Chemistry of High Energy Materials

New energetics will provide vastly increased energy content over RDX, up to several times the energetic performance. In addition, these materials will have a high energy density with a high activation energy. With these capabilities ...

Chemistry of High Energy Materials

The 6th revised edition expands with new research developments, including new melt casts, reactive structure materials, a computational study on the detonation velocity of mixtures of solid explosives with non-explosive liquids, calculation of craters after explosions. This work is of interest to advanced students in chemistry, materials science and engineering, as well as to all those working in military and defense technology.

HIGH ENERGY MATERIALS DEMILITARIZATION ANTITERRORISM AND CIVIL APPLICATION

... energetic materials include reliable performance under a range of environmental conditions, long-term stability, environmental impact, processability, and sensitivity to accidental initiation through stimuli such as impact, shock, ...

HIGH ENERGY MATERIALS  DEMILITARIZATION  ANTITERRORISM AND CIVIL APPLICATION

The main directions of using high-energy materials are considered in the book of abstracts. New aspects of the application of nanomaterials and nanopowders in high-energy systems are described. The results of research in scientific basis to anti-terrorist problems are also highlighted.

Energy Research Abstracts

Oak Ridge National Lab . , TN ( USA ) . Aug gram conference , Oak Ridge , TN ( USA ) , 19-21 May 1987 ) . In Fossil 1987. ( CONF - 8705103– Fossil energy materials program conferEnergy Materials Program conference proceedings .

Energy Research Abstracts


Materials with Extreme Wetting Properties

Migration of low surface energy materials to the surface is the most widely used technique to recover superhydrophobic surfaces when they have been chemically damaged. Additional low surface energy materials are preserved in the rough ...

Materials with Extreme Wetting Properties

This book aims at identifying novel advanced materials of extreme wetting properties (MEWP) for practical, industrial applications. The state-of-the art superhdyrophobic, superhdyrophilic, superoleophobic, superoleophilic, and superomniphobic materials, that are MEWP, with respect to their technological and emerging industrial applications are discussed in this book. MEWP offer new perspectives providing numerous potential applications. Hence, these advanced MEWP have the potential to lead to a new generation of products and devices with unique properties and functionalities. Despite the large scientific progress on MEWP there are still some obstacles which have to be solved to make these materials available for real life applications. Recent advances on the production strategies, including methods and materials, of MEWP has shown that the durability and sustainability obstacles can be addressed thus offering the possibility for industrial exploitation. MEWP with wettabilities ranging from superhydrophobicity to superhydrophilicity provide promising avenues for several and important applications, which sometimes are crucial for the humankind. This book also discusses a large variety of other potential applications of MEWP, thus providing new ideas to scientists and engineers for further exploitation of these novel materials. Moreover, the whole spectrum of the recent technological developments, current research progress, future outlook, and the modern trends in the applications of MEWP are discussed in a consistent approach.

Polymeric Materials for Solar Thermal Applications

Telkes,M.N.(1977) Selective BlackforAbsorption of Solar Energy,Ses, Incorporated, Newark,DE. 13. Löfving, S. (1981) A paint for selective solar absorbers. Solar Energy Materials, 5 (1), 103–105. 14.Moore, S.W. (1985) Solar absorber ...

Polymeric Materials for Solar Thermal Applications

Bridging the gap between basic science and technological applications, this is the first book devoted to polymers for solar thermal applications. Clearly divided into three major parts, the contributions are written by experts on solar thermal applications and polymer scientists alike. The first part explains the fundamentals of solar thermal energy especially for representatives of the plastics industry and researchers. Part two then goes on to provide introductory information on polymeric materials and processing for solar thermal experts. The third part combines both of these fields, discussing the potential of polymeric materials in solar thermal applications, as well as demands on durability, design and building integration. With its emphasis on applications, this monograph is relevant for researchers at universities and developers in commercial companies.

Advanced Materials Science Technology in China A Roadmap to 2050

5.6.1 Energy Material Year 2020 Goals: The key structural materials and related processing technologies for energy equipment satisfy the actual demand, forming an independent supply; accomplishment of a series of breakthroughs in key ...

