Ergonomics in the Automotive Design Process

The book begins with the definitions and goals of ergonomics, historic background, and ergonomics approaches.

Ergonomics in the Automotive Design Process

The auto industry is facing tough competition and severe economic constraints. Their products need to be designed "right the first time" with the right combinations of features that not only satisfy the customers but continually please and delight them by providing increased functionality, comfort, convenience, safety, and craftsmanship. Based on the author's forty plus years of experience as a human factors researcher, engineer, manager, and teacher who has conducted numerous studies and analyses, Ergonomics in the Automotive Design Process covers the entire range of ergonomics issues involved in designing a car or truck and provides evaluation techniques to avoid costly mistakes and assure high customer satisfaction. The book begins with the definitions and goals of ergonomics, historic background, and ergonomics approaches. It covers human characteristics, capabilities, and limitations considered in vehicle design in key areas such as anthropometry, biomechanics, and human information processing. It then examines how the driver and the occupants are positioned in the vehicle space and how package drawings and/or computer-aided design models are created from key vehicle dimensions used in the automobile industry. The author describes design tools used in the industry for occupant packaging, driver vision, and applications of other psychophysical methods. He covers important driver information processing concepts and models and driver error categories to understand key considerations and principles used in designing controls, displays, and their usages, including current issues related to driver workload and driver distractions. The author has included only the topics and materials that he found to be useful in designing car and truck products and concentrated on the ergonomic issues generally discussed in the automotive design studios and product development teams. He distills the information needed to be a member of an automotive product development team and create an ergonomically superior vehicle.

An Introduction to Modern Vehicle Design

9.3. Ergonomics. in. the. automotive. industry. Traditionally, in the automotive
design process most of the ergonomics input was provided at the end of the
styling process. Very crude occupant data would have been used ...

An Introduction to Modern Vehicle Design

'An Introduction to Modern Vehicle Design' provides a thorough introduction to the many aspects of passenger car design in one volume. Starting with basic principles, the author builds up analysis procedures for all major aspects of vehicle and component design. Subjects of current interest to the motor industry, such as failure prevention, designing with modern materials, ergonomics and control systems are covered in detail, and the author concludes with a discussion on the future trends in automobile design. With contributions from both academics lecturing in motor vehicle engineering and those working in the industry, "An Introduction to Modern Vehicle Design" provides students with an excellent overview and background in the design of vehicles before they move on to specialised areas. Filling the niche between the more descriptive low level books and books which focus on specific areas of the design process, this unique volume is essential for all students of automotive engineering. Only book to cover the broad range of topics for automobile design and analysis procedures Each topic written by an expert with many years experience of the automotive industry

Automotive Product Development

This book is about how to develop future automotive products by applying the latest methodologies based on a systems engineering approach and by taking into account many issues facing the auto industry such as meeting government safety, ...

Automotive Product Development

This book is about how to develop future automotive products by applying the latest methodologies based on a systems engineering approach and by taking into account many issues facing the auto industry such as meeting government safety, emissions and fuel economy regulations, incorporating advances in new technology applications in structural materials, power trains, vehicle lighting systems, displays and telematics, and satisfying the very demanding customer. It is financially disastrous for any automotive company to create a vehicle that very few people want. To design an automotive product that will be successful in the marketplace requires carefully orchestrated teamwork of experts from many disciplines, substantial amount of resources, and application of proven techniques at the right time during the product development process. Automotive Product Development: A Systems Engineering Implementation is intended for company management personnel and graduate students in engineering, business management and other disciplines associated with the development of automotive and other complex products.

Automotive Ergonomics

After all, we are simply describing the fundamentals of automotive ergonomics,
and surely everyone must recognise their ... The automotive design process has
historically been based on rival teams or individual designers with a strong ...

Automotive Ergonomics

In the last 20 years, technological developments have set new standards in driver-vehicle interaction. These developments effect the entire lifecycle, from the moment a customer enters a dealership to examine a prospective vehicle, to the driving experience during the vehicle lifecycle, and the interaction with other road users and facilities in pl

Human Factors and Ergonomics in Consumer Product Design

the. User-Centered. Design. Process. Stephen. J. Summerskill. and. Russell.
Marshall. CONTENTS 20.1 Introduction . ... The virtual automotive design process
has reduced the need for physical mock-ups that were traditionally produced to ...

