Encyclopedia of Sex and Gender

The effects of colonial and mission cultures in shifting local cultural understandings of sexgender systems have been pervasive, and sexuality has been a prime target. Tahiti and the other Society Islands represent one type of tripolar ...

Encyclopedia of Sex and Gender

The central aim of this encyclopedia is to give the reader a comparative perspective on issues involving conceptions of gender, gender differences, gender roles, relationships between the genders, and sexuality. The encyclopedia is divided into two volumes: Topics and Cultures. The combination of topical overviews and varying cultural portraits is what makes this encyclopedia a unique reference work for students, researchers and teachers interested in gender studies and cross-cultural variation in sex and gender. It deserves a place in the library of every university and every social science and health department. Contents:- Glossary. Cultural Conceptions of Gender. Gender Roles, Status, and Institutions. Sexuality and Male-Female Interaction. Sex and Gender in the World's Cultures. Culture Name Index. Subject Index.

Encyclopedia of Sex and Sexuality

Providing a comprehensive framework for the broad subject of human sexuality, this two-volume set offers a context of historical development, scientific discovery, and sociopolitical and sociocultural movements.

Encyclopedia of Sex and Sexuality

"Providing a comprehensive framework for the broad subject of human sexuality, this two-volume set offers a context of historical development, scientific discovery, and sociopolitical and sociocultural movements"--

Encyclopedia of Sex and Sexuality Understanding Biology Psychology and Culture 2 volumes

She is well known for her research on sex, gender roles, gender identity, sexuality, intersexuality, and other topics in the field of sexology. Fausto-Sterling has a bachelor's degree in zoology from the University of Wisconsin (1965) ...

Encyclopedia of Sex and Sexuality  Understanding Biology  Psychology  and Culture  2 volumes

Providing a comprehensive framework for the broad subject of human sexuality, this two-volume set offers a context of historical development, scientific discovery, and sociopolitical and sociocultural movements. The broad topic of sex—encompassing subjects as varied as sexuality, sexual and gender identity, abortion, and crimes such as sexual assault—is one of the most controversial in American society today. The two-volume encyclopedic set provides readers with more than 450 entries on the subject, offering a comprehensive overview of major sexuality issues in American and global culture. Themes that run throughout the volumes include sexual health and reproduction, sexual identity and orientation, sexual behaviors and expression, the history of sex and sexology, and sex and society. Entries cover a breadth of subjects, such as the major contributors to the field of sexology; the biological, psychological, and cultural dimensions of sex and sexuality; and how the modern-day political climate and the government play a major role in determining attitudes and beliefs about sex. Written in clear, jargon-free language, this set is ideal for high school and undergraduate students as well as general readers. Explores the important yet often controversial nature of human sexuality through a carefully curated selection of entries that provide clear yet sensitive coverage of the topic Includes a thorough treatment of the understanding of sexual behaviors in individuals and relationships that contextualizes models of sexuality related to contemporary lifestyles Defines common terms related to sexual and gender identity as well as their application to the modern-day understanding of sexual behavior Further readings sections at the end of each entry guide readers toward additional information

Encyclopedia of Gender and Society

Sex refers to biology as female or male. Further, some feminists also argue that sexuality is also a social construction that is linked to sex and gender. Feminist sociologist Judith Lorber argues, for example, that the social construct ...

Encyclopedia of Gender and Society

Entries discuss the impact gender has had on cultural beliefs and practices, social and economic organizations, and individual lives.

Companion Encyclopedia of Anthropology

The socially constructed nature of sex and of biological differences is further elaborated by Errington (1990), ... about the mutually constitutive nature of the concepts of sex, gender and kinship in the discourse of anthropology.