Advanced Materials Science   Technology in China  A Roadmap to 2050

As one of the eighteen field-specific reports comprising the comprehensive scope of the strategic general report of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, this sub-report addresses long-range planning for developing science and technology in the field of advanced materials science. They each craft a roadmap for their sphere of development to 2050. In their entirety, the general and sub-group reports analyze the evolution and laws governing the development of science and technology, describe the decisive impact of science and technology on the modernization process, predict that the world is on the eve of an impending S&T revolution, and call for China to be fully prepared for this new round of S&T advancement. Based on the detailed study of the demands on S&T innovation in China's modernization, the reports draw a framework for eight basic and strategic systems of socio-economic development with the support of science and technology, work out China's S&T roadmaps for the relevant eight basic and strategic systems in line with China's reality, further detail S&T initiatives of strategic importance to China's modernization, and provide S&T decision-makers with comprehensive consultations for the development of S&T innovation consistent with China's reality. Supported by illustrations and tables of data, the reports provide researchers, government officials and entrepreneurs with guidance concerning research directions, the planning process, and investment. Founded in 1949, the Chinese Academy of Sciences is the nation's highest academic institution in natural sciences. Its major responsibilities are to conduct research in basic and technological sciences, to undertake nationwide integrated surveys on natural resources and ecological environment, to provide the country with scientific data and consultations for government's decision-making, to undertake government-assigned projects with regard to key S&T problems in the process of socio-economic development, to initiate personnel training, and to promote China's high-tech enterprises through its active engagement in these areas.

Material Needs and the Environment Today and Tomorrow

Energy materials head the list of greatest growth . No major raw material has become obsolete , while certain finished products have , for example , horse - drawn wagons . A host of new products are made today that were not conceived in ...

Material Needs and the Environment Today and Tomorrow


Industrial Economics Review

In contrast , the relative contributions of non - energy materials were relatively large for most industries except energy producing and service industries . For example , in the motor vehicles industry nearly 85 percent of the increase ...

Industrial Economics Review


Advanced Materials and Processing

The Energy Materials Coordinating Committee coordinates Office of Conservation and the effort , which is distributed among a number of offices , Renewable Energy each with research programs related to their individuals missions .

Advanced Materials and Processing


Advanced Materials and Processing

The Energy Materials Coordinating Committee coordinates Office of Conservation and the effort , which is distributed among a number of offices , Renewable Energy each with research programs related to their individuals missions .

Advanced Materials and Processing


Fossil Energy Update

The ORNL Fossil Energy Materials Program Office compiles and issues this combined quarterly progress report from camera - ready copies submitted by each of the participating subcontractor organizations .

Fossil Energy Update


Urban Design Green Dimensions

'As a rough guide, however, the energy intensiveness of a building material will act as a guide to its greenness' (Vale and Vale, 1991). Building materials can be classified into three broad groups according to energy content: low, ...

Urban Design  Green Dimensions

In Green Dimensions, Cliff Moughtin relates sustainable development and green design to the realm of urban design and development. Examining regional and local frameworks for design and planning, this book shows how sustainable urban design can be implemented on every scale. Working from a strong theoretical base, the author uses case studies and discusses policy developments, in order to challenge the conventional wisdom on sustainable design. The book provides a rounded discussion of the application and suitability of current practice, and predicts future design needs. Updating the reader on topics such as energy efficiency, sustainable city forms and the culture of new urbanism, this completely revised and restructured second edition also includes brand new chapters on the Urban Park and Bio-diversity.

Smart Architecture A Sustainable Approach for Transparent Building Components Design

Buratti C, Moretti E (2011) Transparent insulating materials for buildings energy saving: experimental results and performance evaluation. In Proceedings of the Third International Conference on Applied Energy, 16-18 May 2011, ...