Human Factors and Ergonomics in Consumer Product Design

Every day we interact with thousands of consumer products. We not only expect them to perform their functions safely, reliably, and efficiently, but also to do it so seamlessly that we don’t even think about it. However, with the many factors involved in consumer product design, from the application of human factors and ergonomics principles to reducing risks of malfunction and the total life cycle cost, well, the process just seems to get more complex. Edited by well-known and well-respected experts, the two-volumes of Handbook of Human Factors and Ergonomics in Consumer Product Design simplify this process. The first volume, Human Factors and Ergonomics in Consumer Product Design: Methods and Techniques, outlines the how to incorporate Human Factors and Ergonomics (HF/E) principles and knowledge into the design of consumer products in a variety of applications. It discusses the user-centered design process, starting with how mental workload affects every day interactions with consumer products and what lessons may be applied to product design. The book then highlights the ever-increasing role of information technology, including digital imaging, video and other media, and virtual reality applications in consumer product design. It also explores user-centered aspect of consumer product development with discussions of user-centered vs. task-based approach, articulation and assessment of user requirements and needs, interaction with design models, and eco design. With contributions from a team of researchers from 21 countries, the book covers the current state of the art methods and techniques of product ergonomics. It provides an increased knowledge of how to apply the HF/E principles that ultimately leads to better product design.

Handbook of Human Factors and Ergonomics

DESIGN. Table 1 Selected First-Generation Analysis Tools Available in
Commercially Available. Vincent G. Duffy Purdue ... Applications in this field
demonstrate how to reduce the need for prototyping and incorporate ergonomics
and human factors earlier in the design process (Duffy, ... virtual ergonomic
assessment, anthropometrics, automotive design, human shape design,
Bayesian modeling, human ...

Handbook of Human Factors and Ergonomics

The fourth edition of the Handbook of Human Factors and Ergonomicshas been completely revised and updated. This includes allexisting third edition chapters plus new chapters written to covernew areas. These include the following subjects: Managing low-back disorder risk in the workplace Online interactivity Neuroergonomics Office ergonomics Social networking HF&E in motor vehicle transportation User requirements Human factors and ergonomics in aviation Human factors in ambient intelligent environments As with the earlier editions, the main purpose of this handbookis to serve the needs of the human factors and ergonomicsresearchers, practitioners, and graduate students. Each chapter hasa strong theory and scientific base, but is heavily focused on realworld applications. As such, a significant number of case studies,examples, figures, and tables are included to aid in theunderstanding and application of the material covered.

International Journal of Vehicle Design

The Journal of the International Association for Vehicle Design ... concluded that
to fully integrate ergonomics into automotive design required three elements : 1
Provision of ergonomics information in ... ergonomics , users , tasks and
environmental characteristics is not sufficient if the design process itself does not
allow this ...

International Journal of Vehicle Design


Ergonomics and Health Aspects of Work with Computers

Improving in-Vehicle Display and Control Design for Older Drivers Jaeheok Ryu1
, Gyohyeon Song2, Seongil Lee2, Yoonhyung Cho1, Gyouhyung Kyung1,
Hyungkee ... Keywords: older driver, automobile interior, automotive ergonomics,
visibility, controllability ... 2 Experiment 2.1 Process First, this study attempted to
find.