Companion Encyclopedia of Anthropology

This comprehensive survey of contemporary thought in biological, social and cultural anthropology sets the foundation for their future development and integration. The principal rationale behind the Encyclopedia is to overcome the division and fragmentation within the approaches of the humanities and natural sciences to anthropology. It emphasizes interconnections between perspectives and sub-disciplines, producing a complete perspective on what it means to be human. The work consists of three parts--Humanity, Culture, and Social Life--and 40 major contributions. Part One emphasizes human beings as members of a species, how that species differs from others, how it has evolved, and how human populations have adapted to and in turn transformed their environments. Part Two deals with the origin and structure of human culture, and on the role of culture in action, perception, and cognition. Part Three examines the various aspects of the relationshipsand processes that are carried on by persons and groups in the course of social life. Useful features such as cross-references within the text, full biographical references, suggestions for further reading and carefully illustrated line drawings make this an indispensable resource for all students of anthropology or sociology.

The Social Science Encyclopedia

brought to light were the multiple experiences of between sex and gender , biology and culture is interwomen and men , even within the same society . active , the one not predetermining the other . Women of different race , class and ...

The Social Science Encyclopedia

This reference has been written by an international team of contributors presenting a global understanding of the key issues within social sciences. A board of advisory editors has worked closely with the editors in determining the most important concepts, thinkers and techniques in each field.

The SAGE Encyclopedia of Communication Research Methods

These areas include, but are not limited to, the meaning and embodiment of GLBT identities, especially in relation to sex and gender; concerns about, and advances in, representations of GLBT experiences; strategies of self-disclosure; ...

The SAGE Encyclopedia of Communication Research Methods

Communication research is evolving and changing in a world of online journals, open-access, and new ways of obtaining data and conducting experiments via the Internet. The SAGE Encyclopedia of Communication Research Methods contains entries that cover every step of the research process, accompanied by engaging examples from the literature of communication studies. Key features include: 652 signed entries spanning four volumes, available in choice of electronic or print formats A Reader’s Guide groups entries thematically to help students interested in a specific aspect of communication research to more easily locate directly related entries Back matter includes a Chronology of the development of the field of communication research; a Resource Guide to classic books, journals, and associations; a Glossary introducing the terminology of the field; and a detailed Index Entries conclude with References/Further Readings and Cross-References to related entries to guide students further in their research journeys The Index, Reader’s Guide themes, and Cross-References combine to provide robust search-and-browse in the electronic version

The SAGE Encyclopedia of Psychology and Gender

In everyday usage, and in the classical model of identity development, the terms sex and gender are commonly thought of as having the same meaning. However, distinctions between what is signified by sex and what is signified by gender ...

The SAGE Encyclopedia of Psychology and Gender

The SAGE Encyclopedia of Psychology and Gender is an innovative exploration of the intersection of gender and psychology—topics that resonate across disciplines and inform our everyday lives. This encyclopedia looks at issues of gender, identity, and psychological processes at the individual as well as the societal level, exploring topics such as how gender intersects with developmental processes both in infancy and childhood and throughout later life stages; the evolution of feminism and the men’s movement; the ways in which gender can affect psychological outcomes and influence behavior; and more. With articles written by experts across a variety of disciplines, this encyclopedia delivers insights on the psychology of gender through the lens of developmental science, social science, clinical and counseling psychology, sociology, and more. This encyclopedia will provide librarians, students, and professionals with ready access to up-to-date information that informs some of today’s key contemporary issues and debates. These are the sorts of questions we plan for this encyclopedia to address: What is gender nonconformity? What are some of the evolutionary sex differences between men and women? How does gender-based workplace harassment affect health outcomes? How are gender roles viewed in different cultures? What is third-wave feminism?

The Concise Encyclopedia of Sociology

SEXUAL POLITICS 539 components of all subsequent major definitions of sexual health, whether scholarly or lay. ... ''Sexual politics'' refers to the contestation of power relations with respect to sex, gender, and sexuality.

The Concise Encyclopedia of Sociology

This concise encyclopedia is the most complete international survey of sociology ever created in one volume. Contains over 800 entries from the whole breadth of the discipline Distilled from the highly regarded Blackwell Encyclopedia of Sociology, with entries completely revised and updated to provide succinct and up-to-date coverage of the fundamental topics Global in scope, both in terms of topics and contributors Each entry includes references and suggestions for further reading Cross-referencing allows easy movement around the volume

The SAGE Encyclopedia of LGBTQ Studies

Such data allow comparison of the health of transgender people with cisgender people to document health disparities, ... In the broad, social scientific literature, sex and gender are often used interchangeably, resulting in a lack of ...

