European Margin Sediment Dynamics

Since this time, many acoustic images from the seafloor and sub-seafloor of the European continental margin have provided new insights into the sediment dynamics shaping this margin. Therefore, we felt it is timely to provide the end- ...

European Margin Sediment Dynamics

This book provides acoustic images about sedimentary systems of the shelf edge, slope and deep-sea-floor. Data obtained by the European North Atlantic Margin and the STEAM Project shows areas of potential instability and deepwater sediment transport systems on the continental slope. The knowledge gained can be used by both academia and hydrocarbon industry so as to arrive at a better understanding of continental margins and the processes shaping them. It will also interest colleagues in earth sciences involved in margin surveys for environmental studies. The current global trend in marine resource development is to move into deeper water, and this book can provide examples relevant to other passive margins around the world. There is a growing need for reliable measurements in deep water and knowledge related to stabilisation. Slope stability problems will be identified with greater reliability, thus improving safety standards for coastal and offshore environmental policies.

Sound Images of the Ocean

In: Mienert J, Weaver P (eds) European margin sediment dynamics: side-scan sonar and seismic images. Springer-Verlag L.5.3.1.2 Laberg JS, Vorren TO (2003) The Traenadjupet slide: sediment disintegration and flow.

Sound Images of the Ocean

Sound Images of the Ocean is the first comprehensive overview of acoustic imaging applications in the various fields of marine research, utilization, surveillance, and protection. The book employs 400 sound images of the sea floor and of processes in the sea volume, contributed by more than 120 marine experts from 22 nations.

Contourites

Sedimentary and oceanographic responses to early Neogene compression on the NW European margin. ... the Faroe-Shetland Channel, in: Mienert, J., Weaver, P. (Eds.), European Margin Sediment Dynamics: Side-Scan Sonar and Seismic Images.

Contourites

Contourites are sediments deposited or substantially reworked by bottom currents. The study of contourites is crucial for several fields of fundamental and applied research: paleoclimatology and paleo-oceanography, since these fairly continuous and relatively high-resolution sediments hold the key for priceless information on the variability in circulation patter, current velocity, oceanographic history and basin interconnectivity; hydrocarbon exploration, since accumulation of source rocks may be favored by weak bottom currents, whereas "clean" deep-sea sands may be formed by robust flows; and slope stability, since low-permeability fine-grained contourites facilitate the formation of overpressurized gliding planes when fresh contourites with a high pore-water content becomes rapidly loaded, or when their rigid biosiliceous microfabric collapses due to diagenetic conditions. Despite its significance, this group of sediments is poorly known by the majority of non-specialists. Notwithstanding the growing interest and the intensified research in contourites, a textbook that might also serve as a reference book on contourites was missing until now. This book addresses all aspects of the knowledge in the field of contourites and provides an authoritative and comprehensive coverage of the subject. It also can serve as a standard reference work for non-specialists, and in particular postgraduate students, university teachers and lecturers, researchers and professionals who are seeking an authoritative source of information about contourites. * reviews both theoretical topics and case histories * provides practical advice on multidisciplinary research techniques * provides also nonspecialist users with an intuitively-accessible, cross-referenced, and comprehensive coverage of the knowledge in the field. * provides a helpful tool for research in the preparation of classroom lectures

World Atlas of Submarine Gas Hydrates in Continental Margins

European margin sediment dynamics, pp 111–117. Springer Haflidason H, Lien R, Sejrup HP et al (2005) The dating and morphometry of the Storegga Slide. Mar Pet Geol 22(1):123–136. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpetgeo.2004.10.008 ...