Ergonomics and Health Aspects of Work with Computers

The 13th International Conference on Human–Computer Interaction, HCI Inter- tional 2009, was held in San Diego, California, USA, July 19–24, 2009, jointly with the Symposium on Human Interface (Japan) 2009, the 8th International Conference on Engineering Psychology and Cognitive Ergonomics, the 5th International Conference on Universal Access in Human–Computer Interaction, the Third International Conf- ence on Virtual and Mixed Reality, the Third International Conference on Internati- alization, Design and Global Development, the Third International Conference on Online Communities and Social Computing, the 5th International Conference on Augmented Cognition, the Second International Conference on Digital Human Mod- ing, and the First International Conference on Human Centered Design. A total of 4,348 individuals from academia, research institutes, industry and gove- mental agencies from 73 countries submitted contributions, and 1,397 papers that were judged to be of high scientific quality were included in the program. These papers - dress the latest research and development efforts and highlight the human aspects of the design and use of computing systems. The papers accepted for presentation thoroughly cover the entire field of human–computer interaction, addressing major advances in knowledge and effective use of computers in a variety of application areas.

Usability Evaluation for In Vehicle Systems

Ergonomics has played a major role in the development of the driver–vehicle
interface and evidence for consideration of ease of use can ... In fact, taken all in
all, the general trend of motor car design is to make a machine which will be
practical, comfortable and serviceable. ... focus during the product development
process.

Usability Evaluation for In Vehicle Systems

Ergonomics often seems to be involved too late in commercial project development processes to have substantive impact on design and usability. However, in the automotive industry, and specifically in relation to In-Vehicle Information Systems (IVIS), a lack of attention to usability can not only lead to poor customer satisfaction, it can also present a significant risk to safe and efficient driving. Usability Evaluation for In-Vehicle Systems describes how to apply a range of usability evaluation methods for IVIS. The authors explore the driving context and the range of driver-IVIS interactions, using case studies that show how Ergonomics methods can add considerable value throughout the product development process. They emphasize practical approaches that can be used to predict and analyze driver behavior with IVIS. The authors also present validation evidence for the methods covered. The book has three key objectives: Define and understand usability in the context of IVIS. This guides the specification of criteria against which usability can be successfully evaluated. Develop a multi-method framework to support designers in the evaluation of IVIS usability. The underlying motivations for the framework are a need for early-stage evaluation to support proactive redesign and a practical and realistic approach which can be used successfully by automotive manufacturers. Develop an analytic usability evaluation method which enables useful predictions of task interaction, whilst accounting for the specific context-of-use of IVIS. The major challenge of this particular context-of-use is the dual-task environment created by interacting with secondary tasks via an IVIS at the same time as driving. Written for students, researchers, designers, and engineers, the book is not only a guide to the practical application of evaluation methods, it also presents important theoretical concepts and hypotheses, describing the behavior of drivers and the effects of IVIS interactions. It provides a framework for developing more usable systems to enhance the overall driving experience by meeting the needs of the driver: safety, efficiency, and enjoyment.

Ergonomics for the New Millennium

ERGONOMICS FOR ASSEMBLY FOR AUTOMOTIVE DESIGN ENGINEERS
Wendy Morris and Prof . ... INTRODUCTION Many automotive manufacturers
have changed from a systematic design to production process to one of
simultaneous ...

Ergonomics for the New Millennium


Rollover Prevention Crash Avoidance Crashworthiness Ergonomics and Human Factors

FEA with its automotive implementations into advanced materials analysis ,
optimum design , crashworthiness , and ... From the very early stages of the new
vehicle design process FEA is used to ensure the strength of the designed parts
and ...

Rollover Prevention  Crash Avoidance  Crashworthiness  Ergonomics and Human Factors


Occupational Ergonomics

In the fifteen years since the publication of Occupational Ergonomics: Theory and Applications significant advances have been made in this field.

Occupational Ergonomics

In the fifteen years since the publication of Occupational Ergonomics: Theory and Applications significant advances have been made in this field. These advances include understanding the impact of ageing and obesity on workplace, the role of ergonomics in promoting healthy workplaces and healthy life styles, the role of ergonomic science in the design of consumer products, and much more. The caliber of information and the simple, practical ergonomics solutions in the second edition of this groundbreaking resource, though, haven’t changed. See What’s New in the Second Edition: Enhanced coverage of ergonomics in the international arena Emerging topics such as Healthcare Ergonomics and economics of ergonomics Coverage of disability management and psychosocial rehabilitation aspects of workplace and its ergonomics implication Current ergonomics solutions from "research to practice" Synergy of healthy workplaces with healthy lifestyles Impact of physical agents on worker health/safety and its control Additional problems with solutions in the appendix The book covers the fundamentals of ergonomics and the practical application of those fundamentals in solving ergonomic problems. The scope is such that it can be used as a reference for graduate students in the health sciences, engineering, technology and business as well as professional practitioners of these disciplines. Also, it can be used as a senior level undergraduate textbook, with solved problems, case studies, and exercises included in several chapters. The book blends medical and engineering applications to solve musculoskeletal, safety, and health problems in a variety of traditional and emerging industries ranging from the office to the operating room to operations engineering.