The SAGE Encyclopedia of LGBTQ Studies

This far-reaching and contemporary new Encyclopedia examines and explores the lives and experiences of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender and Queer (LGBTQ) individuals, focusing on the contexts and forces that shape their lives. The work focuses on LGBTQ issues and identity primarily through the lenses of psychology, human development and sociology, emphasizing queer, feminist and ecological perspectives on the topic, and addresses questions such as: · What are the key theories used to understand variations in sexual orientation and gender identity? · How do Gay-Straight Alliances (GSA) affect LGBTQ youth? · How do LGBTQ people experience the transition to parenthood? · How does sexual orientation intersect with other key social locations, such as race, to shape experience and identity? · What are the effects of marriage equality on sexual minority individuals and couples? Top researchers and clinicians contribute to the 400 signed entries, from fields such as: · Psychology · Human Development · Gender/Queer Studies · Sexuality Studies · Social Work · Sociology The SAGE Encyclopedia of LGBTQ Studies is an essential resource for researchers interested in an interdisciplinary perspective on LGBTQ lives and issues.

Intimacies

“'Husband and Wife Do It Together': Sex/Gender Allocation of Labor among the Qhawqhat Lahu of Lancang, Southwest China. ... eds., The Encyclopedia of Sex and Gender: Men and Women in the World's Cultures, pp. 600–7.

Intimacies

Examines how different cultures rationalize the expression of passionate and comfort love and physical sex. --From publisher description.

The SAGE Encyclopedia of Theory in Psychology

when their sex, gender, or sexual identities fail to conform to their society's norms. The move to “denaturalize” the relationships among sex, gender, and sexual identities comes from two overlapping schools of thought: social ...

The SAGE Encyclopedia of Theory in Psychology

Drawing together a team of international scholars, The SAGE Encyclopedia of Theory in Psychology examines the contemporary landscape of all the key theories and theorists, presenting them in the context needed to understand their strengths and weaknesses. Key features include: · Approximately 300 signed entries fill two volumes · Entries are followed by Cross-References and Further Readings · A Reader's Guide in the front matter groups entries thematically · A detailed Index and the Cross-References provide for effective search-and-browse in the electronic version · Back matter includes a Chronology of theory within the field of psychology, a Master Bibliography, and an annotated Resource Guide to classic books in this field, journals, associations, and their websites The SAGE Encyclopedia of Theory in Psychology is an exceptional and scholarly source for researching the theory of psychology, making it a must-have reference for all academic libraries.

Encyclopedia of Aging and Public Health

Increasingly, however, this link between biology and behavior has been challenged as social theorists and scientists have demonstrated the analytic utility of differentiating gender from sex. Emphasizing gender as social and sex as ...

Encyclopedia of Aging and Public Health

Americans are living longer, and the elder population is growing larger. To meet the ongoing need for quality information on elder health, the Encyclopedia of Aging and Public Health combines multiple perspectives to offer readers a more accurate and complete picture of the aging process. The book takes a biopsychosocial approach to the complexities of its subject. In-depth introductory chapters include coverage on a historical and demographic overview of aging in America, a guide to biological changes accompanying aging, an analysis of the diversity of the U.S. elder population, legal issues commonly affecting older adults, and the ethics of using cognitively impaired elders in research. From there, over 425 entries cover the gamut of topics, trends, diseases, and phenomena: -Specific populations, including ethnic minorities, custodial grandparents, and centenarians -Core medical conditions associated with aging, from cardiac and pulmonary diseases to Parkinson’s and Alzheimer’s -Mental and emotional disorders -Drugs/vitamins/alternative medicine -Disorders of the eyes, feet, and skin -Insomnia and sleep disorders; malnutrition and eating disorders -Sexual and gender-related concerns -And a broad array of social and political issues, including access to care, abuse/neglect, veterans’ affairs, and assisted suicide Entries on not-quite-elders’ concerns (e.g., midlife crisis, menopause) are featured as well. And all chapters and entries include references and resource lists. The Encyclopedia has been developed for maximum utility to clinicians, social workers, researchers, and public health professionals working with older adults. Its multidisciplinary coverage and scope of topics make this volume an invaluable reference for academic and public libraries.

