Environmental Life Cycle Assessment of Goods and Services

This book summarizes the EIO-LCA method, explains its use in relation to other life cycle assessment models, and provides sample applications and extensions of the model into novel areas.

Environmental Life Cycle Assessment of Goods and Services

Environmental life cycle assessment is often thought of as cradle to grave and therefore as the most complete accounting of the environmental costs and benefits of a product or service. However, as anyone who has done an environmental life cycle assessment knows, existing tools have many problems: data is difficult to assemble and life cycle studies take months of effort. A truly comprehensive analysis is prohibitive, so analysts are often forced to simply ignore many facets of life cycle impacts. But the focus on one aspect of a product or service can result in misleading indications if that aspect is benign while other aspects pollute or are otherwise unsustainable. This book summarizes the EIO-LCA method, explains its use in relation to other life cycle assessment models, and provides sample applications and extensions of the model into novel areas. A final chapter explains the free, easy-to-use software tool available on a companion website. (www.eiolca.net) The software tool provides a wealth of data, summarizing the current U.S. economy in 500 sectors with information on energy and materials use, pollution and greenhouse gas discharges, and other attributes like associated occupational deaths and injuries. The joint project of twelve faculty members and over 20 students working together over the past ten years at the Green Design Institute of Carnegie Mellon University, the EIO-LCA has been applied to a wide range of products and services. It will prove useful for research, industry, and in economics, engineering, or interdisciplinary classes in green design.

Environmental Life Cycle Assessment of Goods and Services

This book summarizes the EIO-LCA method, explains its use in relation to other life cycle assessment models, and provides sample applications and extensions of the model into novel areas.

Environmental Life Cycle Assessment of Goods and Services


Guidelines for Social Life Cycle Assessment of Products

The Guidelines for Social Life Cycle Assessment of Products provides a map, a skeleton and a flash light for stakeholders engaging in the assessment of social and socio-economic impacts of products life cycle.

Guidelines for Social Life Cycle Assessment of Products

The Guidelines for Social Life Cycle Assessment of Products provides a map, a skeleton and a flash light for stakeholders engaging in the assessment of social and socio-economic impacts of products life cycle. The map describes the context, the key concepts, the broader field in which tools and techniques are getting developed and their scope of application. The skeleton presents key elements to consider and provide guidance for the goal and scope, inventory, impact assessment and interpretation phases of a social life cycle assessment. The flash light highlights areas where further research is needed. Social Life Cycle Assessment is a technique available to account for stories and inform systematically on impacts that otherwise would be lost in the vast and fast moving sea of our modern world. May it help stakeholders to effectively and efficiently engage to improve social and socio-economic conditions of production and consumption

Primary Exergy Cost of Goods and Services

Recent developments in life cycle assessment. Journal of Environmental Management, 91, 1– 21. Fisher, F. M. (1965). Choice of units, column sums, and stability in linear dynamic systems with nonnegative square matrices.

Primary Exergy Cost of Goods and Services

This book describes the Exergy-based Input – Output (ExIO) framework, a comprehensive methodology for assessing the primary fossil fuels requirements for the production of goods and services within a given economy from a lifecycle perspective. In the ExIO approach, exergy is assumed to be the best suited thermodynamic metric for characterizing fossil fuels. The mathematical formulation of ExIO is based on Input-Output analysis, which defines boundaries in time and space for any system or product analyzed, encompassing its entire lifecycle. The Hybrid-ExIO approach has been developed to increase the accuracy of results and to analyze energy systems in detail, leading to the definition of criteria and indicators for identifying and optimizing the primary fossil fuels requirements of system products. Lastly, the Bioeconomic ExIO model has been proposed to account for the side effects that the working hours required for producing goods and services have on the total primary fossil fuels consumption. As such, the book will be of considerable interest to both researchers and engineers in industry, offering them essential guidelines on the utilization of exergy and thermoeconomic analysis.

Life Cycle Assessment Student Handbook

Frischknecht R, Althaus H-J, Bauer C, Doka G, Heck T, Jungbluth N, Kellenberger D. and Nemecek T (2007) The environmental relevance of capital goods in life cycle assessments of products and services IntJ Life Cycle Assess.