Integrated Computer Aided Design in Automotive Development

Development Processes, Geometric Fundamentals, Methods of CAD, Knowledge
-Based Engineering Data ... involved in vehicle development, including project
engineers, ergonomic specialists, safety and crash departments, designers, and
 ...

Integrated Computer Aided Design in Automotive Development

The automotive industry faces constant pressure to reduce development costs and time while still increasing vehicle quality. To meet this challenge, engineers and researchers in both science and industry are developing effective strategies and flexible tools by enhancing and further integrating powerful, computer-aided design technology. This book provides a valuable overview of the development tools and methods of today and tomorrow. It is targeted not only towards professional project and design engineers, but also to students and to anyone who is interested in state-of-the-art computer-aided development. The book begins with an overview of automotive development processes and the principles of virtual product development. Focusing on computer-aided design, a comprehensive outline of the fundamentals of geometry representation provides a deeper insight into the mathematical techniques used to describe and model geometrical elements. The book then explores the link between the demands of integrated design processes and efficient data management. Within automotive development, the management of knowledge and engineering data plays a crucial role. Some selected representative applications provide insight into the complex interactions between computer-aided design, knowledge-based engineering and data management and highlight some of the important methods currently emerging in the field.

Advances in Human Factors Ergonomics and Safety in Manufacturing and Service Industries

This volume is concerned with the human factors, ergonomics, and safety issues related to the design of products, processes, and systems, as well as operation and management of business enterprises in both manufacturing and service sectors ...

Advances in Human Factors  Ergonomics  and Safety in Manufacturing and Service Industries

This volume is concerned with the human factors, ergonomics, and safety issues related to the design of products, processes, and systems, as well as operation and management of business enterprises in both manufacturing and service sectors of contemporary industry. The book is organized into ten sections that focus on the following subject matters: I: Enterprise Management II: Human Factors in Manufacturing III: Processes and Services IV: Design of Work Systems V. Working Environment VI. Product and System Safety VII. Safety Design Issues VIII. Safety Management IX. Hazard Communication X. Occupational Risk Prevention This book will be of special value to researchers and practitioners involved in the design of products, processes, systems, and services, which are marketed and utilized by a variety of organizations around the world. Seven other titles in the Advances in Human Factors and Ergonomics Series are: Advances in Human Factors and Ergonomics in Healthcare Advances in Applied Digital Human Modeling Advances in Cross-Cultural Decision Making Advances in Cognitive Ergonomics Advances in Occupational, Social and Organizational Ergonomics Advances in Ergonomics Modeling & Usability Evaluation Advances in Neuroergonomics and Human Factors of Special Populations

Proceedings of the XIVth Triennial Congress of the International Ergonomics Association and 44th Annual Meeting of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society Ergonomics for the New Millennium

... Human Factors and Design 00 44 6-806 Design-Bringing Ergonomics to the
Design Process of a Behavioral Care Unit ... the 21st Century 00 44 2-776
Design—Computer-Assisted Ergonomic Analysis for Vehicle Interior Design 00
44 3-345 ...

Proceedings of the XIVth Triennial Congress of the International Ergonomics Association and 44th Annual Meeting of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society   Ergonomics for the New Millennium


Advances in Ergonomics In Design Usability Special Populations Part III

Integrated. Approach. to. Ergonomics. in. the. Design. Phase. of. New. Car.
Models: Virtual. Simulation. and. Physical. Validation ... New standards on work
organization also require new concepts for process design and for production:
the human centered approach to improve manual assembly operations. ... so that
the most important automotive OEM have been obliged to react to this scenario.
In terms ...