World Atlas of Submarine Gas Hydrates in Continental Margins

This world atlas presents a comprehensive overview of the gas-hydrate systems of our planet with contributions from esteemed international researchers from academia, governmental institutions and hydrocarbon industries. The book illustrates, describes and discusses gas hydrate systems, their geophysical evidence and their future prospects for climate change and continental margin geohazards from passive to active margins. This includes passive volcanic to non-volcanic margins including glaciated and non-glaciated margins from high to low latitudes. Shallow submarine gas hydrates allow a glimpse into the past from the Last Glacial Maximum (LGM) to modern environmental conditions to predict potential changes in future stability conditions while deep submarine gas hydrates remained more stable. This demonstrates their potential for rapid reactions for some gas hydrate provinces to a warming world, as well as helping to identify future prospects for environmental research. Three-dimensional and high-resolution seismic imaging technologies provide new insights into fluid flow systems in continental margins, enabling the identification of gas and gas escape routes to the seabed within gas hydrate environments, where seabed habitats may flourish. The volume contains a method section detailing the seismic imaging and logging while drilling techniques used to characterize gas hydrates and related dynamic processes in the sub seabed. This book is unique, as it goes well beyond the geophysical monograph series of natural gas hydrates and textbooks on marine geophysics. It also emphasizes the potential for gas hydrate research across a variety of disciplines. Observations of bottom simulating reflectors (BSRs) in 2D and 3D seismic reflection data combined with velocity analysis, electromagnetic investigations and gas-hydrate stability zone (GHSZ) modelling, provide the necessary insights for academic interests and hydrocarbon industries to understand the potential extent and volume of gas hydrates in a wide range of tectonic settings of continental margins. Gas hydrates control the largest and most dynamic reservoir of global carbon. Especially 4D, 3D seismic but also 2D seismic data provide compelling sub-seabed images of their dynamical behavior. Sub-seabed imaging techniques increase our understanding of the controlling mechanisms for the distribution and migration of gas before it enters the gas-hydrate stability zone. As methane hydrate stability depends mainly on pressure, temperature, gas composition and pore water chemistry, gas hydrates are usually found in ocean margin settings where water depth is more than 300 m and gas migrates upward from deeper geological formations. This highly dynamic environment may precondition the stability of continental slopes as evidenced by geohazards and gas expelled from the sea floor. This book provides new insights into variations in the character and existence of gas hydrates and BSRs in various geological environments, as well as their dynamics. The potentially dynamic behavior of this natural carbon system in a warming world, its current and future impacts on a variety of Earth environments can now be adequately evaluated by using the information provided in the world atlas. This book is relevant for students, researchers, governmental agencies and oil and gas professionals. Some familiarity with seismic data and some basic understanding of geology and tectonics are recommended.

Ormen Lange an integrated study for safe field development in the Storegga submarine area

A weak layer features on the northern Storegga Slide escarpment, in: Mienert, J., Weaver, P. (Eds), European Margin Sediment Dynamics: Side-scan Sonar and Seismic Images. Verlag, Berlin, pp. 55-62. Hafiidason, H., Sejrup, H.P., Nygard, ...

Ormen Lange   an integrated study for safe field development in the Storegga submarine area

Great effort has been undertaken to investigate potential geohazards in relation to the development of the Ormen Lange gas field offshore Mid-Norway. The field is located in the scar left after the giant, tsunami-generating Storegga Slide, which occurred roughly 8200 years ago, and the slide risk has consequently received particular focus. The studies have been multi-disciplinary in character, and have involved a number of companies, universities, and research institutions. The results of the project led to a significant advance in the understanding of the Storegga Slide in particular, and submarine slope instability in general, and played an important role in the approval of field development by Norwegian authorities. This book comprises 26 individual contributions representing the wide span of topics addressed in the project. The main scope is to provide a state-of-the-art report on geohazard investigations in a high latitude continental margin setting. Most of the data and results published in this book would not have reached beyond the confidential report stage unless the license partners of the Ormen Lange license had agreed that this information deserves a wider audience. * Multidisciplinary and covers most themes treated in slope stability studies prior to the field development phase * Provides a link between basic research and applied geohazard studies, with direct relevance for risk evaluation in relation to field development activities, such as pipeline design, drilling of wells, structure foundation etc. * A state-of-the-art report on geohazard investigations in a high latitude continental margin setting in relation to field development activities

Nature and Significance of the Recent Carbonate Mound Record

In: Mienert J, Weaver PPE (eds) European margin sediment dynamics: Side-scan sonar and seismic images. Springer-Verlag, Berlin Heidelberg, pp 183–186 Wheeler AJ, Beck T, Thiede J, Klages M, Grehan A, Monteys FX, the Polar-stern ARK ...

Nature and Significance of the Recent Carbonate Mound Record

No books are available on the market describing recent carbonate mounds along the European continental margins and deciphering step by step their internal structure. The first results of IODP Expedition 307 "Modern Carbonate Mounds: Porcupine Drilling" are published in Ferdelman, T.G., Kano, A., Williams, T., Henriet, J.-P., and the Expedition 307 Scientists, 2006. Proc. IODP, 307: Washington, DC (Integrated Ocean Drilling Program Management International, Inc.). doi:10.2204/iodp.proc.307.2006. However, these proceedings do not give an overview of the existing knowledge on carbonate mounds and do not include detailed post-cruise analysis and advanced interpretations.

Arctic Ocean Sediments Processes Proxies and Paleoenvironment

Ocean warming and gas hydrate stability on the mid-Norwegian margin at the Storegga Slide. Marine Petroleum Geology, 22, 233–244. Mienert, J., & Weaver, P. (2003). European margin sediment dynamics: Side-scan sonar and deismic images.