Smart Architecture     A Sustainable Approach for Transparent Building Components Design

This book explores the specific role that glazing technologies play within the world of smart architecture as important components of contemporary and future sustainable architectural and technological research. Smart Architecture begins with a definition of the concept of “smart” in architecture and examines how innovative technologies and materials have shaped buildings over the years. The author then provides a supporting database of contemporary smart architecture—mapping adopted strategies, recognizing common patterns, and evaluating current and future trends in the context of smart building envelopes, energy efficiency, and the development of high-potential innovative building components. The book proceeds with a focus on the specific role that glazing technologies play in this framework and provides a systematic methodology to quantify options for the effective integration of transparent building components within advanced and innovative building envelope systems.

Decomposition Combustion and Detonation Chemistry of Energetic Materials

Robertson, and C.T. White 'Reaction Rate Modeling in the Deflagration to Detonation Transition of Granular Energetic Materials 313 S.F. Son. B.W. Asay. J.B. Bdzil, and E.M. Kober A Simplified Method for Determining Reactive Rate ...

Decomposition  Combustion  and Detonation Chemistry of Energetic Materials

Energetic materials are distinguished from other materials primarily by the fact that rapid, exothermic reactions can be induced with the release of gaseous products. This complex phenomenon cuts across many boundaries of chemistry (synthesis, kinetics, thermodynamics, spectroscopy, quantum and molecular dynamics calculations, etc.) and engineering physics (shock and detonation waves, hydrodynamics, fracture and solid mechanics, defects, etc.). This volume offers the latest chemistry advancements in understanding the complex dynamic processes in these materials in the condensed phase. The focus is on fundamental research into the rates and pathways of rapid exothermic reactions, product specification, diagnostic methods, molecular processes of energy transfer, and molecular processes at extreme pressure and temperature. Many novel materials are discussed.

PPI Detailed Report

Intermediate energy goods Intermediate materials less foods and energy Materials for nondurable manufacturing Materials for durable manufacturing ...... Materials and components for construction . Crude materials for further processing ...

PPI Detailed Report


Material Integrated Intelligent Systems

197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 Zhang, Q., Sun, Y., Xu, W., and Zhu, D. (2014) Organic thermoelectric materials: emerging green energy materials converting heat to electricity directly and efficiently.

Material Integrated Intelligent Systems

Combining different perspectives from materials science, engineering, and computer science, this reference provides a unified view of the various aspects necessary for the successful realization of intelligent systems. The editors and authors are from academia and research institutions with close ties to industry, and are thus able to offer first-hand information here. They adopt a unique, three-tiered approach such that readers can gain basic, intermediate, and advanced topical knowledge. The technology section of the book is divided into chapters covering the basics of sensor integration in materials, the challenges associated with this approach, data processing, evaluation, and validation, as well as methods for achieving an autonomous energy supply. The applications part then goes on to showcase typical scenarios where material-integrated intelligent systems are already in use, such as for structural health monitoring and smart textiles.

Sustainable Retrofitting of Commercial Buildings

... Supplier Transport Energy Normal window Reliant on fossil fuel energy Increased energy consumption content), preferably based on supplierspecific data Use low embodied energy materials for the greatest amount of building materials; ...

Sustainable Retrofitting of Commercial Buildings

Despite recent improvements in energy efficiency being made in new build, it is important that the existing commercial building sector also take action to meet emission reduction targets. The objectives and challenges of such action will reduce the risk of the sector becoming obsolete due to high energy use and poor environmental performance. This book presents a theory-based, practice-support methodology to deal with sustainable retrofitting opportunities for existing commercial buildings in warm climates using bioclimatic design as the basis. The book has four main parts, focusing on eco-design and renovation, bioclimatic retrofitting, technological and behavioural change and case studies of retrofitting exemplars. In the first part, the context of climate change effects on design and renovation at the city scale is discussed. The second part looks at bioclimatic retrofitting as a 'design guide' for existing buildings, highlighting the significance of architectural design and engineering systems for energy performance. The technological and behavioural contexts of the existing building sector – policies, modelling, monitoring and trend analysis in respect to energy and environmental performance – are covered in part three. The final part gives some case studies showing the effectiveness of strategies suggested for effective environmental performance. This book is a must-have guide for all involved in the design and engineering of retrofitting projects in warm climates.