Advances in Ergonomics In Design  Usability   Special Populations  Part III

Successful interaction with products, tools and technologies depends on usable designs and accommodating the needs of potential users without requiring costly training. In this context, this book is concerned with emerging ergonomics in design concepts, theories and applications of human factors knowledge focusing on the discovery, design and understanding of human interaction and usability issues with products and systems for their improvement. This book will be of special value to a large variety of professionals, researchers and students in the broad field of human modeling and performance who are interested in feedback of devices’ interfaces (visual and haptic), user-centered design, and design for special populations, particularly the elderly. We hope this book is informative, but even more - that it is thought provoking. We hope it inspires, leading the reader to contemplate other questions, applications, and potential solutions in creating good designs for all.

Automotive Development Processes

Be it OEMs developing new models, suppliers integerating themselves deeper into the development processes of different OEMs, analysts estimating economical risks and opportunities of automotive investments, or even governments creating and ...

Automotive Development Processes

The global crisis the automotive industry has slipped into over the second half of 2008 has set a fierce spotlight not only on which cars are the right ones to bring to the market but also on how these cars are developed. Be it OEMs developing new models, suppliers integerating themselves deeper into the development processes of different OEMs, analysts estimating economical risks and opportunities of automotive investments, or even governments creating and evaluating scenarios for financial aid for suffering automotive companies: At the end of the day, it is absolutely indispensable to comprehensively understand the processes of auto- tive development – the core subject of this book. Let’s face it: More than a century after Carl Benz, Wilhelm Maybach and Gottlieb Daimler developed and produced their first motor vehicles, the overall concept of passenger cars has not changed much. Even though components have been considerably optimized since then, motor cars in the 21st century are still driven by combustion engines that transmit their propulsive power to the road s- face via gearboxes, transmission shafts and wheels, which together with spri- damper units allow driving stability and ride comfort. Vehicles are still navigated by means of a steering wheel that turns the front wheels, and the required control elements are still located on a dashboard in front of the driver who operates the car sitting in a seat.

Contemporary Ergonomics 2008

Proceedings of the International Conference on Contemporary Ergonomics (
CE2008), 1-3 April 2008, Nottingham, UK Philip D. Bust ... of capturing user
requirements at the earliest opportunity and implementing them throughout the
lifecycle of a project or design process. ... Interfaces for Novel product design (
SATIN; FP6-IST-5-034525), Computerised Automotive Technology
Reconfiguration System for ...

Contemporary Ergonomics 2008

Presenting the Proceedings of the Ergonomics Society's annual conference, the series embraces the wide range of topics covered by ergonomics. Individual papers provide insight into current practice, present new research findings and form an invaluable reference source. A wide range of topics are covered in these proceedings, including Ergonomics, H

Computer Applications in Ergonomics Occupational Safety and Health

Ergonomists in the vehicle industry all recognise problems arising from the
simplifications which were inevitable in the two ... MODELLING IN THE DESIGN
PROCESS Obviously , modelling is only one technique used in the design
process ...

Computer Applications in Ergonomics  Occupational Safety  and Health

This volume presents a valuable reference on the available computer-based tools and techniques that can be used for improving the comfort of working conditions, as well as the safety and health of the working population worldwide. The variety and depth of presented computer applications illustrate the increasing usefulness of information technology in removing the ever present incompatibilities between people and their working environments. Especially in the areas of data collection and analysis, man-machine systems interface, workplace and equipment design, industrial safety and injury control, the computer-based systems can improve the scope and quality of services provided to the industry at large. The transfer of knowledge between ergonomists, occupational safety and health professionals, and management and workers is critical to ensure full realization of the many benefits expected from implementation of ergonomics and safety principles in the workplace.

Annual International Industrial Engineering Conference

First , a process needs to be defined in which ergonomics criteria will be
consistently used throughout the new design or product ... In addition , by
integrating ergonomics into every phase of the component and vehicle design
process , a more ...

Annual International Industrial Engineering Conference