Life Cycle Assessment Student Handbook

This student version of the popular bestseller, Life Cycle Assessment Handbook, is not a watered-down version of the original, but retains all of the important information and valuable lessons provided in the first book, along with helpful problems and solutions for the student learning about Life Cycle Assessment (LCA). As the last several decades have seen a dramatic rise in the application of LCA in decision making, the interest in the life cycle concept as an environmental management and sustainability tool continues to grow. The LCA Student Handbook offers a look at the role that life cycle information, in the hands of companies, governments and consumers, may have in improving the environmental performance of products and technologies. It concisely and clearly presents the various aspects of LCA in order to help the reader better understand the subject. The international success of the sustainability paradigm needs the participation of many stakeholders, including citizens, corporations, academia, and NGOs. The handbook links LCA and responsible decision making and how the life cycle concept is a critical element in environmental sustainability. It covers issues such as building capacity in developing countries and emerging economies so that they are more capable of harnessing the potential in LCA for sustainable development. Governments play a very important role with the leverage they have through procurement, regulation, international treaties, tax incentives, public outreach, and other policy tools. This compilation of points to the clear trend for incorporating life cycle information into the design and development processes for products and policies, just as quality and safety concerns are now addressed throughout product design and development. The Life Cycle Assessment Student Handbook is not just for students. It is also a valuable resource for practitioners looking for a desktop reference on LCA or for any engineer, manager, or policy-maker wishing to learn about LCA.

Life Cycle Assessment Handbook

Hendrickson, C., Lave, L.B., and Matthews, H.S. Environmental life cycle assessment of goods and Services – An input-output approach; Resources for the Future: Washington, DC, 2006. Heijungs, R., de Koning, A., Suh, S. and Huppes, ...

Life Cycle Assessment Handbook

The first book of its kind, the LCA Handbook will become an invaluable resource for environmentally progressive manufacturers and suppliers, product and process designers, executives and managers, and government officials who want to learn about this essential component of environmental sustainability.

Life Cycle Inventory Analysis

Springer, Dordrecht Heijungs R (2014) Ten easy lessons for good communication of LCA. Int J Life Cycle Assess 19(3):473–476 Hendrickson CT, Lave LB, Matthews HS (2006) Environmental life cycle assessment of goods and services.

Life Cycle Inventory Analysis

Life Cycle Inventory (LCI) Analysis is the second phase in the Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) framework. Since the first attempts to formalize life cycle assessment in the early 1970, life cycle inventory analysis has been a central part. Chapter 1, Introduction to Life Cycle Inventory Analysis, discusses the history of inventory analysis from the 1970s through SETAC and the ISO standard. In Chapter 2, Principles of Life Cycle Inventory Modeling, the general principles of setting up an LCI model and LCI analysis are described by introducing the core LCI model and extensions that allow addressing reality better. Chapter 3, Development of Unit Process Datasets, shows that developing unit processes of high quality and transparency is not a trivial task, but is crucial for high-quality LCA studies. Chapter 4, Multi-functionality in Life Cycle Inventory Analysis: Approaches and Solutions, describes how multi-functional processes can be identified. In Chapter 5, Data Quality in Life Cycle Inventories, the quality of data gathered and used in LCI analysis is discussed. State-of-the-art indicators to assess data quality in LCA are described and the fitness for purpose concept is introduced. Chapter 6, Life Cycle Inventory Data and Databases, follows up on the topic of LCI data and provides a state-of-the-art description of LCI databases. It describes differences between foreground and background data, recommendations for starting a database, data exchange and quality assurance concepts for databases, as well as the scientific basis of LCI databases. Chapter 7, Algorithms of Life Cycle Inventory Analysis, provides the mathematical models underpinning the LCI. Since Heijungs and Suh (2002), this is the first time that this aspect of LCA has been fundamentally presented. In Chapter 8, Inventory Indicators in Life Cycle Assessment, the use of LCI data to create aggregated environmental and resource indicators is described. Such indicators include the cumulative energy demand and various water use indicators. Chapter 9, The Link Between Life Cycle Inventory Analysis and Life Cycle Impact Assessment, uses four examples to discuss the link between LCI analysis and LCIA. A clear and relevant link between these phases is crucial.

Life Cycle Assessment of Semiconductors

Technical report, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Pollution Prevention and Toxics, Design for Environment (DfE) Program, 2005. EPA. ... Environmental Life Cycle Assessment of Goods and Services: An Input-Output Approach.