Arctic Ocean Sediments  Processes  Proxies  and Paleoenvironment

Although it is generally accepted that the Arctic Ocean is a very sensitive and important region for changes in the global climate, this region is the last major physiographic province of the earth whose short-and long-term geological history is much less known in comparison to other ocean regions. This lack of knowledge is mainly caused by the major technological/logistic problems in reaching this harsh, ice-covered region with normal research vessels and in retrieving long and undisturbed sediment cores. During the the last about 20 years, however, several international and multidisciplinary ship expeditions, including the first scientific drilling on Lomonosov Ridge in 2004, a break-through in Arctic research, were carried out into the central Artic and its surrounding shelf seas. Results from these expeditions have greatly advanced our knowledge on Arctic Ocean paleoenvironments. Published syntheses about the knowledge on Arctic Ocean geology, on the other hand, are based on data available prior to 1990. A comprehensive compilation of data on Arctic Ocean paleoenvironment and its short-and long-term variability based on the huge amount of new data including the ACEX drilling data, has not been available yet. With this book, presenting (1) detailed information on glacio-marine sedimentary processes and geological proxies used for paleoenvironmental reconstructions, and (2) detailed geological data on modern environments, Quaternary variability on different time scales as well as the long-term climate history during Mesozoic-Tertiary times, this gap in knowledge will be filled. *Aimed at specialists and graduates *Presents background research, recent developments, and future trends *Written by a leading scholar and industry expert

Deep sea Sediments

In: Mienert, J., Weaver, P.P.E. (Eds.), European Margin Sediment Dynamics,Side-Scan Sonar andSeismic Images. Springer-Verlag, NewYork,pp.301–305. Vail, P.R., Mitchum, R.M., 1977. Seismic stratigraphy and global changes of sea level, ...

Deep sea Sediments

'Deep-Sea Sediments' focuses on the sedimentary processes operating within the various modern and ancient deep-sea environments. The chapters track the way of sedimentary particles from continental erosion or production in the marine realm, to transport into the deep sea, to final deposition on the sea floor.

Submarine Mass Movements and their Consequences

In: Mienert J, Weaver P (eds) European margin sediment dynamics. Springer, Berlin, pp 173–178 Vorren TO, Sejrup HP, Dowdeswell JA (2003) The Norwegian margin. In: Meinert J, Weaver P (eds) European margin sediment dynamics.

Submarine Mass Movements and their Consequences

This book is a comprehensive collection of state-of-the-art studies of seafloor slope instability and their societal implications. The volume captures the most recent and exciting scientific progress made in this research field. As the world’s climate and energy needs change, the conditions under which slope instability occurs and needs to be considered, are also changing. The science and engineering of submarine – or more widely subaqueous – mass movements is greatly benefiting from advances in seafloor and sub-seafloor surveying technologies. Ultra-high-resolution seafloor mapping and 3D seismic reflection cubes are becoming commonly available datasets that are dramatically increasing our knowledge of the mechanisms and controls of subaqueous slope failure. Monitoring of slope deformation, repeat surveying and deep drilling, on the other hand, are emerging as important new techniques for understanding the temporal scales of slope instability. In essence, rapid advances in technology are being readily incorporated into scientific research and as a result, our understanding of submarine mass movements is increasing at a very fast rate. The volume also marks the beginning of the third IGCP project for the submarine mass movement research community, IGCP-640 S4SLIDE (Significance of Modern and Ancient Submarine Slope LandSLIDEs). The Submarine Mass Movements and Their Consequences symposium is the biannual meeting under the IGCP umbrella.

Atlas of the Deep Water Seabed

These canyons act as pathways for sediments from the English Channel and the Irish Sea to the deep abyssal plain in the Bay ... In J. Mienert & P. Weaver (Eds.), European margin sediment dynamics: side-scan sonar and seismic images (pp.

Atlas of the Deep Water Seabed

Presented in an accessible, user-friendly format, this atlas sets out all the major features revealed during one of the largest ever deep-sea mapping campaigns. A unique insight into the morphology of the seabed along the continental margin of the North-East Atlantic, it reveals for the first time many features that have hitherto been hidden beneath the waves. It is organised both thematically and by region, with the sea floor and its biological hotspots – areas of high biodiversity such as seamounts – shown at a resolution not possible before. The atlas presents everything from submarine canyons to coral carbonate mounds, using digital terrain models generated from multibeam data and photographs taken from unmanned deep-water vehicles (ROVs). The full-colour imagery includes digital three-dimensional seabed maps as well as the photographs, with concise text descriptions and topic boxes used to highlight and explain the geological, biological and hydrographical features, in addition to their importance and context in the deep-sea realm. Alongside the wealth of background information and topic boxes on special highlights, extensive on-line resources link the reader to full data sets and GIS locations, while suggestions for further reading point to ongoing research highlights. This is a fascinating resource that will be of use to anyone involved in off-shore and underwater activities, whether scientific or commercial.

