TWA / Transcontinental & Western See also CHROMO ; SCRAPBOOK / ALBUM Air Inc. ( US ) ; Union Airways ( New Zealand ) . REFERENCES Alistair Allen and Joan Haverstadt , The History of Printed Scraps ...

Encyclopedia of Ephemera

The joy of finding an old box in the attic filled with postcards, invitations, theater programs, laundry lists, and pay stubs is discovering the stories hidden within them. The paper trails of our lives -- or ephemera -- may hold sentimental value, reminding us of great grandparents. They chronicle social history. They can be valuable as collectibles or antiques. But the greatest pleasure is that these ordinary documents can reconstruct with uncanny immediacy the drama of day-to-day life. The Encyclopedia of Ephemera is the first work of its kind, providing an unparalleled sourcebook with over 400 entries that cover all aspects of everyday documents and artifacts, from bookmarks to birth certificates to lighthouse dues papers. Continuing a tradition that started in the Victorian era, when disposable paper items such as trade cards, die-cuts and greeting cards were accumulated to paste into scrap books, expert Maurice Rickards has compiled an enormous range of paper collectibles from the obscure to the commonplace. His artifacts come from around the world and include such throw-away items as cigarette packs and crate labels as well as the ubiquitous faxes, parking tickets, and phone cards of daily life. As this major new reference shows, simple slips of paper can speak volumes about status, taste, customs, and taboos, revealing the very roots of popular culture.

Placing Internationalism

10 Ben R. Guttery, Encyclopedia of African Airlines (Jefferson: McFarland & Co., 1998), 52. 11 On technological competition in the post-war period, see Marc Dierikx, Clipping the Clouds: How Air Travel Changed the World (Westport: ...

Placing Internationalism

Exploring how modern internationalism emerged as a negotiated process through international conferences, this edited collection studies the spaces and networks through which states, civil society institutions and anti-colonial political networks used these events to realise their visions of the international. Taking an interdisciplinary approach, contributors explore the spatial paradox of two fundamental features of modern internationalism. First, internationalism demanded the overcoming of space, transcending the nation-state in search of the shared interests of humankind. Second, internationalism was geographically contingent on the places in which people came together to conceive and enact their internationalist ideas. From Paris 1919 to Bandung 1955 and beyond, this book explores international conferences as the sites in which different forms of internationalism assumed material and social form. While international 'permanent institutions' such as the League of Nations, UN and Institute of Pacific Relations constantly negotiated national and imperial politics, lesser-resourced political networks also used international conferences to forward their more radical demands. Taken together these conferences radically expand our conception of where and how modern internationalism emerged, and make the case for focusing on internationalism in a contemporary moment when its merits are being called into question.

The Encyclopedia of Kidnappings

Earnest, Malisa 278–279, 279 East African Airways 5 Eastern Airlines 8, 11, 13, 14, 24, 40, 88, 99, 124, 129, 139, 151, 173–174, 189, 206,214, 226, 239, 262, 300, 318, 332, 340 East Germany 82, 114, 160 Eastland, James 248 Eastlick, ...

The Encyclopedia of Kidnappings

Presents a historical survey of kidnappings from biblical times to the present.

A Pan African Encyclopedia

March " should happen frequently in order to reeducate and to remind African Americans of their personal and ... AFRICAN AIRLINES ASSOCIATION AFRAA ) , or Associations des Compagnies Aériennes Africaines , in French ) Founded on April 4 ...

A Pan African Encyclopedia