Life Cycle Assessment of Semiconductors

Life-Cycle Assessment of Semiconductors presents the first and thus far only available transparent and complete life cycle assessment of semiconductor devices. A lack of reliable semiconductor LCA data has been a major challenge to evaluation of the potential environmental benefits of information technologies (IT). The analysis and results presented in this book will allow a higher degree of confidence and certainty in decisions concerning the use of IT in efforts to reduce climate change and other environmental effects. Coverage includes but is not limited to semiconductor manufacturing trends by product type and geography, unique coverage of life-cycle assessment, with a focus on uncertainty and sensitivity analysis of energy and global warming missions for CMOS logic devices, life cycle assessment of flash memory and life cycle assessment of DRAM. The information and conclusions discussed here will be highly relevant and useful to individuals and institutions.

Sustainability Challenges in the Agrofood Sector

Environmental Science & Technology, 32(7): 184A–91A. Hendrickson, C. T., Lave, L. B., Matthews, H. S. (2006). Environmental Life Cycle Assessment of Goods and Services: An input‐output approach. Washington, DC: Resources for the Future ...

Sustainability Challenges in the Agrofood Sector

Sustainability Challenges in the Agrofood Sector covers a wide range of agrofood-related concerns, including urban and rural agriculture and livelihoods, water-energy management, food and environmental policies, diet and human health. Significant and relevant research topics highlighting the most recent updates will be covered, with contributions from leading experts currently based in academia, government bodies and NGOs (see list of contributors below). Chapters will address the realities of sustainable agrofood, the issues and challenges at stake, and will propose and discuss novel approaches to these issues. This book will be the most up-to-date and complete work yet published on the topic, with new and hot topics covered as well as the core aspects and challenges of agrofood sustainability.

Catalysis Green Chemistry and Sustainable Energy

Social and Socio-Economic LCA Guidelines Complementing Environmental LCA and Life Cycle Costing, Contributing to the Full Assessment of Goods and Services within the Context of Sustainable Development. Life Cycle Initiative e United ...

Catalysis  Green Chemistry and Sustainable Energy

Catalysis, Green Chemistry and Sustainable Energy: New Technologies for Novel Business Opportunities offers new possibilities for businesses who want to address the current global transition period to adopt low carbon and sustainable energy production. This comprehensive source provides an integrated view of new possibilities within catalysis and green chemistry in an economic context, showing how these potential new technologies may become useful to business. Fundamentals and specific examples are included to guide the transformation of idea to innovation and business. Offering an overview of the new possibilities for creating business in catalysis, energy and green chemistry, this book is a beneficial tool for students, researchers and academics in chemical and biochemical engineering. Discusses new developments in catalysis, energy and green chemistry from the perspective of converting ideas to innovation and business Presents case histories, preparation of business plans, patent protection and IP rights, creation of start-ups, research funds and successful written proposals Offers an interdisciplinary approach combining science and business

Life Cycle Approaches to Sustainable Regional Development

when purchasing products (and/or services) is a first step, but it is also a valid approach for imported goods and ... Complementing Environmental LCA and Life Cycle Costing, Contributing to the Full Assessment of Goods and Services ...

Life Cycle Approaches to Sustainable Regional Development

26 Circular economy and regional implications -- 27 Life cycle management for regional development in France: Example of building sector -- 28 From product LCAs to territorial LCAs: Methodological principles -- 29 Integrated life cycle and risk assessment of human health impacts in Catalonia -- 30 LCA application in regional waste management in Chile -- 31 Water footprint assessment at the regional level -- 32 Carbon footprint of biofuels -- 33 Sustainable procurement based on life cycle costing -- 34 Sustainability performance in industrial parks -- 35 Sustainable redevelopment of degraded land and landscapes -- Part V: Integrated use of life cycle approaches in key economic sectors -- 36 Sustainable agri-food chains and LCA -- 37 Integration of LCA, LCC, and SLCA methods for assessing a bioeconomy region -- 38 Responsible mining - from a life cycle to a stewardship approach -- 39 Trends and considerations of renewable energy development: A regional perspective -- 40 Closing the loop: The example of packaging -- 41 Life cycle aspects of the Walloon wood sector -- 42 Global warming assessment of Himalayan buildings -- 43 Integrated waste management and resource recovery in India -- 44 Biodiversity restoration and sustainable tourism in south-western Australia -- Part VI: Life cycle perspectives for regional socio-economic development -- 45 Synthesis - life cycle approaches and perspectives for sustainable regional development -- Index