Mass transport Deposits in Deepwater Settings

... AND BERG, K., 2003, A weak layer feature on the northern Storegga Slide escarpment, in Mienert, J., and Weaver, P.P.E., eds., European Margin Sediment Dynamics: Side-Scan Sonar and Seismic Images: Berlin, Springer-Verlag, p. 55–62.

Mass transport Deposits in Deepwater Settings

Historically, submarine-mass failures or mass-transport deposits have been a focus of increasingly intense investigation by academic institutions particularly during the last decade, though they received much less attention by geoscientists in the energy industry. With recent interest in expanding petroleum exploration and production into deeper water-depths globally and more widespread availability of high-quality data sets, mass-transport deposits are now recognized as a major component of most deep-water settings. This recognition has lead to the realization that many aspects of these deposits are still unknown or poorly understood. This volume contains twenty-three papers that address a number of topics critical to further understanding mass-transport deposits. These topics include general overviews of these deposits, depositional settings on the seafloor and in the near-subsurface interval, geohazard concerns, descriptive outcrops, integrated outcrop and seismic data/seismic forward modeling, petroleum reservoirs, and case studies on several associated topics. This volume will appeal to a broad cross section of geoscientists and geotechnical engineers, who are interested in this rapidly expanding field. The selection of papers in this volume reflects a growing trend towards a more diverse blend of disciplines and topics, covered in the study of mass-transport deposits.

Cold Water Corals and Ecosystems

Deep-Sea Res 45: 517-567 Van Weering TCE, de Haas H, Akhmetzhanov AM, Kenyon NH (2003a) Giant carbonate mounds along the Porcupine and SW Rockall Trough margins. In: Mienert J, Weaver P (eds) European Margin Sediment Dynamics: Side-scan ...

Cold Water Corals and Ecosystems

Cold-water coral ecosystems figure the formation of large seabed structures such as reefs and giant carbonate mounds; they represent unexplored paleo-environmental archives of earth history. Like their tropical cousins, cold-water coral ecosystems harbour rich species diversity. For this volume, key institutions in cold-water coral research have contributed 62 state-of-the-art articles on topics from geology and oceanography to biology and conservation, with some impressive underwater images.

Mediterranean Cold Water Corals Past Present and Future

margins. In: Mienert J, Weaver P (eds) European margin sediment dynamics: side-scan sonar and seismic images. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 211–216 Verdicchio G, Trincardi F (2006) Short-distance variability in slope bed-forms along ...

Mediterranean Cold Water Corals  Past  Present and Future

What do we know about Mediterranean Cold (Deep)-Water coral ecosystems? In this book, specialists offer answers and insights with a series of chapters and short papers about the paleoecology, biology, physiology and ecology of the corals and other organisms that comprise these ecosystems. Structured on a temporal axis—Past, Present and Future—the reviews and selected study cases cover the cold and deep coral habitats known to date in the Mediterranean Basin. This book illustrates and explains the deep Mediterranean coral habitats that might have originated similar thriving ecosystems in today’s Atlantic Ocean.

Sequence Stratigraphy on the Northwest European Margin

Fluid sediment dynamics on continental shelves. In: R.W. Tillman, D.J. P. Swift and R.G. Walker (Editors), Shelf Sandstones and Sandstone Reservoirs. Soc. Econ. Paleontol. Mineral., Short Course, 13: 47-135. Vail, PR. and Todd, R.G., ...

Sequence Stratigraphy on the Northwest European Margin

Hardbound. Sequence Stratigraphy, presently one of the most rapidly growing areas in geology, is concerned with the documentation and prediction of how sandstones (potential hydrocarbon reservoirs) and shales (potential source rocks) are distributed in time and space within sedimentary basins. The book takes a critical look at some of the sequence stratigraphy concepts, and provides an account of how these have been applied recently in NW Europe (North Sea, mid Norway and E. Greenland, Barents Sea and Svalbard), mainly in connection with the exploration for oil and gas.There is currently no similar book available.

Deep water Contourite Systems

Aspects of late Quaternary sedimentation in the Faroe - Shetland Channel , NW UK continental margin . ... In : MIENART , J. & WEAVER , P. P. E. ( eds ) European margin Sediment Dynamics : Sidescan Sonar and Seismic Images .