Encyclopedia of Social Theory

SEX/GENDER DISTINCTION served a number of functions, the most immediate of which was to provide a convenient, tangible means to constitute identity and proceed with the immediate concern of challenging the hierarchical relationships ...

Encyclopedia of Social Theory

"The Encyclopedia of Social Theory provides a reference source for students and academics, embracing all major aspects of the field. Written by more than 200 internationally distinguished scholars, almost 500 entries cover core contemporary topics, concepts, schools, debates, and personalities in the history of the discipline. Special attention is paid to leading schools and debates, with shorter entries reserved for biographies of key theorists and definitions of key terms. Entries are fully cross-referenced and contain concise listings for further reading. A comprehensive index guides the reader to further divisions of contents."--BOOK JACKET.

Studying Societies and Cultures

... 2001), Encyclopedia of World Cultures Supplement (Macmillan Reference, 2002, with Ian Skoggard), Encyclopedia of Urban Cultures (Grolier, 2002), Encyclopedia of Sex and Gender (Kluwer Academic/Plenum, 2004), Encyclopedia of Medical ...

Studying Societies and Cultures

"A thought-provoking, stimulating volume on the past, present and future of cultural materialism that is both laudatory of Harris' research strategy and critical of it." Paul Shankman, University of Colorado One of the most important anthropologists of all time, Marvin Harris was influential worldwide as the founder of cultural materialism. This book accessibly analyzes Harris's theories and their important legacies today. The chapters explore cultural materialism's epistemology and its relation to rational choice theory, Darwinian social science, and population pressures. The authors assess recent attempts to extend and reformulate cultural materialism and highlight cross-cultural, archaeological, and ethnographic applications of cultural materialism today.

Encyclopedia of Gay Histories and Cultures

compasses the constitution of a distinction between sex, understood as an essential and unchanging biology, and gender, a psychology and set of social roles once thought to be a direct expression of sex but now theorized as an ...

Encyclopedia of Gay Histories and Cultures

First Published in 2000. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Encyclopedia of Feminist Theories

The most significant contribution that anthropology has made to feminist thought is undoubtedly the development of a social concept of sex/gender systems. Kamala Visweswaran (1997) uses changing concepts of gender within anthropology to ...

Encyclopedia of Feminist Theories

The path-breaking Encyclopedia of Feminist Theories is an accessible, multidisciplinary insight into the complex field of feminist thought. The Encyclopedia contains over 500 authoritative entries commissioned from an international team of contributors and includes clear, concise and provocative explanations of key themes and ideas. Each entry contains cross references and a bibliographic guide to further reading; over 50 biographical entries provide readers with a sense of how the theories they encounter have developed out of the lives and situations of their authors.

The SAGE Encyclopedia of Higher Education

Transgender emergence: Therapeutic guidelines for working with gender-variant people and their families. New York, NY: Haworth Clinical Practice Press. Medley, S. (2016). Gender balancing as sex discrimination in college admissions.

The SAGE Encyclopedia of Higher Education

The SAGE Encyclopedia of Higher Education demonstrates the impact higher education has had on global economies and universities across the world.

Encyclopedia of Canadian Social Work

Key theoretical advancements included the separation of sex and gender; the idea that rape is a crime of violence rather than sexual expression; that sexual harassment is a form of discrimination; and that women's choices are ...

Encyclopedia of Canadian Social Work

Annotation Covers over 500 topics important to Canadian social work. Written by a highly diverse group of experts and covering all aspects of the field nation-wide.

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Women in World History

Building on a strain of feminist thought that underscored the constructedness of the sex/gender system in which female/ femininity is understood as inferior to male/masculinity (which stands as the norm for all humankind), queer theory ...

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Women in World History

'The Oxford Encyclopedia of Women in World History' is a comprehensive four-volume set covering all aspects of women's history throughout the world from prehistoric times to the present day. It is comprised of both biographical entries and detailed survey articles across a wealth of historical topics.