Life Cycle Assessment on Green Building Implementation

Hendrickson, C.; Lave, L.; Matthews, H. Environmental Life Cycle Assessment of Goods and Services: An Input-Output Approach; Routledge: London, UK, 2006. Suh, S.; Huppes, G. Methods for Life Cycle Inventory of a product.

Life Cycle Assessment on Green Building Implementation

This book is a printed edition of the Special Issue "Life Cycle Assessment on Green Building Implementation" that was published in Sustainability

Life Cycle Assessment

EUCE (European Commission for the Environment) (2013) Consultation on the Review of Hazardous Properties, ... Hendrickson, C.T., Lave, L.B. and Matthews, H.S. (2006) Environmental Life Cycle Assessment of Goods and Services, Washington, ...

Life Cycle Assessment

Life Cycle Assessment addresses the dynamic and dialectic of building and ecology, presenting the key theories and techniques surrounding the use of life cycle assessment data and methods. Architects and construction professionals must assume greater responsibility in helping building owners to understand the implications of making material, manufacturing, and assemblage decisions and therefore design to accommodate more ecological building. Life Cycle Assessment is a guide for architects, engineers, and builders, presenting the principles and art of performing life cycle impact assessments of materials and whole buildings, including the need to define meaningful goals and objectives and critically evaluate analysis assumptions. As part of the PocketArchitecture Series, the book includes both fundamentals and advanced topics. The book is primarily focused on arming the design and construction professional with the tools necessary to make design decisions regarding life cycle, reuse, and sustainability. As such, the book is a practical text on the concepts and applications of life cycle techniques and environmental impact evaluation in architecture and is presented in language and depth appropriate for building industry professionals.

Life Cycle Sustainability Assessment for Decision Making

Guidelines for Social Life Cycle Assessment of Products. Social and Socio-Economic LCA Guidelines Complementing Environmental LCA and Life Cycle Costing, Contributing to the Full Assessment of Goods and Services within the Context of ...

Life Cycle Sustainability Assessment for Decision Making

Life Cycle Sustainability Assessment for Decision-Making: Methodologies and Case Studies gives readers a comprehensive introduction to life cycle sustainability assessment (LCSA) methodology for sustainability measurement of industrial systems, proposing an efficiency methodology for stakeholders and decision-makers. Featuring the latest methods and case studies, the book will assist researchers in environmental sciences and energy to develop the best methods for LCA, as well as aiding those practitioners who are responsible for making decisions for promoting sustainable development. The past, current status and future of LCSA, Life Cycle Assessment method (LCA), Life Cycle Costing (LCC), Social Life Cycle Assessment (SLCA), the methodology of LCSA, typical LCSA case studies, limitations of LCSA, and life cycle aggregated sustainability index methods are all covered in this multidisciplinary book. Includes models for assessing sustainability in environmental, energy engineering and economic scenarios Features case studies that help define the advantages and obstacles of real world applications Presents a complete view, from theory to practice, of a life cycle approach by exploring the methods and tools of sustainability assessment, analysis and design of sustainability assessment

Environmental Data Analysis

Environmental Life Cycle Assessment of Goods and Services. Washington DC, REF Press, 2006. [18] Hermann WA. Quantifying global exergy resources. Energy. 2006(31):1349–1366. [19] Huesemann MH. The limits of technological solutions to ...