Deep water Contourite Systems


Upwelling Systems of the World

Sediment dynamic features on the eastern Gulf of Cadiz (SW Spain). In European margin sediment dynamics, side-scan sonar and seismic images, ed. J. Mienert and P. Weaver, 261–266. Berlin: Springer. Barton, E. 1989.

Upwelling Systems of the World

Upwelling systems are special places in the oceans where nutrient-enriched water is brought into the euphotic zone to fuel phytoplankton blooms that, via marine food-web interactions, create the world’s richest fish resources. This book introduces the reader to the interdisciplinary science of upwelling and provides a comprehensive overview of the world’s most productive marine ecosystems in the context of climate variability, climate change and human exploitation. This material presented is suitable for undergraduate and postgraduate study or just for anyone interested to learn about the creation of life in the oceans and how this is compromised by human activities.

Submarine Mass Movements and Their Consequences

In: Mienert J, Weaver PPE (eds), European Margin Sediment Dynamics. Springer, Berlin, pp. 55–62. Haflidason, H, Sejrup HP, Nygård A, Mienert J, Bryn P, Lien R, Forsberg CF, Berg K, Masson, D (2004) The Storegga Slide: architecture, ...

Submarine Mass Movements and Their Consequences

Recent global events such as the devastating 1998 Papua New Guinea tsunami, the 2004 Sumatran tsunami and the 2006 SE Asia undersea network cable failure underscore the societal and economic effects of submarine mass movements. These events call upon the scientific community to understand submarine mass movement processes and consequences to assist in hazard assessment, mitigation and planning. Additionally, submarine mass movements are beginning to be recognized as prevalent in continental margin geologic sections. As such, they represent a significant if not dominant role in margin sedimentary processes. They also represent a potential hazard to hydrocarbon exploration and development, but also represent exploration indicators and targets. This volume consists of a collection of the latest scientific research by international experts in geological, geophysical, engineering and environment aspects of submarine mass failures, focussed on understanding the full spectrum of challenges presented by submarine mass movements and their consequences.

Historical Seismology

European margin sediment dynamics: Side-scan sonar and seismic images. (Berlin: Springer.) Musson, R M W. 1989. Seismicity of Cornwall and Devon. British Geological Survey, WL/89/11. Musson, R M W. 1994.

Historical Seismology

Modern seismology has faced new challenges in the study of earthquakes and their physical characteristics. This volume is dedicated to the use of new approaches and presents a state-of-the-art in historical seismology. Selected historical and recent earthquakes are chosen to document and constrain related seismic parameters using updated methodologies in the macroseismic analysis, field observations of damage distribution and tectonic effects, and modelling of seismic waveforms.

Introduction to the Physics of Landslides

Sosio R, Crosta GB, Hungr O (2008) Complete dynamic modelling calibration of the Thurwieser rock avalanche (Italian Central Alps). Eng Geol 100:11–26 Sovilla B, ... In: Mienert J, Weaver P (eds) European margin sediment dynamics ...

Introduction to the Physics of Landslides

Landslides represent one of the most destructive natural catastrophes. They can reach extremely long distances and velocities, and are capable of wiping out human communities and settlements. Yet landslides have a creative facet as they contribute to the modification of the landscape. They are the consequence of the gravity pull jointly with the tectonic disturbance of our living planet. Landslides are most often studied within a geotechnical and geomorphological perspective. Engineering calculations are traditionally applied to the stability of terrains. In this book, landslides are viewed as a physical phenomenon. A physical understanding of landslides is a basis for modeling and mitigation and for understanding their flow behavior and dynamics. We still know relatively little about many aspects of landslide physics. It is only recently that the field of landslide dynamics is approaching a more mature stage. This is testified by the release of modelling tools for the simulation of landslides and debris flows. In this book the emphasis is placed on the problems at the frontier of landslide research. Each chapter is self-consistent, with questions and arguments introduced from the beginning.

The Handbook of Sidescan Sonar

European Margin Sediment Dynamics: Sidescan Sonar and Seismic Images. Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 309 pp. Wefer G.; D. Billett; D. Hebbeln; B.B. Jùrgensen; M. Schluter; and T.C.E. van Weering (Eds.), Ocean Margin Systems.

The Handbook of Sidescan Sonar

Sidescan sonar is proving to be the preeminent technique for researchers and professionals seeking knowledge about the structure and behavior of the seafloor, but its data is often difficult to interpret due to the physics of acoustic remote sensing, and to the varied geological processes at play. This book covers the fundamentals of sidescan sonar, incorporates new understanding of marine structures, and explains how to interpret sidescan sonar imagery and bathymetry.