Environmental Data Analysis

Most environmental data involve a large degree of complexity and uncertainty. Environmental Data Analysis is created to provide modern quantitative tools and techniques designed specifically to meet the needs of environmental sciences and related fields. This book has an impressive coverage of the scope. Main techniques described in this book are models for linear and nonlinear environmental systems, statistical & numerical methods, data envelopment analysis, risk assessments and life cycle assessments. These state-of-the-art techniques have attracted significant attention over the past decades in environmental monitoring, modeling and decision making. Environmental Data Analysis explains carefully various data analysis procedures and techniques in a clear, concise, and straightforward language and is written in a self-contained way that is accessible to researchers and advanced students in science and engineering. This is an excellent reference for scientists and engineers who wish to analyze, interpret and model data from various sources, and is also an ideal graduate-level textbook for courses in environmental sciences and related fields. Contents: Preface Time series analysis Chaos and dynamical systems Approximation Interpolation Statistical methods Numerical methods Optimization Data envelopment analysis Risk assessments Life cycle assessments Index

Proceedings of the Seventh International Conference on Management Science and Engineering Management

2010 Revision. http://www.eiolca.net/ Hendrickson CT, Lave LB, Matthews HS (2006) Environmental life cycle assessment of goods and services: An input-output approach. Resources for the Future Press Joshi S (2000) Product environmental ...

Proceedings of the Seventh International Conference on Management Science and Engineering Management

This book presents the proceedings of the Seventh International Conference on Management Science and Engineering Management (ICMSEM2013) held from November 7 to 9, 2013 at Drexel University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA and organized by the International Society of Management Science and Engineering Management, Sichuan University (Chengdu, China) and Drexel University (Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA). The goals of the Conference are to foster international research collaborations in Management Science and Engineering Management as well as to provide a forum to present current research findings. The selected papers cover various areas in management science and engineering management, such as Decision Support Systems, Multi-Objective Decisions, Uncertain Decisions, Computational Mathematics, Information Systems, Logistics and Supply Chain Management, Relationship Management, Scheduling and Control, Data Warehousing and Data Mining, Electronic Commerce, Neural Networks, Stochastic Models and Simulation, Fuzzy Programming, Heuristics Algorithms, Risk Control, Organizational Behavior, Green Supply Chains, and Carbon Credits. The proceedings introduce readers to novel ideas on and different problem-solving methods in Management Science and Engineering Management. We selected excellent papers from all over the world, integrating their expertise and ideas in order to improve research on Management Science and Engineering Management.

Sustainability Transition Towards a Bio Based Economy New Technologies New Products New Policies

Finkbeiner, M.; Schau, E.M.; Lehmann, A.; Traverso, M. Towards life cycle sustainability assessment. ... Full Assessment of Goods and Services Within the Context of Sustainable Development; United Nations Environment Programme: Paris, ...

Sustainability Transition Towards a Bio Based Economy  New Technologies  New Products  New Policies

(This book is a printed edition of the Special Issue "Sustainability Transition Towards a Bio-Based Economy: New Technologies, New Products, New Policies" that was published in Sustainability

Green Chemistry and Engineering

Hendrickson, C. T., LaveL., Matthews, H. S. Environmental Life Cycle Assessment of Goods and Services: An Input–Output Approach. Resources for the Future,Washington, DC, 2006. 32. Jime ́nez-Gonza ́lez, C. Life cycle assessment in ...

Green Chemistry and Engineering

The past, present, and future of green chemistry and greenengineering From college campuses to corporations, the past decade witnesseda rapidly growing interest in understanding sustainable chemistryand engineering. Green Chemistry and Engineering: A PracticalDesign Approach integrates the two disciplines into a singlestudy tool for students and a practical guide for working chemistsand engineers. In Green Chemistry and Engineering, theauthors—each highly experienced in implementing greenchemistry and engineering programs in industrialsettings—provide the bottom-line thinking required to notonly bring sustainable chemistry and engineering closer together,but to also move business towards more sustainable practices andproducts. Detailing an integrated, systems-oriented approach thatbridges both chemical syntheses and manufacturing processes, thisinvaluable reference covers: Green chemistry and green engineering in the movement towardssustainability Designing greener, safer chemical synthesis Designing greener, safer chemical manufacturing processes Looking beyond current processes to a lifecycle thinkingperspective Trends in chemical processing that may lead to more sustainablepractices The authors also provide real-world examples and exercises topromote further thought and discussion. The EPA defines green chemistry as the design of chemicalproducts and processes that reduce or eliminate the use orgeneration of hazardous substances. Green engineering is describedas the design, commercialization, and use of products and processesthat are feasible and economical while minimizing both thegeneration of pollution at the source and the risk to human healthand the environment. While there is no shortage of books on eitherdiscipline, Green Chemistry and Engineering is the first totruly integrate the two.